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Thin Film Photovoltaics and Batteries 2009-2029

Technologies, Forecasts and Players

Updated Q3 2009

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Report covering all aspects of the new photovoltaics
This report is now unavailable to purchase. To buy the 2010 version please go to Thin Film Photovoltaics and Batteries 2010-2020
This comprehensive report, updated and revised in March 2009 to take into account the global economic situation, gives a thorough analysis of printed and thin film photovoltaics and batteries, with 10 year forecasts to 2019. Included are detailed profiles of 48 companies working on the many different types of technologies.
The report covers companies, research institutes and universities that are active in developing and commercializing thin film technologies for photovoltaics and batteries. Photovoltaic technologies covered include CIGS, CdTe, DSSC, a-Si and organic photovoltaics. Learn how these technologies (each at a different stage of development and adoption) are driven forward by both government and leading companies in the field.
The report also describes materials (both organic and inorganic) and device structures as well as various high-speed printing technologies employed.
Forecasts for PV technologies
Source: IDTechEx
IDTechEx find that the market for thin film inorganic photovoltaic technologies beyond crystalline silicon will reach at least $20 billion in 2014. The global solar energy market is expected to reach $34 billion in 2010 and $100 billion in 2050 and most of that latter figure is expected to be achieved by non-silicon photovoltaics.
Along with other manufacturing techniques, printing (or printing-like) technologies are gradually being adopted (Nanosolar, G24 Innovations in the PV sector, Power Paper, Solicore and Thin Battery technology in the batteries sector), as they can be considered to be some of the fastest, least expensive and highest volume manufacturing techniques. With printed electronics becoming more prevalent, there is an increasing need for power to supply them; printing is amenable to a large number of different types of devices with the possibility of integration (e.g. to provide onboard power etc.)
This report provides a comprehensive list of key companies that are active in each of the thin film photovoltaic and battery technologies. Compiled and analyzed by Dr Harry Zervos, technology analyst with IDTechEx, company profiles are given along with 20 year forecasts for the growth of the market share of these technologies. Dr Bruce Kahn, consultant and academic, gives a thorough analysis of the science and technology behind thin film photovoltaics and batteries, as well as a comparison of different high-speed printing techniques.
New Technologies Emerging
Silicon photocells are seen in many places but the technology is limited. Crystalline silicon will never give tightly rollable devices let alone transparent ones or even low cost power generation on flexible substrates.
Fortunately there are many new alternatives. Proprietary nano-particle silicon printing processes are developed by companies such as Innovalight and Kovio and it promises many of the photovoltaic features that conventional silicon can never achieve. It can be printed reel to reel on stainless steel or other high temperature substrates.
However, most of the work on the next generation of photovoltaics is directed at printing onto low cost flexible polymer film and ultimately on common packaging materials. The main contenders are currently:
  • CIGS
  • CdTe
  • DSSC
  • Organic Photovoltaics
Several companies, universities and research institutes are hard at work in different development stages of these technologies with large scale plants being built across the globe.
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Table of Contents
1.1.World market for Photovoltaics in 2008
1.1.Thin film technologies Market Share and Module Costs
1.2.Types of printed/thin film photovoltaics beyond crystalline silicon compared, with examples of suppliers
1.2.Number of organisations developing printed and potentially printed electronics worldwide
1.3.Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible
1.4.Potential division of technologies in the thin film sector
1.5.Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible
1.6.List of Companies Involved with thin film photovoltaic technologies
2.1.Thin Film Photovoltaic Forecasts
2.2.Battery Forecasts
2.3.Market size for CIGS and percentage flexible, percentage printed
2.4.Market size for a-Si and percentage flexible, percentage printed
2.7.Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible
2.8.Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible
3.4.Key Products in Printed Batteries Industry
3.5.Principles and Operation
3.5.Internal structure of Power Paper Battery.
3.6.Diagram of the operation of a battery
3.6.Supercapacitors supplement or rival batteries?
3.7.Thin Film Batteries - key companies
3.7.Discharge characteristics of a Power Paper STD-3 printed battery
3.7.1.Power Paper
3.7.2.Blue Spark Technologies Inc.
3.7.4.Cymbet Corporation
3.7.6.Infinite Power Solutions (IPS)
3.8.Enfucell SoftBattery™
3.9.The Cymbet EnerChip™
