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Electric Vehicle Forecasts, Trends and Opportunities 2014-2024

Hybrid and pure electric vehicles for land, water and air

Updated Q1 2014
"A $334 billion opportunity within a decade"
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Description

This master report summarising and forecasting every sector of the EV industry remains unique. It adds new sectors as they become substantial, the latest being car-like microEVs homologated as quadricycles in Europe.
 
In the last year it has become a more closely integrated market - pure electric and hybrid whether on land, water or airborne. For example, Nissan has launched hybrid cars selling in tens of thousands yearly. The e-bike company Brammo has taken orders for 4,000 of its $20,000 record-breaking e-motorbike on its launch in the USA. Previously, e-motorbikes have been merely a curiosity.
 
Many profitable niches are emerging just as the largest major sectors are changing in importance; the industrial and commercial sector is now bigger and much more profitable than e-cars, and is set to remain so for at least eight more years.
 
Fig. 1 Ex-factory value of EVs, in 2024, by applicational sector
 
 
Source: IDTechEx
 
All components are changing with supercapacitors sometimes replacing or partly replacing batteries and also new types of battery, energy harvesting, power electronics and structure powering growth in this already huge and prosperous business. It is comprehensively forecasted only in this master report and the subsidiary reports on the segments. Disruptive change is now the norm and Apple-like inspiration and technological innovation is at last being seen.
 
The fruits of all this are truly spectacular; including such things as the Marian fast surface boat that acts as a submarine when necessary, the fixed-wing plane that will stay aloft for five years on sunshine and the flying jet ski. An amphibious hybrid plane is also going into production with military robot jellyfish, bats and swarming flies. The race is on to make extremely short take-off and landing (ESTL) personal planes and air taxis, some that take-off and land vertically in your garden or from the "pocket airport" on top of a regular airport building.
10 year forecasts across all EV sectors
This report gives the unit numbers, average vehicle prices, and total value for ten years for the following vehicle types:
  • Hybrid cars
  • Pure electric cars
  • Heavy industrial
  • Buses
  • Lighting industrial/commercial
  • Micro EV/quadricycle
  • Golf car and motorized gold caddy
  • Mobility for the disabled
  • Two-wheel and allied
  • Military
  • Marine
  • Other
 
Sales forecast for some volume sectors of electric vehicles
 
 
Source: IDTechEx
Comprehensive applicational and geographic spread
This report is uniquely comprehensive in applicational and geographical spread. Primarily it presents statistics and forecasts including back up data such as conventional vehicle sales and market drivers. There is even comparative data such as statistics and forecasts by other analysts and by regional trade associations. There is some coverage of technology trends and considerable tabulation of manufacturers and by type of vehicle made and which are world leaders in value sales and why. There is little anecdotal text and information already available on the web, the illustrations and tables being largely original and deriving from IDTechEx analysis and private sources as well as extensive interviews carried out in 2013.
Analyst access from IDTechEx
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Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at or call one of our sales managers:
 
Europe, Middle East & Africa
Clare Newell - UK: +44 (0)1223 812 300
 
Americas, Asia Pacific, Oceania & Spain
Raoul Escobar-Franco - US: +1 617 577 7890
 
