5G Small Cells 2021-2031: Technologies, Markets, Forecast: IDTechEx

45 million of 5G small cells will be installed by 2031

5G Small Cells 2021-2031: Technologies, Markets, Forecast

5G sub-6 GHz & mmWave small cells (microcells, picocells, femtocells) regional market forecasts, 5G small cell key technology benchmarking, supply chain, and player assessment


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Following a period of dedicated research by our analysts specializing in 5G and semiconductors, IDTechEx published this report offering unique insights into the global 5G small cells market. The report contains a comprehensive analysis of supply chains across 5G small cells, which includes a detailed assessment of technology innovations and market dynamics. This report also provides comprehensive and detailed case studies on key vertical applications enabled by 5G small cells. Importantly, the report presents an unbiased analysis of primary data gathered via our interviews with key players, and builds on our expertise in the 5G industry.
 
This report delivers valuable insights for:
  • Companies that supply components and materials for 5G small cells*
  • Companies that develop 5G small cells
  • Companies that invest in the 5G infrastructures
  • Companies that develop digital solutions for industries
 
Why small cells are so important in the 5G era
 
With two new frequency bands: sub-6 GHz (3-7 GHz) and mmWave (24-48 GHz) included in 5G, 5G provides much larger bandwidth, lower latency, higher reliability, and many more connections in comparison with previous generations of mobile networks. The benefit of 5G not only accelerates the growth of mobile consumer networks but also has huge potential to revolutionize industries such as automotive, entertainment, computing, and manufacturing.
 
However, there are a series of challenges that need to be addressed before we can fully enjoy the benefits. One of the main challenges is the signal attenuation of high-frequency signals. This means that the signal propagation is much shorter compared to the previous cellular networks such as 3G and 4G. Small cells are proposed to address this big challenge. Creating an ultra-dense network by deploying more small cells plays a key role in 5G as it allows to complement the macro network and therefore boosts data capacity.
 
Small cells can be categorized into three types: femtocells, picocells, and microcells, depending on their output power. Because of their smaller size compared to macro base stations, the material choices and the overall technology trend will be different from their macroinfrastructure counterparts.
 
5G Small Cells 2021-2031: Technologies, Markets, Forecasts - 5G small cells technology benchmark
In this report, IDTechEx provides a comprehensive analysis on 5G small cells (both sub-6 GHz and mmWave) including technology benchmarking and supply chain landscape:
  • 5G small cells vendor landscape analysis
  • Supply chain and technology analysis on Radiofrequency (RF) components such as power amplifier and filters for 5G small cells
  • Choices of semiconductors for 5G small cells
  • Antenna-integrated package (AiP) solutions
  • EMI shielding
  • Thermal management for 5G small cells
 
5G small cells enable the intelligence of everything that will reshape our society.
 
As of mid-2021, the majority of 5G commercial rollouts are still focused on enhanced mobile broadband - installing 5G macro base stations to provide networks with high capacity for consumers using mobile devices. However, the new use cases such as industrial IoT 4.0, cellular vehicle to everything (C-V2X), new entertainment experiences, and smart cities, are where the real innovations are occurring and the huge market potential lies. From our research and interviews with key players in the field, 5G small cells will play a key role in supporting those industries to become fully digitalized and the potential realised.
 
In this report, IDTechEx provides in-depth case studies on selected verticals with huge market potential, which include:
  • 5G private networks for Industry 4.0
  • 5G for indoor/semi-indoor enterprises
  • 5G for autonomous driving and C-V2X
  • New use cases IDTechEx identify as high potential applications
 
5G Small Cells 2021-2031: Technologies, Markets, Forecasts - 5G small cell potential deployment scenarios
 
 
5G small cells market analysis: the big market potential awaiting in front of us.
 
The comprehensive market analysis provides a ten-year market forecast (2021-2031) for the 5G small cells based on different types (femtocells, picocells, and microcells), different frequency (sub-6 GHz vs mmWave), different scenarios (enterprises, urban, and rural & remote), and five global regions (East Asia, North America, Europe, South Asia, and others).
 
Our 5G small cells market forecast builds on the extensive analysis of primary and secondary data, combined with careful consideration of market drivers, constraints, and key player activities. Our model of the 5G small cell market considers how the following variables evolve during the forecast period: the development and adoption rate of sub-6 GHz and mmWave in the 5 regions, the growth of internet of things (IoT) for broadband and critical applications, 5G rollout potentials for enterprises, urban, and rural & remote purposes, and the utilization rate of different types of small cells for each scenario.
 
