Electromagnetic metamaterials market to approach US$15 Billion by 2034

Metamaterials Markets 2024-2034: Optical and Radio-Frequency

Covering Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces, radar beamforming, anti-reflection coatings, laser glare protection, metalenses and LiDAR beam-steering. Forecasts of revenue, surface area, and units 2024-2034


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In Metamaterials Markets 2024-2034: Optical and Radio-Frequency, IDTechEx comprehensively examines the emerging technology of electromagnetic metamaterials. Drawing from interviews with companies across the value chain and IDTechEx's existing research on optical, telecommunication, and emerging materials, the report evaluates the market for optical and radio-frequency (RF) metamaterials in various applications. It analyzes each application's requirements and includes case studies of existing players.
 
The report identifies Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) in telecommunications and metalenses in smartphones cameras as significant opportunities. Through detailed segmentation, it presents a comprehensive overview of the status and market potential for each application. The forecast predicts the overall market to reach USD 14.9B by 2034, driven by improved biometric sensing in smartphones via metalenses and increasing 5G mmWave rollout growing adoption of RIS.
 
IDTechEx's 10-year forecasts break down the EM metamaterials space into the following important market verticals, with many further being discussed in the report. Source IDTechEx
 
Market for RF (Radio-frequency) metamaterials
 
RF metamaterials find applications across multiple sectors including telecommunications, automotive, aerospace, and security. They can be utilized in Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) to reflect, steer, and shield electromagnetic radiation, compensating for the reduced range associated with higher frequency signals. Additionally, in radar beamforming, RF metamaterials enable active steering of EM radiation to enhance angular resolution. This could be particularly beneficial for automotive radar systems. RF metamaterials can also be used for effective EMI shielding, enhancing security by preventing signal leakage, and can be frequency selective to create transparent shields. RF metamaterials also hold potential for medical sensing applications such as MRI scans and non-invasive glucose monitoring.
 
According to IDTechEx's forecast, the largest market for RF metamaterials is forecasted to be in Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) for 5G mmWave and future 6G communications. Both 5G mmWave and 6G offer significant advantages, including the potential for leveraging expansive bandwidth to support peak data flow ranging from gigabits to terabits per second and maintaining ultra-low latency.
 
However, utilizing high-frequency spectra presents challenges such as very short signal propagation range (cm range for above 100 GHz frequency) and line-of-sight obstacles. Addressing signal decay and establishing strong communication over reasonable distances is a priority for both technologies, especially in busy urban areas where consistent connectivity despite barriers is crucial.
 
Establishing numerous base stations is not cost-effective to provide adequate coverage for high-frequency spectra like 5G mmWave and 6G. In contrast, metamaterial RIS can reflect and direct signals to end users, increasing signal range and strength while consuming low energy. Additionally, integrating metamaterial-based coatings with windows can improve signal coverage by reflecting beams around obstacles in urban areas. These solutions provide wide area coverage and offer vast opportunities for materials integration.
 
Market for optical metamaterials
 
Relatively simple optical metamaterials based on biomimicry of moth eye structures have a relatively long history of use as antireflective (AR) coatings in high-end camera lenses. However, metalenses fabricated using semiconductor industry processes are expected to have a huge impact, initially driven by their ability to improve the performance of computer vision systems.
 
In 2022, metalenses designed by fabless player Metalenz saw commercialization in time-of-flight (ToF) sensors from STMicro, marking the first commercial use of this technology. Here, metalenses improved light gathering performance in a smaller package than the optics they replaced. The biggest value in metalenses comes in their ability to add additional optical functionality, such as allowing for polarization imaging in a very compact package. This has a huge potential application in facial biometrics for smartphones and could bring facial recognition to smartphones outside of Apple's range in the near future, with Metalenz announcing sensor modules designed for this application in late 2023.
 
Metalenses based on liquid crystals are expected to have a significant impact on VR headsets, where they could be used to solve the vergence-accommodation conflict and help these devices pass the "visual Turing test". Furthermore, active optical metasurfaces could contribute to making LiDAR more compact and broadening the markets where these sensors could be used.
 
The biggest limiting factor for metalenses is broad spectrum performance, but significant innovation in the design of the metasurfaces themselves and software compensation is expected to make them a more compact and lower-cost replacement for lenses in smartphone cameras within the next ten years. Ultimately, metalenses have the potential to disrupt many corners of the optics industry in the near future.
 
Key questions answered in this report
 
Technology:
  • Which materials and manufacturing techniques are suitable for each application of metamaterials?
  • How do metamaterials compare with existing technologies in established markets?
  • What is the current technological development status of metamaterials across different applications?
 
