This report is no longer available. Click here to view our current reports or contact us to discuss a custom report.

If you have previously purchased this report then please use the download links on the right to download the files.

Printed and Thin Film Transistors and Memory 2009-2029

Updated in Q3 2010

Show All Description Contents, Table & Figures List Pricing Related Content
Printed and thin film transistor circuits will become an $8 Billion market in 10 years, from just $10 Million in 2009. They will drive lighting, displays, signage, electronic products, medical disposables, smart packaging, smart labels and much more besides. The chemical, plastics, printing, electronics and other industries are cooperating to make it happen. Already, over 500 organisations are developing printed transistors and memory, with first products being sold commercially in 2009.
The growth over the longer timescale, from 2009-2029, will be very similar to the early growth of the silicon chip market in the same interval. In other words, the twenty years from 1978 to 1998 saw a similar starting and finishing value of sales of silicon chips. History is repeating itself with the printed equivalent over the next twenty years, though not by taking much market share from silicon chips in the first fifteen years. Do not follow the herd into the well aired aspects of this subject. Gain advantage by understanding all the important aspects and opportunities.
Who should read this report
This report addresses two types of reader. Industrialists, investors and researchers with scientific training can read the report in the order presented. For the first time, they will see the big picture of what is happening and about to happen across the whole world in this subject. This includes the profiles, activities and intentions of 150 leading organisations in this field. We analyse and compare what is happening in 16 countries. Such information is not gathered in any other document. The report also gives the rapidly evolving choices of materials, device designs, chemistry and manufacturing processes for these devices - again a unique analysis. However, this report will also be useful for those with only a rudimentary understanding of science and engineering who seek to understand how the printed electronics revolution will greatly benefit society while creating billion dollar businesses and when and where this will happen.
We start with some descriptions appropriate for the beginner, opening up the subject with as little complexity and jargon as possible.
Forecasts and Applications
The report assesses the market and opportunity in different ways, such as forecasts by material type (organic vs inorganic), application (Display driver, RFID etc), flexible, printed and much more. However, the immediately accessible markets for printed transistors are commonly described as being back plane drivers for displays and use in RFID but that is misleading. We give the big picture - something not previously available - and also look at the impediments to successful commercialization of these components, in an honest and balanced appraisal. Forecasts are given for the next ten years and beyond.
Source: IDTechEx
All the Chemistries, Geometries and Processes
We cover the big picture - the full range of organic and inorganic chemistries that can be printed or thin film. Technical progress, companies and impediments are given, and their applications appraised. Detailed profiles of over 150 companies are given. Whether you intend to be a user, seller or researcher, consider the new InGaZnO semiconductors, the single layer geometry, the multi-function transistors, the printed silicon transistors and many other advances.
Progress by Territory
Understand the enormous amount of work going on in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, the USA, Germany and the UK. See why no printing technology is ideal and what comes next. Although the press talks of transistors only working at the lower frequencies and modest memory capability in printed form, some of these devices work at terahertz frequency and some promise a gigabyte on a postage stamp for only a few cents and progress with ISO-capable printed RFID tags.
There is much more to printed electronics than commonly appears in press reports and research papers. This is a huge revolution impacting most aspects of human endeavour. Billion dollar suppliers will be created and even the smallest organisations involved are already signing deals with some of the largest - there is room for everyone.
Those thinking that this is all about organic electronics are boxing themselves into a corner. Those that think that printed transistors and memory are being developed by the few companies often mentioned in the press are missing the work at over 150 organisations, most of it very exciting indeed. The companies are distributed as follows.
Distribution of 150 organizations developing printed transistors
Source: IDTechEx
Stay Updated with Free IDTechEx Research
The report price also includes free access to the electronic version of the IDTechEx Encyclopedia of Printed Electronics with over 380 definitions and 30 illustrations. This 110 page report is normally sold for $1500.00.
