Printed, Flexible and Organic Electronics Report

Quantum Dot Materials and Technologies 2019-2029: Trends, Markets, Players

Materials, players and applications such as displays (edge optic, QD enhancement film, color filter, on-chip, emissive), lighting, visible & IR/NIR image sensor, photovoltaics, etc.

Brand new for February 2019

 
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.Acronyms
1.2.What are quantum dots?
1.3.An old technology?
1.4.Snapshot of readiness level of various QD applications
1.5.Displays: benchmarking various integration methods
1.6.QD Technology and Market Roadmap (10 year view)
1.7.Ten-year quantum market solution forecasts in value segmented by 12 applications in displays, lighting, sensors, photovoltaics and so on
1.8.Ten-year quantum material market forecasts in value segmented by 12 applications in displays, lighting, sensors, photovoltaics, and so on
2.MARKET FORECASTS
2.1.Overall
2.1.1.Ten-year quantum market solution forecasts in value segmented by 12 applications in displays, lighting, sensors, photovoltaics, and so on
2.1.2.Ten-year quantum material market forecasts in value segmented by 12 applications in displays, lighting, sensors, photovoltaics, and so on
2.2.Displays
2.2.1.Ten-year forecast of change in QD technology mix in display sector (%)
2.2.2.Ten-year forecast for different QD solutions in displays in area or M sqm (film, color filter, on chip, edge optic, emissive QLED, etc.)
2.2.3.Ten-year forecast for different QD solutions in displays in TONNES (film, color filter, on chip, edge optic, emissive QLED, etc.)
2.2.4.Ten-year quantum market solution forecasts in value in displays (film, color filter, on chip, edge optic, emissive QLED, etc.)
2.2.5.Ten-year quantum dot material market forecasts in value in displays (film, color filter, on chip, edge optic, emissive QLED, etc.)
2.3.Non display
2.3.1.Ten-year quantum dot forecasts in value in lighting applications
2.3.2.Ten-year quantum dot forecasts in value in image sensors (visible and IR/NIR)
2.3.3.Ten-year quantum dot forecasts in value in other applications (photovoltaics, research, etc.)
3.BASIC INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM DOTS
3.1.An old technology?
3.2.What are quantum dots?
3.3.Typical structure of a quantum dot
3.4.Different types of colloidal quantum dots
3.5.Colloidal quantum dots
3.6.Photoluminescence of quantum dots
3.7.Typical nuclei based growth process
3.8.Example of a typical two-pot growth process for InP core-shell QDs
3.9.Basic approaches to synthesis: molecular seeding to lower temperature?
3.10.Basic approaches to synthesis: continuous QD growth
3.11.Key material requirements
4.CD AND CD FREE QUANTUM DOTS
4.1.Why use heavy metals?
4.2.Cadmium under RoHS
4.3.Cd-free InP-based quantum dots
4.4.Evolution of InP QD FWHM as a function of time
4.5.Cd-based to Cd-free quantum dots: commercial transition is in full swing
4.6.Timeline of exemption and the arrival of the ban
4.7.How much cadmium is there in a display?
4.8.Is Indium Phosphide a safer alternative?
5.OUTLINING SOME MATERIAL IMPROVEMENT TRENDS AND STRATEGIES
5.1.Eliminating self-absorption
5.2.Reducing lattice mismatch with graded core-shell compositions
5.3.Improved stability: embedding QDs in silica particles to form microspheres
5.4.Improved stability: embedding QDs in silica particles to form microspheres
5.5.Improved stability: sapphire QD coating
6.INTRODUCTION AND KEY ATTRIBUTES
6.1.Perovskite Quantum Dots
6.1.1.Perovskite quantum dots (or nanocrystals): a rival to traditional solutions?
6.1.2.Perovskite downconverters or emitters: an introduction
6.1.3.Perovskites: controlling emission wavelength via halide component
6.1.4.Perovskites: controlling emission wavelength via size
6.1.5.Perovskite QDs: higher defect tolerance of FWHM and QY
6.1.6.Perovskite QDs: high blue absorbance
6.2.Challenges or shortcomings
6.2.1.Perovskite quantum dots: why red is difficult
6.2.2.Red perovskite QDs: preventing phase instability
6.2.3.Perovskite quantum dots: self absorption issues
6.2.4.Perovskites: stability issue is a persistent concern
6.2.5.Perovskites: improving stability with ligands
6.2.6.Perovskite QDs: improving stability by embedding a host matrix
6.2.7.Perovskite QD-composites: improving stability by embedding in a polymer host
6.2.8.Perovskite QDs: toxicity concerns
6.3.Electroluminescent PeQD LEDs
6.3.1.Perovskite QLED: efficiency progress for inorganic green PeQLEDs?