Market:
  • What are the key emerging and potential applications for electromagnetic metamaterials?
  • Which industries are expected to adopt metamaterials alongside incumbent technologies?
  • Who are the key players in the metamaterials market?
  • What are the driving forces and main barriers for each application of metamaterials?
  • What does the future market look like for each application of metamaterials?
 
IDTechEx has been studying emerging materials technologies and their market opportunities for a decade, utilizing extensive primary research. This report provides a comprehensive picture of the underlying technologies, manufacturing methods and application opportunities of both optical and radio-frequency meta-materials.
 
Key aspects
This report from IDTechEx covers the following key contents:
 
  • Materials and manufacturing of optical and RF metamaterials:
A) Analysis of key materials for optical and RF metamaterials across various applications.
B) Evaluation of primary manufacturing methods and assessment of emerging technologies for metamaterial fabrication and comparative analysis.
 
  • Applications of optical and RF metamaterials:
A) Exploring key applications of RF metamaterials, such as Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) for telecommunications, radar beamforming for automotive and other industries, and medical uses. Covering production challenges, technology benchmark, and case studies from key players.
B) Exploring key applications for optical metamaterials, including metalenses in smartphones and VR headsets, antireflective coatings and laser notch filters, LiDAR beamforming and more. Covering performance and production challenges, application fitness analysis, case studies from key players.
C) Investigating the status of metamaterials in each application, covering technology readiness level, drivers and challenges, key industry players, SWOT analysis, and market outlook.
 
