Automotive & Electric Vehicles Report

Range Extenders for Electric Vehicles Land, Water & Air 2018-2028

Technologies, players, market forecasts

Over 11 million range extenders will be made in 2028
We are in the decade of the hybrid electric vehicle despite the fact that most off-road and underwater vehicles are pure electric. That includes most forklifts, golf cars and mobility vehicles for the disabled plus Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) and personal submarines. Indeed, most electric aircraft are pure electric as well. The reason is that these are mainly small as are electric two-wheelers, which are also almost all pure electric. Small vehicles rarely need to travel long distances. In addition, these pure electric vehicles are often used where a conventional engine is banned as on lakes and indoors or where it is impracticable as with underwater vehicles. By contrast, half the electric vehicle market value lies in larger road vehicles, notably cars, and here the legal restrictions are weaker or non-existent and range anxiety compels most people to buy hybrids if they go electric at all.
Over 11 million range extenders will be made in 2028, these are the additional power source that distinguishes hybrid cars from pure electric. Add to that significant money spent on the same devices in buses, military vehicles, boats and so on and a major new market emerges. This unique report is about range extenders for all these purposes - their evolving technology and market size. Whereas today's range extenders usually consist of little more than off the shelf internal combustion engines, these are rapidly being replaced by second generation range extenders consisting of piston engines designed from scratch for fairly constant load in series hybrids. There are some wild cards like Wankel engines and rotary combustion engines or free piston engines both with integral electricity generation. However, a more radical departure is the third generation micro turbines and fuel cells that work at constant load. The report compares all these. It forecasts the lower power needed over the years given assistance from fast charging and energy harvesting innovations ahead. Every aspect of the new range extenders is covered.
This report profiles key developers, manufactures and integrators of range extenders for land, water and airborne electric vehicles. It gives ten year forecasts of the different types of electric vehicle and of range extenders by number, unit value and market value. Market drivers and the changing requirements for power output are analysed. Will shaftless range extenders with no separate electricity generator take over and when will that be? What fuels will be used and when? What are the pros and cons of each option and who are the leaders? It is all here.
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Table of Contents
1.2.Evolution compared to conventional
1.3.Legislative squeeze on hybrids: ring fencing
1.4.Viability of pure electric vehicles will call time on hybrids
1.5.Market forecasts
1.6.Global market forecast for range extenders 2013-2028
1.7.1.BMW i supply agreement with Workhorse Group
1.8.Effect of oil price collapse on electric vehicles
1.9.Range extender synergy with energy harvesting
1.11.Lessons from CENEX LCV event UK
1.12.Aquarius Engines and range extender futures
1.13.Magna International self-charging fuel cell vehicle 2017
1.14.Nissan petrol engine range extender - January 2018
1.15.Mazda rotary engine range extender - February 2018
2.1.Types of electric vehicle
2.2.Born electric
2.3.Pure electric vehicles are improving
2.3.1.Many niches
2.3.2.The end game approaches: Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIV
2.4.Series vs parallel hybrid
2.5.Modes of operation of hybrids
2.5.1.Plug in hybrids
2.5.2.Charge-depleting mode
2.5.3.Blended mode
2.5.4.Charge-sustaining mode
2.5.5.Mixed mode
2.6.Microhybrid is a misnomer
2.7.Deep hybridisation
2.8.Battery cost and performance are key
2.9.Hybrid price premium
2.10.What is a range extender?