6.3.2.Inorganic red PeQLED: what about lifetime?
6.4.Commercial progress and prospects
6.4.1.Perovskite green QD films for displays: stable commercial offerings
6.4.2.Perovskite QDs: the only way is hybrid?
6.4.3.Conclusions on perovskite QDs
6.4.4.InGaN/GaN QDs: viable material?
6.4.5.InGaN/GaN QDs: cutting reaction time and FWHM
6.4.6.InGaN/GaN QDs: cutting reaction time and FWHM
6.4.7.CuInS2/ZnS: broadband QDs useful in solar windows?
6.4.8.PdS QDs: optical sensor with high responsivity and wide spectrum
6.4.9.PdS QDs: optical sensor with high responsibility and wide spectrum
6.4.10.Rhodamine-based fluorescent materials as all organic downconverters
6.4.11.Carbon quantum dots (CQD)
6.4.12.Graphene Quantum Dots
6.4.13.ZnSe
6.4.14.White-blue emission from silicon QD
7.COMPARISON WITH PHOSPHORS
7.1.Phosphors: basic introduction
7.2.Thee ways to achieve white in LEDs
7.3.Requirements for phosphors in LEDs
7.4.Table of phosphor materials
7.5.Why the search for narrow FWHM red phosphors (I)?
7.6.Common and emerging red-emitting phosphors
7.7.Thermal stability of common red, green and yellow phosphors (I)
7.8.GE's narrowband red phosphor: KSF:Mn+4
7.9.Commercial progress of GE's narrowband red phosphor
7.10.Lumileds red emitting phosphor (SLA)
7.11.Toray: High performance organic phosphors
7.12.Suppliers of phosphors
7.13.Phosphors: FWHM comparison with quantum dots
7.14.Phosphors: color tunability comparison with quantum dots
7.15.Phosphors: Particle size comparison with quantum dots
7.16.Phosphors: Response time comparison with quantum dots
7.17.Phosphors: Stability comparison with quantum dots
7.18.Strength of hybrid phosphor-QD approach
7.19.Conclusions
8.QUANTUM ROD DISPLAYS
8.1.Quantum rods
8.2.Quantum rods: demonstrating printed greyscale displays
8.3.Quantum rods: material choices for red, green and blue photoluminescence
8.4.Quantum rods: material performance for red, green and blue photoluminescence
8.5.Quantum rods: principle of voltage controlled emission resulting in high contrast ratio
8.6.Quantum rod displays: performance of 17" active matrix inkjet printed QR display
8.7.Importance of early patents
8.8.Case Study: Evident
8.9.Nanoco vs Nanosys
8.10.IP acquisition
8.11.Nanosys vs QD Vision
9.APPLICATIONS IN LIFE SCIENCES
9.1.Quantum dots as fluorescent tags
9.2.Examples of images
9.3.Advantages over organic dyes
9.4.Comparison of absorption/emission
9.5.Major milestones in academic research
9.6.Various approaches to use quantum dots
9.7.Example: monitoring enzyme activity
9.8.Zymera in vivo imaging
10.INTRODUCTION TO COLOR GAMUT IN DISPLAYS
10.1.Understanding color standards
10.2.How LED backlights reduced color performances
10.3.100% sRGB can be achieved without QD
10.4.The challenge of Rec 2020
10.5.FWHM and color gamut
10.6.Performance sensitivity to emission wavelength
11.DISPLAY APPLICATIONS
11.1.Displays: edge optic
11.1.1.LED backlight units in LCD
11.1.2.Replacing phosphors with quantum dots
11.1.3.Edge optic integration: a technology going obsolete?
11.1.4.Color IQ from QD Vision: going obsolete
11.1.5.Film type integration: growing commercial success but for how long?
11.2.Displays: enhancement film or remote film-film QD phosphors
11.2.1.QDEF film from Nanosys
11.2.2.Key direction of development for film type integration (I): transition towards Cd free materials
11.2.3.Key direction of development for film type integration (II): reducing barrier requirements
11.2.4.Key direction of development for film type integration (III): Premium pricing vs expanding product portfolio
11.2.5.Key direction of development for film type integration (IV): Glass based QD sheet in LCD displays
11.3.Displays: quantum dot color filters
11.3.1.Colour filter type: approaching commercial readiness?
