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Electric Vehicle Encyclopedia

"The world's first encyclopedia on the present and future of electric vehicles and their components"
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Description

IDTechEx has prepared the world's first encyclopedia on the present and future of electric vehicles and their components. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned practitioner, you can now obtain clarity about all those acronyms and the new terminology. We put this into the context of the three generations of range extenders, the three generations of lithium-ion traction batteries and the three levels of charging infrastructure, for example. As so many vehicle manufacturers now seek to make a wide variety of vehicles, we cover electric vehicles by land, water and air. This is also essential to those researching of making components and subsystems.
 
There are over 100 tables and illustrations including many block diagrams and cross sections and there is substantial explanatory text. This invaluable reference book is largely based on information from the latest IDTechEx events and reports on the subject and other expert sources, so it gives exceptional insight into what is happening. It is not loaded with nostalgia about the past - such as who invented what - because the focus is on easy access to useful information and the understanding of trends, benefits and challenges now and in future.
 
Over 200 acronyms and terms are explained. From your AUV to your AELDC, your KERS to your lithium sulfur, Mennekes plug and switched reluctance motor, it is all here. For example, motor Torque and Power are explained in terms of actual values for the various types of EV.
Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at or call Clare on +44 (0) 1223 813 703 if you are based in EMEA or Raoul on +1 617 577 7890 if you are based in the Americas, ROW or Spain.
Table of Contents
1.A
1.1.AC
1.2.ACIM
1.3.ACI
1.4.AC induction
1.5.AC motor
1.6.Advanced asynchronous motor variant - Chorus Motors
1.7.Advanced synchronous PM motor - Protean Electric
1.8.AELDC
1.9.Aerogel Capacitor
1.10.AGM
1.11.Airship
1.12.Alkaline batteries
1.13.Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor
1.14.Ampere
1.15.AMV
1.16.Application Programming Interface (API)
1.17.APU
1.18.Asymmetric electrochemical double layer capacitor
1.19.Asynchronous motor
1.20.ATEG
1.21.Automotive Thermoelectric Generators
1.22.Autonomous Underwater Vehicle AUV
1.23.AUV
1.24.AUV charging
1.25.Axial flux vs radial flux motors
1.26.Autonomous Underwater Vehicles AUVs
2.B
2.1.Bacitor
2.2.Battery
2.3.Battery capacity
2.4.Battery cells
2.5.Battery Electric Vehicle
2.6.Battery life
2.7.Battery Management System BMS
2.8.Battery State of Charge
2.9.BEV
2.10.Biomimetic
2.11.Bismuth telluride
2.12.BLDC traction motor
2.13.Blended mode
2.14.BMS
2.15.BOL
2.16.Brushed motor
2.17.Brushless DC
2.18.Brushless motor
2.19.BSOC
3.C
3.1.Cabattery
3.2.Cadmium telluride
3.3.Capacitance
3.4.Capacitor
3.5.Capacitor electrolytic
3.6.Capacitor electrostatic
3.7.Capacitor tantalum
3.8.CARB
3.9.CdTe
3.10.Ceramic Capacitor
3.11.CHAdeMO
3.12.Charge depleting mode
3.13.Charger
3.14.Charge sustaining mode
3.15.Charging electric vehicles
3.16.Charging station
3.17.CIGS
3.18.Clandestine Extended Range Vehicle CERV
3.19.COM-BAT
3.20.Commutator
3.21.Controller
3.22.Converter
3.23.Coulomb
3.24.CPU
4.D
4.1.DC
4.2.DC Fast Charging
