Robotics Report

Agricultural robots and drones to become a $35Bn industry by 2038

Agricultural Robots and Drones 2018-2038: Technologies, Markets and Players

The future of farming; ultra precision farming; autonomous farming

Brand new for January 2018

 
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.What is this report about?
1.2.Growing population and growing demand for food
1.3.Major crop yields are plateauing
1.4.Employment in agriculture
1.5.Global evolution of employment in agriculture
1.6.Aging farmer population
1.7.Trends in minimum wages globally
1.8.Towards ultra precision agriculture via the variable rate technology route
1.9.Ultra Precision farming will cause upheaval in the farming value chain
1.10.Agricultural robotics and ultra precision agriculture will cause upheaval in agriculture's value chain
1.11.Agriculture is one the last major industries to digitize: a look a investment in data analytics/management firms in agricultural and dairy farming
1.12.The battle of business models between RaaS and equipment sales
1.13.Transition towards to swarms of small, slow, cheap and unmanned robots
1.14.Market and technology readiness by agricultural activity
1.15.Technology progression towards driverless autonomous large-sized tractors
1.16.Technology progression towards autonomous, ultra precision de-weeding
1.17.Technology and progress roadmap for robotic fresh fruit harvesting
1.18.20-year market forecasts (2018 to 2038) for agricultural robots and drones segmented by 16 technologies
1.19.Summary of market forecasts
1.20.Tractors evolving towards full autonomy: 2018-2038 market forecasts in unit numbers segmented by level of navigational autonomy
1.21.Tractors evolving towards full autonomy: 2018-2038 market forecasts in market value segmented by level of navigational autonomy
1.22.Tractors evolving towards full autonomy: 2018-2038 market forecasts segmented by level of navigational autonomy (value of automation only)
1.23.The rise of fleets of small autonomous robots: 2018-2038 market forecasts in unit numbers segmented by level of robot functionality
1.24.The rise of fleets of small autonomous robots: 2018-2038 market forecasts in market value segmented by level of robot functionality
1.25.Robotic tractor-pulled implements become increasingly intelligent and multi-functional: 2018-2038 market forecasts
1.26.Robotic fresh fruit harvesting will overcome challenges but only in the long run: 2018-2038 market forecasts for robotic fresh fruit harvesting
1.27.Agricultural drones become multi-purpose and data services capture more value: 2018-2038 market forecasts
1.28.Robotic milking are already a major market: 2018-2038 market forecasts
1.29.Mobile robots and drones dominate the agricultural robotic market: 2018-2038 market forecasts segmented by mobility vs stationary robots
2.AUTONOMOUS MOBILITY FOR LARGE TRACTORS
2.1.Number of tractors sold globally
2.2.Value of crop production and average farm sizes per region
2.3.Revenues of top agricultural equipment companies
2.4.Overview of top agricultural equipment companies
2.5.Tractor Guidance and Autosteer Technology for Large Tractors
2.6.Auto steer for large tractors
2.7.Ten-year forecasts for autosteer tractors
2.8.Master-slave or follow-me large autonomous tractors
2.9.Fully autonomous driverless large tractors
2.10.Fully autonomous unmanned tractors
2.11.Technology progression towards driverless autonomous large-sized tractors
2.12.Handsfree Hectar: fully autonomous human-free barley farming
2.13.Tractors evolving towards full autonomy: 2018-2038 market forecasts in unit numbers segmented by level of navigational autonomy
2.14.Tractors evolving towards full autonomy: 2018-2038 market forecasts in market value segmented by level of navigational autonomy
2.15.Tractors evolving towards full autonomy: 2018-2038 market forecasts segmented by level of navigational autonomy (value of automation only)
3.AUTONOMOUS ROBOTIC AGRICULTURAL PLATFORMS
3.1.Autonomous small-sized agricultural robots
3.2.FENDT (AGCO) launches swarms of autonomous agrobots
3.3.Autonomous agricultural robotic platforms
4.AUTONOMOUS ROBOTIC WEED KILLING
4.1.From manned, broadcast towards autonomous, ultra precision de-weeding
4.2.Crop protection chemical sales per top suppliers globally
4.3.Sales of top global and Chinese herbicide suppliers
4.4.Global herbicide consumption data
4.5.Glyphosate consumption and market globally
4.6.Regulations will impact the market for robotic weed killers?
