An Introduction to Photovoltaics Beyond Conventional SiliconThis white paper introduces the following technologies and gives an in depth introduction to the Photovoltaics Beyond Conventional Silicon market
CIS/CIGS- CdTe: Out of all thin film technologies, CIGS and CdTe are receiving the biggest attention (and the biggest orders) at the moment, with companies across the globe already in mass production of modules. Ease of manufacturing, lower cost of raw materials and high efficiencies make these technologies the best candidates for immediate implementation. Advantages and challenges related to the technologies will be discussed and analysed through in depth presentations by manufacturers, academics and end users.
Sensitized solar cells: From Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) to Quantum Dot sensitized compounds, efforts to improve efficiencies as well as implementations and roll to roll production of modules will be presented. Roll to roll production of DSSCs has already commenced and research into sensitized solar cells is leading to increasing efficiencies that can lead to more universal implementations.
Organic solar cells: The very low cost of raw materials make organic solar cells highly interesting even though their efficiencies are still quite low. Large area applications would require inexpensive materials in order to be implemented and investment and research efforts in the field of organic photovoltaics has helped to bring up efficiencies of this type of cells into levels that make their use cost effective.
Multi-Junction Cells: Offer the highest achieved efficiencies to date but their cost is prohibitive for ubiquitous application. Cutting-edge applications were cost is not an issue rely on multi-junction technologies though and efficiencies of 50% or higher are no longer a utopia but a very achievable goal.
Innovative Applications: The energy of the sun is omnipresent which allows for applications that could be defined as unusual. Whether it is solar islands floating in the ocean or clothing, accessories and cars powered by the sun, the possibilities are endless so... be prepared to be amazed.
Environmental Issues / Scarcity of materials: Solar energy harvesting is one of the most promising ways to contribute towards a greener planet, lowering carbon footprints and ensuring the earths balance remains intact. Environmental issues do exist in the area of photovoltaics that range from scarcity of materials to the use of toxic materials in the fabrication of modules. The challenges and ways that such issues are tackled will be discussed.
Cutting-edge silicon based technologies: Although crystalline silicon is not suitable for thin film technologies, a lot of companies are looking into other, cheaper forms of silicon that can be used in thin film technologies. The efforts to boost up the efficiency of these cells while keeping away from the prohibiting manufacturing costs of silicon cells that require high grades of silicon are bearing fruit. New silicon technologies are very much still in the race for the best thin film technology that will combine efficiency low cost, flexibility and ease of manufacture.
Photovoltaics "Beyond Conventional Silicon" USA - Focusing on flexible, printed, organic & inorganic technologies. Innovative solutions that open up immense new markets.