This report also includes comprehensive company profiles for key global players from infrastructure suppliers to telecommunication operators.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.5G commercial/pre-commercial services (Jun 2021)
1.2.5G, next generation cellular communications network
1.3.Two types of 5G: sub-6 GHz and mmWave
1.4.3 main types of 5G services
1.5.Drivers for Ultra Dense Network (UDN) Deployment:
1.6.Definition of Small Cells in 5G
1.7.5G Small Cell potential deployment scenarios
1.8.Trends in 5G network: easier for carriers to deploy
1.9.Small cell vendor landscape
1.10.Development trend of the front end architecture of base stations
1.11.Key semiconductor properties for RF (radio frequency) components in 5G base stations
1.12.5G brings in new use cases beyond mobile applications
1.13.More market opportunities enabled by 5G
1.14.5G private network deployment on the rise
1.15.Remaining challenges for 5G private network in Industry 4.0
1.16.Cellular networks for indoor/semi-indoor enterprises
1.17.Not every indoor/semi-indoor venues are wanting 5G
1.18.5G compared to Wi-Fi 6/ Wi-Fi 6E
1.19.5G & Wi-Fi 6/6E coexisting scenarios
1.20.Wireless network options for IoT nowadays
1.21.5G small cell forecast (2021-2031) by frequency (cumulative installations)
1.22.5G small cell number forecast (2021-2031) by type
1.23.5G sub-6 GHz small cell number forecast (2021-2031) by region
1.24.5G mmWave small cell number forecast (2021-2031) by region
2.2. 5G - AN OVERVIEW
2.1.5G, next generation cellular communications network
2.2.Two types of 5G: sub-6 GHz and mmWave
2.3.5G commercial/pre-commercial services (Jun 2021)
2.4.Two types of 5G: sub-6 GHz and mmWave
2.5.Global snapshot of allocated/targeted 5G spectrum
2.6.3 main types of 5G services
2.7.From 1G to 5G: the evolution of cellular network infrastructure
2.8.5G Radio Access Network (RAN) Architecture
2.9.Key technology breakthrough for 5G deployment : 1. Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)
2.10.Key technology breakthrough for 5G deployment: 2. End-to-end Network Slicing
2.11.Challenges in 5G
2.12.Drivers for Ultra Dense Network (UDN) Deployment:
3.3. 5G SMALL CELLS INTRODUCTION
3.1.Definition of Small Cells in 5G
3.2.5G Small Cell deployment scenarios
3.3.5G indoor digitalization solution: 1. Distributed indoor system - 1
3.4.5G indoor digitalization solution: 1. Distributed indoor system - 2
3.5.5G indoor digitalization solution: 2. All-in-One integrated small cells
3.6.5G outdoor microcells
3.7.Trends in 5G network: easier for carriers to deploy
3.8.5G small cells key trends summary
4.4. 5G SMALL CELL SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS
4.1.5G small cell vendors
4.1.1.Small Cell Vendor Landscape
4.1.2.Competition landscape for key 5G infrastructure vendors
4.1.3.Commercialized 5G Small cells
4.2.Beamforming Antenna
4.2.1.Key metrics that predict the antenna performance
4.2.2.Beamforming technology: analog & digital
4.2.3.Hybrid beamforming for mmWave base stations
4.2.4.Phased array antenna front-end density
4.2.5.Trends in 5G antennas
4.2.6.Printed microstrip antennas for 5G mmWave base stations
4.2.7.5G mmWave antenna teardown (1)
4.2.8.5G mmWave antenna teardown (2)
4.2.9.5G mmWave antenna teardown (3)
4.2.10.Top infrastructure venders are vertically integrated with antenna capabilities
4.3.5G RF Components
4.3.1.RF frontend components in 5G sub-6 GHz base stations
4.3.2.Radio Frequency Front End (RFFE) Module
4.3.3.RF frontend components in 5G mmWave base stations
4.3.4.Key properties of semiconductors utilized in RF front end (RFFE)
4.3.5.Key semiconductor properties
4.3.6.Choice of semiconductor for amplifiers in different types of base stations
4.3.7.Power vs frequency map of power amplifier technologies
4.3.8.The choice of the semiconductor technology for power amplifiers
4.3.9.Choices of semiconductors for components in base station
