Energy Storage Report


超级电容器材料和技术路线图 2019-2039


更好的活性电极材料与改进的电解质搭配,产生了许多新的超级电容器和衍生品,不仅成本降低,还有技术含量,未来将推动承重、纺织等行业的大规模销售。现在是参与的时候了。了解各种机遇,包括外嵌型表面和 Mxene 材料。查阅最新的采访、报告、专家观点以及预测和路线图。了解最有前途的新有机和无机材料以及各种混合和对称电子双电层电容器(包含或不含强大的优化赝电容)的性能潜力。
Supercapacitors will be a large market. It will interest suppliers of a wide range of specialty chemicals and added value feedstock. The report, "Supercapacitor Materials and Technology Roadmap 2019-2039" uniquely appraises these and identifies gaps in the market for device variants and new material capabilities. The report notes that lithium-ion batteries were a cottage industry but as they became a large market added value materials companies prospered from making key materials that the device makers could not address. That is ahead for supercapacitors now.
The growth of the supercapacitor business is being be accelerated by new priorities driven by a wider range of potentially large applications and optimisation of new matched materials. That stretches from structural supercapacitors to ones maximising pseudocapacitance for battery-like functions and others replacing general purpose electrolytic capacitors. Many transition metal oxides and other compounds from liquids to ceramics are now in focus.
"Supercapacitor Materials and Technology Roadmap 2019-2039" is a drill down report from the IDTechEx report, "Supercapacitor Markets and Technology 2018-2028". It is part of the acclaimed IDTechEx series on energy storage and on battery elimination.
The new virtuosity is astounding. Some experimental supercapacitors now work from minus 110C to 300C. Power supply versions at 120 Hz are demonstrated. On the other hand, load-bearing supercapacitors are sometimes achieving lighter weight than the dumb structure they replace. Batteries make things heavier but supercapacitors make them lighter - "negative mass" energy storage? Supercapacitor materials just got exciting.
The 180 page IDTechEx report, "Supercapacitor Materials and Technology Roadmap 2019-2039" involves over 60 organisations through the value chain. It has a comprehensive Executive Summary and Conclusions for those with limited time. The many parameters affecting latest competition between capacitors, supercapacitors and batteries are clearly grasped in new spider diagrams and charts. New infograms give the wider applications being targeted, the methods, the materials parameters being optimised and the most promising routes, including much news for 2018 and potential for the future.
There is a materials market forecast and technology timeline. Learn gaps in the market and prioritisation of parameter improvement now needed. The Introduction comprehensively explains the phenomena being optimised and the different structures emerging for supercapacitors and their variants. Learn why pseudocapacitance is becoming better understood and used as a tool in device tailoring. Why are both hierarchical electrode morphologies and the newer exohedral options needed at the different electrodes required for different potential applications? There is no one size fits all. Indeed, electrode-electrolyte matching is essential with aqueous and ionic electrolytes in focus and solid state considered. See detailed charts comparing parameters achieved.
Chapter 3 explores electrolytes as they change radically to new organic and inorganic, liquid and solid forms, with present and planned commercial versions and the new active electrodes they leverage. Why are aqueous and ionic forms gaining market share?
Chapter 4 covers the changing priorities in transition metal oxides and introduces metal organic frameworks. Chapter 5 covers the new approach to 2D materials with graphene very important but only a part of the story, which now embraces MXenes and much more.
Chapter 6 specifically addresses applied versions of graphene, carbon nanotubes and carbon aerogels, the aerogels even enabling impressive load-bearing components. Chapter 7 appraises the important work on structural supercapacitors - load bearing shapes, smart skin, textiles and even paper structures. Learn about stretchable and flexible forms and more. The report closes with a chapter on how poisons will be avoided in future supercapacitors. Throughout, the text is brought alive with commercial and promised device examples and slides from the latest relevant conferences. They reveal how other global experts see progress, mechanisms and future possibilities.