Emerging Materials and Devices Report

A multi-billion dollar market is opening up, mainly for mobile phones and electric cars

Wireless Charging 2017-2027: Phones, Cars etc.

Contactless, inductive and RF charging: consumer, medical electronics, electrics and EVs land, water, air


 
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.Definition and overview
1.2.Wireless charging for portable electronics
1.3.Situation in 2017
1.3.1.Mobile phones, other portable electronics, electrical goods
1.3.2.Cars and other vehicles
1.4.Technology roadmap and market forecasts 2017-2027
1.4.1.Technology roadmap 2017-2027
1.4.2.Market forecasts electrical, electronic, electric vehicle WC 2017-2027
1.4.3.Developers and manufacturers
1.4.4.Regional trends
1.4.5.Background information from other analysts
1.4.6.Addressable markets
1.4.7.Global smart phone shipments 2006-2021 billions
1.4.8.Electric vehicle forecasts 2017-2027
1.5.Technology
1.6.Technical options for static WC
1.7.Dynamic charging
1.7.1.Honda dynamic charging
1.8.Market dynamics
1.8.1.Market sweet spot
1.8.2.Market dynamics
1.9.Summary of on-road wireless charging situation in 2017
1.10.IEC adopts Qi in 2017
1.11.Pi Charger - late 2017
1.12.The rail alternative
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.Main trends
2.2.Charging phones vs charging cars: comparison in 2017
2.2.1.Phones
2.2.2.Cars
2.3.History
2.4.Wireless power transfer
2.4.1.Adoption - who wins
2.5.Qi the winning specification for personal electronics - so far
2.6.AirFuel Alliance
2.7.Apple and Qi
2.8.Wireless vehicle charging
3.WIRELESS CHARGING OF PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICES
3.1.Main trends
3.2.Misleading terminology
3.3.Challenges
3.4.Real problems
3.5.Disney announces room-filling, wireless-charging - late 2017
3.6.Energous and Apple
3.7.Ossia Cota
3.8.Wi-Charge
3.9.WiTricity
4.WIRELESS CHARGING FOR VEHICLES WHEN STATIONARY
4.1.Introduction
4.2.Standards for vehicle WC
4.3.Recent activity
4.3.1.BMW, Germany Nanyang Singapore
4.3.2.Evatran for Tesla, Nissan, Chevrolet
4.3.3.Fraunhofer wireless discharging, lightweighting, dynamic
4.3.4.Hyundai-Kia Korea: Mojo USA
4.3.5.Matrix Charging
4.3.6.Oak Ridge National Laboratory's 20-kilowatt wireless charging for electric vehicles
4.3.7.PRIMOVE Belgium
4.3.8.Wärtsilä Marine Solutions - very high power marine charging
4.3.9.Yutong and ZTE China
5.DYNAMIC CHARGING OF VEHICLES
5.1.Introduction
5.2.Road maintenance concerns
5.3.Semi dynamic charging
5.4.Fully dynamic charging
5.4.1.Auckland University New Zealand
5.4.2.Chinese photovoltaic solar highway experiment
5.4.3.Drayson Racing UK
5.4.4.ElectRoad Israel
5.4.5.Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
5.4.6.Politecnico di Torino
5.4.7.Qualcomm USA
5.4.8.TDK Japan
5.4.9.University of Tokyo Japan
5.4.10.Utah State University USA
5.5.Timeline
5.5.1.Volvo Sweden
5.6.Potential for new forms of static energy harvesting power dynamic charging
5.6.1.Airborne Wind Energy AWE
5.6.2.Favoured technologies
5.6.3.Billions in Change
5.6.4.Continental
5.6.5.EnerKite Germany
5.6.6.Google Makani USA
5.6.7.e-Wind USA
5.6.8.TwingTec Switzerland
5.6.9.Ampyx Power Netherlands
5.6.10.Altaeros USA
5.6.11.Kitemill Norway
5.6.12.Kitegen Italy
5.6.13.Commercialisation targets
5.6.14.IDTechEx assessment
5.6.15.ABB assessment
5.7.Energy harvesting shock absorbers
5.7.1.Linear shock absorbers
5.7.2.Rotary shock absorbers
5.7.3.Tenneco Automotive Operating Company USA
5.8.Witt Energy UK
5.9.Photovoltaic harvesting
5.9.1.Flexible, conformal, transparent, UV, IR
5.9.2.Technological options
5.9.3.Principles of operation
5.9.4.Options for flexible PV
5.9.5.Many types of photovoltaics needed for harvesting
5.9.6.Spray on power for electric vehicles and more
5.9.7.New world record for both sides-contacted silicon solar cells
5.10.Powerweave harvesting and storage e-fiber/ e-textile
5.11.Solar roads find many uses
6.ALTERNATIVES TO WIRELESS CHARGING FOR VEHICLES
6.1.Electric vehicles that are never charged externally
6.1.1.Introduction
6.1.2.Options for energy autonomous vehicles
6.2.Robotic charging
6.3.Gantries and catenaries
6.4.Robot arms
6.4.1.DBT-CEV France
6.4.2.PowerHydrant USA
6.4.3.Tesla solid metal snake USA
6.4.4.Volkswagen Germany
6.5.Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIV
7.EXAMPLES OF INTERVIEWS
7.1.BYD China
7.2.Hevo Power USA, WAVE USA, WiTricity USA
7.3.Idaho State Laboratory USA
7.4.Infineon USA/Germany
7.5.PowerHydrant USA
7.6.Qualcomm USA
7.7.University of Tokyo, Japan