UK, Germany, Denmark & Japan
Robert Purser - UK: +44 (0)1223 812 300
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.The value market for electric vehicles EVs of all types
1.2.Profits
1.3.League table of largest EV manufacturers
1.4.Market sectors and technology trends
1.5.Small and Medium Enterprises SME come to the fore
1.6.Numbers of manufacturers
1.7.Stronger value growth, hybrids gain value share
1.8.Mark ups through the value chain
1.9.Electric cars - the most unpredictable market
1.9.1.Pure electric cars
1.9.2.Car-like vehicles not homologated as cars
1.9.3.The most unpredictable market
1.9.4.Market drivers
1.10.Market by territory
1.10.1.Global
1.10.2.China
1.10.3.Pure electric vehicles in Europe
1.10.4.USA
1.11.Lessons from three EV events in late 2013
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.Definitions and scope of this report
2.1.1.Organisations involved in the EV industry value chain
2.1.2.Commonality
2.1.3.Key components and systems
2.2.Pure vs hybrid; on-road economics
2.3.Hybrid electric vehicles
2.3.1.Here come range extenders
2.3.2.Hybrids at no price penalty
2.3.3.Born electric - in-wheel electric motors
2.4.Born electric - smart skin, structural components
2.4.1.Smart skin
2.4.2.Structural components
2.5.Objectives
2.6.Benefits
2.7.Electric vehicles become less poisonous
2.7.1.How green are electric vehicles really?
2.7.2.Contrast global automotive production 2012: major polluter
3.HEAVY INDUSTRIAL EVS
3.1.What is included
3.2.Challenges
3.3.Listing of manufacturers
3.3.1.Statistics for all types of industrial lift truck
3.3.2.Manufacturers of heavy industrial EVs
3.4.Market size
3.5.Market forecasts 2013-2024
4.LIGHT INDUSTRIAL, BUSES AND OTHER COMMERCIAL EVS
4.1.What is included
4.1.1.Sub categories
4.1.2.Buses
4.1.3.Vans, pick-up trucks and larger on-road trucks
4.2.Market drivers
4.2.1.Governments get involved
4.3.Important initiatives
4.4.EVs for local services
4.5.Airport EVs: Ground Support Equipment GSE
4.6.Small people-movers
4.7.Light industrial aids
4.8.Listing of manufacturers
4.9.Market forecasts 2013-2024
5.MOBILITY FOR THE DISABLED
5.1.Compelling and enduring need
5.2.The demographic time-bomb
5.2.1.Ageing population, obesity and the dependent elderly
5.2.2.Laws make mobility easier
5.3.Types of mobility vehicle
5.3.1.Growth by new market segments
5.3.2.Interchina Industry Group China
5.4.Market drivers
5.4.1.Geographical distribution
5.4.2.Needs creating new segments
5.4.3.What is driving regional differences?
5.4.4.Pride Mobility, USA
5.5.Listing of manufacturers
5.6.Market forecasts 2013-2024
5.6.1.Growth by creating new markets
6.TWO WHEELED EVS AND ALLIED VEHICLES
6.1.What is included
6.1.1.China - unprecedented growth of electric two wheelers
6.1.2.Other countries
6.2.Prices and performances compared
6.2.2.Hybrid motorcycles
6.3.Market drivers
6.3.1.Bicycles and electric bicycles
6.3.2.The big winners in western markets
6.4.Statistics for all bicycles
6.5.Listing of manufacturers
6.5.1.China
6.6.Market forecasts 2013-2024
7.CAR-LIKE VEHICLES NOT HOMOLOGATED AS CARS: MICROEV, QUADRICYCLE, E TRIKE, NEV, GOLF CAR
7.1.Many names, common factors
7.2.Car-like vehicles that evade restrictions, taxes and other costs
7.3.Estrima Birò MicroEV Quadricycle removable battery
7.4.Philippines: big new commitments to e trikes
7.5.Listing of manufacturers beyond golf cars
7.6.Golf cars
7.6.1.What is included
7.6.2.Market drivers
7.6.3.Prices and profits
7.6.4.Listing of manufacturers
7.6.5.Market forecasts 2013-2024
8.CARS
8.1.Adoption of electric cars
8.2.Rapid increase in number of manufacturers
8.3.Providing charging infrastructure
8.3.1.Recharging points
8.3.2.Battery changing points
8.3.3.Can the grid cope?
8.4.Market 2013-2024
8.5.National targets for plug-in (PHEV, BEV) on road vehicle sales 2010-2020
8.5.1.United Kingdom
9.PURE ELECTRIC CARS
9.1.Déjà Vu
9.1.1.Pure electric cars are a necessary part of the range?
9.2.Examples of pure EV cars
9.2.1.Renault-Nissan Alliance France, Japan
9.2.2.China
9.2.3.High performance pure EVs - Tesla USA