2.10.1.First generation range extender technology
2.10.2.Second generation range extender technology
2.10.3.Third and fourth generation technology
2.10.4.Single cylinder range extenders
2.11.Market position of fuel cell range extenders
3.1.Range extenders for land craft
3.2.Range Extenders for electric aircraft
3.2.1.Military aircraft
3.4.Fuel cells in aviation
3.5.Civil aircraft
3.5.1.Boeing Sugar Volt
3.5.2.Bye Aerospace and XTI USA
3.5.3.Cambridge University Song hybrid
3.5.4.Equator P2 Xcursion amphibious aircraft
3.5.5.Eraole biofuel solar hybrid
3.5.6.Airbus overview of hybrid aircraft
3.6.Range extenders for marine craft
4.1.Advanced Magnet Laboratory USA
4.2.AeroVironment / Protonex Technology USA
4.3.Austro Engine Austria
4.4.Bladon Jets UK
4.5.BMW Germany
4.6.Brayton Energy USA
4.7.Capstone Turbine Corporation USA
4.8.Compound Rotary Engines UK
4.9.Daimler AG inc Mercedes Benz Germany
4.10.DLR German Aerospace Center Germany
4.10.1.Free piston range extenders
4.11.Duke Engine axial piston
4.13.Ener1 USA
4.14.ETV Motors Israel
4.15.FEV USA
4.16.Flight Design Germany
4.17.Getrag Germany
4.18.GSE USA
4.19.Hüttlin Germany
4.20.Hyperdrive UK
4.21.Libralato UK
4.21.1.Libralato technology
4.21.2.Avoiding the problems of the Wankel engine
4.21.3.The company
4.22.Intelligent Energy UK
4.23.KSPG Germany
4.24.LiquidPiston USA
4.25.Lotus Engineering UK
4.26.MAHLE Powertrain UK
4.27.Mazda Japan
4.28.Nissan Japan
4.29.Peec-Power BV The Netherlands
4.30.Polaris Industries Switzerland
4.31.Powertrain Technologies UK
4.32.Proton Power Systems plc UK/Germany
4.33.Ricardo UK
4.34.Suzuki Japan
4.35.Techrules China
4.36.Toyota Japan
4.37.Urbee Canada
4.38.Volkswagen Germany
4.39.Volvo Sweden/China
4.39.1.Long term major work
4.39.2.Volvo V8 performance with four cylinders
4.40.Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
5.1.ACAL Energy UK
5.2.Airbus (formerly EADS) Germany
5.3.Altria Controls USA
5.4.Ashok Leyland India
5.5.Audi Germany
5.6.AVL Austria
5.7.Azure Dynamics USA
5.8.BAE Systems UK
5.9.BMW Germany
5.10.Boeing Dreamworks USA
5.11.Chrysler USA
5.12.ENFICA-FC Italy
5.13.Ford USA
5.14.Frazer-Nash UK
5.15.General Motors including Opel
5.16.Honda Japan
5.17.Hyundai Korea
5.18.Jaguar Land Rover UK
5.19.Langford Performance Engineering Ltd UK
5.20.Marion HSPD USA
5.21.Pipistrel Slovenia
5.22.SAIC China
5.23.Skyspark Italy
5.24.Suzuki Japan
5.25.Tata Motors India
5.26.Toyota Japan
5.27.Université de Sherbrooke Canada
5.28.University of Stuttgart Germany
5.29.Volvo Sweden/ China
5.30.Walkera China
5.31.Wrightspeed USA
5.32.Yo-Avto Russia
6.1.Taiwan Automotive International Forum and Exhibition
6.2.Electric vehicles set for MPG Marathon
6.3.Hydrogen fuel cell range extenders double the range of EV trucks
1.1.Generations of fuelled traction engine in hybrid vehicles land, water, air
1.2.Global market 2017-2028 for number (thousand) of range extenders (fuelled engines in series and series/parallel hybrid vehicles)
1.3.Global market 2013-2016 for number (thousand) of range extenders (fuelled engines in series and series/parallel hybrid vehicles).
1.4.Range extender numbers (thousand), unit price (US$) and market value (US$ million) 2017-2028
2.1.Price premium for hybrid buses
1.1.Hybrid- pure electric convergence in design and range
1.2.Peak in car sales will call time on hybrid cars
1.3.Tougher to get interest in new range extenders with the dash to pure electric development
1.4.Global market 2013-2028 for number (thousand) of range extenders in Car HEV and Car (hybrid) - PHEV
1.5.Global market 2013-2028 for number (thousand) of range extenders in all other electric vehicles
1.6.Range extender numbers (thousand) 2017-2028
1.7.Range extender unit price (US$) 2017-2028
1.8.Range extender market value (US$ million) 2017-2028
1.9.The gull wing BMW i8
1.10.Workhorse E-Gen electric delivery vehicle
1.11.Types of range extender by cost and local emission, with the zero emission options compared with energy harvesting, all of which has zero local emission.
