3D printing Report

3D Printing of Metals 2015-2025

Pricing, properties and projections for 3D printing equipment, materials and applications

The fastest-growing segment of 3D printing to reach $3.9 billion by 2025
 
Building metal parts is the only way 3D printing can become productive. Plastic 3D printing has its place in prototyping and education, but 3D printing in metal will allow the technology to be used to manufacture final production parts in a wide variety of industries. Metals are the fastest-growing segment of 3D printing, with printer sales growing at 48% and material sales growing at 32%.
 
Because of the current speed, size and cost limitations, the high value, low volume industries such as aerospace and biomedical, have been the earliest adopters. GE Aviation are investing $3.5bn in new plant to house EOS M-280 printers to print 100,000 fuel nozzles by 2020. Arcam claim their 3D printers had been used to manufacture over 50,000 orthopaedic implants so far. Both these industries demand titanium alloys, giving them a market share of 31% by volume. Aerospace is also heavily investing in cobalt alloys, nickel alloys and aluminium alloys.
 
Jewellers are early adaptors of SLM technologies. There are many reasons jewellers are able to quickly adopt the technology; there are no qualifying standards for jewelry; jewelry designers are already good at CAD; they are used to subcontracting; they are skilled in finishing and polishing; they used to making bespoke items; and they crave design freedom and unusual designs. The jewelry industry is driving 3D printing in precious metals, with gold powder having a 49% market share by revenue.
 
More and more industries are adopting 3D printing. Dental suppliers, Argen Digital, offers metal substructures to make copings and bridges with the same properties as cast parts. Siemens are using AM to produce blades for gas turbines for power generation. NASA have said that they intend to 3D print 80-100% of their rocket engines in the future.
 
Figure: Installed Base split by Industry.
Source: IDTechEx
 
This report covers the full range of metal 3D printing equipment (selective laser melting, electron beam melting, blown powder, metal + binder, welding and emerging technologies) using a wide range of alloys (including aluminium, cobalt alloys, nickel alloys, steels, nitinol, titanium alloys, gold, platinum, palladium, silver, copper, bronze and tungsten) in a variety of industries (including aerospace, automotive, dental, jewelry, oil and gas, orthopaedics, printed electronics, and tooling).
 
The report includes a very detailed breakdown by company and technology of the worldwide 3D printer sales during 2014 and installed base at the end of 2014. The properties of all commercially available 3D metal printers are mapped by speed, volume, precision, and price. Powder shipments in 2014 by volume and revenue are detailed. Forecasts to 2025 are for the total installed base, printer shipments each year, printer prices, revenue from printer sales, and metal powder sales split by volume and revenue.
 