3.9.Important milestones in battery history
3.10.Printed battery product and specification comparison
3.10.Flexion ™
3.11.Printed battery materials comparison.
3.12.The half cell and overall chemical reactions that occur in a Zn/MnO2 battery
3.12.Thin-film solid-state batteries by Excellatron
3.13.Discharge rate, current, and load.
3.14.Parameter ranking for different battery chemistries
3.15.Battery characteristics
4.13.Average Potential electricity production with photovoltaics
4.14.Worldwide PV Shipments 1988-2004
4.15.Progress of confirmed research-scale photovoltaic device efficiencies, under AM 1.5 simulated solar illumination, for a variety of technologies
4.16.Progress in power conversion efficiency for a-Si, polymer, and small molecule photovoltaic cells
4.16.Comparison of the power conversion technologies of different types of solar cell technologies
4.17.Important milestones in the development of photovoltaic cells
4.17.Comparison of the efficiency (in arbitrary units, since no spectral mismatch correction was performed) of "printed like" (doctor bladed) vs. spin-coated organic solar cells
5.1.Principles and operations
5.2.Amorphous/nanoparticle Si
5.2.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.3.Amorphous /nanoparticle Si - Key Companies
5.3.2.United Solar Ovonic
5.3.3.Mitsubishi Heavy industries
5.3.5.Q-cells (SONTOR and VHF-Technologies SA)
5.3.6.Fuji Electric Systems Co., Ltd.
5.3.7.ersol Solar Energy AG
5.4.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.5.CdTe Key Companies
5.5.1.First Solar
5.5.3.Abound Solar
5.5.4.PrimeStar Solar
5.6.CIGS - CIS
5.6.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.7.CIGS - Key Companies
5.7.1.Ascent Solar Technologies, Inc.
5.7.3.DayStar Technologies
5.7.4.Global Solar Energy
5.7.6.Honda Soltec Co., Ltd.
5.7.7.Johanna Solar Technology
5.7.11.Showa Shell Sekiyu
5.7.15.Würth Solar
5.8.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.9.DSSC - Key Companies
5.9.1.G24 Innovations
5.10.Organic Photovoltaics
5.10.1.Introduction - Brief Description of technology
5.11.Organic Photovoltaics - Key Companies
5.12.Research Institutes/Universities involved with thin film photovoltaic technologies
5.12.1.AIST - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
5.12.2.Arizona State University
5.12.3.Colorado State University
5.12.4.École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
5.12.5.Florida Solar Energy Centre
5.12.6.Fraunhofer ISE
5.12.7.Helsinki University of technology (TKK)
5.12.9.Imperial College London
5.12.10.Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
5.12.11.KAIST - Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
5.12.12.Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
5.12.13.Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
5.12.14.National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
5.12.15.University of Delaware - Institute of Energy Conversion (IEC)
5.18.Typical a-Si p-i-n design
5.19.a-Si hydrogenation
5.20.United Solar Ovonics thin film amorphous silicon cell configuration
5.21.Kaneka semi-translucent PV module
5.23.Innovalight Cell
5.24.CdTe thin film solar cell
5.25.Schematic representation of a CIGS thin film solar cell
5.26.Ascent Solar's Flexible Products
5.27.Honda Soltec's manufacturing facility
5.28.Model and design of Johanna Solar's production facility in Brandenburg
5.29.Parts of Nanosolar's module manufacturing process
5.30.The POGO designer bag produced by Berlin manufacturer Bagjack
5.31.Würth Solar's production plant, CISfab in Schwäbisch Hall
5.32.Dyesol's Dye Solar Cells interconnected and integrated into modules (tiles).
5.33.Konarka's Power Plastic®
5.34.The Tsukuba Center Solar Power Plant
5.35.Transparent dye solar module manufactured at Fraunhofer ISE with a screen printing procedure using glass frit technology.
5.36.Schematic layer structure of a pentacene-C60 tandem organic solar cell
6.1.Applications of printed batteries
6.2.1.Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
6.2.2.Smart Cards
6.2.3.Iontophoretic Devices
6.2.4.Other Devices
6.3.1.Building integrated solar electric power
6.3.2.Solar Chargers
6.3.3.Military applications
6.3.4.Other applications
6.18.Applications of printed batteries by vendor
6.19.Technical differences between Active and Passive RFID technologies
6.20.Summary of functional capabilities of Active and Passive RFID technologies
6.21.Some of the manufacturers that provide printed batteries for smart card applications
6.37.Patents containing the terms RFID and Battery
6.38.Active RFID patents
6.39.Schematic diagram of PowerCosmetics Micro-electronic patch
6.40.Estee Lauder Perfectionist Power Correcting Patch
6.41.Anti-wrinkle demonstration
6.42.Audio paper capable of recording and playing back audio
6.43.Hasbro Thin-Tronix™ Poster Phone and Poster Radio
6.44.PowerFilm AA Charger
6.45.Two wire photovoltaic fiber concept
7.22.Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible ($ billion)
7.23.Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible
7.46.Market size for CIGS and percentage flexible, percentage printed
7.47.Market size for a-Si and percentage flexible, percentage printed

Report Statistics

Pages 247
Tables 17
Figures 130
Companies 48
Forecasts to 2019

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