  • Market forecasts & analysis:
A) 10-year granular market forecasts by separate applications of electromagnetic metamaterials.
B) Assessment of technological and commercial readiness level for different applications of electromagnetic metamaterials.
Report MetricsDetails
CAGRThe global market for EM metamaterials will reach US$ 14.9 billion by 2043, representing a CAGR of 72% from 2024-2034.
Forecast Period2024 - 2034
Forecast Units- Annual revenue (US$ M) - Annual installed surface area (millions of square meters) - Units deploye
Regions CoveredWorldwide
Segments Covered- Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) : active, hybrid, and passive - Automotive radar beamformers - Metamaterial lenses / metalenses - Metamaterial lidar beam-steering for robots and automotive - Metamaterials in antireflection coatings for consumer electronics - Metamaterials in antireflection coatings for photovoltaics
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.What are metamaterials?
1.2.Segmenting the metamaterial space
1.3.A commercial metamaterials ecosystem is becoming established
1.4.Readiness levels of metamaterial technologies
1.5.Optical metamaterials are expected to dominate EM metamaterial revenue over the next decade
1.6.Radio-frequency metamaterials: Introduction
1.7.RF metamaterials: Applications and players
1.8.Active, hybrid, passive RIS - benchmark
1.9.Key use cases of RIS
1.10.Challenges in RIS
1.11.Technology benchmark of RIS with other smart EM devices
1.12.Metamaterials in RIS: SWOT
1.13.RIS: Conclusions
1.14.Benchmarking metamaterial beamforming radars against industry representatives
1.15.Metamaterials in radar beamforming: SWOT
1.16.Suitable materials for RF metamaterials by application
1.17.RF metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2024-2034
1.18.RF metamaterials: Surface area forecast by application, 2024-2034
1.19.Optical metamaterials: An introduction
1.20.Optical metamaterials: Applications and players
1.21.Current and potential market impact for optical metamaterials
1.22.Optical metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2024-2034
1.23.Metamaterials are in established use as filters and AR coatings
1.24.Assessing the suitability of metamaterial ARCs in various commercial applications
1.25.SWOT analysis of metamaterial filters and AR coatings
1.26.Metamaterial optical filters and antireflection: Summary
1.27.Metamaterial lenses are at the early stage of market introduction
1.28.Metamaterial lenses: Drivers and challenges
1.29.Segmenting applications of metalenses
1.30.Applications of metalenses (I)
1.31.Applications of metalenses (II)
1.32.Metalenz launches commercial metalenses using existing semiconductor manufacturing methods
1.33.More metalens applications are progressing towards market launch
1.34.Metamaterial lenses: SWOT analysis
1.35.Metalenses: Summary
1.36.LiDAR beam steering: Introduction
1.37.Metamaterial LiDAR: Drivers
1.38.Pure solid-state LiDAR players: OPA & liquid crystal
1.39.Metamaterials in LiDAR beam steering: SWOT analysis
1.40.Metamaterial LiDAR beam steering: Conclusions
2.INTRODUCTION TO ELECTROMAGNETIC METAMATERIALS
2.1.What are metamaterials?
2.2.Common examples of metamaterials
2.3.Segmentation the metamaterial landscape by wavelength
2.4.Passive vs active metamaterials
2.5.A commercial metamaterials ecosystem is becoming established
2.6.Readiness levels of metamaterial technologies
3.MARKET FORECASTS
3.1.Overview
3.1.1.Overview of forecast segments
3.1.2.Forecasts included in this report
3.1.3.Overall electromagnetic metamaterial market forecasts
3.1.4.Forecast summary: electromagnetic metamaterials
3.2.RF Metamaterials: Forecasts
3.2.1.RF metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2024-2034
3.2.2.RF metamaterials: Surface area forecast by application, 2024-2034
3.3.Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS): Forecasts
3.3.1.Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces in telecommunications: Forecasts segments
3.3.2.Passive RIS: Forecast methodologies
3.3.3.Passive RIS Area (sqm) Forecast 2024-2034
3.3.4.Passive RIS Revenue Forecast 2024-2034
3.3.5.Hybrid RIS: Forecast methodologies
3.3.6.Hybrid RIS Area (sqm) Forecast 2024-2034
3.3.7.Hybrid RIS: Forecasts and key trends
3.3.8.Active RIS: Forecast methodologies
3.3.9.Active RIS Area (sqm) Forecast 2024-2034
3.3.10.Active RIS: Forecast, trends, and assessment
3.4.Automotive Radar Beamforming: Forecasts
3.4.1.Metamaterials in automotive radar beamforming: Forecast methodology and assumptions
3.4.2.Metamaterials in automotive radar: Forecasts and key trends
3.5.Optical Metamaterials: Forecasts
3.5.1.Optical metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2024-2034
3.5.2.Optical metamaterials: Units by application, 2024-2034
3.5.3.Optical metamaterials: Surface area by application, 2024-2034
3.6.Metalenses: Forecasts
3.6.1.Metalenses in cameras: Forecast methodology
3.6.2.Metalenses in cameras: Forecasts and key trends
3.6.3.Geometric phase lenses in near-eye optics for VR: Forecasts and methodology
3.7.Metamaterials in LiDAR Beamformers: Forecasts
3.7.1.Metamaterials in LiDAR beam-steering: Forecast methodology
3.7.2.Metamaterials in LiDAR beam-steering: Forecasts and key trends
3.8.Metamaterials in AR Coatings: Forecasts
3.8.1.Metamaterial AR coatings for consumer electronics: Forecast methodology
3.8.2.Metamaterial AR coatings on photovoltaics: Forecast methodology
