Automotive & Electric Vehicles Report

Future Powertrains 2017-2027

Land vehicle powertrain design, component trends, markets, 48V MH, strong hybrid, pure electric, EIV

48V mild hybrids could become a $250bn market & EIV will be $100bn by 2036
Table of Contents
1.1.Purpose and emphasis
1.1.1.In the next ten years wrong choices of powertrain could bankrupt certain manufacturers
1.1.2.From range anxiety to range superiority
1.1.3.New end game: Energy Independent Vehicles EIV - no, not always feeble, not always sun, sometimes energy positive!
1.1.5.Electric vehicle powertrain evolution: typical figures expected for cars
1.2.Choice of powertrains is influenced by many factors
1.3.Future powertrain options in land vehicles
1.4.Where cars are headed in 2030
1.4.1.The saga of the future of on-road automobile industry: new race to pure electric
1.4.2.League table of EV manufacturers 2018 $ billion: winners make buses/ cars
1.4.3.Cars and the frenzy of change: sales units k
1.5.Industrial vehicle powertrains are different
1.6.Future powertrain options in land vehicles 2016-2036: the detail
1.6.1.No steady progress to fewer components
1.6.2.Power electronics becomes more important than batteries even in pure electric vehicles
1.7.Main influences in land vehicle powertrains
1.7.1.New focus for improvement and choice
1.7.2.New important powertrain options
1.7.3.Common enablers
1.7.4.Powertrain parameter priorities
1.7.5.Disruptive change
1.7.6.Summary of primary trends for the most important land vehicle powertrains 2016-2036
1.8.Powertrain timeline 2017-2036
1.9.Death of the strong hybrid that does not plug in?
1.10.Manufacturer priorities 2016-2030
1.11.Increasing importance of power electronics: proliferation and enhancement
1.12.Structural electronics tears up the rule book
1.13.Market size 2017-2027 for electric vehicles and 48V mild hybrid cars (non-EV and EV form)
1.14.Passenger car low carbon technology roadmap
1.15.Motorsport as an indicator of what may enter general use later
1.16.Example of new car powertrains: Peugeot Citroen May 2016
1.17.Toyota view in 2017 with image of the new Prius Prime solar roof
1.18.Fuel cell vehicles enter serious production
1.19.Electric car breakeven in context in 2017-8
1.19.1.The saga of the future of automobile industry
1.19.2.Peak in overall car sales then peak in electric car sales k globally - goodbye to many things
1.19.3.Electric vehicle powertrain evolution: typical figures expected for cars
1.19.4.Key enabling technologies by powertrain
2.1.What is a land vehicle powertrain?
2.2.Layout of the report
2.3.Entering the age of emissions control
2.3.1.Tightening regulations
2.3.2.Fuel options for greenhouse gas GHG control
2.3.3.ICE thermal efficiency improvement for emission reduction
2.3.4.Temperature control should get easier
2.4.Learnings from Electric & Hybrid Conference Germany April 2017 and others in 2017
2.4.1.Market drivers - PSA, AVL and Morgan Stanley view
2.4.2.Investment rises but car sales peak
2.4.3.Cost competitive
2.4.4.Pollution challenge
2.4.5.Session description
2.4.6.Fuel cells downplayed
2.4.7.Electrification of Daimler and PSA powertrains
2.4.8.Pure electric leveraging autonomy
2.4.9.Inductive charging and HEV gets squeezed Mild hybrids
2.4.11.Optimisation of 48V ICE
2.4.12.Rationale for two motor generators
2.4.13.Traction motors - In wheel traction motor rationale
2.4.14.Continental rear axle twin motor drive
2.4.15.PSA twin motor PHEV
2.4.16.Batteries - Daimler view
2.5.Electric Vehicle News from "IDTechEx Show!" Berlin May 2017
2.5.1.Interview Mitsubishi Motors May 2017