4.3.DDC
4.4.Deep hybridisation
4.5.de-ICE
4.6.Dielectric
4.7.DMFC
4.8.DOD
4.9.DSSC
5.E
5.1.Earthed/Grounded
5.2.e-bike
5.3.ECM
5.4.EDLC
5.5.EH
5.6.Electric aircraft
5.7.Electric bicycle
5.8.Electric Corner Modules ECM
5.9.Electric helicopter
5.10.Electric motor
5.11.Electric motor scooters
5.12.Electric nose wheels
5.13.Electric traction motor
5.14.Electric Vehicle EV
5.15.Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)
5.16.Electric vehicle value chain
5.17.Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitor
5.18.Energy harvesting
5.19.Energy scavenging
5.20.EOL
5.21.eRoute
6.F
6.1.Farad
6.2.FCV or FCEV
6.3.FCHV
6.4.FCUV
6.5.FEV
6.6.Fixed Capacitor
6.7.Flying motorcycle
6.8.Flying submarines
6.9.Flywheel Energy Storage
6.10.Free piston engine
6.11.Fuel cell
6.12.Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV)
7.G
7.1.GC
7.2.GHG
7.3.Glider AUV
7.4.Ground Support Equipment
7.5.GSE
8.H
8.1.HEV
8.2.High voltage systems
8.3.HPCU
8.4.Hybrid aircraft
8.5.Hybrid bus
8.6.Hybrid electric vehicle
8.7.Hub motor
8.8.Humming bird
8.9.Hybrid
9.I
9.1.ICE
9.2.IGBT
9.3.Integrated Sensor Is Structure smart airship
9.4.Internal Combustion Engine
9.5.Induction motor
9.6.Inductive coupling
9.7.Intercalation
9.8.Inverter
9.9.In-wheel motor
9.10.In-wheel units
9.11.ISIS electric airship
10.J
10.1.Jaguar supercar
11.K
11.1.KERS
11.2.Kinetic Energy recovery System
11.3.kW
11.4.Kilowatt Hour
12.L
12.1.Laminar battery
12.2.Lane-splitting
12.3.Large Unmanned Aerial Vehicles LUAVs
12.4.Lead acid battery - Absorbed Glass Mat
12.5.Lead acid battery - Flooded or Wet Cells
12.6.Lead acid battery - Gel Cells
12.7.LCO
12.8.LEVA
12.9.Level One
12.10.Level Two
12.11.Level Three
12.12.LDV
12.13.LFP
12.14.LIC
12.15.Light Electric Vehicle Association
12.16.Light Electric Vehicle LEV
12.17.Li-ion
12.18.LiPo
12.19.Lithium-ion batteries
12.20.Lithium Cobalt Oxide
12.21.Lithium Iron Phosphate
12.22.Lithium manganese
12.23.Lithium polymer
12.24.Lithium rechargeable battery
12.25.Lithium sulfur
12.26.Lithium titanate
12.27.Lithium traction batteries - Second generation
12.28.Lithium traction batteries - Third generation
12.29.Low Speed Vehicles LSV
13.M
13.1.MATV
13.2.MCFC
13.3.MEMS
13.4.Mennekes plug
13.5.Micro hybrid / Microhybrid
13.6.Microturbine
13.7.Mine Resistant Ambush Protected - All Terrain Vehicle
13.8.Mixed mode
13.9.Mobility aids for the disabled/ mobility vehicles
13.10.Mobility scooter
13.11.Monoblock engines
13.12.Motor controller
13.13.Multi-fuel engines
13.14.Multi-mode energy harvesting
14.N
14.1.Nano Air Vehicle
14.2.NAV
14.3.Neighborhood aircraft
14.4.Neighborhood Electric Vehicle NEV
14.5.Nickel-Metal Hydride battery
14.6.NiMH Battery
14.7.Noise Vibration Harshness
14.8.NVH
15.O
15.1.OCV
15.2.On Line Electric vehicle OLEV
16.P
16.1.PAFC
16.2.PAS
16.3.Pb-Acid
16.4.PCM
16.5.Pedelec
16.6.PEFC
16.7.PEM
16.8.PEMFC
16.9.Personal Electric Vehicle PEV
16.10.PEV
16.11.PHEV
16.12.Photovoltaic
16.13.Piezoelectric
16.14.Plug-in
16.15.PM
16.16.PMAC traction motor
16.17.Pouch
16.18.Power
16.19.Power beaming
16.20.Power chairs
16.21.Power on demand bike
16.22.Power restricted vehicles
16.23.Powered Two-Wheelers (PTW)
16.24.Printed electronics
16.25.Prismatic
16.26.Proton Electron Fuel Cell
16.27.Proton exchange membrane
16.28.Pulse Width Modulation
16.29.Pure Electric Vehicle PEV
16.30.PV
16.31.PWM
16.32.PZEV
16.33.PZT
17.R
17.1.Range Extended Electric Vehicle REEV
17.2.Range extender
17.3.Rare earths
17.4.RBS