3.8.3.Metamaterial AR coatings for consumer electronics: Forecasts and key trends
4.RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) METAMATERIALS
4.1.Overview
4.1.1.Radio-frequency metamaterials: Introduction
4.1.2.Beamforming today is achieved through phased array antennas
4.2.Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS)
4.2.1.Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS)
4.2.2.RIS operation phases
4.2.3.Operational frequency for RIS
4.2.4.Possible functionalities of RIS
4.2.5.Challenges for fully functionalized RIS environments
4.2.6.RIS - Why Do We Need It?
4.2.7.RIS: Hardware
4.2.8.RIS: Applications and Pre-Commercial Deployment
4.2.9.RIS: Transparent Antennas
4.2.10.RIS vs Other Smart Electromagnetic (EM) Devices Benchmark
4.2.11.RIS: Summary
4.3.Radar
4.3.1.Metamaterials in radar: Introduction
4.3.2.Radar requirements depend on the application
4.3.3.Improving angular resolution is a major driver for metamaterial beamforming
4.3.4.Other approaches to enhance angular resolution apart from metamaterials
4.3.5.Benchmarking metamaterial beamforming radars against industry representatives
4.3.6.Metamaterial in radar: Propositions and limitations
4.3.7.Metawave: metamaterials for automotive radar startup ceased operations in 2023
4.3.8.Echodyne MESA technology for beamforming radars
4.3.9.Echodyne provides radars for security and aerospace
4.3.10.Greenerwave uses relatively large features to reduce manufacturing requirements
4.3.11.Metamaterials in radar beamforming: SWOT
4.3.12.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterial radar beamformers
4.3.13.Radar beamforming: Conclusions
4.4.RF Metamaterials for Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding
4.4.1.Metamaterials in EMI shielding: Introduction
4.4.2.Potential functionalities of metamaterials in EMI shielding
4.4.3.Value proposition of metamaterials for EMI shielding
4.4.4.Commercial opportunities against value proposition of metamaterials in EMI shielding
4.4.5.Meta Materials Inc develop rolling mask lithography
4.4.6.Rolling mask lithography: Advantages and disadvantages
4.4.7.Transparent EMI shielding with metamaterials
4.4.8.Transparent EMI shielding in microwave ovens
4.4.9.Niche availability may deter consumers
4.4.10.Metamaterials: SWOT analysis
4.4.11.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in EMI shielding
4.4.12.Conclusions: Metamaterials for EMI shielding
4.5.Metamaterials for MRI Enhancement
4.5.1.Metamaterials for MRI: Introduction
4.5.2.MRI enhancement through flexible metamaterials
4.5.3.Commercial status of metamaterials in MRI
4.5.4.Metamaterials in MRI imaging: SWOT
4.6.Metamaterials for Non-Invasive Glucose Monitoring
4.6.1.Non-invasive glucose monitoring: Introduction
4.6.2.Meta Materials Inc acquires Mediwise to enter the glucose monitoring market
4.6.3.Mediwise patents use of anti-reflective metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing
4.6.4.The potential of metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing
4.6.5.Metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing: SWOT
4.6.6.Summary: Metamaterials in medical applications
4.7.Materials Selection for RF Metamaterials
4.7.1.Materials selection for RF metamaterials: Introduction
4.7.2.Benchmark of substrate material properties for antenna substrate
4.7.3.Operational frequency ranges by application
4.7.4.Comparing relevant substrate materials at low frequencies
4.7.5.Suitable materials for RF metamaterials by application
5.OPTICAL METAMATERIALS
5.1.Overview
5.1.1.Optical metamaterials: An introduction
5.1.2.Optical metamaterials: Applications and players
5.1.3.Current and potential applications of optical metamaterials
5.1.4.Current and potential market impact for optical metamaterials
5.2.Optical Filters and Antireflective Coatings
5.2.1.Metamaterials as EM filters: Introduction
5.2.2.Bragg reflectors are an established example of 1D metamaterials
5.2.3.Non-metamaterial Anti-Reflection Coatings (ARCs): Introduction
5.2.4."Moth eye" metasurface ARCs
5.2.5.Metamaterial ARCs are established in high-end camera lenses
5.2.6.Comparing metasurface anti-reflection coatings with conventional anti-reflection coatings
5.2.7.Where else are metamaterial ARCs applicable?
5.2.8.Assessing the suitability of metamaterial ARCs in various commercial applications
5.2.9.Laser glare protection via holographic notch filters
5.2.10.Comparing metamaterial notch filters in laser protective eyewear with conventional filter lenses
5.2.11.SWOT analysis of metamaterial filters
5.2.12.Metamaterial optical filters and antireflection: Conclusions
5.3.Metalenses (Metamaterial Lenses)
5.3.1.Metamaterial lenses: Introduction
5.3.2.Metalenses: player overview
5.3.3.Metamaterial lenses: Drivers and challenges
5.3.4.BAE Systems provided an early example of flat metalenses
5.3.5.How metalenses manipulate light
5.3.6.Segmenting applications of metalenses
5.3.7.Applications of metalenses (I)
5.3.8.Applications of metalenses (II)
5.3.9.Metalenz launches commercial metalenses using existing semiconductor manufacturing methods
5.3.10.Metalenz: commercialization roadmap
5.3.11.Metalenz: metalenses in 3D sensing and biometrics
5.3.12.Metalenz files patents for a method for speckle reduction
5.3.13.Solving manufacturing challenges for metalenses
5.3.14.Moxtek: metalens foundry
5.3.15.Moxtek: solving durability issues with metalenses
5.3.16.Chromatic aberration is a problem for metalenses