4.7.Penetration of herbicides in different field crops
4.8.Growing challenge of herbicide-resistant weeds
4.9.Autonomous weed killing robots
4.10.Autonomous robotic weed killers
4.11.Organic farming
4.12.Robotic mechanical weeding for organic farming
4.13.Technology progression towards autonomous, ultra precision de-weeding
4.14.The rise of fleets of small autonomous robots: 2018-2038 market forecasts in unit numbers segmented by level of robot functionality
4.15.The rise of fleets of small autonomous robots: 2018-2038 market forecasts in market value segmented by level of robot functionality
5.ROBOTIC IMPLEMENTS: WEEDING, VEGETABLE THINNING, AND HARVESTING
5.1.Autonomous lettuce thinning robots
5.2.Why asparagus harvesting should be automated
5.3.Automatic asparagus harvesting
5.4.Robotic/Automatic asparagus harvesting
5.5.Addressable market size for robotic lettuce thinning and weeding service provision
5.6.Robotic tractor-pulled implements become increasingly intelligent and multi-functional: 2018-2038 market forecasts
6.ROBOTIC FRESH FRUIT PICKING
6.1.Field crop and non-fresh fruit harvesting is largely mechanized
6.2.Fresh fruit picking remains largely manual
6.3.Machining aiding humans in fresh fruit harvesting have not evolved in the past 50 years
6.4.Emerging robotic fresh fruit harvest assist technologies
6.5.Robot orchard data scouts and yield estimators
6.7.Robotic fresh apple harvesting
6.8.Fresh fruit harvesting robots
6.9.Technology and progress roadmap for robotic fresh fruit harvesting
6.10.Addressable market size for robotic fresh apple-picking service provision
6.11.Robotic fresh fruit harvesting will overcome challenges but only in the long run: 2018:2038 market forecasts for robotic fresh fruit harvesting
6.12.Robotic fresh strawberry harvesting
6.13.Evolution of fresh strawberry harvesting robots
6.14.Fully autonomous strawberry picking robots with soft grippers
6.15.Addressable market size for robotic fresh strawberry-picking service provision
6.16.Ten-year market forecasts for robotic fresh strawberry harvesting by territory
7.VINE PRUNING ROBOTS
7.1.Autonomous robotic vineyard scouts and pruners
8.GREENHOUSES AND NURSERIES
8.1.Autonomous robotics for greenhouses and nurseries
9.ROBOTIC SEEDERS
9.1.Variable rate technology for precision seed planting
9.2.Robotic seed planting
10.ROBOTIC DAIRY FARMING
10.1.Global trends and averages for dairy farm sizes
10.2.Global number and distribution of dairy cows by territory
10.3.Robotic milking parlours
10.4.Overview of robotic milking parlours
10.5.Autonomous robotic feed pushers
10.6.Alternatives to autonomous robotic feed pushers
10.7.Autonomous robotic shepherds
10.8.Autonomous manure cleaning robots
10.9.Ten-year market forecasts for robotic milking systems by country
10.10.Robotic milking are already a major market: 2018-2038 market forecasts
11.AERIAL DATA COLLECTION AND DRONES
11.1.Drones: dominant designs begin to emerge
11.2.Drones: moving past the hype?
11.3.Drones: company formation slows down
11.4.Drones: global geographical spread of companies
11.5.Drones: platforms commoditize?
