RFID Report

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Smart Label Revolution

The complete introductory report to low-cost RFID and beyond

Your introduction to RFID

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Summary
RFID Smart Labels are poised to revolutionise our way of living. The potential market for these is mind boggling, with due paybacks, but is this an achievable goal, and what is happening in the market place now? This report provides a complete detailed analysis of the smart label industry, including low cost RFID and beyond. New independent market statistics and comment from experts allows you to understand the current and emerging technologies involved, industry structure, current trends and the challenges it is facing.
 
This is the world's only report to focus on all aspects of smart labels - both chip and chipless - such as ways these devices can help enhance your brand, and provides you with the information you need to decide how your company can benefit from this new technology.
Why you should buy this report
  • The one stop guide to chip and chipless technologies, markets, standards, statistics, trends, lessons of success and failures, future opportunities, and the RFID movers, makers and shakers
  • 90 detailed tables and diagrams
  • 60 International case histories and company profiles from: Australia, China, Eastern Europe, Japan, Singapore, South Africa, USA, and Western Europe
  • Free three months access to IDTechEx web journal, Smart Labels Analyst
  • One months access to IDTechEx analysts through a dedicated helpline
Who should buy this report
  • Systems integrators and end users need to get literate on this subject or get left behind
  • Manufacturers of tags, infrastructure and software, must appraise these new business opportunities
  • Academics, developers, researchers and venture capitalists to get the full picture
  • Paper companies, packaging firms, and printers to ensure they are prepared
  • Suppliers to understand the market applications, the size of the market, and what their competitors and the end users are doing
Market research
  • Global market for systems and services associated with RFID, smart labels and tickets 2002 to 2010
  • Global market for smart labels, systems and services 2002 to 2010 by value ($)
  • Global market for RFID smart labels and tickets 2002 to 2010
  • Cost benefits of RFID smart labels used on pallets and crates for chilled foods
  • Shrinkage and loss reduction through EAS by market sector in UK
  • Benefits to win and share with supply chain RFID
  • Maturity and potential of markets for smart labels by function
  • Costs for Indala RFID system
  • Cost for barcode system (estimated)
  • Trends to lowcost RFID
  • How tagging fits in with the hierarchy of solutions
  • EAS characteristics of Wal-Mart
Analyst access from IDTechEx
All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.
Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at research@IDTechEx.com or call one of our sales managers:

