Off Grid & Energy Harvesting Report

A market of $100bn is probable in 20 years for the rapidly arriving zero emission gensets

Zero Emission Transportable Gensets 2019-2039

Mobile & relocatable microgrids using sun, AWE, wave, tidal stream

Brand new for November 2018

 
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.The Big Picture
1.2.Purpose of this report
1.3.Increasing percentage of electricity demand changes radically
1.4."Zero Genset" concept: Transportable and available at the touch of a button
1.5.The zero genset opportunity extends way beyond conventional solar
1.6.Next toolkit for zero emission gensets: relocatable, much less intermittent
1.6.1.Open tide "tide stream" power options mimic wind power options
1.6.2.Main AWE options
1.6.3.Altitude of AWE vs power over cycle and addressable markets
1.6.4.AWE researchers and developers global spread
1.6.5.Ocean conversion technology winners and losers
1.6.6.Wave resources globally
1.7.Market analysis, roadmaps and forecasts 2019-2039
1.7.1.Forecasts for the obsolescent genset technologies
1.7.2.ICE genset market vs direct and other zero emission alternatives 2019-2029 $ billion
1.7.3.Location of microgrids MW by region and location type
1.7.4.Small island populations that will value mobile ZE gensets with no fuel supply lines
1.7.5.Renewable source trends 2000-2026
1.7.6.Projections showing solar winning and third parties increasingly investing in microgrids 2012-2020
1.7.7.Mobile options that are less intermittent/ less battery 2018-2039 $ billion
1.7.8.Forecast for tidal stream and wave power 2018-2039 $ billion
1.7.9.Forecast for AWE systems >10kW 2018-2039 units, system value, market value $ million
1.7.10.Benchmarking of forecasts: zero emission electricity production using tethers showing wave 5 years ahead of AWE
1.7.11.Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIEV 2019-2029 $ billion and launch dates
1.7.12.Installed ZE electricity capacity worldwide 2018, 2028, 2040, 2050 kTWh/yr and desalination part
2.FUTURE SOURCES FOR ZERO EMISSION GENSETS
2.1.Overview
2.1.1.A note on LCOE
2.1.2.Alternative fuel generator sets
2.1.3.Gas fuel types
2.1.4.Natural gas vs diesel
2.1.5.Natural gas generator set fuel efficiency
2.1.6.Biodiesel
2.1.7.Combined heat and power CHP
2.1.8.Liquid nitrogen / liquid air
2.1.9.Replacing diesel generators in transport refrigeration
2.1.10.Global generator set market share by fuel type 2017
2.2.Solar
2.2.1.Overview
2.2.2.Solar vs diesel cost analysis
2.2.3.Future PV module price prediction
2.2.4.Anatomy of a solar + battery system
2.2.5.Power electronics
2.2.6.Impact on renewable energy systems
2.2.7.Main PV options beyond silicon
2.2.8.Metrics comparison of different PV technologies
2.2.9.Which new solar technologies and characteristics will contribute to generator set replacement?
2.2.10.Technology development roadmap of alternative PV technologies
2.2.11.Mobile solar market penetration; small scale
2.2.12.Mobile solar market penetration; small-to-medium scale
2.2.13.Floatovoltaics
2.2.14.PV key points
2.3.Wind
2.3.1.Wind Energy Characteristics
2.3.2.Wind turbines do not downscale well
2.3.3.Horizontal vs vertical axis
2.3.4.Wind + storage
2.3.5.How to capture the strongest winds
2.3.6.Airborne Wind Energy (AWE)
2.3.7.Why AWE may be better than a conventional wind turbine
2.3.8.Makani-x
2.3.9.Wind energy key points
2.4.Ocean power
2.4.1.Ocean power
2.4.2.Wave Power
2.4.3.Wave power key technologies
2.4.4.Wave power is already reducing island diesel generator dependence
2.4.5.Tidal stream power
2.4.6.Open tide "tide stream" power mimics wind power
2.4.7.Ocean power characteristics
2.4.8.Where ocean power is both strongest and close to population
2.4.9.Ocean power key points
2.5.Fuel Cells
2.5.1.Fuel Cells
2.5.2.Fuel Cell Challenges
2.5.3.Fuel Cell Characteristics
2.5.4.Fuel Cell Technologies
2.5.5.Fuel Cells - ammonia to have big impact for off-grid
2.5.6.Fuel cell key points
2.6.Alternative technology comparison
2.7.Power generating technology approximate scalability comparison
3.CASE STUDIES OF ZERO EMISSION TRANSPORTABLE GENSETS
3.1.Airborne Wind Energy gensets
3.1.1.Lista Fly- Kitemill Norway
3.2.Photovoltaics with wind turbine zero emission gensets
3.2.1.Aktogay Windkinetic Kazakhstan
3.2.2.OffGridBox
3.2.3.Caspian Sea Kazakhstan
3.2.4.IFEVS Italy energy independent electric restaurant van
3.3.Photovoltaic gensets
3.3.1.ECOS Power Cubes
3.3.2.Granny Smith Australia
3.3.3.Old Crow Canada
3.3.4.Odysseus solar drone USA
3.3.5.Okeanos Pearl Solar boat as a microgrid New Zealand
3.3.6.Puerto Rico
3.3.7.Redwood City USA
3.4.Tidal stream (open sea or river) zero emission gensets
3.4.1.Bluemull Sound - Nova Innovation, Scotland UK
3.5.Wave power gensets
3.5.1.Bali Indonesia Wello
3.5.2.Ghana Seabased System
3.5.3.Gibraltar Eco Wave Power
3.5.4.SPIDERS I Microgrid Hawaii USA
3.5.5.SPIDERS II Colorado USA
3.5.6.SPIDERS III Microgrid Hawaii USA
3.5.7.Solar Island British Virgin Islands
3.5.8.Kotzebue Alaska USA
3.5.9.Pilot Point Alaska USA
4.LESSONS FROM RECENT NEWS
4.1.Standard zero energy systems appearing at last
4.2.100% renewables announcements, multi-mode harvesting gaining favour
4.3.Solar diesel hybrid business prospering
4.4.Wave and other water power prospers but microgrid conferences rarely see beyond solar
4.5.Seabubble Switzerland
4.6.ECOG Subsea Power Hub for fish farms etc. UK
4.7.Blue Tidal Energy
4.8.GKinetic Energy Ireland
4.9.Lucid Energy USA
4.10.Here comes triple mode mobile zero emission gensets
4.10.1.Paracus Yachts USA
4.10.2.Watt & Sea France
4.11.Microturbines find a significant place
4.12.Fuel cells find a small place
4.13.Mixed picture for diesel gensets
4.14.Here come the diesel bans

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