Electric vehicles Report

到 2030 年,中型和重型电动卡车市场将达到 470 亿美元

电动卡车 2020-2030

中型和重型电动卡车市场分析,以及针对电池电动卡车和燃料电池卡车的颗粒化市场预测


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中型和重型卡车市场正在发展。以化石燃料为动力的内燃机时代就快要过去了。《IDTechEx 电动卡车 2020-2030》报告针对电池电动卡车和燃料电池电动卡车勾勒了 48 条预测线,其中包括针对关键地区,即中国、北美和欧洲的汽车生产、市场渗透和市场价值的十年展望(按中型和重型划分)。此报告将有助于整个汽车价值链的企业在这个快速变化的市场中针对未来制定计划。
Along with the rest of the automotive sector, the medium and heavy-duty truck market is evolving. Governments around the world, recognising the potentially catastrophic repercussions of unfettered climate change and witnessing the detrimental impact on human health from vehicle exhaust pollutant emissions in urban environments, are taking decisive action, that will, in the coming decades, drive vehicle manufacturers to zero on-road exhaust emission powertrain solutions. Consequently, the days of the fossil fuel powered combustion engine are numbered.
 
The IDTechEx Electric Truck 2020-2030 report is designed to help businesses across the automotive value chain plan for the future in this rapidly changing market. The report provides 48 forecast lines for battery electric and fuel cell electric trucks, that include a ten-year outlook for vehicle production, market penetration and market value, with separate forecasts for both the medium and heavy-duty truck markets and regional segmentation for China, North America, Europe and ROW. The current status of the battery and fuel cell truck market is provided, with detail about each of the battery electric and fuel cell electric truck projects being undertaken by major players in the industry. The report presents background to developments in the electric truck market, including fuel cells and electric hybridization, along with discussion of key enabling technologies for electric truck deployment such as batteries, motors and charging infrastructure.
 
IDTechEx Electric truck 2020-2030 forecast segmentation:
 
• By truck weight; with separate medium and heavy-duty forecasts
• By technology; battery electric (incorporating all-electric and hybrid electric trucks) and fuel cell electric trucks.
• By geography; North America, China, Europe (EU + EFTA) and ROW as well as a aggregate global forecast.
• 10-year outlook; production, market penetration (%), market revenue ($) and battery capacity requirement (GWh)
 
IDTechEx global medium and heavy-duty market battery requirement forecast 2020-2030 (GWh)
Source: IDTechEx Electric Trucks 2020-2030
Despite medium and heavy duty trucks representing only 9% of the global vehicle stock, large inefficient diesel truck engines combined with high average annual mileage means that the truck sector contributes 39% of the transport sectors' greenhouse gas emissions, which equates to about 5% of all global fossil fuel derived CO2 emission. It is this disproportionate contribution to emissions which makes trucks a target for governments. If the global community is going to meet its targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit the impact of climate change then it is clear that a rapid decarbonisation of the truck sector must be a priority.
 
Whilst CO2 emission has arguably been the main force driving move to zero on-road emission freight, an ever-increasing body of evidence is also highlighting the damage that poor air quality is having on populations which are frequently exposed to harmful levels of air pollution. In urban environments, that are in close proximity to congested road infrastructure, transport related emissions of, in particular, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) have been directly linked to increased morbidity and mortality. A 2019 report by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) linked vehicle emissions to 385,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2015, with the cost of the health impacts from vehicle emissions calculated at approximately $1 trillion USD.
 
If efforts to encourage a significant reduction in average truck emissions prove ineffective in the near term, the emissions problem will be exacerbated by the expected growth in freight demand. Medium and heavy-duty trucks are an integral part of the freight transport industry, which is the backbone of major economies, as the movement of goods keeping business running. The rise of online shopping, the trend of increasing urbanisation and reducing personal car ownership are projected to increase the demand for home delivery and therefore increase the demand for freight and the commercial vehicles that facilitate that movement of goods.
 
