Energy Storage Report

The supercapacitor market has bottomed out and is now into a sustained period of strong growth

Supercapacitors: Applications, Players, Markets 2020-2040

Brand new for March 2019

Dramatic news. The supercapacitor market has bottomed out and is now into a sustained period of strong growth. Recent actions of three giant companies not usually associated with supercapacitors illustrate why. Tesla just bought supercapacitor number one Maxwell Technologies. Geely of China has given Maxwell an order for the first widespread use of large supercapacitors in both 48V mild hybrid and full hybrid cars under its Volvo and other brands.
The new IDTechEx report, "Supercapacitors: Applications, Players, Markets 2020-2040" calculates that, if only a few percent of 48V mild hybrids have adopted such supercapacitor peak shaving in ten years, a yearly additional supercapacitor market of over $0.5 billion emerges in 2030. Few have heard of the third company that illustrates the change. It is the world's largest railway equipment company CRRC in China. At a massive $100 billion in sales, it also makes buses. Like Tesla, it now makes its own supercapacitors but for buses and trains, not cars. In this case large banks of supercapacitors are increasingly used. For instance, its large buses that use only supercapacitors for propulsion have a world record of 10 seconds to full charge. Now that world leaders see them as key enabling technology in cars, buses and train systems, the market is on the move. There is more.
The report details how breakthroughs are leading to the two primary limitations to wider adoption of supercapacitors - energy density and price - will be largely overcome. It finds that market trends to fastest charging, providing pulse power, safe transport, no expensive materials and no issues of disposal are increasingly favouring supercapacitors over batteries.
A view to 2040 is given because radical impacts in the longer timeframe impact actions now. For example, the supercapacitor bodywork of the Lamborghini Terzo Millennio called "Massless Energy" will come to a vehicle near you. Why are supercapacitors disproportionally popular in the construction, agriculture, mining, logistics and military CAMLM sectors and what is happening in the grid, microgrid, electronics and other sectors?
The report is based on multilingual interviews by PhD level IDTechEx analysts worldwide, privileged databases and many recent conferences including ones staged by IDTechEx. Indeed, many of those slides are included. A host of new infographics and forecasts make the analysis easy to grasp.
The Executive Summary and Conclusions explains supercapacitors and the key variants that will take significant share - hybrids with lithium-ion and pseudocapacitors. 14 primary conclusions are given and eight developing problems for lithium-ion batteries. The significance of the above companies is explained.
Nonetheless, a $1.5 billion market for supercapacitors in 2030 will not be noticed by those serving a lithium-ion market of eight times that. Afterwards, there may be a different story: learn the scenarios. The value market 2019-2030 is forecasted separately for the applications in wind, off road CAMLM vehicles, rail, 48V mild hybrid cars, other cars (notably millions in microhybrids), grid/ microgrid/ uninterrupted power supplies, electronics and in other applications. The largest new sector, 48V mild hybrids is projected in number, unit value and market value for 2019 to 2030. Considerable background data are provided including IDTechEx ten-year projections for sales 17 categories of electric bus, car and car-like vehicle. The wind turbine statistics are presented.
The Introduction compares 24 parameters of lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors. It explains why supercapacitors and batteries are often used in parallel but sometimes supercapacitors replace batteries completely. See the IDTechEx 2019 league table of the 14 largest supercapacitor manufacturers. Supercapacitor key benefits and market positioning are presented for today. Patent trends are presented that reveal the improvements primarily pursued. Projections are given of what will become possible in the marketplace as the improvements are phased in over the years 2020-2030. Chapter 3 gives an applications overview by sector including military and aerospace in the views of users and potential users and by farad capacity. Chapter 4 covers supercapacitors in electronics and portable devices revealing the views of Panasonic, leading specialist in this sector.
Chapter 5 deals comprehensively with supercapacitors in automotive, light trains and boats because these are and will remain dominant uses. Many examples illustrate the points made and there is a timeline for supercapacitor buses. Chapter 6 explains supercapacitors in industrial applications where numbers are usually smaller but pack size sometimes larger and there is less price sensitivity. Chapter 7 deals with supercapacitors in energy applications. It encompasses wind power in the form of wind turbine blade pitch control and output smoothing and bridging the intermittency of the new tethered drones that capture higher altitude wind. Hybrid energy storage systems HESS for grids and microgrids are covered plus synthetic inertia for microgrids with many examples.