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS Focus of this report Purpose of this report Market forecast for supercapacitor active materials Background Active materials market forecast for supercapacitors and derivatives $ billion 2019-2039 Physics of basic uses Action The competition between capacitors, supercapacitors and batteries How basic functions overlap: Cap, supercap, battery Spectrum of benefits: capacitor to battery 2019 The reality for production supercapacitors and their derivatives 2019 The dream for production supercapacitors and their derivatives: power & energy The dream for production supercapacitors and their derivatives: other planned benefits Even better batteries and supercapacitors a real prospect from 2018 research Improvements that will create large new markets Cost Energy density Options Electrolyte-electrode routes to desirable parameters shown red UC Santa Cruz/ LLL advance October 2018 More than creating area Seeking affordable higher energy density in context 2019-2029 Self-discharge Options for device physics Device active structures and gaps in the market Exohedral active electrodes Options for device chemistry Options for supercapacitor manufacture Technology roadmap 2019-2039
1.18.Watermelons with ionic liquids rival batteries?
1.19.Flexible, foldable supercapacitors for energy storage
1.20.Flexible, foldable supercapacitors for energy storage
1.21.Graphene-based wearable supercapacitor powers prosthetic hand - update February 2019
1.22.Three routes to 100Wh/kg supercapacitors?
1.23.Pseudocapacitors from the University of California at Berkeley
2.2. INTRODUCTION Operating principles and construction EDLC and AEDLC basics Supercapacitor assembly Cost and mass breakdown Capacitance and energy density Power density for Internet of Things IoT Charging Discharging, cycling, life Energy density Voltage vs capacitance offered Pseudocapacitance Outline basics Inseparable A deeper look From electrode and electrolyte Choice of materials From structure Example: Candy cane pseudocapacitor Spray on Pseudocapacitance Understanding fundamental phenomena Typical methodology to improve super capacitors Active electrode materials Hierarchical active electrodes Exohedral active electrodes Separators PALL, Universiti Putra, Dreamweaver Supercapacitor materials in action: examples Examples of nine parameters compared Comparison by manufacturer: examples Symmetric hybrid supercapacitor; Yunasko Example of progress: Highest areal capacitance claimed for graphene aerogel Advanced high-energy capacitors for efficient energy regeneration - Nippon Chemi-Con
3.3. SUPERCAPACITOR ELECTROLYTES Introduction Electrolytes by manufacturer are changing: examples Reconciling parameters: Univ. Bristol, Reading UK, Supercapacitor Materials Parameter compromises Radically new options: SuperCapacitor Materials Matching to Electrode Comparison of properties influenced by electrolyte Capacitance density of various supercapacitor electrolytes Importance of aqueous electrolytes Rationale Aqueous and non aqueous electrolytes compared Example: Evans Capacitor Example: Tampere University screen printing Ionic electrolytes Ionic liquids Covalent basics Low cost route: natural cellulose in ionic liquid Pyr14TFSI Example of ionic electrolyte ZapGo UK
4.4. TRANSITION METAL OXIDES, METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS Transition metal oxides Metal organic frameworks Overview Modular metal-organic framework with highest electron charge mobilities
6.6. GRAPHENE, CARBON NANOTUBES, AEROGEL, DERIVATIVES NANJING UNIV. MIT Less nanotube work for mainstream advances now Carbon aerogel; UST China, Imperial College UK Graphene research results CNSI, UCLA Tsinghua Univ. Specific capacitance vs identified area for graphene-based supercapacitor electrodes by electrolyte type Curved graphene: Nanotek Vertically aligned graphene University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS Aqueous stacked graphene Graphene CNT supercapacitor: UCLA Chinese Academy of Sciences develops graphene ink which can be printed into tiny flexible supercapacitors
7.7. STRUCTURAL SUPERCAPACITORS: LOAD BEARING, SKIN, TEXTILE Load bearing supercapacitors Imperial College London UK Queensland University of Technology Australia, Rice University USA Trinity College Dublin Ireland Vanderbilt University USA ZapGo UK Flexible, stretchable and fabric supercapacitors Flexible supercapacitors in tires: Silent Sensors UK Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali, India Charge-storing threads turn fabric into supercapacitor China and Cambridge University UK Nanyang TU Singapore Paper supercapacitors Korea University Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute USA Flexible printed circuits as supercapacitors: Cambridge University
9.1.Lessons from recent patent filings
9.2.Number of patents filed: 2017-Aug 2018 - Supercapacitor electrode
9.3.Number of patents filed: 2017-Aug 2018 - Supercapacitor electrolyte
6.3.1 Overview University of Oregon, NECTEC

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