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Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.INTRODUCTION
1.1.Important functions that an RFID tag can perform
1.1.What are smart labels?
1.1.1.Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS)
1.1.2.Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
1.1.3.Smart labels for brand enhancement (non EAS/RFID)
1.1.4.Diagnostic smart labels
1.2.Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
1.2.Conventional vs low-cost RFID
1.2.2.Conventional vs low-cost RFID
1.2.3.Case history – Chep International
1.2.4.Longer range RFID tags
1.3.Trends to low-cost RFID
1.4.Results of AIM survey of prioritisation of RFID aspects
2.ELECTRONIC ARTICLE SURVEILLANCE (EAS)
2.1.Problems tackled
2.1.Comparison of useful features of EAS technologies
2.1.Operation of an acoustomagnetic EAS system
2.1.1.Theft in shops and libraries
2.1.2.Source tagging
2.1.3.Moves to standardise source tagging
2.1.4.Quality Container, USA
2.1.5.Mead Westvaco and Checkpoint, USA
2.1.6.De La Rue, UK
2.2.Technologies
2.2.Operation of an electromagnetic EAS system
2.2.Examples of advanced EAS technologies
2.2.1.The tag is key
2.2.2.Operational choices
2.2.3.Incompatibility
2.2.4.Acoustomagnetic EAS
2.2.5.Electromagnetic EAS
2.2.6.Swept-RF EAS
2.2.7.Comparison of leading EAS technologies
2.2.8.Advanced EAS
2.3.The future of EAS
2.3.Shrinkage and loss reduction through EAS by market sector in UK
2.3.Operation of a swept-RF EAS system
3.POTENTIAL MARKETS FOR RFID AND EAS SMART LABELS
3.1.Closed vs open markets
3.1.RFID market value vs tag cost: Reality vs Dream
3.1.Typical ranges and technologies by industry sector
3.2.Cost benefits of RFID smart labels used on pallets and crates for chilled foods
3.2.Examples of RFID applications and potential applications at different tag prices
3.2.Potential markets by tag price
3.2.2.Existing markets
3.2.3.Emerging low price markets
3.3.Potential markets by industry
3.3.Peak in RFID market value vs tag cost
3.3.Cost for barcode system (estimated)
3.3.2.Commercial/Industrial
3.3.3.Copier logistics
3.3.4.Tracking reusable containers and chemicals
3.3.5.Industrial laundries and rental of clothing
3.3.6.Meat packing plants
3.3.7.Pumps, pipes and cables
3.3.8.Scale interface
3.3.9.Conveyances: totes, pallets
3.3.10.Waste management
3.3.11.Yard management
3.3.12.Cost justification
3.3.13.Retail and FMCG
3.3.14.Designer goods, luxury gifts, cosmetics
3.3.15.Apparel
3.3.16.Libraries, bookshops and archiving
3.3.17.Life sciences – human, animal, medical
3.3.18.Cattle and sheep control and feeding
3.3.19.Tagging of the disabled and their vehicles
3.3.20.Prisoners, children, babies and the elderly
3.3.21.Pharmaceuticals
3.3.22.Military
3.3.23.Air industry
3.3.24.Automotive and land transportation industry
3.3.25.Road tolling and mass transit
3.3.26.Entertainment and leisure
3.4.Potential markets by technology
3.4.Costs for RFID system
3.4.Lowest prices quoted in 2002 for digitally-encoded RFID smart labels and for EAS tags
3.4.2.Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS)
3.4.3.Chip RFID
3.4.4.Chipless RFID
3.4.5.Non-electronic inks and laminates
3.4.6.Electronic labels beyond EAS or RFID
3.5.Potential markets by function
3.5.Concept of automated retail checkout using RFID
3.5.RFID and barcode comparison
3.5.2.Control of road vehicles
3.5.3.Control of retail merchandise
3.5.4.Control of high value goods during transport
3.6.Potential markets by data capacity
3.6.Examples of RFID in airports
3.6.RFID gave The Gap knowledge of stock inventory, which prevented lost sales
3.7.Management information flow before the RFID system was installed at Goldwin Sportswear
3.7.Ski lift cards and tags in Japan
3.7.Potential markets by range
3.8.Global market for RFID smart labels and tickets 2002 to 2010
3.8.Management information flow using the new RFID system installed at Goldwin Sportswear
3.9.Diprivan TCI tag construction
3.9.Global market for systems and services associated with RFID smart labels and tickets 2002 to 2010
3.10.Global market for smart labels, systems and services 2002 to 2013 by value ($ millions)
3.10.Tagged syringe and Diprifusor™
3.11.Graph of market size v time
3.11.Maturity and potential of markets for smart labels by function
3.12.Nokia and DHL nest technologies to provide real-time product visibility
3.12.Evolution of the smart label market – Philips’ view (in millions of tags)
3.13.Forecast for sale of RFID smart labels on Consumer Packaged Goods, by Procter & Gamble at Smart Labels Asia 2003.
3.13.Examples of potential markets for low cost RFID by range