4.3.10.GaN to win in sub-6 GHz 5G (for macro and microcell (> 5W))
4.3.11.Suppliers of RF power amplifiers utilized in small cells
4.3.12.Company profiles of RF amplifiers suppliers
4.3.13.Ampleon
4.3.14.Analog Devices
4.3.15.Cree-Wolfspeed
4.3.16.Wolfspeed GaN-on-SiC adoption
4.3.17.Infineon
4.3.18.MACOM
4.3.19.Mitsubishi Electric
4.3.20.Mitsubishi Electric
4.3.21.Northrop Grumman
4.3.22.NXP Semiconductor
4.3.23.NXP Semiconductor
4.3.24.Qorvo
4.3.25.Qorvo sub-6 GHz products
4.3.26.Qorvo mmWave products
4.3.27.RFHIC
4.3.28.Sumitomo Electric
4.3.29.Filters
4.3.30.Filters for Sub-6 GHZ small cells
4.3.31.Filters for Sub-6 GHZ small cells: SAW & BAW
4.3.32.Filters for Sub-6 GHZ small cells: SAW & BAW
4.3.33.BAW Filters for Sub-6 GHZ small cells
4.3.34.Filters for mmWave small cells
4.3.35.Transmission lines filter (1): Substrate integrated waveguide filters (SIW)
4.3.36.Transmission lines filter (2.1):Single-layer transmission-line filters on PCB
4.3.37.Transmission lines filter (2.2):Single-layer transmission-line filters on ceramic
4.3.38.Transmission lines filter (2.3):Other substrate options: thin or thick film and glass
4.3.39.Transmission lines filter (3): Multilayer low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) filters
4.3.40.Multilayer LTCC: production challenge
4.3.41.Examples of multilayer LTCC from key suppliers (1)
4.3.42.Examples of multilayer LTCC from key suppliers (2)
4.3.43.Benchmarking different transmission lines filters
4.3.44.Filter technology summary
4.3.45.Heterogeneous package integration for mmWave antenna in package (AiP)
4.3.46.Low loss materials is key for 5G mmWave AiP
4.3.47.Low loss materials for AiP: Five important metrics that impact the materials selection
4.3.48.Overview of low-loss materials for AiP
4.3.49.Choices of low-loss materials for 5G mmWave AiP
4.3.50.Key low loss materials suppliers landscape
4.3.51.Benchmark of commercialised low-loss organic laminates
4.3.52.Benchmark of low loss materials for AiP
4.3.53.Summary
4.3.54.Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding for 5G
4.3.55.What is electromagnetic interference shielding and why it matters to 5G
4.3.56.Components that require EMI shielding
4.3.57.Challenges and key trends for EMI shielding for 5G devices
4.3.58.Package-level EMI shielding
4.3.59.Conformal coating: increasingly popular
4.3.60.Which suppliers and elements have used EMI shielding?
4.3.61.Overview of conformal shielding process
4.3.62.What is the incumbent process for PVD sputtering?
4.3.63.Spray-on EMI shielding: process and merits
4.3.64.Screen printed EMI shielding: process and merits
4.3.65.Suppliers targeting ink-based conformal EMI shielding
4.3.66.EMI shielding: inkjet printed particle-free Ag inks
4.3.67.EMI shielding: inkjet printed particle-free Ag inks
4.3.68.Has there been commercial adoption of ink-based solutions?
4.3.69.Compartmentalization of complex packages is a key trend
4.3.70.Value proposition for magnetic shielding using printed inks
4.3.71.Thermal management for 5G small cells
4.3.72.Components affected by temperature
4.3.73.TIM example: Samsung 5G access point
4.3.74.TIM example: Samsung outdoor CPE unit
4.3.75.TIM example: Samsung indoor CPE unit
4.3.76.Boyd's take on thermal design for an access point
4.3.77.Cradlepoint's wideband adapter
4.3.78.Huawei 5G CPE unit
4.3.79.TIM Suppliers Targeting 5G Applications
5.5. 5G SMALL CELL VERTICALS BEYOND MOBILE
5.1.5G private networks for Industry 4.0
5.1.1.Three reasons why 5G networks enable connected industries and automation
5.1.2.Private networks are important for 5G new use cases
5.1.3.Dedicated spectrum is the key to unlock the potential of private network
5.1.4.Public, hybrid, and private networks for connected industries
5.1.5.Concerns for public network for connected industries
5.1.6.Stakeholders and incentives of private networks
5.1.7.5G private network deployment on the rise
5.2.Case studies of 5G private networks for Industry 4.0