Vehicle electrification offers a solution which effectively eliminates on-road exhaust emission and passes the pressure of decarbonisation on to electricity generation. Rather than monitoring the emission of millions of vehicles, the task then becomes one of governments managing the emission of a limited number of large power stations in combination with renewable sources, to reduce the carbon intensity of supplied electricity.
 
A majority of manufactures, including Tesla, Daimler, VW and Volvo are investing heavily in all-electric trucks, which appear to be winning the total cost of ownership battle against diesel by the end of the 2020s. A smaller minority, Toyota, Hyundai, and Nikola, have chosen to focus their efforts on fuel cell EV as the powertrain of the future, and despite issues with the efficiency of hydrogen as a fuel, FCEV remains in the conversation as a technology for long haul trucking applications, where a greater range is required, though the viability of this technology is dependent on the production cheap low carbon hydrogen. Chinese manufacturers are starting to produce electric trucks, leveraging their experience in electric buses and battery production. Given the Chinese governments strong support for the entire EV industry it likely that this is where the most significant deployment of EV trucks will be seen in the near future. IDTechEx forecast the penetration of electric trucks into the global medium and heavy duty market to be 9.4% by 2030.
 
Zero-emission medium and heavy-duty trucks by technology and production status
Source: IDTechEx Electric Trucks 2020-2030, IEA
 
In the short term a range of financial incentives for electric trucks in the form of subsidies and tax breaks will be necessary to offset the high initial capital investment required to purchase electric trucks. However, over the next decade, as tightening emission regulation forces diesel truck manufacturers to fit increasingly expensive emissions control devices, raising the cost of diesel trucks, and the cost of electric trucks decreases due to falling battery prices and economies of scale savings on the cost of electric components and vehicle manufacturing, the TCO balance swings in favour of electric trucks. By the end of the 2020s, with electric trucks produced in volume, the difference in initial capital investment will be offset by the fuel savings and maintenance over the lifetime of the truck.
 
