Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) for Electronics & Electrics 2013-2023: Forecasts, Applications, Technologies: IDTechEx

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Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) for Electronics & Electrics 2013-2023: Forecasts, Applications, Technologies

CNTs for photovoltaics, sensors, semiconductors, displays, power and conductors

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Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and their compounds exhibit extraordinary electrical properties for organic materials, and have a huge potential in electrical and electronic applications such as photovoltaics, sensors, semiconductor devices, displays, conductors, smart textiles and energy conversion devices (e.g., fuel cells, harvesters and batteries).
Carbon nanotubes for electronics applications are still a strong focus for research and printable carbon nanotube inks are beginning to hit the market. CNTs are used for making transistors and are applied as conductive layers for the rapidly growing touch screen market. CNTs are considered a viable replacement for ITO transparent conductors in some applications. Fabricated as transparent conductive films (TCF), carbon nanotubes can potentially be used as a highly conductive, transparent and cost efficient alternative in flexible displays and touch screens, for instance. While the cost of carbon nanotubes was once prohibitive, it has been coming down in recent years as chemical companies build up manufacturing capacity reaching $10/m2 for film applications.
Apart from TCF applications carbon nanotubes for thin-film batteries, supercapacitors and ultraconductive copper will reach a significant share of the overall market driving the further ramp-up of production capacity and with that cost reduction.
Analysis of the topic, include the following:
  • Markets drivers
  • Technology applications
  • 10 year forecasts to 2023
  • Company interviews and profiles
Carbon nanotubes market by industry
Source: IDTechEx
For each market segment, the forecasts for 2013-2023 are provided by both value and market penetration.
  • Displays
  • Batteries
  • Supercapacitors
  • Sensors
  • Touch screens
  • Photovoltaics
  • Superconductive Copper
Detailed company profiles are provided. Where direct interviews with decision-makers within the companies were conducted, detailed insight is given into their state of the technology, target markets, assets and business strategy. Using our insight, an overall picture of the emerging carbon nanotube industry for electronics applications is constructed.
Who should buy this report?
Players active in:
  • Commercialising carbon nanotubes
  • Providing materials that carbon nanotubes will rival including silver nanowires, silver nanoparticles, ITO, carbon black, carbon fibre, etc
  • Assessing the use of carbon nanotubes in electronics applications
  • Developing transparent conductors and alternatives to ITO
  • Producing and using conductive inks, particularly for smart packaging applications
  • Assessing options for RFID inks
  • Providing energy storage solutions including batteries and supercapacitors
  • Developing transistors including printed ones
  • Investing in emerging technologies
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Table of Contents
1.1.Key applications are transistors and conductors
1.1.Targeted applications for carbon nanotubes by Eikos
1.1.1.Opportunities for Carbon Nanotube material supply
1.1.2.Opportunities for Carbon Nanotube device manufacture
1.1.3.Conductive films will come first
1.1.5.Transistors, etc to follow
1.2.Activities of 99 Organizations
1.2.99 Organizations profiled
2.1.Carbon Nanotubes
2.1.Structure of single-wall carbon nanotubes
2.2.The chiral vector is represented by a pair of indices (n, m). T denotes the tube axis, and a1 and a2 are the unit vectors of graphene in real space
2.3.Different kinds of carbon nanotubes
3.1.Properties of CNTs
3.1.Charge carrier mobility of carbon nanotubes compared with alternatives
3.1.Atomic Force Microscope image of carbon nanotubes before and after processing
3.2.Potential applications are flexible solar cells, displays and touch screens
3.2.Single-wall vs. Multi-wall carbon nanotubes
3.2.Metallic/semiconducting CNT separation
3.3.CNTs as conductors
3.3.Typical sheet resistivity figures for conductors
3.3.Targeted applications for carbon nanotubes by Eikos
3.4.Conductance in ohms per square for the different printable conductive materials, at typical thicknesses used, compared with bulk metal
3.4.Comparison of the main options for semiconductors
3.4.Comparison to other conductors
3.5.Comparison to other semiconductors
4.1.Manufacture of CNTs
4.1.Traditional CNT film processes are complex
4.1.1.Arc Discharge
4.1.2.Laser Ablation Method
4.1.3.Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
4.2.Illustrating how the many manufacturing techniques affect CNT quality, cost, scalability and accessible market
4.3.Schematic of the CVD process
4.4.Comparison of market size by production process
5.1.Developers of Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
5.1.Developers of Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
5.1.Different forms of carbon nanotube products
5.2.New printable elastic conductors made of carbon nanotubes are used to connect OLEDs in a stretchable display that can be spread over a curved surface
5.2.Main applications of conductive inks and some major suppliers today
5.2.Printing Carbon Nanotubes
5.2.1.Latest progress
5.3.Comparison of some of the main options for the semiconductors in printed and potentially printed transistors
5.3.Stretchable mesh of transistors connected by elastic conductors
5.3.1.Deposition technologies and main applications
5.3.2.Latest progress with CNT conductors
5.4.Hybrid graphene-carbon nanotube G-CNT conductors
5.4.Comparison of the three types of capacitor when storing one kilojoule of energy.
