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Electric Boats, Small Submarines and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV) 2013-2023

Forecasts, Players, Opportunities - Inland/seagoing, surface/underwater, manned/unmanned
Updated in August 2013
"This market will increase rapidly from $2.6 billion to $6.3 billion in 2023."
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Ten year forecasts
Marine electric vehicles are now a rapidly growing market due to new capability, affordability and legislation banning or restricting internal combustion engines. Our research finds that the market for electric water craft, including those on and under water, will increase rapidly from $2.6 billion to $6.3 billion in 2023. In addition there is a market for electric outboard motors that will more than triple in value as high power pure electric versions become increasingly viable. There is also a new market for water borne electric aircraft.
Marine electric vehicle market US$ billion in 2014 by applicational sector*
*For the full forecast data please purchase this report
Source: IDTechEx
Scope of coverage
This report covers marine electric vehicles hybrid and pure electric, on-water and underwater, inland and seagoing. It covers the closely allied topics of electric outboard motors and electric planes operating from water and even has some mention of electrification benefiting conventional craft. Overall, it encompasses leisure, military, industrial, commercial and other applications and the technology trends.
Marine electric vehicles make new things possible and increasingly they have lower cost of ownership and are the only practicable way of meeting the newer, more onerous pollution regulations for inland waterways and harbours. Marine electric craft are increasingly made by existing shipyards making conventional craft but there is also a trend for those making land or airborne electric vehicles to make marine ones as well. Sometimes we see Apple levels of innovation with new entrants, something notably absent with such things as electric cars. As with all electric vehicles, the advances in the components in these vehicles and their infrastructure are proceeding disruptively rather than incrementally and the report discusses this in the marine context.
The many interviews and investigations carried out in the preparation of the report have revealed a market that is larger and growing faster than is popularly assumed, though some incumbents miss what is happening with new entrants and in other parts of the world. The military aspect for example is very concentrated in the USA and involves small numbers and large unit prices until such things as swarming robot jellyfish become a reality. Water borne electric aircraft and the hybridisation of ocean going leisure yachts are impressive in Europe, where the leader in AUVs is located. Some of the most advanced pure electric and fuel cell hybrid AUVs are in India and Japan. Clearly a global view, presented here for the first time, is essential if the full potential is to be understood. 50 organisations from across the world are profiled and many more are mentioned in context.
Who should buy this report?
All those making, operating or making electric boats, small submarines and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV). Those making components and systems for all forms of electric vehicle land, water and air, hybrid and pure electric. Governments, investors, regulators, researchers and others interested in the subject.