An increasing number of cities and nations around the world are targeting a complete phase out of diesel and petrol as a fuelled vehicles on their roads. The electrification of truck fleets, especially those operating in urban environments, is likely to happen rapidly, once the cost benefit and ability of the technology to deliver the required daily duty cycles have been demonstrated.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.Why electric trucks?
1.2.Continued growth in road freight demand
1.3.Global CO2 emission: medium & heavy duty trucks
1.4.Range of zero emission medium and heavy trucks
1.5.Heavy-duty: BEV or Fuel Cell?
1.6.Key global forecast takeaways
1.7.Key Regional Forecast takeaways:
1.8.Electric M&HDT global production forecast (000's units)
1.9.Electric M&HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
1.10.Electric M&HDT production forecast by region (000's units)
1.11.Electric M&HDT market forecast by region ($US Bn)
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.Climate change
2.2.Global CO2 emission: medium & heavy duty trucks
2.3.CO2 emission from road transport, EU
2.4.GHG emission from the truck sector
2.5.Urban air quality
2.6.Global efforts to limit urban road transport emissions
2.7.National diesel and petrol vehicle bans
2.8.The worldwide freight transport industry
2.9.Projected increase in global road freight activity
2.10.The rise of e-commerce: increased freight demand
2.11.Market for urban goods transport to grow
2.12.Fuel / emissions regulation for new trucks
2.13.Fuel / CO2 emissions regulation for new trucks
2.14.December 2018: EU agrees 30% cut in truck CO2 emissions
2.15.Emissions regulation for new trucks - other pollutants
2.16.Fuel saving technology areas
2.17.The rise of zero (or near zero) exhaust emission trucks
2.18.EU initiatives to offset additional powertrain weight
2.19.Need for a systems approach
3.MEDIUM & HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK CLASSIFICATION
3.1.Types of popular on-road truck
3.2.A category that is difficult to define
3.3.Different segments of goods transportation by land
3.4.Medium and heavy-duty truck classifications
4.MEDIUM & HEAVY-DUTY TRUCKS IN EUROPE
4.1.Main truck brands in Europe
4.2.Medium and Heavy-Duty Truck Sales in the EU
4.3.Truck sales in EU-28 by size and brand, 2016
4.4.The freight transport industry - EU
4.5.The freight transport industry - Europe
5.MEDIUM & HEAVY-DUTY TRUCKS IN THE US
5.1.Main truck brands in the US
5.2.Medium and Heavy-Duty Truck Sales in the US
5.3.The freight transport industry - USA
5.4.Industry issues according to US truckers
5.5.Average truck age in the US
5.6.Alternative fuel choices for trucks in the US
5.7.The cost of trucking in the United States
5.8.Average U.S. On-Highway Diesel Prices, 2008-2019
5.9.Repair & maintenance, another running cost for US truckers
5.10.Nobody wants to be a truck driver in the US
5.11.The solution: electric, autonomous trucks?
6.MEDIUM & HEAVY-DUTY TRUCKS IN CHINA
6.1.Main truck brands in China
6.2.Medium and Heavy-Duty Truck Sales in China
6.3.The worldwide freight transport industry - China
6.4.The freight transport industry - China
6.5.Truck engine supplier relationships in China
6.6.Chinese truck joint ventures
6.7.China's truck market segments
6.8.China exports its trucks too
6.9.Buses down in China, trucks up
6.10.China's first emissions testing standard for HDV
7.MEDIUM & HEAVY-DUTY TRUCKS: ROW
7.1.Main truck brands in Japan
7.2.Large and medium-sized trucks market share
7.3.Truck transport business in Japan
7.4.Historic truck sales in Japan
7.5.The worldwide freight transport industry - Russia
7.6.Other markets - Mexico
8.BATTERY ELECTRIC TRUCKS - EUROPEAN BRANDS
8.1.Electric Trucks: MAN (VW GROUP)
8.2.MAN e-mobility roadmap
8.3.Electric Trucks: SCANIA (VW GROUP)
8.4.Scania and Northvolt partnership
8.5.Electric Trucks: VOLVO
8.6.Electric Trucks: RENAULT TRUCKS (VOLVO)
8.7.Electric Trucks: MERCEDES (DAIMLER)
8.8.Daimler is pushing for electric trucks
8.9.FUSO eCanter
8.10.Daimler eActros
8.11.Daimler eActros "innovation fleet"
8.12.Electric Trucks: IVECO
8.13.Electric Trucks: DAF (PACCAR)
8.14.Electric Trucks: E-FORCE ONE
8.15.Electric Trucks: FRAMO
8.16.Electric Trucks: TERBERG
8.17.Electric Trucks: ARRIVAL
8.18.Electric Trucks: EMOSS
8.19.Electric Trucks: TEVVA
9.BATTERY ELECTRIC TRUCKS - US BRANDS
9.1.Electric Trucks: FREIGHTLINER (DAIMLER)
9.2.Electric Trucks: PETERBILT (PACCAR)
9.3.Electric Trucks: VOLVO
9.4.Electric Trucks: MACK (VOLVO)
9.5.Electric Trucks: INTERNATIONAL (NAVISTAR)
9.6.Electric Trucks: TESLA