11.6.Drones: market forecasts
11.7.Drones: application pipeline
11.8.Satellite vs plane vs drone mapping and scouting
11.9.Benefits of using aerial imaging in farming
11.10.Unmanned drones in rice field pest control in Japan
11.11.Unmanned drones and helicopters for field spraying
11.12.Unmanned agriculture drones on the market
11.13.Comparing different agricultural drones on the market
11.14.Regulation barriers coming down?
11.15.Agricultural drones: the emerging value chain
11.16.Core company information on key agricultural drone companies
11.17.Software opportunities: Vertical focused actionable analytics
11.18.Drones: increasing autonomy
11.19.Ten-year market forecasts for agricultural drones
12.ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES: GRIPPER TECHNOLOGY
12.1.Suction-based end effector technologies for fresh fruit harvesting
12.2.Simple and effective robotic end effectors for fruit harvesting
12.3.Soft robotics based end effector technologies for fresh fruit handling
12.4.Pneumatic soft actuator: extensible layer + fiber
12.5.Soft actuator: self-contained McKibbern-type muscle
12.6.Shape Deposition Manufacturing (SDM) Compliant Joint
12.7.Fabrication processes for soft robotic actuators
12.8.Robotic end effector technologies for fresh fruit harvesting
12.9.Dexterous robotic hands for agricultural robotics
12.10.Examples of dexterous robotic hands
13.ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES: NAVIGATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES (RTK, LIDAR, LASERS AND OTHERS)
13.1.RTK systems: operation, performance and value chain
13.2.Lidar- basic operation principles
13.3.Review of LIDARs on the market or in development
13.4.Performance comparison of different LIDARs on the market or in development
13.5.Assessing suitability of different LIDAR for agricultural robotic applications
13.6.Hyperspectral image sensors
13.7.Hyperspectral imaging and precision agriculture
13.8.Hyperspectral imaging in other applications
13.9.Hyperspectral imaging sensors on the market
13.10.Common multi-spectral sensors used with agricultural drones
13.11.GeoVantage
13.12.Why is new robotics becoming possible now? A hardware point of view
13.13.Why is new robotics possible now?
13.14.Transistors (computing): price evolution
13.15.Transistors (computing): performance evolution
13.16.Memory (RAM, hard driver and flash): price evolution in $/Mbit
13.17.Memory: performance evolution in Gbit/ sq inch
13.18.Sensors (Camera): price evolution
13.19.Sensors (MEMS): price evolution
13.20.Sensors (GPS): price and market adoption (in unit numbers) evolution of GPS sensors
13.21.Is Lidar on a similar path as other robotic sensor technologies?
13.22.Li ion battery: performance evolution in Wh/Kg and Wh/L
13.23.Energy storage technologies: price evolution in $/kWh by sector
13.24.Electric motors: evolution of size of a given output since 1910
13.25.Artificial intelligence: waves of development
13.26.Terminologies explained: AI, machine learning, artificial neural networks, deep neural networks
13.27.Rising interesting in deep learning
13.28.Algorithm training process in a single layer
13.29.Towards deep learning by deepening the neutral network
13.30.The main varieties of deep learning approaches explained
13.31.Evolution of deep learning
13.32.The rise of the big data quantified: fuel for deep learning applications
13.33.Examples of milestones in deep learning AI: word recognition supresses human level
13.34.Deepening the neutral network to increase accuracy rate
13.35.GPUs: an enabling component for deep learning?
13.36.Examples of milestones in deep learning AI: translation approaching human level performance
13.37.Examples of milestones in deep learning AI: leap in progress in robotic grasping
13.38.What is 'good enough' accuracy in deep learning?