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Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at Research@IDTechEx.com or call Clare on +44 (0) 1223 813 703 if you are based in EMEA or Raoul on +1 617 577 7890 if you are based in the Americas, ROW or Spain.
Table of Contents
1.1.The whole picture
1.1.1.Global marine EV forecasts 2012-2023
1.1.2.AUV market
1.1.3.Marine EVs compared to all EVs
1.2.Forecast rationale
1.3.Benefits of marine electric vehicles
1.3.1.Price sensitivity
1.3.2.Favoured Marine EV Technologies
1.3.3.Examples of backup data
1.4.Latest view from Europe
2.1.Definitions and scope of this report
2.2.The EV value chain
2.3.Benefits of marine electric vehicles
2.4.Pure electric marine vehicles
2.5.Hybrid marine vehicles
2.6.Born electric
2.7.New structural advances and smart skin
2.8.Electric outboard motors
2.8.1.Regen Nautic Inc USA
2.8.1.Outboard motor market size
2.8.2.Oceanvolt SD electric saildrive system wins Pittman Innovation Award
3.1.Commonality with land EVs
3.1.1.Grants for land and water
3.1.2.Effect of land EV manufacturers entering marine
3.1.3.Pollution laws back electric boats - India, Europe, Taiwan, USA
3.2.Small electric surface craft
3.2.1.Andaman and Electric Boats Thailand
3.2.2.aquawatt Mechatronik und Yachtbau Austria
3.2.3.Bionx Austria, Canada
3.2.4.Boesch Boats for water skiing Switzerland
3.2.5.Boote Marian luxury inland boats Austria
3.2.6.CleaneMarine Denmark
3.2.7.Duffy inland electric deck boats, USA
3.2.8.Epic Wakeboats hybrid sport boat USA
3.2.9.Erun GmbH inland sport boats Switzerland
3.2.10.Leisure Life USA
3.2.11.MarineKart Switzerland
3.2.12.Mercedes Germany
3.2.13.Ruban Bleu France with 2013 interview
3.2.14.Tamarack Lake foldable inland boat USA
3.3.Large electric surface craft
3.3.1.ALU MARINE France with 2013 interview
3.3.2.Callender Designs UK
3.3.3.CAT hybrid powertrain USA
3.3.4.Corvus Energy Canada
3.3.5.Ferguson's shipyard in Port Glasgow, UK
3.3.6.Foss Maritime Canada, USA
3.3.7.GE Power Conversion USA
3.3.8.Hydrogenics New York
3.3.9.Kitegen Italy and Sauter UK
3.3.10.Larger solar lake boats Switzerland
3.3.11.MW Line Switzerland
3.3.12.Sauter supertanker
3.3.13.SCOD / Atlantic Motors USA
3.3.14.Seagoing yachts France
3.3.15.Tag Yachts South Africa, New Zealand
3.3.16.Tugboats UK
3.3.17.Türanor PlanetSolar Germany
3.3.18.Unmanned boat gathering oil USA
3.4.Electric flying boats
3.4.1.Equator Aircraft Norway
3.4.2.FlyNano Finland
3.4.3.Marine Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAV
4.1.Sea scooters for scuba divers, Italy, China
4.2.Leisure and tourist submarines
4.2.1.Kittredge UK
4.2.2.Odyssea USA
4.2.3.International Venture Craft USA
4.2.4.Hawkes Ocean Technologies USA
4.2.5.Silvercrest/UVI Canada, UK
4.2.6.Submarines that are efficient surface boats
4.2.7.US Submarines Inc USA
4.2.8.Will submarines fly?
5.1.Swimmers vs gliders
5.2.Wave and sun powered sea gliders
5.2.1.Virginia Institute of Marine Science USA
5.2.2.Falmouth Scientific Inc USA
5.2.3.Liquid Robotics USA
5.3.AUV swimmers North America
5.3.1.Hydroid USA
5.3.2.OceanServer Technology USA
5.4.AUV swimmers Europe
5.4.2.Teledyne USA, Iceland
5.4.3.Mine Destruction AUV UK
5.4.4.Autosub6000 UK
5.4.5.a.r.s Technologies GmbH Germany
5.5.AUV swimmers East Asia
5.5.1.DRDO India
5.5.2.JAMSTEC Japan
5.6.Deploying AUVs Canada 2013
6.1.Robot jellyfish USA and Germany
7.1.Drive trains
7.2.Traction batteries
7.2.1.The lure of lithium-ion
7.2.2.Cells - modules - battery packs
7.2.3.NiMH vs lithium
7.2.4.The ideal traction battery pack
7.2.5.Recent improvements
7.2.6.Traction batteries today
7.2.7.Trends in energy storage vs battery pack voltage
7.2.8.Move to high voltage
7.2.9.Many suppliers
7.2.10.Pouch problems?
