Basic components of an RFID system | IDTechEx Research Article

Basic components of an RFID system

RFID systems consist of the following components:

Basic components of an RFID system
Tag
Chip tags consist of a microchip and a coupling element - an antenna. Most tags are only activated when they are within the interrogation zone of the interrogator; outside they "sleep". Chip tags can be both read-only (programmed during manufacture) or, at higher complexity and cost, read-write, or both. Chip tags contain memory. The size of the tag depends on the size of the antenna, which increases with range of tag and decreases with frequency.
Interrogator
Depending on the application and technology used, some interrogators not only read, but also remotely write to, the tags. For the majority of low cost tags (tags without batteries), the power to activate the tag microchip is supplied by the reader through the tag antenna when the tag is in the interrogation zone of the reader, as is the timing pulse - these are known as passive tags.
Middleware
Middleware is the interface needed between the interrogator and the existing company databases and information management software.
System Overview