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Environmental Gas Sensors 2020-2030

Technologies, manufacturers, forecasts

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Poor air quality causes more deaths annually than HIV/AIDS and malaria combined. A lack of low-cost environmental monitoring equipment prevents individuals from taking action to improve air quality. Currently environmental monitoring methods are expensive and provide low spatial coverage, making their usefulness to individuals limited.
Sensors are based on tried and tested technology, new methods of manufacture are enabling smaller, lower power and more selective sensors. This has led to a tipping point in the industry, enabling the integration of sensors into low cost devices and into everyday consumer electronics such as mobile phones and wearable devices. In the future, a range of detection principles will be used to assess the wide range of pollutants in the environment.
At the same time, sensors will play a key role in IoT development and will be used extensively in smart home and smart city programmes. Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, air purifiers, smart windows and other applications will employ sensors to improve the quality of life of individuals across the world. We expect a growing market for gas sensors used in smart homes and smart cities.
In this report, we forecast the market for environmental gas sensors from 2020 to 2030. The atmospheric pollutants under examination include CO2, volatile organic compounds, NOx, Ammonia, SO2 and CO. Many pollutants exist at similar concentrations in the region of parts per billion (ppb). Consequently, there is a greater need for selective sensors in environmental monitoring. Another focus is the particle pollutant of micron size, as the concern of smog is growing.
This report covers gas sensors based on techniques of:
• Pellistor gas sensor
• Infrared (IR) gas sensor
• Metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) gas sensor
• Electrochemical (EC) gas sensor
• Optical particle monitor (OPM) gas sensor
• Photoionization detectors (PID)
• Field Asymmetric Ion Mobility Spectrometry (FAIMS)
• Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM)
• And miniaturised gas chromatograph (GC)
These techniques were compared with the traditional methods such as ultraviolet adsorption or filter dynamics measurement system. Gas sensors present an opportunity to attain good spatial coverage on environmental information, unobtainable with traditional monitoring methods. Microelectromechanical systems and screen-printing techniques open the door to miniaturising these sensors, which is the key for the future use of these gas sensors
The market forecast is based on six major market segments:
• automotive
• air purifier
• smart devices (mobile)
• smart home
• smart city
• and wearables.
The environmental sensor market is currently dominated by the automotive industry, where sensors are used to automate air flow into the driver's compartment. Over the coming years, IDTechEx expect to see large increases in sales across several new markets, primarily to the mobile device and air purifier industries.
We provide a comprehensive study on current available devices that use gas sensors to monitor environment, including sensors in mobile devices, wearables, air purifiers, automobiles, smart cities, and to measure indoor air quality.
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Table of Contents
1.1.New technology is unlocking the market
1.2.Comparison of miniaturised sensor technologies
1.3.Trends by detection principles
1.4.The gas sensor value chain
1.5.Key players in each sensor type
1.6.List of gas sensor manufacturers
1.7.Major market segments
2.1.The global challenge of air pollution
2.2.Effects of outdoor air pollution
2.3.Indoor air pollution is also an issue
2.4.The seven most common atmospheric pollutants
2.5.International air quality standards
2.6.Need for environmental monitoring
2.7.Types of environmental sampling
2.8.Potential uses for low cost air quality monitors
3.1.Current pollution monitoring instruments are costly
3.2.Gas sensors offer an alternative
3.3.Sensor industry
3.4.History of chemical sensors
3.5.Concentrations of detectable atmospheric pollutants
3.6.Environmental sensing in industrial facilities
3.7.Sensitivity for main available gas sensors
3.8.Transition to miniaturised gas sensors
3.9.Sensor fabrication using MEMS manufacturing
3.10.Comparison between classic and miniaturised sensors (1)
3.11.Comparison of miniaturised sensor technologies
3.12.Pellistor gas sensors
3.13.Miniaturisation of pellistor gas sensors
3.14.Metal oxide semiconductors (MOS) gas sensors
3.15.N-type vs. p-type MOS gas sensors
3.16.MOS advancements and drawbacks
3.17.Methods to improve the specificity of MOS sensors
3.18.Miniaturisation Of MOS Gas Sensors