In addition, all report purchases include one hour free consulting with a report author from IDTechEx, by email or telephone. This needs to be used within 3 months of purchasing the report.
Analyst access from IDTechEx
All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.
Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at or call one of our sales managers:

AMERICAS (USA): +1 617 577 7890
ASIA (Japan): +81 3 3216 7209
EUROPE (UK) +44 1223 812300
Table of Contents
1.1.Importance of printed and potentially printed electronics
1.1.Envisaged benefits of TFTCs in RFID and other low-cost applications when compared with envisaged silicon chips
1.1.Growth in sales of silicon chips by value compared with growth in sales of printed and thin film electronic components.
1.1.2.Awesome new capability creates new markets
1.1.3.This is the new printing before it is the new electronics
1.1.4.Importance of flexibility, light weight and low cost
1.1.5.Creating radically new products
1.1.6.Improving existing products
1.2.How printed electronics is being applied
1.2.Typical carrier mobility in different potential TFTC semiconductors (actual and envisaged)
1.2.Examples of the radically new capabilities of printed electronics.
1.3.Types of early win and longer term project involving printed electronics 1995-2025
1.3.Properties of the Polyera/ BASF n type printing ink for organic field effect transistors consisting of N,N Dioctyl-dicyanoperylene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboxyamide), PD18-CN2
1.3.Importance of printed and thin film transistors and memory
1.3.1.Vision for the future
1.3.2.Benefits of thin film transistors and memory
1.4.Transistor basics and value chain
1.4.Logic circuits printed by PolyIC in Germany using a reel to reel process
1.4.1.How a transistor works
1.4.2.TFTC value chain
1.5.Transistor geometry and parameters
1.5.How printed electronics is being applied to products
1.5.1.Conventional geometry - horizontal transistors
1.5.2.New vertical geometry - vertical VFETs
1.5.3.New geometry - single layer transistors Plastic E Print
1.5.4.On off ratio and leakage current
1.5.5.Frequency, carrier mobility and channel length
1.6.Choice of materials for these transistors
1.6.Printed Electronics Applications
1.6.1.The thin film transistors on the back of today's LCD TV - a dead end?
1.6.2.Organic vs inorganic materials
1.7.Choice of semiconductor
1.7.Plastic film scanner
1.7.2.Organic semiconductors
1.7.3.Crystalline Silicon is a dead end?
1.7.4.Compound inorganic semiconductors
1.7.5.Breakthrough in printed inorganic performance in from Kovio
1.7.6.CMOS and the n type difficulty
1.7.7.Ambipolar semiconductors
1.7.8.Carbon nanotubes as thin film semiconductors
1.7.9.Importance of the dielectric layer
1.7.10.Importance of codeposition
1.7.11.Memory basics and value chain
1.8.The value chain for manufacturing of printed electronics
1.8.1.High temperature and protective substrates vs low cost flexible
1.9.Printing processes
1.9.Value chain for TFTCs and examples of migration of activity for players
1.9.2.Ink jet vs fast reel to reel printing
1.9.3.Transfer printing of single crystals printed silicon transistors, Japan
1.10.Traditional geometry for a field effect transistor
1.11.Vertical organic field effect transistor VOFET showing a short channel length and a large cross section for current flow. The substrate is shown at the bottom.
1.12.ORFID view of the problems of the traditional horizontal transistor
1.13.Examples of vertical transistors
1.14.ORFID VOFET approach
1.15.The Plastic E print process
1.16.Structure of SSD diode and device operation
1.17.Principle of self aligned printing by Plastic Logic
1.18.Prevalence of organic vs inorganic materials in printed and thin film electronics today
1.20.Motorola summary of thin film FET issues concerning the dielectric layer .
1.21.Motorola view of available gate materials
1.22.The simple capacitor like structure for many printed devices including memory
1.23.Choices of substrate for printed electronics
1.24.Change in stiffness of PET vs PEN substrate material with temperature.