17.5.RE
17.6.REEV
17.7.Regen
17.8.Regenerative Braking System
17.9.Regenerative soaring
17.10.Resonant power transfer
17.11.Robot insects and tiny birds
18.S
18.1.SAE levels of charging
18.2.Scooter
18.3.SCR
18.4.Sea scooters
18.5.SEI
18.6.Separator
18.7.SepEx
18.8.Series motor
18.9.SFC
18.10.SIM Drive
18.11.SLA
18.12.SLI
18.13.SM
18.14.Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles SUAVs
18.15.Smart grid
18.16.Smart skin
18.17.Society of Automotive Engineers SAE
18.18.SOFC
18.19.Solar Impulse
18.20.Solar road vehicles
18.21.Solar train
18.22.Specific energy
18.23.Split path
18.24.SRM
18.25.SUAV
18.26.Supercabatteries
18.27.SuperCap
18.28.Supercapacitor
18.29.Super grid
18.30.SVR
18.31.Swimmer
18.32.Switched reluctance motor
18.33.Synchronous machines SM
18.34.Synchronous motor
19.T
19.1.Tantalum Capacitor
19.2.TDI
19.3.Torque
19.4.TPM
19.5.TPMS
19.6.Traction battery
19.7.Transportation Mix
20.U
20.1.ULEV
20.2.Ultra Broadband Capacitor UBC
20.3.Ultracapacitors
21.V
21.1.Vehicle Management System VMS
21.2.VEM
21.3.VMS
21.4.VMT (Vehicle Miles Travelled)
21.5.Volt
21.6.VRLA
22.W
22.1.Wankel engine
22.2.Wh
22.3.Wireless Power Transmission WPT
23.Y
23.1.Yazaki connector for charging
24.Z
24.1.ZEV
INTRODUCTION
APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY
TABLES
2.1.Advantages and disadvantages of brushless traction motors
3.1.The good and the bad of inductive contactless charging of electric vehicles
18.1.SAE six levels of charging
18.2.Data for RQ-11A version of AeroVironment Raven
19.1.Typical torque for the electric motors in the various types of electric vehicle
19.2.What is on the way in or out with traction batteries
FIGURES
1.1.60/15 kW Chorus Meshcon motor
1.2.Protean in-wheel motor for on-road vehicles
1.3.Northrop Grumman electric airship
1.4.Asynchronous motor
1.5.Planned BMW ATEG system
1.6.See Level One, Two, Three and Charging Electric Vehicles.
1.7.Axial flux in-wheel motor driving a bicycle and a propeller.
2.1.Construction of a battery cell
2.2.BMS
2.3.Fraunhofer IIS BMS
2.4.BLDC traction motor
2.5.Brushed motor
3.1.CHAdeMO plug: NEXCO EV Quick
3.2.TEPCO CHAdeMO Level 3 "Quick" fast charging plug
3.3.Nissan backed charging stations being installed in the USA by region
3.4.Hino "no plug in" bus
3.5.In-road charging of small buses in Turin Italy
3.6.Charging station
3.7.CERV
3.8.COM-BAT concept
3.9.COM-BAT concept
3.10.Brushed DC motor control circuit
3.11.Typical 50 kW electric drive system
5.1.e-bike
5.2.Some proposals for suburban electric aircraft.
5.3.EADS concept of a VoltAir electric 'fanliner'
5.4.Sikorsky all electric helicopter
5.5.Multiple electric motors on a NASA solar powered, unmanned aircraft for the upper atmosphere
5.6.WheelTug electrified airliner nose wheel
5.7.DLR electric nosewheel
5.8.Electric vehicle value chain
6.1.Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle.
6.2.Fuel Cell Underwater Vehicle
6.3.Samson Motorworks flying motorcycle
6.4.Bionic Dolphin and Neckar Nymph
6.5.Gannet diving and planned Cormorant military spy plane/submarine
6.6.Free piston engine
6.7.Fuel cell
6.8.Fuel cell hybrid taxi
6.9.Fuel cell trial in airport GSE (see GSE)
6.10.HyLite Fuel Cell System Package
6.11.Evolution of range extenders
6.12.Propulsion system architecture
6.13.Fuel cells and other allied technologies
7.1.Glider AUV
8.1.Aircraft with a serial hybrid electric drive system first flown in 2011
8.2.GE hybrid electric aircraft configuration