The information has been gathered by IDTechEx analysts from many formal interviews and informal conversations over many years, since we started tracking the 3D printing market. 29 companies working in this industry (including ten printer manufacturers, seven powder suppliers and ten end-users) have been profiled and benchmarked. This is the first time all the information on equipment, materials and applications related to metal 3D printing has been clearly displayed in one report.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2.HISTORY
3.KEY ADVANTAGES OF 3D PRINTING
3.1.Installed Base by 3D Printer Manufacturer
3.2.Market Share by Revenue in 2014
3.3.Forecast of new 3D Metal Printers sold each year
3.4.Powder Requirements
3.5.Which companies sell which powders?
3.6.Market Share of Volume by Material in 2014
3.7.Forecast of revenue from metal powders for 3D printing
3.8.Future of 3D Printing Applications
3.9.Challenges and Opportunities
3.10.History
3.11.History of 3D Metal Printing
3.12.Key Advantages of 3D Printing
3.13.Key Advantages of 3D Printing
3.14.Increased Design Freedom
3.15.Minimal material wastage
3.16.Reduced Lead Time
3.17.Quicker Design Iterations
4.3D METAL PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES
4.1.Selective Laser Melting (SLM)
4.2.Selective Laser Melting Key Players
4.3.Selective Laser Melting SWOT Analysis
4.4.Electron Beam Melting (EBM)
4.5.Electron Beam Melting Key Players
4.6.Electron Beam Melting SWOT Analysis
4.7.Blown Powder
4.8.Blown Powder Key Players
4.9.Blown Powder SWOT Analysis
4.10.Metal + Binder
4.11.Metal + Binder SWOT Analysis
4.12.Welding
4.13.Welding SWOT Analysis
5.PROPERTIES OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE 3D METAL PRINTERS
5.1.Speed vs Volume
5.2.Precision vs Speed
5.3.Precision vs Price
5.4.Speed vs Price
5.5.Volume vs Price
5.6.Precision vs Volume
6.3D METAL PRINTER MANUFACTURERS
6.1.IDTechEx Portal Profiles of 3D Metal Printer Manufacturers
6.2.Bright Laser Technology (BLT)
6.3.Concept Laser
6.4.Sciaky
7.MARKET SPLIT BY 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURER
7.1.Installed Base by 3D Printer Manufacturer
7.2.Market Share by Installed Base
7.3.3D Printer Price by Manufacturer
7.4.Revenue from sales of 3D Metal Printers in 2014
7.5.Market Share by Revenue in 2014
7.6.Market split by manufacturer
8.STATE OF THE MARKET FOR 3D METAL PRINTERS SPLIT BY TECHNOLOGY
8.1.Market Share by Total Installed Base (end of 2014)
8.2.Total Installed Base
8.3.Average 3D Metal Printer Prices in 2014
8.4.Market Share by Revenue in 2014
9.FORECASTS FOR 3D METAL PRINTERS
9.1.Forecast of Total Installed Base of 3D Metal Printers
9.2.Forecast of new 3D Metal Printers sold each year
9.3.Forecast for Price of 3D Metal Printers
9.4.Forecast for the Total Market for sales of 3D Metal Printers
10.PATENTS
10.1.Patent Expiration
11.EMERGING OR ALLIED TECHNOLOGIES
11.1.University of Michigan
11.2.Fraunhofer IFAM
11.3.Hybrid CNC
11.4.Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
11.5.MatterFab
11.6.Microfabrica's MICA Freeform
11.7.Vader Systems
12.METAL POWDERS FOR 3D PRINTING
12.1.Powder Requirements
12.2.Particle Size Requirements for Different Technologies
12.3.Metal Powders used in 3D Printing
12.4.Aluminium
12.5.Cobalt Chrome
12.6.Inconel 625
12.7.Inconel 718
12.8.Maraging Steel 1.2709
12.9.Nitinol
12.10.15-5PH Stainless Steel
12.11.Stainless Steel 17-4 PH
12.12.316L Stainless Steel
12.13.Shapeway's "Stainless Steel"
12.14.Titanium
12.15.Tungsten
12.16.New alloys for 3D printing
13.METAL POWDER SUPPLIERS
13.1.Which companies sell which powders?
13.2.IDTechEx Portal Profiles of Metal Powder Manufacturers
14.STATE OF THE MARKET FOR METAL POWDERS FOR 3D PRINTING
14.1.Prices of metal powders for 3D Printing
14.2.Revenue by Material in 2014
14.3.Market Share of Revenue by Material in 2014
14.4.Volume by Material in 2014
14.5.Market Share of Volume by Material in 2014
15.FORECAST FOR METAL POWDERS FOR 3D PRINTING
15.1.Prices of Metal Powders for 3D printing ($/kg)
15.2.Forecast of revenue from metal powders for 3D printing
15.3.Forecast of volume of metal powder used for 3D printing
16.OTHER MATERIALS FOR 3D PRINTING
16.1.Welding Wire
16.2.Powders for Metal + Binder
16.3.Platinum-based Metallic Glass
16.4.Proto-pasta Metallic PLA Filament
16.5.Gallium-Indium Alloy
17.MARKET ANALYSIS
17.1.Markets for 3D Metal Printing
17.2.Future of 3D Printing Applications
18.APPLICATIONS OF 3D METAL PRINTING
18.1.Aerospace
18.2.Airbus
18.3.Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC)
18.4.BAE Systems
18.5.Boeing
18.6.Bombardier
18.7.GE Aviation
18.8.Lockheed Martin
18.9.NASA
18.10.Rolls Royce
18.11.SEDS at UCSD
18.12.SpaceX
18.13.Automotive
18.14.Dental
18.15.Argen Digital
18.16.Jewelry
18.17.Birmingham School of Jewellery
18.18.Oil and Gas
18.19.GE Oil and Gas
18.20.Siemens
18.21.Orthopaedics
18.22.Adler Ortho
18.23.Conformis
18.24.Fraunhofer IWU
18.25.Printed Electronics
18.26.Tooling
18.27.Investment casting moulds
18.28.John Deere
18.29.Lego
18.30.Volvo Construction Equipment
19.COLLABORATIONS
19.1.AMAZE
19.2.America Makes
20.MARKET SPLIT BY APPLICATION
20.1.Applications of Metal Powders
20.2.Installed Base of 3D Metal Printers by Industry
21.OPPORTUNITIES, LIMITATIONS AND RESTRAINTS
21.1.Challenges
21.2.Opportunities by industry
21.3.The evolution of 3D Printing is intrinsically linked with other technologies:
22.COMPANY PROFILES
22.1.3D Systems Europe
22.2.Advanced Powders and Coatings
22.3.Arcam AB
22.4.Argen Corporation
22.5.BMW
22.6.Boeing
22.7.Canatu
22.8.Concept Laser GMBH
22.9.Cookson Precious Metals
22.10.EFESTO LLC
22.11.EOS GmbH
22.12.EPSRC
22.13.Fabrisonic LLC
22.14.Ford Motor Company
22.15.Fraunhofer Additive Manufacturing Alliance
22.16.Höganäs
22.17.Legor Group
22.18.Lite-On Mobile
22.19.Lockheed Martin
22.20.Lomiko Metals
22.21.LPW Technology Ltd
22.22.MesoScribe Technologies
22.23.The NanoSteel Company
22.24.Norsk Titanium
22.25.Optomec
22.26.Realizer GmbH
22.27.Sandvik
22.28.Sciaky Inc
22.29.The ExOne Company
22.30.Volvo Construction Equipment
22.31.Voxel8
22.32.Voxeljet Technology GmbH
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Report Statistics

-Slides161
-Companies32
-Forecasts to2025
-Last updateMar 2016
 

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