Emerging Materials and Devices Report

Functional Materials for Future Electronics: Metals, Inorganic & Organic Compounds, Graphene, CNT

Fine chemicals needed for future electronics: morphologies, forms, derivatives: opportunities, trends, reasons: de-risk your investment

Specialist chemicals and materials will reach over $50 billion in 2023
 
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.The most important materials by three criteria
1.2.Chemical giants reposition to benefit
1.2.1.Itochu and partners
1.2.2.BASF and partners
1.2.3.Dow and others
1.3.Need for de-risking
1.4.The most widely useful compounds
1.4.1.Many examples analysed
1.4.2.Possible future importance of the chemistry of iron
1.5.The most versatile compounds electronically
1.6.Disruptive new electronics and electrics - the market pull
1.7.Fine metals and semiconductors that will be most widely used - survey result
1.8.Fine inorganic compounds most widely needed - survey results
1.9.The inorganic compounds - detailed results for 37 families of device
1.10.Allotropes of carbon most widely needed - survey result
1.11.Fine organic compounds most widely needed - survey results
1.12.Survey results for lithium salts in the biggest battery market
1.13.Less prevalent or less established formulations
1.13.1.Tantalum oxide catalyst for polymer electrolyte fuel cells
1.13.2.Tungsten chemistry: new uses
1.14.Structural electronics
1.15.Double helix structure discovered in an inorganic material - November 2016
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.Elements being targeted
2.2.Here come composites and mixtures
2.3.Disparate value propositions
2.4.Here comes printing
2.5.Great breadth
2.6.Fragile chemicals
2.7.Challenges of ink formulation
2.8.Company size is not a problem
2.9.Uncertainties
2.10.Inorganic vs organic
2.11.Impediments
2.12.Photovoltaics
2.13.Examples of company activity
2.13.1.Dow Chemical
2.13.2.Merck, DuPont and Honeywell
2.13.3.Bayer
2.14.Progress with Semiconductors
2.15.Printed and multilayer electronics and electrics needs new design rules
2.16.Metamaterials, nantennas and memristors
2.17.The toolkit becomes large
2.17.1.Three dimensional
2.17.2.Leveraging smart substrates
2.17.3.Planned applications can have plenty of area
2.17.4.Health and environment to the fore
2.17.5.Three generations?
3.THE MOST IMPORTANT EMERGING DEVICES AND THEIR REQUIREMENTS
3.1.Conductive patterning: antennas, electrodes, interconnects, metamaterials
3.1.1.Silver flake inks continue to reign supreme for printing
3.1.2.Alternatives gain share
3.1.3.ITO Replacement
3.1.4.2D titanium carbide
3.1.5.For RFID Tags
3.1.6.For logic and memory
3.1.7.For sensors
3.1.8.For smart packaging
3.1.9.For memristors
3.2.CIGS Photovoltaics
3.2.1.Brief description of technology
3.3.DSSC Photovoltaics
3.3.1.Brief description of technology
3.4.Electrophoretic displays and alternatives
3.4.1.Brief description of the technology
3.4.2.Applications of E-paper displays
3.4.3.E ink
3.4.4.The Killer Application
3.4.5.SiPix, Taiwan
3.4.6.Alternatives - electrowetting
3.5.Inorganic LED
3.6.Li-ion battery rechargeable
3.7.Rechargeable lithium/lithium metal battery and PEM fuel cell
3.8.MEMS & NEMS
3.9.Organic Light Emitting Diode OLED displays and lighting
3.10.Power semiconductors
3.11.Supercapacitor
3.11.1.View of rollout of graphene based devices
3.12.Supercabattery
3.13.Touch screen
3.13.1.Main Touch Technologies
3.13.2.Leading Market Applications
3.13.3.ITO Alternatives for touch screens
3.13.4.Over 100 profiled organizations
3.13.5.Transistor, diode, thermistor, thyristor for electronics
3.13.6.Tungsten chemistry: new uses
3.14.Structural electronics
3.15.Other devices of interest
3.16.New material formats will lead to new devices
4.CARBON NANOTUBES AND GRAPHENE
4.1.Carbon nanotubes
4.2.Graphene
4.2.1.Graphene could reduce weight of batteries for electric vehicles
4.3.Carbon nanotubes and graphene summary
4.4.113 organizations profiled
5.INDIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS
5.1.More than the story of ITO
5.2.Key in the newer light emitting devices
5.3.Quantum dots and FETs
5.4.Cost and printability are challenges
5.5.Oxide semiconductor with a new elemental composition
6.TITANIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS
6.1.Piezoelectrics, energy harvesters, supercapacitors, displays and sensors
6.2.Allied topic photocatalysis
7.ZINC COMPOUNDS FOR THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS
7.1.Dielectric for insulation, capacitors and other devices
7.2.Improving the efficiency of UV LED
8.FLUORINE COMPOUNDS FOR THE NEW ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS
8.1."Rechargeable lithium", alkali metal fluorides and other fluorine chemistry
8.2.Fluoropolymer for solution-based OFET processing
8.3.Other New Fluoropolymer Applications in 2015-6
TABLES
1.1.Description and images of the 37 families of new electronics and electrics
1.2.The 20 categories of chemical and physical property exploited by the key materials in the devices are identified
1.3.Four families of carbon allotrope needed in the new electronics and electrics
1.4.Organic materials used and researched for the 37 families of new electronics and electrics
1.5.138 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries showing country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte form, case, targeted applicational sectors and sales relationships and successes by veh