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Table of Contents
1.1.Purpose of this report
1.2.1.Capacitor and supercapacitor
1.2.2.Hybrid supercapacitor
1.3.Device active structures and gaps in the market
1.4.Primary conclusions
1.5.Market forecasts
1.5.1.Supercapacitor value market 2019-2030
1.5.2.Supercapacitor adoption in 48V mild hybrid cars 2019-2030
1.5.3.Car and bus market number thousand 2019-2029
1.5.4.Car and bus market value $ billion 2019-2029
1.5.5.Car and light commercial vehicle market 1950 - 2050
1.5.6.Wind turbine capacity globally 2000-2021: losing to solar
2.1.The simple explanation of function
2.1.1.Capacitor vs battery
2.1.2.What is a supercapacitor?
2.2.Supercapacitor key benefits and market positioning
2.2.1.Supercapacitors are good at extremes
2.2.2.Three competitive market positions
2.2.3.System level analysis is important
2.3.Detailed comparison parameters
2.3.2.Closer look at discharging parameters
2.3.3.Examples compared from different manufacturers of supercapacitors
2.3.4.Could the supercapacitor picture sharply improve? Yes
2.4.Leading supercapacitor manufacturers compared
2.5.Production supercapacitors and derivatives power vs energy density 2019
2.6.The dream for production supercapacitors and their derivatives: power & energy
2.7.The dream for production supercapacitors and their derivatives: other planned benefits
2.8.Even better batteries and supercapacitors a real prospect
2.9.Spectrum of benefits: capacitor to battery 2019
2.10.Relative merits of two options for increasing supercapacitor energy density
2.11.Patent activity and Google Trends
2.12.Roadmap of improvements and markets resulting
2.13.Supercapacitors and the moveable city
3.1.Three main market segments
3.1.1.Main segments
3.1.2.Market segmentation by module farad
3.2.Existing automotive applications details
3.3.Existing non-automotive applications
3.4.Medium term applications: examples
3.5.Energy management in fluctuating power demand systems
3.6.US Army railgun
3.7.Supercapacitor applications in aerospace
4.1.Panasonic view
4.2.Supercapacitor potential in smart and portable devices
4.3.Photo-copying machines
4.4.Wireless Sensor Networks WSN and consumer products
4.6.Handheld products - fast, frequent charging
4.7.Improved DC DC converters
5.1.Supercapacitors in the automotive sector
5.1.1.Important examples
5.1.2.Supercapacitors in the automotive sector: examples
5.2.Powertrain options
5.3.Voltage increase
5.4.Start-stop systems - micro hybrids
5.4.1.Basic principles
5.4.2.Continental - a success story
5.5.Mild hybrids: energy recovery and peak shaving
5.5.1.Supercapacitors for mild hybrid cars and trucks: energy recovery and peak shaving
5.7.Power at the point of demand
5.8.Electronic Controlled Brake
5.9.Regeneration Mazda Japan
5.10.Battery replacement in full hybrid: Toyota Yaris Hybrid-R
5.11.Supercapacitors in the future - Structural Energy Storage
5.12.Fast charging shuttle- ZapGo
5.13.Replacing batteries on fuel cells for fast charge/ discharge
5.14.Buses: primary traction, start and chargers
5.14.1.Fast charge: ABB TOSA bus 400kW
5.14.2.Hybrid buses in China
5.14.3.Hybrid buses in Germany
5.14.4.Hybrid buses in the US
5.15.Truck cold starter Maxwell Technologies
5.16.Supercapacitor powered buses
5.16.4.Ankai Automobile Company
5.17.Racing cars
5.18.Train regeneration
5.18.1.Bombardier, Siemens, Cegelec, Greentech light rail and tram
5.18.2.Light rail: regen supercapacitors on train or trackside
5.18.3.Wayside Rail HESS: Frequency regulation, energy efficiency
6.1.Vehicles for construction, agriculture, mining, forestry, logistics
6.3.3.Supercapacitors in port cranes
6.4.1.Kone Cranes adopts supercapacitors
6.5.Buildings and facilities
6.5.1.Building elevators
6.5.2.Smart Metering - AMR
6.5.3.Energy harvesting
7.2.New generation wave power
7.3.New generation tidal power
7.4.Wind power
7.4.1.Wind turbine protection
7.4.2.Airborne Wind Energy AWE
7.5.Utility scale energy storage needs
7.6.The role of supercapacitors in the grid
7.6.1.Maxwell insight
7.6.2.Purdue and Wisconsin Universities insight
7.6.3.Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell SOEC fuel cell HEES in grid
7.6.4.Example: Duke Energy Rankin PV intermittency smoothing + load shifting
7.6.5.Example: smoothing wind farm power output
7.6.6.Freqcon - utility-scale supercapacitors
7.7.1.Example: Ireland microgrid test bed
8.1.85 supercapacitor and derivatives cell manufacturers
8.2.14 interesting players in the supercapacitor value chain
8.2.1.Arvio Australia
8.2.2.Aowei China
8.2.3.CAP-XX Australia
8.2.4.CRRC China
8.2.5.Eaton Corporation USA
8.2.6.General Capacitor USA
8.2.7.Ioxus USA
8.2.8.LSMtron (LG Electronics) Korea
8.2.9.Maxwell Technologies USA ( Tesla owned from 2019)
8.2.10.NAWA Technology France
8.2.11.Supreme Power Solutions (SPS) China
8.2.12.Sunvault USA
8.2.13.YES Clean Energy USA
8.2.14.Waikato University New Zealand research

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