9.7.Electric Trucks: XOS TRUCKS
9.8.Electric Trucks: ALKANE
9.9.Electric Trucks: CUMMINS
9.10.Electric Trucks: WRIGHTSPEED
9.11.Electric Trucks: ZEROTRUCK
9.12.Electric Trucks: CHANJE
9.13.Electric Trucks: EDI
9.14.Electric Trucks: MOTIV POWER SYSTEMS
9.15.Electric Trucks: ORANGE EV
9.16.Electric Trucks: TransPower
10.BATTERY ELECTRIC TRUCKS - CHINESE BRANDS
10.1.Electric Trucks: FAW JIEFANG
10.2.Electric Trucks: DONGFENG
10.3.Electric Trucks: SINOTRUCK CDW
10.4.Electric Trucks: SHACMAN
10.5.Electric Trucks: FOTON
10.6.Electric Trucks: JAC MOTORS
10.7.Electric Trucks: DAYUN
10.8.Electric Trucks: GEELY
10.9.Electric Trucks: BYD
10.10.Electric Trucks: CHTC Chufeng
11.BATTERY ELECTRIC TRUCKS - ROW BRANDS
11.1.Electric Trucks: HINO MOTORS
11.2.Electric Trucks: HYUNDAI
12.FUEL CELL TRUCKS
12.1.Fuel Cell Trucks: NIKOLA MOTOR Co.
12.2.Fuel Cell Trucks: KENWORTH (PACCAR)
12.3.Fuel Cell Trucks: BALLARD / UPS
12.4.Fuel Cell Trucks: DONGFENG
12.5.Fuel Cell Trucks: HYUNDAI
12.6.Fuel Cell vehicle demonstration projects
13.HYBRID VS. PURE ELECTRIC TRUCKS
13.1.A matter of use cases: potential for hybrid trucks?
13.2.Powertrain focus
13.3.Motor-generator REM duty cycle, type, function
13.4.Heavy duty powertrains by application
13.5.Hybrid electric trucks example: HYLIION
13.6.A visual history of commercial hybrid trucks
13.7.Hybridization a bridge technology to full electrification
14.FUEL CELLS FOR TRUCKS
14.1.Fuel cell vehicles will never be mainstream
14.2.Fuel cells and trucks today
14.3.Primary issues for battery and fuel cell trucks
14.4.Batteries vs. Fuel Cells - efficiency
14.5.Batteries vs. Fuel Cells: driving range
14.6.Are batteries viable for long-haul?
14.7.Batteries vs. Fuel Cells - cost
14.8.Guide to hydrogen truck refuelling
14.9.Developing hydrogen refuelling infrastructure
14.10.Nikola Trucks: Hydrogen Infrastructure
14.11.Alternative fuels generation - 2030 vs. 2050
14.12.Using bio-waste to generate hydrogen
15.TCO CONSIDERATIONS FOR ELECTRIC TRUCKS
15.1.Advantages and disadvantages of electric vs. fuel cell trucks
15.2.Top challenges for commercial vehicles
15.3.TCO considerations for electric trucks
15.4.Cost projections in selected countries for various powertrains
15.5.Electric trucks reduced operating costs
15.6.When will cost parity be reached?
15.7.TCO of a diesel vs. an all-electric Class 6 truck
15.8.TCO of a diesel vs. an all-electric tractor-trailer
15.9.Will the Tesla semi eclipse diesel?
15.10.Overcoming barriers for low emission technologies
15.11.More carrot, more stick
15.12.The economics of fuel cells in trucks
16.KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
16.1.The key enabling technologies are changing
16.2.EV Research Reports - Underlying Technology
16.3.Energy storage
16.4.Is LiB Capacity sufficient?
16.5.More than one type of cell design
16.6.Cell, module, and pack
16.7.Changes at cell level
16.8.Timeline for cell improvements
16.9.How do high-power ES variants compare
16.10.Battery choices at MAN Truck & Bus
16.11.Bosch and batteries for trucks
16.12.EnerDel: battery packs for trucks
16.13.Skeleton Tech: supercap opportunity
16.14.Iveco and supercaps - a cost perspective
16.15.Motor technology choices
16.16.Technology preference by type of vehicle
16.17.Trend to high voltage, high speed motors
16.18.Planned PM synchronous heavy duty drive UQM, Eaton, Pi Innovo
16.19.Electric Wheel Hub Drives
16.20.Move to integration - Volkswagen's approach
16.21.Examples of trend to product integration
16.22.Charging needs for trucks
16.23.Opportunity charging - optimising battery size
16.24.Siemens eHighway
16.25.There's Now An Electric Highway In California
16.26.Mack demonstrates catenary-powered PHEV
16.27.Volvo's electric roads point to battery-free EV future
16.28.Qualcomm - dynamic charging
16.29.University of Washington
16.30.Autonomous Trucking: Automation levels
16.31.Ten-year and twenty-year component-segmented price projections for hardware for autonomous mobility
16.32.The economic case for autonomous trucks
17.MARKET FORECASTS 2020-2030
17.1.Assumptions behind the forecasts
17.2.M&HDT report forecast terminology
17.3.Market forecast: Average battery capacity for electric medium-duty trucks (kWh) 2020-2030
17.4.Market forecast: Average battery capacity for electric heavy-duty trucks (kWh) 2020-2030
17.5.Market forecast: Average battery capacity for medium- and heavy-duty fuel cell electric trucks (kWh) 2020-2030
17.6.Global Forecast: M&HDT Market 2020-2030
17.7.M&HDT global production (000's units)
17.8.M&HDT global production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.9.EV M&HDT global production by region (000's units)