13.39.RoS and RoS-I: major open source movement slashing development costs and enticing OEMs to finally engage
13.40.Robotic Operating System (RoS): Examples of cutting edge projects
14.COMPANY INTERVIEWS AND PROFILES
14.1.Interview based company profiles
14.1.1.Agrobot
14.1.2.Blue River Technology
14.1.3.DeepField Robotics
14.1.4.F. Poulsen Engineering ApS
14.1.5.Fresh Fruit Robotics
14.1.6.Harvest CROO Robotics
14.1.7.Ibex Automation
14.1.8.miRobot
14.1.9.Naio Technologies
14.1.10.Nippon Signal
14.1.11.Parrot
14.1.12.Precision Hawk
14.1.13.Quanergy
14.1.14.Robotic Solutions
14.1.15.Shadow Solutions
14.1.16.Soft Robotics Inc
14.1.17.Stream Technologies
14.1.18.SwarmFarm Robotics
14.1.19.Tillet and Hague
14.1.20.Velodyne LIDAR
14.2.Company Profiles
14.2.1.3D Robotics
14.2.2.AGCO
14.2.3.AgEagle
14.2.4.AgJunction Inc
14.2.5.Agribotix
14.2.6.Airinov
14.2.7.Autonomous Tractor Cooperation
14.2.8.Beijing UniStrong Science and Technology (BUST)
14.2.9.Case IH
14.2.10.Dogtooth Technologies
14.2.11.Empire Robotics
14.2.12.Farmbot
14.2.13.Festo Gamaya
14.2.14.GrabIT
14.2.15.Harvest Automation
14.2.16.Headwall
14.2.17.HerdDog
14.2.18.HETO
14.2.19.HiPhen
14.2.20.Hortau
14.2.21.John Deere
14.2.22.Kinzes Autonomous Harvest System
14.2.23.Kubota Corp
14.2.24.L'Avion Jaune
14.2.25.LeddarTech
14.2.26.Lely
14.2.27.LemnaTec
14.2.28.Magnificant
14.2.29.Mavrx
14.2.30.McRobotic
14.2.31.MicaSense
14.2.32.Motorleaf
14.2.33.NavCom
14.2.34.Near Earth Autonomy
14.2.35.Novariant
14.2.36.Orbital Insight
14.2.37.Pix4D
14.2.38.Prospera
14.2.39.Qubit Systems
14.2.40.Robotics Plus
14.2.41.Robotnik
14.2.42.Scanse
14.2.43.senseFly
14.2.44.Sentra
14.2.45.SkySquirrel
14.2.46.SpelR
14.2.47.Trimble
14.2.48.UAV-IQ Precision Agriculture
14.2.49.Urban Crops
14.2.50.URSULA Agriculture
14.2.51.VineRangers
14.2.52.Yanmar
14.2.53.Yara
ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES: LONG-TERM PRICE AND PERFORMANCE TRENDS IN KEY HARDWARE COMPONENTS ( TRANSISTORS, MEMORY, CAMERA, MEMS, GPS, BATTERIES, ELECTRIC MOTORS, ETC)
ENABLING TECHNOLOGY: SOFTWARE, DEEP LEARNING AND BIG DATA
TABLES AND FIGURES
Evolution of agricultural machinery from manual hoes through to robots
Population growth between 1950 and 2050 segmented by development stage
Income growth of developed and developing countries between 2005 and 2050
Expansion in global arable land between 1961 to 2050 in million ha
Grain yield improvements by territory for wheat, maize and rice between 1950 to 2012
Share of labour force working in agriculture between 1300 to 2000 for England, Netherlands, Italy France and Poland
Output per unit of labour in agriculture between 1961 to 2001 by country
Global map of agricultural employment for 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s
Average age of principal farm operator in the USA between 192 to 2120
Average age of different farmer groups in Australia
Correlation between minimum wage and GPD per person at PPP
Minimum wage level in $/hr by country
Real hourly wage for non-supervisory hired farm works in the US between 1990 and 2012
Technology roadmap showing progression from constant rate technology, to variable rate technology and now ultra-precision technology
Existing and emerging value chain of agriculture showing how robotic technologies shift value away from traditional players
Assessing the pros and cons of RaaS vs. equipment sale model
Evolution of agriculture machinery from heavy, fast, large to light, slow and small
Soil compaction depth as a function of year caused by increased vehicle weight
Table showing that new robots need to be 24 times cheaper than traditional tractor models
Market and technology readiness chart placing different agricultural robotic technology on levels ranging from proof-of-concept to fully maturity
Market and technology readiness chart placing different agricultural robotic companies on levels ranging from proof-of-concept to fully maturity
Technology roadmap showings technology progression from manned tractor to tractor guidance to manned autosteer to master-slave and to fully autonomous tractors