9.2.4.Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar France, Italy
9.2.5.REVA India
9.2.6.Club Car USA
9.2.7.Toyota Japan
10.HYBRID CARS
10.1.Construction and advantages of hybrids
10.2.Evolution
10.2.1.Range extenders and the fuel cell option
10.3.Chevrolet Volt USA
10.4.Ford hybrids USA
10.5.Market drivers
10.5.1.Leading indicators
10.6.History of hybrids and planned models
11.MILITARY
11.1.Examples of military EVs
11.1.1.Hummer USA / China
11.1.2.Quantum Technologies USA Aggressor AMV
11.1.3.US Army trucks etc - ZAP, Columbia ParCar USA
11.1.4.Oshkosh Truck Corp USA
11.1.5.Plug-in trucks - BAE Systems UK
11.1.6.Electric robot vehicles USA
11.1.7.UQM unmanned combat vehicle USA
11.1.8.Balqon Corporation
11.2.Electric Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
11.2.1.Small electrical UAVs
11.2.2.SUAV batteries
11.2.3.The most successful electric UAV
11.2.4.Micro nano air vehicles
11.2.5.Large electrical UAVs
11.2.6.COM-BAT robot bat USA
11.3.Examples of military EVs - in the water
11.3.1.US Naval Undersea Warfare Center
11.4.Manufacturers of military EVs
11.5.Market forecasts 2013-2024
12.MARINE
12.1.1.Hybrid and pure electric tugboats
12.2.Market segments
12.2.1.Total market
12.2.2.Underwater
12.2.3.On the water
12.3.Commonality with land EVs
12.3.1.Grants for land and water
12.3.2.Effect of land EV manufacturers entering marine
12.4.Market drivers
12.4.1.Pollution laws back electric boats - India, Europe, USA
12.4.2.Energy harvesting superyacht UK
12.4.3.Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) - Europe, USA
12.5.Manufacturers by country and product
12.6.Selling prices
12.7.Market forecasts 2013-2024
12.7.1.Outboard motor market size 2013-2024
13.AIRCRAFT, MOBILE ROBOTS AND OTHER EVS
13.1.Definition
13.2.Market drivers
13.3.Listing of other manufacturers by country and product
13.4.Market size and trends
13.4.1.Aircraft - Renault, Piccard
13.4.2.Solar Impulse
13.4.3.Non-military mobile robots - USA, UK, Japan
13.4.4.The Electrolux Automower Sweden
13.4.5.Rescue robots in Germany
13.4.6.Robots on Mars
13.4.7.Leisure on land
13.4.8.Research and hobbyist
13.4.9.Electric aircraft for civil use
13.4.10.Robotic lawn mowers
13.5.Market forecasts 2013-2024
APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY
TABLES
1.1.Top 13 manufacturers of electric vehicles in 2014 showing rounded gross sales value of EVs ex factory by segment, % market share and trend of position. First division in red, second division in blue and third division in grey.
1.2.Categories of electric vehicle, saturating and growth subsectors within these categories and technology trends by size/ duty cycle.
1.3.Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2013-2024, by applicational sector
1.4.Explanation of trends in market numbers by sector and background statistics and forecasts by other analysts of future numbers by sector and country
1.5.Ex-factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2013-2024, by applicational sector, rounded
1.6.Ex-factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2013-2024, by applicational sector, rounded
1.7.Approximate number of manufacturers of electric vehicles worldwide in 2014 by application with numbers for China
1.8.Global sales of pure electric cars by country in 2012 including Chinese cars not homologated as cars in the West.
1.9.Pure electric on-road cars sold by type in 2012 K numbers excluding delivery vans and car-like vehicles not homologated as cars in the West such as cars sold in China and the Renault Twizy
1.10.Pure electric cars sold in China in 2012
1.11.Main market drivers 2013-2023
1.12.Monthly US electric vehicle sales for January to October2013 according to trade association EDTA
1.13.The value of the electric vehicle market by territory % East Asia, Europe, North America, Other 2013 and 2023 %
1.14.NEV output in China for 2011 and 2012 including exports
2.1.Energy, number of riders and energy per 100 kilometers per person for different on-road travel options.
2.2.Some reasons why ICE vehicles are replaced with EVs