11.3.2.Colour filter type remaining challenges (I): patterning
11.3.3.QDCF: strategies to make QDs compatible with photoresist and photolithography
11.3.4.QDCF: strategies to make QDs compatible with photoresist and photolithography
11.3.5.QDFC: performance of epoxied silica QDs as QDCF
11.3.6.Colour filter type remaining challenges (I): inkjetting
11.3.7.Inkjet printed InP QD color filters: performance levels
11.3.8.Colour filter type remaining challenges (I): color purity and contrast
11.3.9.Colour filter type remaining challenges (I): new polarizers, short-pass filters, and other additional layers?
11.3.10.QD color filters on OLED
11.3.11.QD color filters on OLED: pros and cons
11.4.Displays: quantum on-chip LEDs
11.4.1.On chip integration: improving stability
11.4.2.Colour filter type remaining challenges (I): patterning
11.4.3.On chip type remaining challenges: stress conditions
11.4.4.On chip type remaining challenges (III): heat and light stability
11.4.5.On chip type remaining challenges (IV): light flux stability
12.PHOTOPATTERNING FOR MICROLED DISPLAYS
12.1.On-chip QDs for micro-LED displays: range of devices and stress conditions
12.2.QDs vs Phosphors for micro LED displays: the size and resolution advantage
12.3.QDs: photopatternable QDs for micro-displays
12.4.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: material consideration
12.5.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: rational for engineered multi core-shell giant QDs
12.6.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: material challenges
12.7.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: surviving the photopatterning process
12.8.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: demonstrating heat and light flux stability
12.9.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: performance levels
12.10.Photo-patternable QD for micro LED displays: comparison with RGB LEDs
13.EMISSIVE QLED (QUANTUM LIGHT EMITTING DIODE)
13.1.Display trend: evolution from PLED to PhOLED to TADF to QDs?
13.2.Emissive type: how far off from commercial readiness?
13.3.Emissive QLED remaining challenges: optimal device design
13.4.Nanophotonica: performance progress of QLEDs
13.5.Progress from QD Vision (no longer active)
13.6.Perovskite QLED: efficiency progress for inorganic green PeQLEDs?
13.7.Emissive QLED remaining challenges (II): blue QD challenge
13.8.Emissive QLED remaining challenges (II): ink formulation challenge
13.9.Emissive QLED remaining challenges (II): transfer printing
13.10.Emissive QLED remaining challenges (III): lifetime
13.11.Inorganic red PeQLED: what about lifetime?
14.QUANTUM DOT IMAGE SENSORS (VISIBLE AND IR/NIR)
14.1.Improving silicon image sensors
14.1.1.QD layer advantage in image sensor (I): Increasing sensor sensitivity and gain
14.1.2.QD-Si hybrid image sensors(II): reducing thickness
14.1.3.How is the QD layer applied?
14.1.4.QD optical layer: approaches to increase conductivity of QD films
14.1.5.QD-Si hybrid image sensors(III): enabling high resolution global shutter
14.1.6.QD-Si hybrid image sensors(III): enabling high resolution global shutter
14.1.7.QD-Si hybrid image sensors(III): Low power and high sensitivity to structured light detection for machine vision?
14.1.8.Can hybrid organic CMOS image sensors also give high res global shutter?
14.1.9.Progress in CMOS global shutter using silicon technology only
14.2.Quantum dots for near infra sensors
14.2.1.Current issue with infrared image sensors
14.2.2.Quantum: covering the range from visible to near infrared
14.2.3.Results and status for IR vision
14.2.4.Potential unresolved questions and issues
14.2.5.PdS QDs: optical sensor with high responsibility and wide spectrum
15.QUANTUM DOTS IN LIGHTING APPLICATIONS
15.1.Quantum dots in lighting applications
15.2.QDs in horticulture
15.3.Achieving high CRI in general lighting
15.4.Why the search for narrow FWHM red phosphors (I)?