5.2.1.Updating existing industrial networks with wireless 5G in factories
5.2.2.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study: Bosch
5.2.3.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study: Bosch factory in Stuttgart, Germany
5.2.4.5G private network for Industry 4.0 use cases demonstrated by Qualcomm - 1
5.2.5.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study demonstrated by Qualcomm - 2
5.2.6.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study: World's first mmWave smart factory in ASE group in Taiwan
5.2.7.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study : World's first mmWave smart factory in ASE group in Taiwan
5.2.8.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study : Siticom partners with Airspan Networks to supply 5G for various verticals in Germany
5.2.9.5G private network for Industry 4.0 case study : ADVA partners to supply 5G private networks for an optical terafactory in Germany
5.2.10.5G private network vs Wi-Fi for Industry 4.0
5.2.11.5G private network - non standalone (NSA) or standalone (SA) 5G?
5.2.12.Remaining challenges of 5G private network for Industries 4.0
5.3.Indoor/semi-indoor enterprises (excl. manufacturing industries)
5.3.1.Cellular networks for indoor/semi-indoor enterprises
5.3.2.Scenarios where cellular signals are difficult to access
5.3.3.Two ways to deploy cellular networks in indoor/semi-indoor venues
5.3.4.Pros and Cons of DAS and SCS
5.3.5.Neutral host small cell to support multiple operators and bands
5.3.6.4G indoor case study - CommScope's DAS solution for metro network in Saudi Arabia
5.3.7.4G/5G indoor case study - CommScope's SCS solution for UK hospitals
5.3.8.5G indoor case study - Ericsson's SCS solution for enterprise office building
5.3.9.5G indoor case study - Airspan's SCS solution for smart campus in the UK
5.3.10.5G indoor case study - Huawei's SCS solution for national stadium in China
5.3.11.Not every indoor/semi-indoor venues are wanting 5G
5.4.Autonomous driving and C-V2X
5.4.1.Vehicle-to-everything (V2X)
5.4.2.Why Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) is important, especially for future autonomous vehicles - 1
5.4.3.Why Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) is important, especially for future autonomous vehicles - 2
5.4.4.Two type of V2X technology: Wi-Fi vs cellular
5.4.5.Detailed Comparison of Wi-Fi and Cellular based V2X communications
5.4.6.Regulatory: Wi-Fi based vs C-V2X
5.4.7.C-V2X assist the development of smart mobility
5.4.8.How C-V2X can support smart mobility
5.4.9.Timeline for the deployment of C-V2X
5.4.10.Architecture of C-V2X technology
5.4.11.C-V2X includes two parts: via base station or direct communication
5.4.12.C-V2X via base station: vehicle to network (V2N)
5.4.13.Use cases and applications of C-V2X overview
5.4.14.5G technology enable direct communication for C-V2X
5.4.15.C-V2X for automated driving use case
5.4.16.Case study: 5G to provide comprehensive view for autonomous driving
5.4.17.Case study: 5G to support HD content and driver assistance system
5.4.18.Case study: Ford C-V2X from 2022
5.4.19.Progress so far
5.4.20.Landscape of supply chain
5.4.21.5G for autonomous vehicle: 5GAA
5.5.5G new use cases: What are other potential 5G use cases apart from those we already know?
5.5.1.More opportunities enabled by 5G
5.5.2.Validation and Certification of 5G solutions in a Digital twin environment
6.6. 5G SMALL CELL VS OTHER WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES
6.1.Wi-Fi
6.2.Wi-Fi 6 - what are the key technology breakthroughs?
6.3.5G compared to Wi-Fi 6/ Wi-Fi 6E
6.4.5G & Wi-Fi 6/6E coexisting scenario
6.5.5G for IoT
7.7. 5G SMALL CELL MARKET FORECAST AND OUTLOOK
7.1.Forecast methodology
8.8. COMPANY PROFILES
 

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Report Statistics

Slides 275
Forecasts to 2031
Published Jul 2021
ISBN 9781913899585
 

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