5.3.17.Tunoptix aims to resolve chromatic aberration in metalenses
5.3.18.Tunoptix patents methods to create achromatic metasurface lenses
5.3.19.What is geometric (Pancharatnam-Berry) phase?
5.3.20.Optically anisotropic materials and GPLs
5.3.21.Why geometric phase lenses matter
5.3.22.Large area metalenses: geometric phase lenses in VR
5.3.23.Liquid crystals in GPLs
5.3.24.Liquid crystals and switchable waveplates
5.3.25.Why is dynamically variable focus important for VR?
5.3.26.Meta's GPL prototypes
5.3.27.The vision for GPL use in VR headsets
5.3.28.Geometric phase lenses for VR: Production methods
5.3.29.The impacts of the diffraction limit in optics
5.3.30.Metamaterials could push past the diffraction limit, but this is not yet practical in the visual spectrum
5.3.31.Metamaterial lenses: SWOT analysis
5.3.32.More metalens applications are progressing towards market launch
5.3.33.Metalenses: Conclusions
5.4.LiDAR Beam Steering
5.4.1.LiDAR beam steering: Introduction
5.4.2.Overview of common LiDAR beam steering technologies
5.4.3.Metamaterial LiDAR: Drivers
5.4.4.LiDAR steering system: OPA
5.4.5.Pure solid-state LiDAR players: OPA & liquid crystal
5.4.6.Liquid crystal LiDAR
5.4.7.Liquid crystal polarization gratings
5.4.8.Liquid crystal optical phased arrays
5.4.9.Metamaterial based scanners (I)
5.4.10.Metamaterial based scanners (II)
5.4.11.Lumotive is developing metamaterial-based LiDAR beam steering technology
5.4.12.Lumotive's patents cover a method of suppressing side lobes
5.4.13.Comparison of LiDAR product parameters
5.4.14.Automotive LiDAR: Requirements
5.4.15.Benchmarking metasurface beam-steering LiDAR against industry representatives
5.4.16.Analysis of OPA-based LiDAR
5.4.17.Metamaterials in LiDAR beam steering: SWOT analysis
5.4.18.Metamaterial LiDAR beam steering: Conclusions
5.5.Materials Selection for Optical Metamaterials
5.5.1.Materials selection for optical metamaterials: Introduction
5.5.2.Optical metamaterials require large band gaps
5.5.3.Transparency ranges of relevant materials
5.5.4.Comparing refractive indices and band gaps of relevant materials
5.5.5.Identifying suitable materials for optical metamaterials by application
6.MANUFACTURING METHODS FOR METAMATERIALS
6.1.Overview
6.1.1.Introducing to patterning methodologies (I)
6.1.2.Introducing to patterning methodologies (II)
6.1.3.Wet etching: The conventional method of manufacturing RF metamaterials
6.1.4.Wet etching: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.5.Dry phase patterning removes sustainable hurdles associated with wet etching
6.1.6.Dry phase patterning: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.7.Roll-to-roll (R2R) printing offers scalable, large area manufacturing
6.1.8.Roll-to-roll printing: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.9.Meta Materials Inc. is commercializing rolling mask lithography
6.1.10.Meta Materials Inc. : recent struggles could affect the wider metamaterials market
6.1.11.Rolling mask lithography: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.12.Roll-to-plate exists complementary to roll-to-roll and wafer-scale methods
6.1.13.Roll-to-plate nanoimprint lithography: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.14.Wafer-scale nanoimprint lithography is a strong choice for fine patterning
6.1.15.Wafer-scale NIL: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.16.E-beam lithography + atomic layer deposition is an excellent prototyping and mastering technique
6.1.17.E-beam lithography + atomic layer deposition : Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.18.Laser ablation offers good resolution and is scalable
6.1.19.Laser ablation: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.20.Photolithography: DUV (deep UV)
6.1.21.Photolithography: Enabling higher resolution
6.1.22.Photolithography: EUV
6.1.23.Metasurfaces can be manufactured on mature semiconductor nodes
6.1.24.DUV/EUV lithography: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.25.Comparing metamaterial manufacturing methods
6.2.Manufacturing Methods for RF Metamaterials
6.2.1.Manufacturing RF metamaterials: Introduction
6.2.2.RF metamaterials: Suitable manufacturing methods for each application
6.2.3.Manufacturing requirements for RF metamaterials in the short-to-medium term
6.2.4.Manufacturing requirements for RF metamaterials in the medium-to-long term
6.2.5.RF metamaterials manufacturing: Key takeaways
6.3.Manufacturing Methods for Optical Metamaterials
6.3.1.Manufacturing optical metamaterials: Introduction
6.3.2.Manufacturing requirements for optical metamaterials
6.3.3.Optical metamaterials: Suitable manufacturing methods for each application
6.3.4.Optical metamaterials manufacturing: Key takeaways
7.COMPANY PROFILES
7.1.2Pi Optics
7.2.Alcan Systems
7.3.Echodyne
7.4.Echodyne USA
7.5.Edgehog Advanced Technologies
7.6.Evolv Technology
7.7.Fractal Antenna Systems
7.8.Greenerwave
7.9.InkSpace Imaging
7.10.Kymeta
7.11.Lumotive
7.12.Lumotive
7.13.Metalenz
7.14.MetaLenz
7.15.Metamaterial Technologies
7.16.Metawave
7.17.Metawave
7.18.Metawave — Radar Antennas for the Autonomous Future
7.19.Morphotonics
7.20.Moxtek: Metasurface Foundry
7.21.Pivotal Commware
7.22.Plasmonics Inc
7.23.Radi-Cool USA
 

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Report Statistics

Slides 323
Companies 23
Forecasts to 2034
Published May 2024
ISBN 9781835700389
 

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