2.6.TM4 and Cummins: Evolving Strategies to Benefit from EV Surge
2.7.China weeds out small EV companies, pushes big ones harder
3.1.Pure electric or hybrid
3.2.Progression of vehicle powertrain electrification
3.3.Sequence of electrification of powertrains
3.4.Base solutions with performance variants
3.5.Many options opening up at component and system level
3.6.Small vs big vehicle electrification
3.7.Link with water and air vehicles
3.8.Influence of legislation - examples
3.9.Case study: Toyota Development of Power Control Unit for Compact-Size Vehicle
4.1.Mild hybrid history
5.1.Strong "Full" Hybrid Electric Vehicles
5.2.Strong hybrid configurations
5.2.1.Plug in option
5.3.Comparison of storage and range extender options
5.4.Range extenders in context
5.5.Fuel cells for traction
5.6.Range extenders: not all about fuel cells!
5.6.1.Gas turbines and rotary combustion
5.6.2.Free piston engine range extenders
6.1.2.Trend in number and position of traction motors.
6.1.3.Charging issues
6.1.4.Battery issues
6.1.5.Supercapacitor issues
6.1.6.Battery Management System
6.2.Wide adoption, small vehicles, buses, design issues
6.3.Cars and light commercial vehicles
6.4.Energy Independent Vehicles EIV
6.4.1.Why we want more than mechanical energy independence
6.4.2.Energy Independent Vehicles: definition and function
6.4.3.The EIV powertrain for land vehicles
6.4.4.EIV operational choices
6.4.5.Do not forget wind
6.4.6.Key EIV technologies
6.4.7.Stella Lux passenger car Netherlands
6.4.8.Sunswift eVe passenger car Australia
6.4.9.Resolution and EVA solar racers Cambridge University UK
6.4.10.Solar racer derivative: Immortus passenger car EIV Australia
6.4.11.POLYMODEL micro EV Italy
6.4.12.Venturi Eclectic passenger car Italy
6.4.13.Vinerobot micro EV France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Australia
6.4.14.Sold as Lizard EIV: NFH-H microbus China
6.4.15.Kayoola bus Uganda
6.4.16.Energy Observer - wind and sun
6.4.17.IFEVS restaurant van goes anywhere without plugging in and cooks pasta without using battery.
6.4.18.China Rainbow solar plane up for "weeks"
6.4.19.Google Makani 600 kW drone
6.4.20.Energy positive large buses will come
6.4.21.Lightyear Netherlands
7.2.Rotating electrical machines
7.2.1.One business land, water, air - hybrid and pure electric
7.2.2.Increase in number of rotating electrical machines per vehicle for traction
7.2.3.Trend to integration: transmission with electric motors
7.2.4.The main rotating machine options compared for traction
7.2.5.Reversible rotating machines for 48V mild hybrids
7.2.6.Rotating machines for strong hybrids and pure electric
7.2.7.Trend to in-wheel motors
7.2.8.Flywheel KERS
7.2.9.Flybrid KERS used by Wrightbus UK on hybrid buses
7.2.10.Volvo trial of mechanical flywheel KERS mechanical
7.2.11.Supplier view of mechanical flywheel KERS
7.3.Energy Storage
7.4.Energy Storage Beyond Batteries
7.4.2.Operational principles: supercapacitors to batteries
7.4.3.Supercapacitors are often used across lithium-ion batteries
7.4.4.Possible future
7.6.New forms of energy harvesting including regeneration
7.6.2.Complementarity of multiple harvesting
7.6.3.Example: regenerative suspension
7.7.Heavily downsized engines for primary power
7.7.1.Potential and approach
7.7.2.Mahle priorities
7.7.3.Compensating for performance reduction
7.8.Lightweight multifunctional materials "structural electronics"
7.8.2.Design problems resulting
7.9.Increasing importance of power electronics
7.10.Interview with Professor Pietro Perlo
7.11.Wrap up: everything is changing