Technology roadmap showing progress from manned aerial vehicles towards fully autonomous ultra-precision weeding
Technology roadmap showings the progression of robotic technology in fresh fruit harvesting
Ten-year market forecasts segmented by 14 agricultural robotics categories
Number of tractors sold globally between 2010 and 2014 by country
Number of tractors sold in the USA and Canada by horse power level between 2006 and 2015
Total value of crop production in $bn between 2009 and 2016 fir EU, USA, Brazil, CIS, China and India
Table showing the number and average size of farms in USA, EU, Brazil, CIS, China and India
Revenues in $bn of leading tractor suppliers including Yanmar, Deutz Fahr, Mihandra, AGCO, John Deere, Kubota Tractor Corp., CNN Industrial and so on
5- or 10-year annual sales for Kubota, John Deere, AGCO, Mihandra, CNH Industrial, Deutz Fahr and so on
RTK GPS-enabled auto-steer technology
Number of GNSS receivers in used agriculture between 2006 and 2023 segmented by tractor guidance, automatic steering, VRT and asset management
Market value (in $m) for GNSS receivers used in agriculture between 2006 and 2023 segmented by tractor guidance, automatic steering, VRT and asset management
Unit price ($/unit) of GNSS receivers used in agriculture between 2006 and 2023 segmented by tractor guidance, automatic steering, VRT and asset management
Master-slave autonomous tractors by Yanmar, Fendt, Case IT, John Deere and Kinze Autonomy
Fully autonomous tractors by Yanmar, Kubota Corp., and Autonomous Tractor Corp.
Technology roadmap showings technology progression from manned tractor to tractor guidance to manned autosteer to master-slave and to fully autonomous tractors
Ten-year market forcasts for tractor guidance, autosteer and fully autonomous tractors/combines
Agbot II by QUT
Kongskilde Vibro Crop Robotti by by Kongskilde Industries A/S and Conpleks Innovation.
Astrix autonomous agricultural robot by Adigo
Horibit autonomous agricultural robot by Aarhus University
Ladybird autonomous agricultural robot by Australian Centre of Field Studies
Autonomous tractors by the The Robot Fleers for Highly Effective Agriculture and Forestry Management project
ATRV-2
Autonomous agricultural robot KU Leuven and FMTC
Autonomous agricultural robot by Rowbot for cornfields
Ten-year market forecasts for autonomous robotic data scouts
Technology evolution from manual hoeing to large-scale broadcast spraying to unmanned drone spraying to manned weeding with high precision and finally to autonomous weeding with ultra-high precision
Crop protection revenues for top ten global agrochemical suppliers including Monsanto, Sumitomo Chemical, Agricultural Solutions Ltd, DuPont, Bayer, Syngenta, BASF, DOW, Nufran
Crop protection revenues for top 20 Chinease suppliers including Zheijang Wynca Chemical Industrial Group, Zhejiam Jinfanda BioChemical, Nutrichem, Sichuan Leshan Fuhua Tonga Agrochemical and so on
2014 and 2015 herbicide sales for Monsanto, Sumitomo Chemical, Agricultural Solutions Ltd, DuPont, Bayer, Syngenta, BASF, DOW, Nufran
Revenue map of Top ten Chinese producers of glyphosate
Historical data on global herbicide consumption in tonnes between 2004 and 2014 segmented by country
Glyphosate global consumption in agricultural and non-agricultural activities between 1994 and 2014 in Kg
Market size for glyphosate in $bn between 2004 and 20014
Historical growth in adoption of GE-HE seeds for major field crops such as soybeans, cotton, and corn
Increase in the number of herbicide-resistant weed species between 1950 and today
Total area in acres covered with herbicide-resistant weeds in the US between 1998 and 2014
Geographical spread of herbicide-resistant weeds in the US by state
Autonomous robotic weeder
Development of organic land in million ha
Distribution of organic land between different uses
Robotic weeding implements for organic farming
Ten-year market forecast for robotic weeding by technology type
Autonomous asparagus harvesting robots
Autonomous lettuce thinning robots
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic lettuce thinning and vegetable harvesting by technology and territory
