Off Grid & Energy Harvesting Report

Harvesting for roads and sensing for IoT & healthcare may create a $1bn market for piezo transducers

Piezoelectric Harvesting and Sensing 2019-2039


 
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.Definition
1.2.Primary conclusions
1.2.1.General
1.2.2.Energy harvesting EH
1.2.3.Energy harvesting with sensing: self-powered sensors
1.2.4.Vibration sensing
1.2.5.Emerging applications that could be large
1.2.6.Materials
1.3.Patent analysis
1.3.1.All piezoelectric: patents and google trend: mixed signals
1.3.2.Piezoelectric harvesting patents and google trend: upward indicators
1.3.3.Piezoelectric sensing patents and google trend: patenting increases
1.3.4.Piezoelectric MEMS patents and google trend: patenting increases
1.3.5.Piezoelectric road patents and google trend: patenting increases
1.4.Piezo harvester and sensor modes: electrodynamic ED strongly competes
1.5.Vibration harvesting is a small market: status
1.6.Routes to success in piezoelectric energy harvesting
1.7.Market forecasts
1.7.1.Piezoelectric energy harvesting transducer market units, unit price, market value <1W 2019-2039
1.7.2.Piezoelectric energy harvesting transducer global market $ million low vs high power 2019-2039
1.7.3.All energy harvesting transducers by type $ billion in 2029
1.7.4.All energy harvesting transducers by energy source and application $ billion in 2029
1.7.5.All movement harvesting market by mode $ billion in 2029
1.7.6.Piezoelectric sensor transducer global market $ million 2019-2039
1.7.7.Piezo devices applicational market split 2029
1.7.8.Piezoelectric value chain 2029 $ billion
1.7.9.Peak car and impact sales k globally by year
1.7.10.Haptics global market by technology $ million 2015-2028
1.7.11.Wearable sensors global market $ million 2018-2028
1.7.12.Total connections by year for NB-IoT, LTE, LoRA and others 2018-2029
1.7.13.Number of suppliers of energy harvesting road technology 2018-2028
1.7.14.Number of trials of energy harvesting road technology 2018-2028
1.7.15.Miles of single lane road harvesting 2018-2028
1.7.16.Cost per mile of energy harvesting road 2018-2028
1.7.17.Solar road market value $ billion 2018-2028
1.7.18.Market value of non-solar road harvesting, road sensing, harvesting road furniture 2018-2028
1.7.19.Automotive MEMS and sensor market
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.What is piezoelectric harvesting and sensing?
2.2.Manufacture
2.2.1.Typical processes
2.2.2.Printable gallium phosphate
2.3.Energy harvesting transducer types, commercial success
2.4.Energy harvesting transducer principles, materials, benefits, challenges
2.5.Important compromises: power density vs efficiency
2.6.Important compromises: life vs cost per watt
2.7.Modes of operation and standards
2.7.1.Function
2.7.2.Force
2.7.3.Pressure
2.7.4.Standards
2.8.Benefits and challenges of piezoelectric harvesting
2.9.Multifunctional piezoelectric devices: Novasentis Arkema Piezotech
3.FUNDAMENTALS
3.1.Background and Definitions
3.2.Piezo effect - direct
3.3.Basic equations
3.4.Design options
3.5.Molecular models
3.6.Principle of device creation and operation
3.7.Quest for lead-free and new morphologies: zinc oxide
3.8.Vibrational Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters
3.8.1.Overview
3.8.2.Challenges: the quest for power and acoustic bandwidth
3.8.3.Research base: wide acoustic bandwidth piezo harvesting
3.8.4.Parameters of piezoelectrics for vibration harvesting
3.9.Energy harvesting system design
3.10.Piezotronic effect
3.10.1.Overview
3.10.2.Mechanisms and devices
3.10.3.Prospective applications
3.11.Battery elimination
4.PIEZOELECTRIC POLYMERS: LIMITATIONS, ENHANCEMENTS, USES
4.1.Overview
4.2.Inferior strain and stress constant
4.3.Challenge: substrate clamping
4.4.Enhancing power from PVDF using graphene and thin film
4.5.PVDF flags : theory shows improvement potential
4.6.Flexible and biodegradable PVDF devices
5.LOW POWER PIEZOELECTRIC HARVESTING: MICROW - 1W
5.1.Piezo harvesters on, in and by the human body
5.1.1.Consumer