2.3.Global automotive production by country 2012
3.1.27 examples of manufacturers of heavy industrial EVs by country
3.2.Percentage split of global manufacture of heavy industrial trucks
3.3.Global sales of heavy industrial (heavy lifting, eg forklift and heavy earthmoving/pulling) EVs by numbers, ex-factory unit price and total value 2013-2024, rounded
3.4.Sales of heavy electric vehicles by region by percentage of units
4.1.150 manufacturers of light industrial and commercial EVs and drive trains by country and examples of their products
4.2.Global sales of buses, ex-factory unit price and total value 2013-2024, rounded
4.3.Global sales of light industrial and commercial EVs excluding buses by numbers thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
4.4.Approximate number of light industrial and commercial vehicles by type in 2013 in thousands excluding buses
4.5.Sales of light electric/commercial vehicles by region 2013 and 2023 by percentage of units
5.1.Statistics relevant to the challenge to society caused by ageing population
5.2.Evolution of three families of powered vehicles for the disabled to 2013
5.3.Evolution of power chairs 1980 to 2013
5.4.Evolution of scooters for the disabled 1980 to 2013
5.5.The continental percentage split of markets for vehicles for the disabled by value in 2013
5.6.The percentage split of market for vehicles for the disabled by country within Europe
5.7.The numbers in thousands of scooters plus power chairs that were and will be sold in Europe 2005 to 2015
5.8.Features of mobility vehicles that may hold up the price by offering more in future
5.9.The percentage distribution of manufacture between Taiwan and Mainland China by value of vehicles for the disabled 2005, 2010 and 2015
5.10.Market for EVs for the disabled by geographical region, ex works pricing and percentage split in 2005, 2010 and 2020
5.11.82 examples of manufacturers of EVs for the disabled by country
5.12.Global sales of EVs used as mobility aids for the disabled by number, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars, 2013-2024, rounded
6.1.Prices and performance of electric two wheelers
6.2.70 examples of manufacturers of two wheel EVs and electric quad bikes
6.3.Largest suppliers of electric bicycles by number (not in order)
6.4.34 sources of two wheelers in China by brand, region and battery chemistry
6.5.Listing of light electric scooter makers in China. Most use lead-acid battery chemistry but there is a move to lithium-ion batteries
6.6.Global sales of two wheel and allied EVs number, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024 rounded
6.7.Sales of Light Electric Vehicles LEVs (two wheelers and allied eg electric quad bikes and on road three wheel micro cars) by region by percentage of units 2013 and 2023
7.1.85 examples of car and microEV manufacturers beyond golf car, by country
7.2.MicroEV quadricycle forecasts 2012-2024
7.3.19 examples of golf EV manufacturers
7.4.Global sales of electric golf cars and motorised caddies in number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
7.5.Geographical split of golf EV sales by value 2010, 2015 and 2020
8.1.Global stimulus for fuel efficient cars in 2009
8.2.113 examples of manufacturers of EV cars
8.3.Global sales of car hybrid number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
8.4.Global sales of car pure electric number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
8.5.Global sales of micro EV quadricycle number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
10.1.Major market drivers for growth in hybrid sales
10.2.Hybrid electric vehicles and associated events 1876-2013
11.1.Data for RQ-11A version of AeroVironment Raven
11.2.27 suppliers of military EVs
11.3.Global sales of electric military vehicles in number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
11.4.Military electric vehicle sales by region 2013 and 2023 in percentage units
12.1.44 examples of manufacturers of EV electric water craft
12.2.Leading manufacturers of remotely operated and autonomous underwater vehicles for sale