7.2.11.The lure of lithium polymer versions of lithium-ion
7.2.12.Genuinely solid state traction batteries
7.2.13.New chemistries for lithium-ion batteries
7.3.Range extenders
7.4.Fuel cells
7.5.Electric motors
7.5.1.New motors and outboards for boats
7.5.2.AC vs DC
7.6.Motor position
7.7.Charging infrastructure for marine EVs
7.7.1.General needs and solutions
7.8.Case study: Arctic under ice survey
7.9.MBARI research AUV deployment
1.1.Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2012-2023, rounded
1.2.Estimate of number of manufacturers of electric marine craft by category, % pure electric and trend , number made, unit price ex-factory and market value in 2013 and 2023, rounded
1.3.Forecasts by year of ex-factory market value of electric marine craft by six marine sectors 2011-2021
1.4.87 examples of manufacturers of electric water craft, country and type
1.5.Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex-factory and $ billion total market value in 2013
1.6.Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex-factory and $ billion total market value in 2023 rounded
2.1.Forecast for trolling electric outboard motors 2013-2023, numbers k, $k ex-factory price, $million market value
2.2.Forecast for medium sized electric outboard motors (500W-10kW) 2013-2023, numbers k, $k ex factory price, $ million market value
2.3.Forecast for large sized electric outboard motors (10kW-150kW ) 2013-2023, numbers k, $k ex factory price, $ million market value
3.1.Ocean Empire LSV Specifications
3.2.Data for RQ-11A version of AeroVironment Raven
7.1.How to reduce the cost and increase the performance of lithium car traction batteries
7.2.Improvement in cost and performance of hybrid and pure electric vehicle traction battery packs 2009-2020
7.3.A comparison of potential electric traction motor technologies
7.4.Comparison of ac and dc electric motors for traction
1.1.Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2012-2023, rounded
1.2.Marine electric vehicle market $ billion in 2013 by applicational sector
1.3.Marine electric vehicle market $ billion in 2023 by applicational sector
1.4.Forecasts by year of ex-factory market value of electric marine craft by six marine sectors 2011-2021
1.5.Market value of electric marine craft by sector (US$ billion) in 2011
1.6.Market value of electric marine craft by sector (US$ billion) in 2021
1.7.Market value for electric marine craft 2011
1.8.Market value for electric marine craft 2021
1.9.Number of companies making hybrid vs pure electric craft
1.10.Manufacturers of electric craft by country
1.11.Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex-factory and $ billion total market value in 2013
1.12.Marine vs all EVs by number thousands, $ unit price ex-factory and $ billion total market value in 2023 rounded
1.13.Electric vehicle upfront cost vs their traction battery energy storage
1.14.Evolution of affordable, mainstream hybrid marine and other vehicles
2.1.EV sectors with the largest gross sales value and profits over the years
2.2.Electric vehicle value chain
2.3.The dream of smart skin for land, sea and air vehicles
2.4.Trolling electric outboard motors
2.5.Torqeedo advanced design of small electric outboard motor.
2.6.Aquawatt electric outboard motor
2.7.Aquawatt electric outboard motor in action
2.8.The 180 hp outboard developed for Campion Marine of Canada
2.9.Unit and value sales of outboard motors in the European Union, the USA and the rest of the world and trade flows
2.10.ReGen Nautic hybrid powertrain
3.1.Electric Boats Thailand advertisement
3.2.An aquawatt electric boat
3.3.Seascape pedalo EV
3.4.Bionx Seascape electrically assisted pedal on action
3.5.Boesch Boats of Switzerland
3.6.Boote Marian Acapulco de Luxe electric boat
3.7.Electric deck boat by Leisure Life
3.8.Epic hybrid electric sports boat
3.9.Electric launch
3.11.Cigarette AMG Electric Drive concept boat
3.12.Small electric boats for hire
3.13.Left to right Mr Ray Hirani, Dr Peter Harrop, Montgomery Gisborne
3.14.Tamarack Loon
3.15.The rigid-wing superyacht concept called 'Soliloquy'
3.16.Head on view of the rigid-wing superyacht 'Soliloquy'
3.17.Bratt electric tugboat
3.18.Hybrid tugboat
3.19.Engine room of the hybrid tugboat
3.20.Workmen weld on the bottom of a tug boat behind the Z-drive
3.21.Fuel cell hybrid ferry
3.22.Kitegen kite providing supplementary power to a ship
3.23.Ocean Empire LSV concept with electricity from kites, waves and sun
3.24.Solar powered boats for tourism cruising at 12 kph on Lake Geneva
3.25.MW Line solar seagoing boat
3.26.Supertanker deliverance
3.27.SCOD superyacht Ocean Supremacy
3.28.Seagoing yacht with auxiliary engine
3.29.Rigged and ready, Tang is towed carefully to the launch site
3.30.Plug-in Tag 60 hybrid sailboat
3.31.Tag 60 at speed (CAD)
3.32.Main salon (CAD)
3.33.Tang's 18 kw motors
3.34.A lithium-ion battery module as used on Tang
3.35.EMM controls all electrical functions from touch screen consoles at each helm station
3.36.Türanor PlanetSolar solar catamaran
3.37.Türanor PlanetSolar - the world's largest solar powered boat
3.38.Türanor PlanetSolar out of the water
3.39.Skippers Raphael Domjan of Switzerland and Gerard D'Aboville of France (left) stand on the bridge of the solar boat
3.40.Zoom Solar powered unmanned boat gathering oil
3.41.Illustration of the Equator Aircraft Norway concept
3.42.Student involvement
3.43.The FlyNano open pure electric flying boat concept and maiden flight
3.44.AeroVironment Raven
3.45.Raven enhancement
3.46.Aqua Puma
3.47.TEX II Lake Lander
4.1.A low cost sea scooter
4.2.Sea scooter by Pro Audio Elite of Italy
4.3.Personal submarine
4.4.Wet submarine
4.5.Two-person SportSub submarine
4.6.Tracking the colossal squid (Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni) is now possible?