1.25.Biaxially oriented crystalline film
1.26.Factors influencing film choice- property set
1.27.Some candidate materials for flexible substrates
1.28.Requirements in printing thin film transistors
1.29.The big picture for printing transistors and memory in ever increasing numbers
1.30.Reel to reel printing of transistors and complete RFID labels by Poly IC
1.31.Options for high speed, low-cost printing of TFTCs
1.32.Choice of printing technology for silver RFID antennas today, where Omron and Avery Dennison use gravure despite volumes being no more than hundreds of millions.
1.33.Performance improvement in thermal ink jet over the years.
1.34.Benefits of ink jet printing of electronics
1.35.Thermal ink jet printed transistor evolution
1.36.Hybrid process improves performance
1.37.Transfer printed GaAs FETs on PET
1.38.Semprius opportunity space
1.39.Seiko Epson 3D printed silicon transistor
2.1.History and prospective benefits
2.1.Printable polymer transistor dielectric PE-DI-1900 from BASF and Polyera
2.1.64-bit organic transponder chip based on dual-gate thin-film-transistor technology, achieving 4.3kb/s data rate.
2.2.Holst Centre's 128 bit RFID transponder on plastic film.
2.2.RFID labels at Holst Centre
2.3.RFID labels from Poly IC
2.3.ACREO technology platform
2.4.Components of the ACREO low functionality approach to transistors
2.4.Lowest performance, lowest cost - ACREO
2.5.Organic dielectrics and ferroelectrics
2.5.ACREO electrochemical transistors
2.6.Electrochemical components electrical effects
2.6.High permittivity organic transistor gates by ionic drift
2.7.ACREO electrochemical transistors
2.8.ACREO objectives for electrochemical transistor circuits
2.9.ACREO electrochemical timer transistor
2.10.ACREO matrix addressed display.
2.11.Interactive games printed on paper
2.12.Concept demonstrator integrating printed electrochemical components and its patented "Dry Phase Patterning" of metal conductors.
2.13.ACREO applicational ideas
2.14.Transistor structure used
2.15.Ion modulation
3.1.History and summary of potential benefits
3.1.A summary of the promised benefits of polymer ink used in pilot production of organic transistors vs two thin film inorganic semiconductors for transistors vs nanosilicon ink
3.1.Early Hewlett Packard work on ink jet printing of inorganic compound semiconductors
3.2.Printed flexible inorganic semiconductor
3.2.Some properties of new thin film dielectrics
3.2.1.Zinc oxide based transistor semiconductors
3.2.2.Amorphous InGaZnO
3.2.3.Progress towards p-type metal oxide semiconductors
3.2.4.Transfer printing silicon, GaN and GaAs on film
3.2.5.Tin disulphide
3.3.Inorganic dielectrics in devices
3.3.Benefits and challenges of R2R
3.3.Transparent transistor
3.3.1.Solution processed barium titanate nanocomposite
3.3.2.Hafnium oxide and HafSOx
3.3.3.Hybrid inorganic dielectrics - zirconia
3.3.4.Aluminium, lanthanum, tantalum and other oxides
3.3.5.Arizona State University's Flexible Display Center (FDC) and the University of Texas at Dallas
3.4.Chromium based technology
3.4.Imprint lithography
3.4.Material choices for transparent transistors
3.4.1.Printed oxide transistors at Oregon State University
3.5.Silicon nanoparticle ink
3.5.Amorphous thin film inorganic dielectric
3.6.Printing aSi reel to reel
3.6.Example of ZnO based transistor circuit that is transparent.
3.7.Using a nanolaminate as an e-platform
3.7.High-Mobility Ambipolar Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Transistors
3.8.Do organic transistors have a future?
3.8.TEM images of solution processed nanolaminates
3.9.Cross-sectional schematic view of an amorphous oxide TFT
3.10.Transparent and flexible active matrix backplanes fabricated on PEN films
3.11.Semprius transfer printing
3.12.Motorola high permittivity printable OFET dielectric using a barium titanate organic nanocomposite.