1.12.Types of energy harvesting by type of vehicle
1.13.Magna International fuel cell range-extended electric vehicle
1.14.Nissan e-power range extender
2.1.ThunderVolt hybrid bus
2.2.BAE Systems powertrain in a bus
2.3.Hybrid bus powertrain
2.4.Hybrid car powertrain using CNG
2.5.Mitsubishi hybrid outdoor forklift replacing a conventional ICE vehicle
2.6.Hybrid military vehicle that replaces a conventional ICE version
2.7.Hybrid sports boat replacing a conventional ICE version
2.8.CAF-E hybrid motorcycle design based on a Prius type of drivetrain
2.9.Hybrid tugboat replacing a conventional ICE version to meet new pollution laws and provide stronger pull from stationary
2.10.EP Tender assessments and proposal late 2016
2.11.Some hybrid variants
2.12.Evolution of plug in vs mild hybrids
2.13.Trend to deep hybridisation
2.14.Evolution of hybrid structure
2.15.Battery price assisting price of hybrid and pure electric vehicles as a function of power stored
2.16.The principle of the Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells
2.17.Electric machine and ICE sub-assembly
2.18.48V Model chosen
3.1.Northrop Grumman surveillance airship with fuel cell range extender and energy harvesting for virtually unlimited range
3.2.Light utility aircraft - power-systems weight comparison
3.3.Light primary trainer - power-systems weight comparison
3.4.Battery and jet fuel loading
3.5.Pilot plus payload vs range for fuel cell light aircraft and alternatives
3.6.Total weight vs flight time for PEM fuel cell planes
3.7.Take-off gross weight breakdowns. Left: Conventional reciprocating-engine-powered airplane. Right: Fuel-cell-powered airplane.
3.8.Boeing SUGAR Volt
3.9.Bye Aerospace and XTI USA
3.10.Cambridge University Song hybrid
3.11.Equator P2 Xcursion amphibious aircraft
3.13.First trial of hybrid aircraft by Siemens, Airbus etc
3.14.JAMSTEC Fuel Cell Underwater Vehicle FCUV
4.1.Aqua Puma
4.2.Bladon Jets gas turbine range extender for cars and light aircraft and the Jaguar CX75
4.3.Jaguar Land Rover
4.4.Latest Bladon Jets design
4.5.Range extender for BMW i3 electric car
4.6.Capstone microturbine
4.7.Capstone turbine in a Japanese bus
4.8.Various sizes of Capstone MicroTurbines
4.9.Daimler roadmap for commercial vehicles
4.10.DLR fuel cell and the electric A320 airliner nose wheel it drives when the airliner is on the ground.
4.11.Holstenblitz fuel cell car trial
4.12.A new power generator for hybrid vehicles
4.13.EcoMotors opposing piston range extender
4.14.FEV extreme downsized range extender engine
4.15.GSE mini diesel driving a propeller
4.16.Greg Stevenson (left) and Gene Sheehan, Fueling Team GFC contender, with GSE Engines.
4.17.Block diagram of the Frank/Stevenson parallel hybrid system
4.18.Libralato cycle
4.19.Fuel cell taxi trials
4.20.Fuel cell development
4.21.KSPG 30kW V2 range extender for small cars
4.22.The LiquidPiston engine
4.23.New two cylinder range extender from Lotus Engineering
4.24.Lotus hybrid powertrain and second generation range extender ICE
4.25.Lotus three and two cylinder range extenders
4.26.Proton EMAS
4.27.MAHLE range extenders
4.28.MAHLE compact range extender
4.29.MAHLE range extender at EVS26 2012
4.30.Polaris REX range extender left with generator, right with peripherals as well
4.31.Location of technical advances in Polaris range extender
4.32.Ricardo Wolverine engine for hybrid UAVs
4.33.Toyota FPEG options and piston geometry
4.34.Volkswagen XL1 hybrid concept
5.1.Adura powertrain with microturbine.
5.2.Ashok Leyland CNG hybrid bus
5.3.Azure Dynamics hybrid powertrain
5.4.Bus with BAE Systems hybrid power train
5.5.Boeing fuel cell aircraft
5.6.ENFICA FC two seater fuel cell plane
5.7.Ford Lincoln hybrid car offered at no price premium over the conventional version
5.8.Frazer-Nash EREV powertrain
5.9.Namir EREV Supercar
5.10.Proton Exora
5.11.Chevrolet Volt powertrain
5.12.Honda IMA
5.13.Hyundai Blue hybrid car
5.14.Hyundai fuel cell powered car
5.15.The LPE REEV concept car
5.16.Marion Hyper-Sub Submersible Powerboat
5.17.Skyspark in flight
5.18.Suzuki Burgman fuel cell scooter
5.19.Suzuki concept fuel cell motorcycle headed for production
5.20.Tata Motors roadmap for hybrid commercial vehicles
5.21.Toyota Prius hybrid car is the world's best selling electric car
5.22.Toyota hybrid forklift
5.23.Hybrid quad bike
5.25.Volvo hybrid bus
5.26.Volvo technical concept 1
5.27.Volvo technical concept 2
5.28.Volvo technical concept 3

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