8.3.University of Colorado hybrid aeroengine
8.4.Hybrid buses
8.5.Hybrid bus prices compared to conventional diesel
8.6.Hybrid electric bus manufacturers
8.7.Hybrid technology evolving as traction batteries improve
8.8.The convergence of hybrid and pure electric technologies
9.1.Inverter for Toyota hybrid vehicle motor.
9.2.Integrated Sensor Is Structure (ISIS) smart airship
10.1.Jaguar super car using electric drive with mini turbine range extenders - lessons for aviation
11.1.KERS schematic
11.2.Flywheel KERS system layout
12.1.Aerovironment Helios and Global Observer
12.2.Global Observer first flight August 2010
12.3.Odysseus self assembling unmanned electric UAV
12.4.Sunlight Eagle
12.5.Lockheed Martin morphing electric UAV
12.6.Lockheed Martin solar airship and P791 concepts
12.7.Slow charging station in China for lithium-ion batteries
12.8.Forklift truck lead acid battery charger, charging up to 900 ampere-hour of batteries in about eight hours
12.9.Fast charger for lead acid traction batteries in electric bicycles in China
12.10.Level 3 vehicle-side connector
12.11.Offerings of lithium-ion traction battery manufacturers.
12.12.Lithium polymer
13.1.Mine resistant ambush protected - All Terrain Vehicle MATV
13.2.MATV structure
13.3.Mennekes plug
13.4.Adura MESA powertrain for buses and trucks employing Capstone turbine range extender
13.5.The Bladon Jets microturbine range extender
13.6.Twin Bladon jets in rear of Jaguar C-X75 concept supercar exhibited in 2010
13.7.Planned Velozzi supercar with miniturbine range extender
13.8.Mobility scooter
13.9.Mobility scooter with weather protection
13.10.Lotus monoblock hybrid engine
13.11.A hybrid boat
14.1.Puffin concept
15.1.KAIST OLEVs
16.1.Pedelec
16.2.LaserMotive objectives illustrated
16.3.T-Ink printed and laminated overhead control console for an electric car
16.4.Price of pure electric vehicles
16.5.PWM signals of varying duty cycles
17.1.Electraflyer Trike
17.2.Electraflyer uncowled
17.3.Principle of the WiTricity Delphi wireless charging system
17.4.Examples of robot insects
17.5.UAS nano swarm vignette
17.6.Military hummingbird
18.1.Suzuki Bergman fuel cell powered scooter.
18.2.SIM Drive in-wheel traction
18.3.Lockheed flying cameras based on tree seeds
18.4.Examples of SUAV rechargeable lithium batteries. Top: Flight Power "EVO 20" lithium polymer battery. Bottom: Sion Power lithium sulphur
18.5.Aeroplanes but not as we know them - SPI electrical SUAV
18.6.AeroVironment Raven
18.7.Raven enhancement
18.8.Aqua Puma
18.9.Rotomotion VTOL electrical UAV incorporating video camera, telemetry, auto takeoff and landing
18.10..Lite Machines Voyeur UAV
18.11.Voyeur in action
18.12.US Airforce interest in smart sensing skin for aircraft and aircrew
18.13.Examples of on board solar power charging land electric vehicle batteries
18.14.Solar train concept and underwater docking chargers already in use, both involving lithium-ion traction batteries
18.15.AUV
18.16.View of AUV in water
18.17.Synchronous machines - electric motors without magnets
18.18.Synchronous motor
21.1.Vehicle Management System
21.2.Vehicle Energy Management system as shown below. Synonymous with VMS below.
22.1.Clarian Laboratories range extender
23.1.Yazaki's SAE J1772 compliant electric vehicle connector

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Report Statistics

-Pages221
-Tables6
-Figures116
-Last updateMarch 2013
 

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