5.5.Traditional geometry for a field effect transistor
5.5.1.CNT Transistors
5.6.CNT transistors through specialized printing processes from NEC Corporation
5.6.OLEDs and flexible displays
5.6.1.Latest progress
5.6.2.Surface-Mediated Cells, SMCs
5.7.Two types of OLED construction
5.8.CNT networks for flexible displays
5.8.Energy storage devices
5.9.Surface mediated cells
5.9.1.Organic Photovoltaics
5.9.2.Hybrid organic-inorganic photovoltaics
5.9.3.Infrared solar cells
5.9.4.CNT Solar Cell
5.10.ANI: proof of concept CNT lamp
5.10.NRAM data storage device
5.11.Sensors and Smart Textiles
5.11.Internal structure of Power Paper Battery
5.12.Proposed battery design from UCLA
5.12.Thin film speakers
5.13.CNTs for Touch Screens
5.13.Energy density vs power density for storage devices
5.14.The carbon nanotube supercapacitor versus batteries and traditional capacitors
5.14.Ultraconductive Copper
5.15.Flexible transparent carbon atom film
5.16.The process. The resulting film is photographed atop a color photo to show its transparency
5.17.Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) scientists have demonstrated an ability to precisely grow "towers" composed of carbon nanotubes atop silicon wafers. The work could be the basis for more efficient solar power for soldiers in
5.18.Flinders University prototype CNT solar cell
5.19.A three-terminal memory cell based on suspended carbon nanotubes: (a) nonconducting state '0', (b) conducting state '1', and (c) Nantero's NRAM™.
5.20.Stanford ultra-stretchy skin-like pressure sensor
5.21.The main options for organic sensors
5.22.Four scanning electron microscope images of the spinning of carbon nanotube fibres
5.23.Photographs of CNT-cotton yarn. (a) Comparison of the original and surface modified yarn. (b) 1 meter long piece as made. (c) Demonstration of LED emission with the current passing through the yarn.
5.24.Thin, almost transparent sheets of multi-wall (MWNT) nanotubes are connected to an electrical source, which rapidly heats the nanotubes causing a pressure wave in the surrounding air to produce sound.
5.25.The CNT thin film was put on a flag to make a flexible flag loudspeaker
5.26.Carbon nanotube thin film loudspeakers
5.27.Seoul National University Graphene-PVDF loudspeaker
6.2.Bayer MaterialScience AG
6.4.CNano Technology Ltd
6.5.Hyperion Catalysis International
6.6.Nanocomp Technologies
6.9.Showa Denko K.K.
6.10.SouthWest NanoTechnologies (SweNT)
6.11.Thomas Swan
6.12.Toray Industries
6.15.Zyvex Technologies
7.1.Main Suppliers of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Related Materials
7.1.Hormone Sensing using CNT Printed Integrated Circuits
7.1.Aneeve Nanotechnologies LLC, USA
7.2.Applied Nanotech, USA
7.2.ANI: proof of concept CNT lamp
7.2.Results of pulse-heat CVD
7.3.Characteristics of the CNT-FED compared with LEDs
7.3.Fully printed CNT FET-based switch
7.3.Arry International Group, Hong Kong
7.4.Brewer Science, USA
7.4.Fully printed TFT device schematic
7.5.Transparent conductive material roadmap: Gen 1 at the moment; Gen 2 is the goal for end of 2010, Gen 3 is the long term target
7.5.Carbon Solutions, Inc., USA
7.6.CarboLex, Inc., USA
7.6.Layout of CNT-FE BLU fabricated through pulse
7.7.Schematic illustration of experimental setup
7.7.Case Western Reserve University, USA
7.8.CheapTubes, USA
7.8.Illustrations of micro-patterned cathodes
7.9.SEM images of CNTs on Samples C, D and E
7.9.Chengdu Organic Chemicals Co. Ltd. (Timesnano), China
7.10.Cornell University, USA
7.10.Field emission properties of CNT-emitters patterned on a glass substrate by pulse-heat CVD. Luminescence images from the backsides of the cathode at various applied voltages are indicated in inset.