3.14.Yibin City bridge with “Intellitag” reader mounted on it.
4.THE POTENTIAL FOR VERY LARGE SALES OF LOW-COST RFID
4.1.Ultra-low-cost RFID
4.1.FMCG shrinkage
4.1.Functions of actual and planned smart shelving schemes
4.1.1.Limitations of chipless tags
4.1.2.Main market value is higher
4.1.3.Needs for ultra-low-cost tags
4.1.4.MIT’s Auto ID Center, USA
4.1.5.Immense investment required
4.2.Low-cost RFID – more achievable
4.2.Smart shelf display
4.2.1.Smart tickets
4.2.2.Smart labels
4.2.3.Numbering systems
4.2.4.Baggage and freight tagging
4.3.The Internet of Things (Product Internet)
4.3.DET technologies for smart shelves
4.3.1.The concept – MIT
4.3.2.The dream
4.3.3.What is needed
4.3.4.The Internet of Things – EPC
4.3.5.The race for The Internet of Things smart label
4.3.6.Compromises
4.3.7.Much can be done without new technology
4.3.8.Frequent need for caching information on the tag
4.3.9.Inhibiting factors – privacy, pollution, congestion
4.3.10.Weak propositions
4.3.11.Suboptimal pursuit of the ultimate dream – over specifying
4.3.12.Work needed on interrogators, installation and processing power
4.4.ActiveShelf™ infrastructure
4.5.Gateway reader from Intellident, UK used at Marks & Spencer
4.6.Some candidates for a hierarchy of networks
4.7.MyGROCER business model
5.UNSATISFIED NEEDS
5.1.The need for industry consolidation and clarity of message
5.1.Recent name changes by RFID suppliers
5.2.Tag price at which RFID tags have replaced barcodes
5.2.Replacing barcodes
5.3.Remotely monitored documents
5.4.Tracking and verification of designer goods
5.5.Authenticity and tracking of engineering parts
5.6.Medical – tracing, positioning, authenticity
6.ASSESSMENT OF RFID TECHNOLOGIES
6.1.Two RFID categories
6.1.Comparisons of chip and chipless tags
6.1.Technical Evolution
6.2.There is always a choice of data on tag or network : Tag price vs data stored
6.2.Shapes and suppliers of low-cost RFID
6.2.Technology choices
6.2.1.Data options : digital vs unique signature
6.2.2.Data on tag or network
6.2.3.Range
6.2.4.Size of tag and RFID shapes
6.2.5.Tag protection
6.2.6.Volume manufacturing, multiple sourcing
6.2.7.Cost
6.3.Chip tag technologies
6.3.Characteristics of low and high frequency systems
6.3.RFID range required for applications
6.3.1.Active, semi active and passive tags
6.3.2.Basic tag construction
6.3.3.Frequency choices
6.3.4.125 KHz to 135 KHz systems
6.3.5.13.56 MHz systems
6.3.6.UHF (868 MHz to 928 MHz) systems
6.3.7.2.45 GHz systems
6.3.8.Short range vs long range
6.3.9.Antenna design
6.3.10.Read-only vs read-write
6.3.11.Cost
6.4.The future role of chip tags
6.4.Price vs data for RFID technologies and the target for the Internet of Things smart label
6.4.Commercial success with unique signature smart labels
6.4.1.Importance of ultra small chips and tags
6.5.Chipless tag technologies
6.5.Categories of chipless smart labels
6.5.Basic operation of a passive RFID system
6.5.1.Key benefits of chipless tags
6.5.2.Unique signature or digitally-encoded
6.5.3.Materials based systems
6.5.4.Transistorless circuits
6.5.5.Transistor circuits
6.6.Cost limitations
6.6.Price vs frequency for different types of smart labels
6.6.Examples of suppliers of chipless smart labels
6.7.Detailed comparison of the different technologies
6.7.Examples of smart labels vs frequency.
6.7.Where chip and chipless smart labels compete
6.8.Sokymat disc tag
6.8.Competition between chip and chipless smart labels
6.9.Sokymat tag used for pet ID
6.10.Innovision chip tag
6.11.SCS tags from the Dura-label range. Length of tag is just 46mm
6.12.Hitachi Mu chip
6.13.The Mu Solution
6.14.SAW tag used in car production and item level tagging
6.15.Formation of a magnetic null
6.16.Basic technology of Flying Null
6.17.Simple 1-D magnetic barcode
6.18.Front and back of HID card
6.19.The Wiegand Effect
6.20.What is the Wiegand Effect?
6.21.Cost limitations of the various technologies
7.STANDARDS AND OTHER CHALLENGES
7.1.Standards
7.1.1.What are standards?
7.2.Open and closed application systems
7.2.1.Coping with very different needs
7.2.2.Collective bodies
7.2.3.Different forms of commonality: coping with variety
7.2.4.What are the benefits of standards?
7.3.Benefits of standardisation
7.4.Standards organisations
7.5.The process of international standardisation
7.6.The need for RFID, including smart labels, standards
7.7.Chemical pollution
7.8.Multi-tag reading
7.9.Viruses
8.SMART LABELS FOR BRAND ENHANCEMENT AND DIAGNOSTICS (NON EAS/RFID)
8.1.Brand enhancement
8.1.Examples of smart labels used for diagnostics
8.2.Diagnostics
GLOSSARY
Table
Figure
 

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