17.10.M&HDT market share forecast for EV M&HDT
17.11.M&HDT market share of EV M&HDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV by weight class
17.12.M&HDT battery requirement forecast 2020-2030 (GWh)
17.13.M&HDT battery requirement forecast by region (GWh)
17.14.M&HDT market forecast (GWh) by battery chemistry
17.15.M&HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.16.M&HDT market forecast 2020-2030 by region ($US Bn)
17.17.BEV+PHEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.18.FCEV M&HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.19.EV M&HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.20.EV M&HDT market forecast by region ($US Bn)
17.21.Forecast EV share of total M&HDT market revenue
17.22.Global Forecast: MDT Market 2020-2030
17.23.MDT global production (000's units)
17.24.MDT global production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.25.MDT market share forecast for EV MDT
17.26.MDT market share of EV MDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV
17.27.MDT battery requirement forecast 2020-2030 (GWh)
17.28.MDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.29.EV MDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.30.Forecast EV share of total MDT market revenue
17.31.Global Forecast: HDT Market 2020-2030
17.32.HDT global production (000's units)
17.33.HDT global production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.34.HDT market share forecast for EV HDT
17.35.HDT market share of EV HDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV
17.36.HDT battery requirement forecast 2020-2030 (GWh)
17.37.HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.38.EV HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.39.Forecast EV share of total HDT market revenue
17.40.Europe Forecast: M&HDT Market 2020-2030
17.41.Europe M&HDT production (000's units)
17.42.Europe M&HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.43.Europe M&HDT market share forecast for EV M&HDT
17.44.Europe M&HDT market share of EV M&HDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV by weight class
17.45.Europe M&HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.46.Europe M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.47.Europe BEV+PHEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.48.Europe FCEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.49.Europe EV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.50.Forecast EV share of total Europe M&HDT market revenue
17.51.Europe Forecast: MDT Market 2020-2030
17.52.Europe MDT production (000's units)
17.53.Europe MDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.54.Europe MDT market share forecast for EV MDT
17.55.Europe MDT market share of EV MDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.56.Europe MDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.57.Europe MDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.58.Europe EV MDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.59.Forecast EV share of total Europe MDT market revenue
17.60.Europe Forecast: HDT Market 2020-2030
17.61.Europe HDT production (000's units)
17.62.Europe HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.63.Europe HDT market share forecast for EV HDT
17.64.Europe HDT market share of EV HDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.65.Europe HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.66.Europe HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.67.Europe EV HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.68.Forecast EV share of total Europe HDT market revenue
17.69.North America (NA) Forecast: M&HDT Market 2020-2030
17.70.NA M&HDT production (000's units)
17.71.NA M&HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.72.NA M&HDT market share forecast for EV M&HDT
17.73.NA M&HDT market share of EV M&HDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV by weight class
17.74.NA M&HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.75.NA M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.76.NA BEV+PHEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.77.NA FCEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.78.NA EV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.79.Forecast EV share of total NA M&HDT market revenue
17.80.North America (NA) Forecast: MDT Market 2020-2030
17.81.NA MDT production (000's units)
17.82.NA MDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.83.NA MDT market share forecast for EV MDT