7.8.WiTricity USA
7.9.XALT Energy USA
IDTECHEX RESEARCH REPORTS AND CONSULTANCY
TABLES
1.1.Wireless charging vs charging with contacts for powering electronic and electrical devices.
1.2.Wireless power technologies by emission type, characteristics. Green is greatest use and potential.
1.3.Wireless charging vs energy harvesting winner by power: the next 30 years
1.4.Technology roadmap 2017-2027
1.5.Electric toothbrushes and other electric devices WC
1.6.Mobile phones and other electronic devices WC
1.7.Electric vehicle WC
1.8.Electric vehicle forecasts 2017-2027 - Numbers
1.9.Market dynamics of low vs high power static WC
2.1.Wireless power transfer technologies
5.1.Comparison of pn junction and photoelectrochemical photovoltaics
5.2.The main options for photovoltaics beyond conventional silicon compared
FIGURES
1.1.Wurth Texas Instruments demonstrator transmitter and receiver
1.2.Wireless charging forecasts compared
1.3.Global smart phone shipments 2006-2021 billions.
1.4.Electric vehicle forecasts 2017-2027 - Numbers
1.5.Basic one-on-one WC
1.6.Qualcomm vision
1.7.IDTechEx vision for clean electricity from free ambient energy powering semi-dynamic and dynamic charging at point of use
1.8.The trends of power needs and use of energy harvesting and wireless charging to meet them, shown as a function of power requirement
1.9.Electric rail to recharge electric vehicles - Stockholm, Sweden
3.1.Why we need wireless charging
3.2.WPC situation September 2015
3.3.WPC adoption forecast
3.4.Innovation with Qi
3.5.WPC program to have a longer range option by end 2015.
3.6.Comparison of options
3.7.Multi-standard solutions
3.8.Regulatory perception and Qi low frequency compared with higher frequency proposed by others.
3.9.The big picture
4.1.Proliferation of power electronics in EVs. Newer additions shown in large font
4.2.WiTricity slide on standards bodies collaborating to create a single compatible vehicle set for WC
4.3.Evatran transmitter
4.4.Oak Ridge National Laboratory's 20-kilowatt wireless charging system features 90 percent efficiency
4.5.The new electric buses in Bruges, Belgium
5.1.Highways Agency assessment of in-road inductive charging of vehicles September 2015
5.2.Priority lane dynamic charging
5.3.ElectRoad Israel
5.4.KAIST OLEVs
5.5.Dynamic and static charging of the On Line Electric Vehicle OLEV bus servicing the KAIST campus in Daejon Korea.
5.6.Proximity charged tram
5.7.Qualcomm USA
5.8.Qualcomm vision - next enabling and transitional technologies
5.9.Test track schematic
5.10.Test track ghost diagram
5.11.AWE conference
5.12.View of AWE risks
5.13.E-kite ground station
5.14.EnerKite presentation
5.15.Google Makani M600 prototype
5.16.e-Wind proposition hiring land from farmers
5.17.TwingTec USP
5.18.Ampyx slides - examples
5.19.Altaeros presentation
5.20.Altaeros BAT airborne wind turbine compared
5.21.Kitemill presentation
5.22.Kitegen kite providing supplementary power to a ship
5.23.ABB assessment
5.24.Tether drag solution
5.25.Power potential of energy harvesting shock absorbers
5.26.Energy harvesting shock absorbers being progressed by the State University of New York
5.27.Tufts University and Electric Truck energy harvesting shock absorbers
5.28.Wattshocks electricity generating shock absorber
5.29.Wattshocks publicity
5.30.On-road test SUV
5.31.Witt presentation at IDTechEx event Berlin April 2015 - extracts
5.32.Kopf Solarshiff pure electric solar powered lake boats in Germany and the UK for up to 150 people
5.33.NREL adjudication of efficiencies under standard conditions
5.34.Powerweave
5.35.Solar roads
6.1.Examples of vehicles with solar traction power and no need for charging
6.2.Proliferation of actual and potential energy harvesting in land vehicles
6.3.Proliferation of actual and potential energy harvesting in marine vehicles
6.4.Proliferation of actual and potential energy harvesting in airborne vehicles
6.5.Examples of gantry charging for buses. Top ABB TOSA, next Proterra.
6.6.PowerHydrant presentation at IDTechEx event 2015
6.7.Tesla solid metal snake
6.8.Examples of EIVs that never need charging from external electric sources.
7.1.WAVE bus system
7.2.Range difficulties with pure electric industrial vehicles
7.3.Proterra view on WC vs other charging of buses today.
7.4.Qualcomm positioning
7.5.Qualcomm car coils
7.6.Qualcomm FABRIC Honda project
7.7.WiTricity overview
7.8.WiTricity IP position
7.9.Key extracts from the WiTricity presentation at the IDTechEx event in Berlin 2015