Sensors and Actuators Report

Haptics 2017-2027: Technologies, Markets and Players

Including ERM motors, LRAs, piezoelectric ceramics and polymers, surface haptics, SMAs, electroactive polymers and contactless haptic feedback

The haptics industry will be worth $2.8bn by 2027
 
Table of Contents
1.INTRODUCTION
1.1.What are haptics?
1.2.Two sides to the industry: Tactile and kinaesthetic
1.3.Characterisation within this report
1.4.Haptic Technologies: A brief overview
1.5.How the sense of touch works
1.6.The potential value-adds from haptic feedback
1.7.Potential vs actual use of haptics
1.8.The old status quo: ERMs dominate
1.9.ERM motors are a difficult incumbent to replace
1.10.Recent changes: LRAs gain market share
1.11.The incumbents dominate for the foreseeable future
1.12.New markets provide the greatest opportunities
1.13.Emerging haptics find their niches
1.14.Quantifying the potential opportunity
2.HAPTICS TECHNOLOGIES
2.1.Types of Haptics Covered
2.2.Technology Benchmarking for Haptic Feedback
2.3.Technology Readiness and Adoption
3.ECCENTRIC ROTATING MASS (ERM) MOTORS
3.1.ERM Structure
3.2.ERM Drivers
3.3.Technology frontiers with ERMs
3.4.SWOT Analysis - ERM Motors
4.LINEAR RESONANT ACTUATORS (LRAS)
4.1.LRA Structure
4.2.LRA Structure
4.3.Apple's Taptic Engine
4.4.Typical LRA specs
4.5.SWOT: Linear Resonant Actuators (LRAs)
4.6.ERM motor and LRA suppliers
4.7.Examples of ERM & LRA Suppliers
4.8.Examples of ERM & LRA Suppliers
4.9.Challenging times for previous leaders
5.PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATORS
5.1.Background and Definitions
5.2.Piezoelectric Haptic Actuators
5.3.Piezoelectric Actuator Materials
5.4.Device Integration
5.5.Challenges with integration: Durability
5.6.Piezoelectric composites are also an option
5.7.Coupled sensor-actuator systems with piezoelectrics
5.8.Value chain for piezoelectric actuators
5.9.SWOT: Piezoelectric Ceramics
6.ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS (EAPS)
6.1.Types of electroactive polymer (EAP)
6.2.Types of electroactive polymer (continued)
6.3.Comparing physical properties of EAPs
6.4.Dielectric elastomers (DEAs)
6.5.Comparing DEAs with Ceramics and SMAs
6.6.Dielectric elastomers as haptic actuators
6.7.What happened to Artificial Muscle?
6.8.SWOT: Dielectric elastomers
6.9.Piezoelectric Polymers
6.10.Background and Definitions: Piezoelectric constants
6.11.Why use a polymer? - Materials Choices
6.12.PVDF-based polymer options for haptic actuators
6.13.Demonstrator product with polymer haptics
6.14.SWOT: Piezoelectric polymers
7.SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS (SMAS)
7.1.Introduction to shape memory alloys
7.2.Deploying SMA as conventional haptic actuators
7.3.SMA haptics: some metrics
7.4.SWOT: SMAs
8.DISPLAY HAPTICS - ACTUATORS FOR VARIABLE FRICTION
8.1.Electrostatic Friction (ESF)
8.2.Electrostatic Friction (ESF)
8.3.O-Film's acquisition of Senseg
8.4.SWOT: Electrostatic Friction
8.5.Ultrasonic Vibration (USV)
8.6.Ultrasonic Vibration (USV)
8.7.SWOT: Ultrasonic vibration
8.8.Bending wave haptics
8.9.Bending wave haptic feedback
8.10.SWOT: Bending wave
8.11.Tactile shear haptics
8.12.Tactile Shear Feedback
8.13.Shear forces for variable friction displays
8.14.Microfluidic surface haptics
8.15.Microfluidics: Tactus Technology
9.CONTACTLESS HAPTICS
9.1.Background
9.2.Applications and Drivers
9.3.Ultrasonic
9.4.Air Vortex
9.5.Technology comparison for contactless haptics
9.6.Contactless haptics for automotive: Bosch and Ultrahaptics at CES 2017
9.7.The commercial reality
10.MARKETS
10.1.Consumer Electronics: Mobile Phones
10.2.Gaming
10.3.Consumer Electronics: Tablets
10.4.Consumer Electronics: Wearables
10.5.Consumer Electronics: Others
10.6.Automotive
10.7.Medical
10.8.Home appliance, commercial and other uses
11.CASE STUDY: HAPTICS FOR VR
11.1.Stimulating the senses: Sight, sound, touch and beyond
11.2.Haptics in mainstream VR today
11.3.Categories for the technology today
11.4.Haptics in controllers: inertial and surface actuation
11.5.Example: Surface actuation on a controller
11.6.Motion simulators and vehicles: established platforms
11.7.New motion simulators are still used to show off VR
11.8.Examples: personal VR motion simulators and vehicles
11.9.Wearable haptic interfaces
11.10.Wearable haptic interfaces - rings
11.11.Commercial examples: GoTouchVR
11.12.Wearable haptic interfaces - gloves
11.13.Examples: Virtuix, NeuroDigital Technologies
11.14.Wearable haptic interfaces - shoes
11.15.Commercial examples: Nidec, CEREVO, and others
11.16.Wearable haptic interfaces - harnesses and apparel
11.17.Wearable haptic interfaces - exoskeletons
11.18.Commercial examples: Dexta Robotics
11.19.Kinaesthetic haptics
11.20.Kinaesthetic devices: types and process flow
11.21.Exoskeletons
11.22.Manipulandums
11.23.FundamentalVR - haptics for training surgeons in VR
11.24.Robotics: Hacking existing platforms to build kinaesthetic haptics
11.25.The case for contactless haptics in VR
11.26.Forecast: Haptics in VR & AR by haptic technology
12.RELATED TOPIC: POWER-ASSIST EXOSKELETONS AND APPAREL
12.1.Power assist exoskeletons
12.2.The relationship between assistive devices and kinaesthetic haptics
12.3.Example: Ekso Bionics
12.4.Power assist suits - UPR
12.5.Power assist apparel - Superflex
12.6.Geographical and market trends
13.EVENT REPORT: HAPTICS AT CES 2017
13.1.Nidec: VR haptics application
13.2.Nidec: haptics for automotive
13.3.hap2U
13.4.GoTouchVR
13.5.Contactless haptics for automotive: Bosch and Ultrahaptics
14.MARKET FORECASTS AND DISCUSSION
14.1.Forecast details and assumptions
14.2.Haptics revenue by technology, 2017-2027
14.3.Emerging haptics revenue by technology, 2017-2027
14.4.Haptics volumes by technology, 2017-2027
14.5.Emerging haptics volumes by technology, 2017-2027
14.6.Haptics revenue by market sector, 2017-2027
14.7.Haptics volumes by market sector, 2017-2027
15.THE HAPTICS VALUE CHAIN
15.1.Value chain summary
15.2.Lists of 120 haptics companies (by technology and value chain position)
15.3.List of haptics companies: technology and component manufacturing
15.4.List of haptics companies: Supporting ecosystem
15.5.List of haptics companies: End users
16.21 COMPANY PROFILES - INCLUDING COMPANIES SUCH AS IMMERSION, NIDEC MOTOR CORPORATION AND ULTRAHAPTICS