7.11.SEM images of CNTs on the micro-patterned electrodes with interline spacing (a) 20, (b) 50, (c) 100 and (d)200 !m (top view).
7.11.CSIRO, Australia
7.12.C3Nano, Inc., USA
7.12.CNT Ink Production Process
7.13.Target application areas of Eikos
7.13.Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd., Japan
7.14.DuPont Microcircuit Materials (MCM), USA
7.14.Concept version of the photoelectrochemical cell
7.15.This filament containing about 30 million carbon nanotubes absorbs energy from the sun
7.15.Eden Energy Ltd., Australia
7.16.eeNanotech Ltd
7.16.Color pixel; 3mm, display area; 48mm x480mm
7.17.Color pixel; 1.8mm, display area; 57.6mm x 460.8mm
7.17.Eikos, USA
7.18.Frontier Carbon Corporation (FCC), Japan
7.18.A prototype display of digital signage
7.19.Application images of public displays.
7.19.Future Carbon GmbH, Germany
7.20.Hanwha Nanotech Corporation, Korea
7.20.Schematic structure of CNT-FED using line rib spacer.
7.21.Phosphor-dot pattern and conductive black-matrix pattern
7.21.Harbin Mulan
7.22.An application on the information desk. The color pixel pitch were 3mm(left) and 1.8mm (right).
7.23.A photograph of a displayed color character pattern in two lines. The color pixel pitch was 1.8mm.
7.23.HeJi, Inc., China
7.24.Helix Material Solutions Inc., USA
7.24.SEM images of CNT deposited metal electrode.(a) A photograph of the CNT deposited metal frame. (b) SEM image; boundary of barrier area. (c) SEM image; surface of the CNT layer. (d) SEM image; a surface morphology of CNT.
7.25.One of prototype displays on the vending machine. The display was under field-testing in out-door. The CNT-FED and display module were under testing continuously during ca.15months in Osaka-city up to date, and they were still con
7.25.Hodogaya Chemical Co., Ltd., Japan
7.26.Honda Research Institute USA Inc. (HRI-US), USA
7.26.A photograph of driving system. A solar cell and the charging controller, yellow small battery and CNT-FED module.
7.27.A photograph of a displayed color character which was driven by solar cell and small battery. The color pixel pitch was 1.8mm.
7.27.Honjo Chemical Corporation, Japan
7.28.IBM, USA
7.28.High density SWCNT structures on wafer-scale flexible substrate.
7.29.SEM micrographs of assembled SWNT structures on a soft polymer surface. (a) Patterned SWNT arrays on parylene-C substrate; (b) high magnification view of a typical central area; (c) SWNT micro-arrays that are 4 μm wide with 5 μm s
7.29.Intelligent Materials PVT. Ltd. (Nanoshel), India
7.30.KH Chemical
7.30.A mesh of carbon nanotubes supports one-atom-thick sheets of graphene that were produced with a new fluid-processing technique.