15.5.Achieving warm colours using 'remote' QD phosphors
15.6.Examples of LED lights with remote QD integration
15.7.Achieving high CRI using on-chip phosphors
15.8.On-chip QD integration: different LED types and performance requirements
15.9.Achieving high CRI using on-chip QDs: stability results
16.PHOTOVOLTAIC
16.1.Many competing technologies in PV
16.2.Quantum dot PV is still in early stage
16.3.Comparison of efficiencies
16.4.Quantum dot PV: SWOT analysis
16.5.Progress in QD photovoltaics
16.6.QD luminescent solar concentrator?
17.OTHER APPLICATIONS
17.1.Hydrogen production
17.2.Visible light photocatalysis
17.3.Sunscreen
17.4.Lasers
17.5.QDChip spectrometer
17.6.Security tagging
18.COMPANY PROFILES
18.1.Company profiles: Material companies
18.1.1.Nanosys: the undisputed leader?
18.1.2.Nanosys: key commercial and technical milestones since 2015
18.1.3.Nanosys: SWOT analysis
18.1.4.QD Vision: A well funded pioneer is forced out?
18.1.5.QD Vision: IP sold to Samsung at bargain price?
18.1.6.QD Vision: SWOT analysis
18.1.7.Nanoco: molecular seeding for low-temperature Cd-free QD growth
18.1.8.Nanoco: latest commercial progress
18.1.9.Nanoco: SWOT Analysis
18.1.10.Quantum Material Corporation: will it finally turn a page?
18.1.11.Quantum Material Corporation: commercialising a continuous QD growth process?
18.1.12.Quantum Material Corporation: materials
18.1.13.Quantum Material Corporation: SWOT
18.1.14.StoreDot: barrier-free all-organic wide color gamut conversion films
18.1.15.StoreDot: performance rhodamine-based fluorescent materials
18.1.16.TIANJIN ZHONGHUAN QUANTUM TECH CO., LTD. (ZH-QTECH): Meso-scale QD silica microsphere for enhanced stability?
18.1.17.ZH-QTech: embedding QDs in silica particles to form microspheres
18.1.18.ZH-QTech: Stability performance of QLMS direct on LEDs
18.1.19.CrystalPlex: highly stable sapphire coated alloy-gradient core-shell QDs
18.1.20.Pacific Light Technologies: stable LEDs for on chip lighting?
18.1.21.Avantema: progress on perovskite QDs and green QD films
18.1.22.Avantema: highly efficient and narrow width perovskite green QD film
18.1.23.Nanophotonica: leading results on Cd-based R G B QLED
18.1.24.Nanophotonica: special graded core-shell QDs with no lattice mismatch
18.1.25.Nanophotonica: performance progress of QLEDs
18.1.26.Nanjing Technology Company: high performance Cd QD for LCD and QLED
18.1.27.Shoei Chemical: finally a Japanese Cd-free QD producer arrives?
18.1.28.Hansol: main supplier in Samsung's local value chain
18.1.29.Dow Electronic Materials: Still active after long delays and major setbacks?
18.1.30.Merck: the right company to access LCD display markets worldwide?
18.1.31.Qlight (Merck)
18.1.32.ULVAC Solutions: cutting reaction time and FWHM for InGaN/GaN QDs
18.1.33.ULVAC Solutions: cutting reaction time and FWHM for InGaN/GaN QDs
18.1.34.Toray: High performance organic phosphors
18.2.Company profiles: non-material companies
18.2.1.Samsung: can it keep QDLCD as ultra premium forever
18.2.2.LG Display: does it use or not use quantum dots?
18.2.3.Wah Hong: one of the largest producers of optical films enters into QDEF business?
18.2.4.3M (now retired?) sold QDEF films to display manufacturers
18.2.5.LMS: are they still active?
18.2.6.Hitachi: collaborating with Nanosys to serve customers
18.2.7.Dai Nippon Printing (DNP)
18.3.Company profiles: non-material non-display companies
18.3.1.InVisage (now Apple) leading development of quantum dot image sensors
18.3.2.Partnership with TSMC for hybrid CMOS sensors
18.3.3.UbiQD: background info
18.3.4.UbiQD: material advantages and applications
18.3.5.NikkoIA
18.3.6.The Nexxus R30 lightbulb (discontinued)
18.3.7.Lumeon
18.3.8.Pacific Light
18.3.9.Nanoco
18.3.10.Recent collaboration: Marl Partner
18.3.11.Solterra
18.3.12.Magnolia Solar Corporation
18.3.13.QD solar concentrator (UbiQD - Los Alamos)
18.3.14.Quantag: quantum dot security tagging

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