3.19.Suppliers for MOS sensors
3.20.BOSCH Sensortec MOS sensors
3.21.Alphasense MOS sensors
3.22.AMS MOS sensors
3.23.Alternative MOS sensors: conducting polymer‐based gas sensors
3.24.Electrochemical (EC) gas sensors
3.25.Specificity of EC sensors
3.26.Flat electrochemical sensors
3.27.Miniaturisation of electrochemical gas sensors
3.28.Suppliers for Electrochemical sensors
3.29.Infrared gas sensors
3.30.Sensitivity, selectivity and interference of IR gas sensors
3.31.Light source and detector
3.32.list of common gases that are detected by IR gas sensors
3.33.Laser suppliers for gas sensing (1)
3.34.Laser suppliers for gas sensing (2)
3.35.Suppliers for IR gas sensors
3.36.Senseair IR gas sensors
3.37.Redfinch project: prototype of micro IR gas sensor
3.38.Mirsense: multiSense
3.40.Electronic nose (e-Nose)
3.41.Algorithms and software to solve the multiple gas detection
3.42.Alpha Szenszor Inc.
3.43.Airsense: PEN3 portable electronic nose
3.44.UST triplesensor-the artificial nose
3.45.Sensigent: Cyranose Electronic Nose
3.47.Some of the commercial eNose
3.48.Photoionization detectors (PID)
3.49.PID lamps
3.50.Suppliers for PID sensors
3.51.Other technology: Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS)
3.52.Other technology: Field Asymmetric Ion Mobility Spectrometry (FAIMS)
3.53.Other technology: Miniaturised GC
3.54.Other technology: Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM)
3.55.Current research in gas sensors: carbon nanotubes
3.56.Current research in gas sensors: zeolites
3.57.Current research in gas sensors: graphene
3.58.Energy harvesting technologies for gas sensors
3.59.Limitations of gas sensing devices
4.1.The gas sensor value chain
4.2.List of gas sensor manufacturers
4.3.Sensor manufacturer business models
4.4.Porters' five force analysis of industry
4.5.Quality assurance for environmental monitoring equipment
4.6.SWOT analysis of 10 manufacturers
4.7.Future challenges for sensor manufacturers
5.1.The mobile device industry
5.2.Suitable detection principles for mobile devices
5.3.Consumer interface for gas sensing data
5.4.Challenges for sensor integration into smartphones
5.5.Future market opportunities in the mobile device sector
6.1.The wearable technology industry
6.2.Sensor integration in wrist wear
6.3.Technology requirements of wearable sensors
6.5.Wearable sensors as part of modular wrist straps
6.6.Environmental sensor integration in fashion accessories
6.7.H2S Professional Gas Detector watch
6.8.Future opportunities for wearable sensors
7.1.Indoor air quality
7.2.Sources of indoor air pollutants
7.3.Effects of CO2 exposure on decision making
7.4.Home and office monitoring: a connected environment
7.5.Current smart home monitoring vendors
7.6.Sensors to direct HVAC systems
7.7.HVAC systems in buildings
7.8.Future opportunities for IAQ monitoring
7.9.Challenges for indoor air quality measurement
8.1.The global air purifier market
8.2.Methods of air purification
8.3.Suitable miniaturised detection principles for air purifiers
8.4.Challenges in indoor air quality monitoring
9.1.Automobile pollution: a global epidemic
9.2.Air quality sensors safeguarding passengers
9.3.Car mounted sensors monitoring air pollution in Mexico City
9.4.Challenges for automobile gas sensing
9.5.Future opportunities for automobile gas sensors
10.1.Introduction to smart cities
10.2.Fixed vs mobile sensing networks
10.3.Personal vs private networks
10.4.Current city wide pollution monitoring programmes
10.5.Current smart city air monitoring projects
10.6.Calculated air quality measurements
10.7.Transport based sensing of environmental pollutants
10.8.Airborne pollution sensing
10.9.Mobile monitoring: sensors on bicycles
10.10.Traffic monitoring with gas sensors
10.11.Array of things project - Chicago
10.12.Anatomy of an outdoor sensor node
10.13.Challenges for smart city monitoring
10.14.Future opportunities for environmental sensors in smart cities
11.1.Handheld environmental monitors
12.1.Forecast details and assumptions
12.2.Breakdown by market segments
12.3.Market forecast: unit sales by market segments
12.4.Market forecast: market value by market segments
12.5.Unit sales forecast by Detection Principle
12.6.Market value Forecast by Detection Principle
12.7.Sensors in Smart Devices, by Volume
12.8.Sensors in Smart Devices, by Revenue
12.9.Sensors in Wearables, by Volume
12.10.Sensors in Wearables, by Revenue
12.11.Sensors in Air Purifier by Volume
12.12.Sensors in Air Purifier by Revenue
12.13.Sensors in Smart City by Volume
12.14.Sensors in Smart City by Revenue
12.15.Sensors in Smart Home by Volume
12.16.Sensors in Smart Home by Revenue
12.17.Sensors in Automotive by Volume
12.18.Sensors in Automotive by Revenue
12.19.Other applications, by volume
12.20.Other application, by Revenue

Report Statistics

Slides 198
Forecasts to 2030

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