3.13.Hybrid organic-inorganic transistor and right dual dielectric transistor
3.14.Motorola high permittivity printable OFET dielectric using a barium titanate organic nanocomposite.
3.15.Motorola results - the nanotechnology used
3.16.Lower operating voltage
3.17.NHK transistor on polycarbonate film with tantalum oxide gate.
3.18.Solution-based activities and capabilities
3.19.Printing inorganic films
3.20.Aqueous processing of oxides
3.21.Examples of the challenges
3.22.A typical test transistor with HafSOx dielectric
3.23.Performance of Kovio's ink versus others by mobility
3.24.Road map
3.25.The web rolled on the core is its own clean room
3.26.Basic Imprint Lithography Process
4.1.Types of memory
4.1.Some of the small group of contestants for large capacity printed memory
4.1.An all-organic permanent memory transistor
4.2.TFE memory compared with the much more complex DRAM in silicon
4.2.Big difference in making small vs large memory
4.3.Strategy of various developers of thin film and printed memory
4.3.Structure of TFE memory
4.3.2.Thin Film Electronics TFE memory
4.4.TFE priorities for commercialisation of mega memory
5.1.Organic vs inorganic conductors
5.1.Benefits and challenges of organic vs inorganic conductors for printed and thin film transistors, memory and their interconnects.
5.1.InkTec soluble silver inks. Left: Transparent Electronic Ink. Right: Transparent Inkjet Inks
5.2.Patterning using InkTec ink
5.2.Conductance in ohms per square for the different printable conductive materials compared with bulk metal
5.2.Organic conductors
5.3.Inorganic conductors
5.3.Examples of ink suppliers progressing printed RFID antennas etc
5.3.Typical SEM images of CU flake C1 6000F. Copper flake
5.3.2.Comparison of metal options
5.3.3.Polymer - metal suspensions
5.3.4.Silver solution
5.4.Properties and morphology of single walled carbon nanotubes
5.4.Some companies progressing ink jettable conductors
5.4.Progress with new conductive ink chemistries and cure processes
5.4.1.Graphene hybrid technology
5.5.Nanotube shrink-wrap from Unidym
5.5.Carbon nanotubes
5.5.Comparison of metal etch (e.g. copper and aluminium) conductor choices
5.6.Electroless metal plate - Additive print process with weakly conductive ink (e.g. plastics or carbon) followed by wet metal plating
5.6.Carbon Nanotubes and printed electronics
5.7.Developers of Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
5.7.Electro metal plate - Additive print process with weakly conductive ink (e.g. plastics or carbon) followed by dry metal plating
5.8.Printable metallic conductors cure at LT e.g. silver based ink
5.9.A typical process cost comparison for RFID antennas
5.10.Possibilities for various new printed conductors.
5.11.Charge carrier mobility of carbon nanotubes compared with alternatives
5.12.Developers of Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
6.MARKETS 2010-2020
6.1.Global market for printed electronics logic and memory 2010-2020 in billions of dollars, with % printed and % flexible
6.1.Transistors - first significant commercial product in 2010
6.1.Forecasts 2010-2020
6.2.Assumptions for our forecasts
6.2.Sales of printed and potentially printed transistors and memory by application in 2011
6.2.Primary assumptions of organic electronics in full production 2007 to 2025
6.3.Global electronics industry by application
6.3.Sales of printed and potentially printed transistors and memory by application in 2016
6.3.Split between backplane, RFID and other applications to 2020
6.4.Size of relevant markets that are impacted
6.4.Sales of printed and potentially printed transistors and memory by application in 2020
6.4.End user markets relevant to printed electronics
6.5.Global semiconductor shipments monthly and three month average 1983 to 2005
6.5.Potential, in billions yearly, for global sales of RFID labels and circuits printed directly onto products or packaging. Item level is shown in red. These are examples.