4.7.Early Deepflight submarines
4.8.Two seat Super Falcon
4.9.Deepflight three person open submarine "Necker Nymph"
4.10.Other DeepflightTM craft enclose a driver and passenger
4.11.Deep Flight Aviator two-person leisure submarine
4.12.Virgin Oceanic solo piloted submarine
4.13.Deep Flight Challenger, a one-person, high-performance experimental prototype submersible
4.14.Seattle personal luxury submarine by US Submarines
4.15.Submarine Powerboat from Marion HSPD
4.16.Triton personal submarine
4.17.US Submarine's main tourist submarine
4.18.Bionic Dolphin
4.19.Planned Lockheed Martin vehicle mimicking a gannet
5.1.PACX Wave Glider
5.2.Wave and sun power recharging a glider AUV before it resumes its mission
5.3.Wave and sun powered sea glider
5.4.Autonomous wave glider
5.5.New long-range undersea robot goes the distance
5.6.Thomas Hoover and Brett Hobson work on the long-range AUV
5.7.The long-range AUV being towed out of the Moss Landing Harbor for a test run
5.8.Brett Hobson watches Tethys floating at the sea surface in Monterey Bay
5.9.The Ocean Explorer AUV
5.10.Ocean Voyager II AUV
5.11.Hydroid Remus 6000 AUV
5.12.Kongsberg HUGIN swimmer AUV on Republic of Korea Navy ship
5.13.Kongsberg's Hugin 1000 portable AUV
5.14.Royal New Zealand Navy assist the search for a sunken ferry in 2009 using Kongsberg AUVs
5.15.Remus 600 - not identical with the LBS version
5.16.Gavia AUV schematic
5.17.A British Remote Controlled Mine Destruction Vehicle being lowered into the water
5.19.AUV from a.r.s Technologies
5.20.Indian AUV-150
5.22.URASHIMA mission profile
5.23.Specification for JAMSTEC long range AUV
6.3.Japanese robot jellyfish
6.4.German robot jellyfish
7.1.Possible evolution of affordable, mainstream electric cars showing the convergence of hybrid and a pure electric technologies
7.2.Trend from conventional hybrid to range extended hybrid
7.3.Comparison of cells, modules and battery packs
7.4.Bluefin pressure compensated battery packs for AUVs
7.5.Traction battery pack nominal energy storage vs battery pack voltage for mild hybrids in red, plug on hybrids in blue and pure electric cars in green
7.6.Volumetric vs gravimetric energy density of batteries used in vehicles
7.7.Modular Li-ion batteries for AUVs
7.8.Prototype gas turbine suitable as range extender
7.9.PEM fuel cell
7.10.New Intermotor brushless permanent magnet marine traction motor
7.11.Brothers Willisits pure electric outboard motor
7.12.EMotor 75kW pure electric outboard motor with synchronous permanent magnet motor, asynchronous optional. The exposed motor is shown left.
7.13.Thruster for DeepFlight two person enclosed submarine
7.14.Several drive systems in a swimmer AUV
7.15.Ford Siemens EV motor for central operation
7.16.Hybrid vehicle electric motor
7.17.Underwater docking station
7.18.AUV under ice docking and in-water battery recharging provide the highest technical risk
7.19.MBARI undersea deployment of AUV with underwater inductive charging
7.20.AUV inductive charging under water in test tank

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-Forecasts to2023
-Last updateAug 2013


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Electric Boats, Small Submarines and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV) 2014-2024
Forecasts, Players, Opportunities - Inland/seagoing, surface/underwater, manned/unmanned
Electric Vehicle Forecasts, Trends and Opportunities 2015-2025
Hybrid and pure electric vehicles for land, water and air


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