Non-fresh fruit harvesting machines
Machines aiding manual fresh fruit harvesting
Robotic bin follower
Robotic orchard data scouts
Emerging robotic fresh fruit harvest assist technologies
Robotic fresh apple harvesting
Robotic fresh citrus harvesting
Fresh fruit harvesting robots
Addressable market size for robotic fresh apple-picking service provision
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic fresh citrus/apple harvesting by territory
Robotic fresh strawberry harvesting
Addressable market size for robotic fresh strawberry-picking service provision
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic fresh strawberry harvesting by territory
Autonomous robotic vineyard scouts and pruners
Autonomous robotics for greenhouses and nurseries
Schematic showing the concept of VRT for seed planting
Robotic seed planting
Map of average dairy farm sizes worldwide
Average size and number of dairy farms in the US between 1970 and 2007
Global number and distribution of dairy cows by country
Addressable market for robotic milking machines by country
Addressable market for robotic feed pushers by country
Lely's robotic milking machine
Robotic milking machines
Autonomous robotic feed pushers
Robotic manure cleaning
Alternatives to autonomous robotic feed pushers
Autonomous robotic shepherds
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic milking systems by country
Ten-year market forecasts for automatic feed pusher and other mobile robotics in dairy farming
Table comparing the resolution, image acquisition cost, image processing cost and minimum order size for satellite imaging
Annual sales of unmanned spraying helicopters in Japan
Area of rice paddies in Japan sprayed by unmanned helicopters between in Ha
Unmanned drones and helicopters for field spraying
Unmanned agriculture drones on the market
Table comparing different agricultural drones on the market on the basis of price, type, autonomy, cruise speed, flight time and so on
Agricultural drones: the emerging value chain
Core company information on key agricultural drone companies
Ten-year market forecasts for agricultural drones
Suction-based end effectors by Vision Robotics
Suction-based end effectors by Abundant Robotics
Other novel end-effectors in development
Soft robotic grippers by Soft Robotics, Festo, Empire Robotic, Pneubotics
Dexterous robotic by Shadow Robotics, Schunk, Allegro, Willow Garage and so on
Value chain of RTK GPS Technology from signal service provides to receiver manufacturers to device vendors to tractor companies
Performance levels of DGPS, OmniStar XP/HP and RTK technologies
Basic operational mechanism of LIDAR
LIDAR examples
Table comparing the performance of different LIDARs on the market or in development
Table assessing suitability of different LIDAR for agricultural robotic applications
Hyperspectral imaging and precision agriculture
Hyperspectral imaging sensors on the market
Common multi-spectral sensors used with agricultural drones
Ten-year market forecasts for all agricultural robots and drones segmented by type and/or function
Ten-year market forecasts for agricultural robots and drones segmented by type and/or function
Ten-year market forecasts for autonomous and mobile agricultural robots and drones segmented by type and/or function
Ten-year market forecasts for tractor guidance, autosteer and fully autonomous tractors/combines
Ten-year market forecasts for autonomous robotic data scouts
Ten-year market forecast for robotic weeding by technology type
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic lettuce thinning and vegetable harvesting by technology and territory
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic fresh citrus/apple harvesting by territory
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic fresh strawberry harvesting by territory
Ten-year market forecasts for robotic milking systems by country
Ten-year market forecasts for automatic feed pusher and other mobile robotics in dairy farming
Ten-year market forecasts for agricultural drones

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