1.6.Examples of relatively less prevalent or less established formulations than those examined earlier
2.1.Examples of inorganic materials needed for printed electronics and their suppliers.
2.2.Comparison of the more challenging inorganic and organic materials used in printed and potentially printed electronics
2.3.Typical quantum dot materials from Evident Technologies and their likely application.
2.4.The leading photovoltaic technologies compared
3.1.Key chemicals and materials for conductive patterning: antennas, electrodes, interconnects, metamaterials
3.2.Product Overview of conductive printed electronics
3.3.Advantages and disadvantages of electrophoretic displays
3.4.Comparison between OLEDs and E-Ink of various parameters
3.5.138 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries showing country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte form, case, targeted applicational sectors and sales relationships and successes by veh
3.6.Some materials needs for small molecule vs polymeric OLEDs.
3.7.Organisations working in touch screens
3.8.The 20 categories of chemical and physical property exploited by the key materials in the devices are identified
3.9.Four families of carbon allotrope needed in the new electronics and electrics
3.10.Organic materials used and researched for the 37 families of new electronics and electrics
4.1.Semiconductors
4.2.Activities of 113 Organizations
FIGURES
1.1.Inorganic elements and compounds most widely needed for growth markets in the new electronics and electrics over the coming decade
1.2.Number of new device families using elemental or mildly alloyed aluminium, copper, gold, silicon and silver giving % of 37 device families analysed and typical functional form over the coming decade
1.3.The anions or metals in the most popular inorganic compounds in the new electronics by number of device families using them and percentage of the 37 device families (there is overlap for multi-metal formulations). Main functional
1.4.The incidence of the allotropes of carbon that are most widely being used, at least experimentally, for the 37 types of new electronics and electrics giving functional form and % and number of surveyed devices involved
1.5.The families of organic compound that are most widely being used or investigated for the new electronics as % of sample and number of device families using them
1.6.Cross sectional images of SEM (a, b) and BSEM (c) of Pt/TaOx catalyst on GC electrode
2.1.Some of the most promising elements employed in research and production of the new electronics and electrics - much broader than today and away from silicon
2.2.The increasing potential of progress towards the printing and multilayering of electric and electronic devices
2.3.Attributes and problems of inorganic, hybrid and organic thin film electronics form a spectrum
2.4.Likely impact of inorganic printed and potentially printed technology to 2020 - dominant technology by device and element. Dark green shows where inorganic technology is extremely important for the active (non-linear) components s
2.5.Mass production of flexible thin film electronic devices using the three generations of technology
2.6.Strategy options for chemical companies seeking a major share of the printed electronics market, with examples.
2.7.Metal interconnect and antennas on a BlueSpark printed manganese dioxide zinc battery supporting integral antenna and interconnects
3.1.Negative refractive index metamaterial bends electromagnetic radiation the "wrong" way
3.2.Split ring resonator and micro-wire array that form negative refractive index material when printed together in the correct dimensions
3.3.Schematic representation of a CIGS thin film solar cell
3.4.Principle of operation of electrophoretic displays
3.5.E-paper displays on a magazine sold in the US in October 2008
3.6.Retail Shelf Edge Labels from UPM
3.7.Secondary display on a cell phone
3.8.Amazon Kindle 2, launched in the US in February 2009
3.9.Electrophoretic display on a commercially sold financial card
3.10.Flow chart of the manufacture process
3.11.Process for printing LEDs
3.12.OLED structure showing left the vacuum -based technology
3.13.Examples of OLED light-emitting and hole transport molecules
3.14.Functions within a small molecule OLED, typically made by vacuum processing
3.15.Illustration of how the active matrix OLED AMOLED is much simpler than the AMLCD it replaces.
3.16.Families of power semiconductor
3.17.Latest power semiconductors by frequency of use
3.18.View of the rollout of graphene in advanced electrical and electronic components
3.19.Touch market forecast by technology in 2012
3.20.Conductance in ohms per square for the different printable conductive materials, at typical thicknesses used, compared with bulk metal, where nanotubes refers to carb on nanotube or graphene
4.1.Structure of single-wall carbon nanotubes
4.2.The chiral vector is represented by a pair of indices (n, m). T denotes the tube axis, and a1 and a2 are the unit vectors of graphene in real space
4.3.Graphene - the world's thinnest material isolated at The University of Manchester
4.4.Targeted applications for carbon nanotubes by Eikos
7.1.Zinc oxide nanowires
7.2.SEM image of the vertically-aligned Ga-doped ZnO nanofiber
8.1.Energy harvesting technologies by power emitted
8.2.Materials used in the most promising triboelectric harvesting demonstrators
8.3.CYTOP amorphous fluoropolymer
8.4.Rotating 40 mm electret energy harvester