12.3.Indicative prices for marine EVs in 2013
12.4.Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
12.5.Forecast for trolling electric outboard motors 2013-2024, numbers k, $k ex-factory price, $million market value
12.6.Forecast for medium sized electric outboard motors (500W-10kW) 2013-2024, numbers k, $k ex factory price, $ million market value
12.7.Forecast for large sized electric outboard motors (10kW-150kW ) 2013-2024, numbers k, $k ex factory price, $ million market value
13.1.36 examples of manufacturers of mobile robots, toy, leisure, research or hobbyist EVs by country and product
13.2.Global sales of other electric vehicles (including civil aircraft and robot) in number thousands, ex-factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2013-2024, rounded
FIGURES
1.1.Breakdown of the electric vehicle value market in 2024, land water and airborne, hybrid and pure electric
1.2.Basic schematic of pure EV power train
1.3.Size of vehicle, broadly indicated by price and battery kWh, related to when up-front cost becomes competitive with a conventional version
1.4.SMEs have more opportunity
1.5.FlyNano pure electric flying jet ski Finland
1.6.Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2013-2024, by applicational sector
1.7.Ex-factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2013-2024, by applicational sector, rounded
1.8.Ex-factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2013-2024, by applicational sector, rounded
1.9.Ex-factory value of EVs, in 2013, percentage by applicational sector
1.10.Ex-factory value of EVs, in 2024, percentage by applicational sector
1.11.Electric car and microEV sales in China 2011 and 2012 hybrid and pure electric
1.12.The various types of car, the precise definitions, regulations and user preferences varying greatly between countries
1.13.kWh per passenger for conventional or electric on-road vehicles related to type of vehicle and showing cars to be uniquely inefficient
1.14.The Daimler Smart, left, is a mainstream car subject to tax, insurance, crash tests etc whereas the G-Whiz from India, right, is registered as a quadricycle and was the best-selling pure electric car in the UK for ten years with s
1.15.Renault Twizy quadricycle which is selling over ten thousand within two years from launch. The standard model has no windows
1.16.Chinese micro-EV cars in China. Most of them have three wheels
1.17.Cumulative and monthly plug-in on-road vehicle sales in the USA through 2013 according to trade association EDTA
1.18.The tiny sales of pure electric on-road vehicle sales in Europe showing carrier goods EVs/ light industrial and commercial vehicles outselling pure electric passenger EVs, according to trade association AVERE
1.19.Adoption of different car power trains past and present
1.20.Unit sales in China 2008-2012: total autos, total passenger cars and buses and BEV and HEV/PHEV
1.21.Distribution of electric vehicles in circulation according to model
1.22.Number of electric 4-wheelers in Europe
1.23.Number of electric 2-wheelers in Europe
1.24.Monthly New PHEV and AEV Sales by Model
1.25.Yearly New HEV Sales by Model
1.26.Electric Drive Vehicle Share of New Vehicle Sales
1.27.Monthly New EDV Sales and Gasoline Price
1.28.Brammo high performance motorbike
1.29.Apple-like innovation for the disabled- Omnichair
1.30.Chinese hybrid scooter
1.31.New vehicles with asynchronous traction motors
2.1.Electric vehicle value chain
2.2.Increasing inefficiency of private vehicles with size, even when fully occupied
2.3.Increasing efficiency of buses with size when fully occupied
2.4.Energy per 100 kilometers per person for different on-road travel options
2.5.The dream of smart skin for land, sea and air vehicles
2.6.Competing electric drive train technologies and their targets by market sector
2.7.Carbon Intensity CO2 kg/kWh and % Fossil fuel in power sector
2.8.LCA greenhouse emissions of a compact car with different drive trains
2.9.Carbon emissions, in grams CO2 per km, of a selection of cars for sale in the UK