5.1.2.Healthcare: implanted defibrillators and pacemakers
5.1.3.Inner ear
5.1.4.Wrist health monitor
5.1.5.Patient behaviour monitoring
5.2.Collagen piezoelectric for disposables, implants, wearables
5.3.Hand controllers
5.4.Wireless sensors, IOT
5.5.MEMS
5.5.1.Overview
5.5.2.Examples of MEMS harvesting
5.6.AdaptivEnergy Joule Thief: 40mW record
5.7.LORD Microstrain helicopter application
5.8.Pulse Switch Systems LightingSwitch™ and KCF vibration harvesters
5.9.Who are the low power commercial players remaining?
6.HIGH POWER PIEZOELECTRIC HARVESTING 1W TO MW
6.1.Overview
6.2.Wind power from "reeds"
6.3.Wind power from oscillating blocks or leaves
6.4.Wave power: Nottingham - Hiroshima, UK Japan
6.5.Piezo seaweed: Catholic Quangdong Korea
6.6.Piezoelectric rotating machines
6.7.Metro, dance hall, sidewalk footfall
6.8.Piezoelectric roads
6.8.1.Overview
6.8.2.Basic calculations
6.8.3.Other concerns and opportunities
6.8.4.Georgia Tech USA
6.8.5.University of California Merced
6.8.6.Pyro-E USA
6.8.7.Lancaster University UK
6.8.8.Piezoelectric paving Innowattech Israel
6.8.9.APC USA view
7.INTEGRATION WITH OTHER HARVESTERS
7.1.Progression of integration
7.2.Towards PVDF piezoelectric + photovoltaic tires and sails
7.3.Piezoelectric, pyroelectric, triboelectric combined
7.4.Ferroelectrets: piezo + electret FEP
7.5.Research focus on the four triboelectric modes with piezo etc
7.6.Piezoelectric with triboelectric
8.PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS
8.1.Definition and function
8.2.Sensor requirements by power level
8.3.Signal processing
8.4.Relative advantages
8.5.Multifunctional sensors
8.6.Piezoelectric sensor limitations
8.6.1.Poisons
8.6.2.Static sensing
8.6.3.Temperature effects
8.7.Applications
8.7.1.The show so far
8.7.2.Biomimetics
8.7.3.Biosensors using piezotronics
8.7.4.Pressure and wear sensing
8.7.5.Structural health monitoring
8.7.6.Fuel injection sensors
8.7.7.Force transducers
8.7.8.Traffic sensors
8.7.9.Sensor switches
8.7.10.Piezoelectric tyre sensors and harvesting by tires
8.7.11.Piezoelectric bioreceptor biosensors
8.7.12.Microphones Vesper
9.PIEZOELECTRIC HARVESTING AND SENSING COMPANY AND RESEARCH: 54 PROFILES
9.1.Advanced Cerametrics USA
9.2.Agency for Defense Development Korea
9.3.Algra Switzerland
9.4.APC International (formerly American Piezoelectric Company) USA
9.5.Arkema France
9.6.Automation Products Group, Inc. (APG SENSORS) USA
9.7.Arveni France
9.8.Benz Airborne Systems USA
9.9.Boeing USA
9.10.Carnegie Mellon University USA
9.11.CEDES Corporation of America USA
9.12.Chinese University of Hong Kong China
9.13.Columbia Research Laboratories, Inc. USA
9.14.Cooper Instruments
9.15.Dytran Instruments, Inc.
9.16.Erallo Technologies Inc USA
9.17.Fairchild Industrial Products,
9.18.Fraunhofer IKTS Germany
9.19.Georgia Institute of Technology USA
9.20.Holst Centre/TNO Netherlands
9.21.Honeywell Sensing and Control USA
9.22.IFM Efector, Inc.
9.23.IMEC Belgium
9.24.Imperial College London UK
9.25.Kyocera AVX Japan
9.26.Meggitt USA
9.27.Midé Engineering Solutions (Piezo.com) USA
9.28.Mod-Tronic Instruments Limited USA
9.29.Monitor Technologies, LLC USA
9.30.Mouser Electronics, Inc. USA
9.31.National Taiwan University Taiwan
9.32.NNL - Universita del Salento Italy
9.33.PCB Piezotronics USA
9.34.Phidgets, Inc USA
9.35.PI Ceramic Physik Instrumente Germany
9.36.Piezo.com USA
9.37.Piezo Systems USA
9.38.Piezo Technologies USA
9.39.Process Technologies Group, Inc
9.40.PulseSwitch Systems Face Group
9.41.Pyro-E USA
9.42.Shanghai Jiao Tong University China
9.43.Silex Sweden
9.44.Smart Material Corp. USA
9.45.Technical University of Ilmenau Germany
9.46.TE Connectivity Switzerland
9.47.Teledyne Hastings Instruments USA
9.48.Texas Micropower USA
9.49.Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan
9.50.TRS Technologies, Inc. USA
9.51.Tyndall National Institute Ireland
9.52.University of Idaho USA
9.53.University of Princeton USA
9.54.Virginia Tech USA
10.APPENDIX - BEYOND STATIC PAVEMENT: SMART LANES AS A UNIQUE TRAFFIC SOLUTION (PYRO-E WHITEPAPER)

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