17.84.NA MDT market share of EV MDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.85.NA MDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.86.NA MDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.87.NA EV MDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.88.Forecast EV share of total NA MDT market revenue
17.89.North America (NA): HDT Market 2020-2030
17.90.NA HDT production (000's units)
17.91.NA HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.92.NA HDT market share forecast for EV HDT
17.93.NA HDT market share of EV HDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.94.NA HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.95.NA HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.96.NA EV HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.97.Forecast EV share of total NA HDT market revenue
17.98.China Forecast: M&HDT Market 2020-2030
17.99.China M&HDT production (000's units)
17.100.China M&HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.101.China M&HDT market share forecast for EV M&HDT
17.102.China M&HDT market share of EV M&HDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV by weight class
17.103.China M&HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.104.China M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.105.China BEV+PHEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.106.China FCEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.107.China EV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.108.Forecast EV share of total China M&HDT market revenue
17.109.China Forecast: MDT Market 2020-2030
17.110.China MDT production (000's units)
17.111.China MDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.112.China MDT market share forecast for EV MDT
17.113.China MDT market share of EV MDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.114.China MDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.115.China MDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.116.China EV MDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.117.Forecast EV share of total China MDT market revenue
17.118.China Forecast: HDT Market 2020-2030
17.119.China HDT production (000's units)
17.120.China HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.121.China HDT market share forecast for EV HDT
17.122.China HDT market share of EV HDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.123.China HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.124.China HDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.125.China EV HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.126.Forecast EV share of total China HDT market revenue
17.127.ROW Forecast: M&HDT Market 2020-2030
17.128.ROW M&HDT production (000's units)
17.129.ROW M&HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.130.ROW M&HDT market share forecast for EV M&HDT
17.131.ROW M&HDT market share of EV M&HDT: BEV+PHEV and FCEV by weight class
17.132.ROW M&HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.133.ROW M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.134.ROW BEV+PHEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.135.ROW FCEV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.136.ROW EV M&HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.137.Forecast EV share of total ROW M&HDT market revenue
17.138.ROW Forecast: MDT Market 2020-2030
17.139.ROW MDT production (000's units)
17.140.ROW MDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.141.ROW MDT market share forecast for EV MDT
17.142.ROW MDT market share of EV MDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.143.ROW MDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.144.ROW MDT market forecast 2020-2030 ($US Bn)
17.145.ROW EV MDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.146.Forecast EV share of total ROW MDT market revenue
17.147.ROW Forecast: HDT Market 2020-2030
17.148.ROW HDT production (000's units)
17.149.ROW HDT production: BEV+PHEV and FCEV (000's units)
17.150.ROW HDT market share forecast for EV HDT
17.151.ROW HDT market share of EV HDT: BEV+PHEV & FCEV
17.152.ROW HDT battery requirement forecast (GWh)
17.153.ROW HDT (all fuels) market forecast 2020-2030 ($Bn)
17.154.ROW EV HDT market forecast ($US Bn)
17.155.Forecast EV share of total ROW HDT market revenue
 

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$5,495.00
电子版(6-10 名用户)
$7,995.00
电子版及 1 份硬拷贝文件(1-5 名用户)
$5,995.00
电子版及 1 份硬拷贝文件(6-10 名用户)
$8,495.00
电子版(1-5 名用户)
¥598,000
电子版(6-10 名用户)
¥868,000
电子版及 1 份硬拷贝文件(1-5 名用户)
¥648,000
电子版及 1 份硬拷贝文件(6-10 名用户)
¥928,000
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