7.31.A three-terminal single-transistor amplifier made of graphene
7.31.Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA
7.32.Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA
7.32.Printed CNT transistor
7.33.A 16 bit HF RFID inlay
7.33.Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany
7.34.MER Corporation, USA
7.34.The one bit commercial display tag
7.35.Fabrication steps, leading to regular arrays of single-wall nanotubes (bottom)
7.35.Mitsui Co., Ltd, Japan
7.36.Mknano, Canada
7.36.The colourless disk with a lattice of more than 20,000 nanotube transistors in front of the USC sign
7.37.Thin, almost transparent sheets of multi-wall (MWNT) nanotubes are connected to an electrical source
7.37.Nano-C, USA
7.38.NanoCarbLab (NCL), Russia
7.39.Nano Carbon Technologies Co., Ltd. (NCT)
7.40.Nanocomb Technologies, Inc. (NCTI), USA
7.41.Nanocs, USA
7.42.NanoLab, Inc., USA
7.43.NanoMas Technologies, USA
7.44.Nanoshel, Korea
7.45.Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials, Inc., USA
7.46.Nanothinx S.A. , Greece
7.47.Nantero, USA
7.48.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan
7.49.National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST), USA
7.50.NEC Corporation, Japan
7.52.New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), USA
7.53.NineSigma Inc., USA
7.54.Nissan Chemical
7.55.Nissha Printing, Japan
7.56.Nitta Corporation
7.57.Noritake Co., Japan
7.58.North Carolina State University, USA
7.59.North Dakota State University (NDSU), USA
7.60.Northeastern University, Boston, USA
7.61.Optomec, USA
7.62.PARU, Korea
7.63.PETEC (Printable Electronics Technology Centre), UK
7.64.Purdue University, USA
7.65.Pyrograf Products, Inc., USA
7.66.Quantum Materials Corp
7.67.Rice University, USA
7.68.Samsung Electronics, Korea
7.69.Sang Bo Corporation (SBK), Korea
7.70.SES Research, USA
7.71.Shenzhen Nanotechnologies Co. Ltd. (NTP)
7.72.ST Microelectronics, Switzerland
7.73.Sunchon National University, Korea
7.74.Sungkyunkwan University Advanced Institute of Nano Technology (SAINT), Korea
7.75.Sun Nanotech Co, Ltd., China
7.76.Surrey NanoSystems, UK
7.78.Tsinghua University, China
7.79.University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), USA
7.80.University of California, San Diego, USA
7.81.University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), USA
7.82.University of Central Florida, USA
7.83.University of Cincinnati (UC), USA
7.84.University of Michigan, USA
7.85.University of Pittsburgh, USA
7.86.University of Southern California (USC), USA
7.87.University of Stanford, USA
7.88.University of Stuttgart, Germany
7.89.University of Surrey, UK
7.90.University of Texas at Austin, USA
7.91.University of Texas at Dallas, USA
7.92.University of Tokyo, Japan
7.93.University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
7.94.Wisepower Co., Ltd., Korea
7.95.XinNano Materials, Inc., Taiwan
7.96.XP Nano Material
7.98.Zoz GmbH, Germany
8.3.National Technology Research Association (NTRA)
8.4.TRAMS - Tera-scale reliable Adaptive Memory Systems
9.1.Market forecast by component type for 2012-2022 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
9.1.CNT Market
9.1.Market Opportunity and roadmap for Carbon Nanotubes
9.2.Addressable CNT markets
9.2.Carbon nanotubes market by industry
9.2.Addressable CNT markets
9.3.CNT market in flexible OLED Displays including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.3.The potential annual global sales of each type by 2023 in US$ billions and percentage
9.3.Forecast per application by market share, area and value
9.4.Flexible Displays
9.4.Market forecast by component type for 2012-2022 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
9.4.CNT market in flexible E-Paper Displays including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.4.1.OLED Displays
9.4.2.Electrophoretic Displays
9.4.3.Electroluminescent Displays
9.4.4.Electrochromic Displays
9.5.CNT market in flexible EL Displays including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.5.Market forecast for carbon nanotubes in different applications between 2013-2023
9.6.Flexible battery made of nanotube ink
9.6.CNT market in flexible Thin-Film Batteries including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.7.CNT market in Supercapacitors including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.7.The percentage of printed and partly printed electronics that is flexible 2012-2022
9.8.Evolution of printed electronics structures
9.8.CNT market in flexible sensors including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.9.CNT market in touchscreens including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.9.Market forecast for carbon nanotubes in different applications between 2013-2023
9.10.Ultraconductive Copper
9.10.CNT market flexible photovoltaics including total addressable market, potential market penetration, market share, and area
9.10.1.Overview of competing technologies
9.11.CNT market ultraconductive copper, including total market share and material use in tonnes/year
9.11.Costs of SWCNTs
9.12.New focus for Printed Electronics - the importance of flexible electronics
9.12.Product Overview
9.13.Costs comparison of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Related Materials
9.13.Focus on invisible electronics
9.14.Forecast per application by market share, area and value
9.15.Shakeout in organics
9.16.Market pull

Report Statistics

Pages 295
Tables 26
Figures 85
Companies Over 90
Forecasts to 2023

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