6.5.Potential for non-RFID electronic labels
6.6.Potential for RFID labels 2010-2020
6.6.Market for printed and potentially printed electronic devices by chemistry of key element 2010-2020 in billions of dollars
6.6.Statistics for electronic labels and their potential locations
6.7.Number (in millions) of passive tags by application 2010-2021
6.7.Printed electronics materials and other elements of device income 2010-2020
6.7.Market for RFID
6.7.2.Ultimate potential for highest volume RFID
6.7.3.Penetration of chipless RFID
6.8.Value of passive tags by application 2010-2021 (US Dollar Millions)
6.8.Impact on silicon
6.8.Current options and challenges for backplane TFTs
6.9.Forecasts for materials
6.9.Choices of digital chipless RFID technologies
6.10.Chipless versus Chip RFID, in numbers of units (billions) 2010-2021 (includes passive and active RFID)
6.10.Backplane transistor arrays hold up AMOLED market penetration
6.11.Impediments to the commercialisation of printed transistors and memory
6.11.Market size of a variety of chipless solutions, US$ millions
6.12.Scope for printed TFTCs to create new markets or replace silicon chips
6.13.Market for printed and potentially printed electronic devices 2010-2020 in billions of dollars
6.14.Printed electronics materials and other elements of device income 2010-2020 in billions of dollars
7.1.Objectives and challenges of 80 organisations developing printed and potentially printed transistor and/ or memory circuits and/or their materials
7.1.Semiconductor, process, geometry, targets, challenges and objectives for 80 organisations in printed and thin film transistors and/ or memory
7.1.Left is diode logic OR gate and the right is a bridge rectifier
7.2.Micrograph of an SSD array and the 110 GHz microwave measurement setup
7.2.Profiles of 45 organisations in printed and thin film transistors and/ or memory
7.2.Objectives and challenges of 23 organizations developing inks and their materials for printed and potentially printed transistors and memory
7.2.2.AU Optoelectronics
7.2.5.CEA Liten
7.2.6.DaiNippon Printing
7.2.7.Dow Chemical
7.2.8.Ecole Superiure des Mines Saint Etienne
7.2.10.ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)
7.2.11.Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems
7.2.12.Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration
7.2.15.Hewlett Packard
7.2.18.Industrial Technology Research Institute
7.2.19.Institute of Microelectronics
7.2.20.International University of Bremen
7.2.21.Japan Science and Technology Agency
7.2.22.Korea Electronics Technology Institute
7.2.23.Korea Institute of Science and Technology
7.2.25.Kyung Hee University
7.2.27.Merck Chemicals
7.2.29.Oregon State University
7.2.30.Palo Alto Research Center
7.2.32.Plastic Logic
7.2.33.Poly IC
7.2.34.Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology SAIT
7.2.35.Semiconductor Energy Laboratory
7.2.37.Sunchon National University
7.2.38.Thin Film Electronics
7.2.39.Tohoku University
7.2.40.Tokyo Institute of Technology
7.2.41.Toppan Printing
7.2.42.University of California Los Angeles
7.2.43.University of Cambridge
7.2.44.University of Tokyo
7.3.42 organisations that developing TFTCs and their materials and their priorities for products to be sold
7.3.Fujitsu "electronic paper" display
7.4.Researchers and users play major roles with active logistic support from JST
7.5.High Mobility OTFT
7.6.Summary and Conclusion
7.7.PARC have developed innovative displays
7.8.Materials and devices. Fully printed RFID tag in development.
7.9.Fully printed EAS (anti theft) tag shown on website.
7.10.Prototype HF tag and reader
7.11.Samsung OLED display
7.12.A circuit by Associate Professor Zhenan Bao.

Report Statistics

Pages 292
Tables 45
Figures 119
Companies 100
Forecasts to 2019

Subscription Enquiry