3.1.Caterpillar CAT series hybrid diesel electric bulldozer
3.2.Mitsubishi diesel electric hybrid lifter
3.3.Top 20 industrial lift truck suppliers in 2011
3.4.Lift truck market demand increase in 2012
3.5.World industrial truck statistics/orders and shipments
4.1.The tiny sales of pure electric on-road vehicle sales in Europe showing carrier goods EVs/ light industrial and commercial vehicles outselling passenger EVs, according to trade association AVERE
4.2.Balqon Pure Electric Trucks and Bus Drive
4.3.The full-size pickup and a cargo van introduced by VIA Motors in 2012, in use by PGE
4.4.Electric bus in Nepal
4.5.Mobile electric scissor lift by Wuhan Chancay Machinery and Electronics
4.6.Garbage collecting electric car
4.7.Sales of light electric/commercial vehicles by region 2013 by percentage of units
4.8.Sales of light electric/commercial vehicles by region 2023 by percentage of units
5.1.Percentage of dependent elderly 1970 to 2040
5.2.New Pihsiang Shoprider pure electric mobility vehicle for the disabled
5.3.The Electric Car (INEC-KARO) for the disabled from Interchina Industry Group
5.4.Pride Jazzy - making new things possible
6.1.Gasoline two wheelers G2W and electric two wheelers E2W sales compared to passenger vehicles 1991-2006 in China
6.2.Suzuki Burgman Fuel Cell Scooter powered by Intelligent Energy
6.3.e-bikes parked in Yangzhou China
6.4.Electric mopeds parked in Cheghdu China
6.5.World bicycle and automoblie production, 1950-2007
7.1.IMAs "Colibri" Micro EV presented at the Geneva Motorshow 2013
7.2.Car-like vehicles not homologated as cars, in the context of two wheelers and Europe. Love them or hate them?
7.3.The Daimler Smart, left, is a mainstream car subject to tax, insurance, crash tests etc whereas the G-Whiz from India, right, is registered as a quadricycle and was the best-selling pure electric car in the UK for ten years with s
7.4.Renault Twizy quadricycle which is selling over ten thousand within two years from launch. The standard model has no windows
7.5.Chinese micro-EV cars in China. Most of them have three wheels
7.6.Estrima Birò microEV and battery removal
7.7.E-trikes
8.1.Features of leading electric cars in 2012
8.2.Projections of lithium-ion traction battery price
8.3.A summary of the theoretical energy density of advanced rechargeable battery chemistries compared with theoretical graphene supercapacitor
8.4.Distribution of cars made in Europe
8.5.Detailed breakdown of car parameters by type
8.6.Geographical distribution of 120 companies making or intending to make electric cars in 2013
8.7.Number (thousands) of hybrid cars, pure electric cars and MicroEV/Quadricycles 2013-2023
8.8.Total market value (US$ billion) of hybrid cars, pure electric cars and MicroEV/Quadricycles 2013-2023
8.9.National targets for plug-in on road vehicle sales of EVI members in number of vehicles purchased yearly
8.10.Government targets and sales by company of PEV (PHEV/BEV on-road vehicles)
8.11.Early sales of new EVs by year superimposed showing comparative early adoption
9.1.Trouvé pure EV car in 1881
9.2.Red Bug pure EV in 1930
9.3.Sinclair C5
9.4.Aptera
9.5.Gemcars
9.6.Tesla Motors Roadster pure EV performance car
9.7.Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar showing solar panels on roof and hood
9.8.Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar cross section
9.9.REVA pure EV car
9.10.The Club Car street legal car
9.11.Toyota pure EV city car
10.1.Evolution of EV design for on-road and many non-road vehicles
10.2.Chevrolet Volt battery, generator and drive unit positioning
11.1.Oshkosh truck
11.2.Balqon Mule M150
11.3.SPI electrical SUAV
11.4.Examples of SUAV rechargeable lithium batteries. Top: Flight Power "EVO 20" Lithium Polymer battery. Bottom: Sion Power lithium sulfur
11.5.AeroVironment Raven
11.6.AeroVironment Aqua Puma UAV completes Royal Australian Navy Sea trials in 2007
11.7.AeroVironment Helios
11.8.Aurora Flight Sciences solar plane that takes off in parts and self-assembles at altitude
11.9.COM-BAT
11.10.Robotic Bat
11.11.Large autonomous robot jellyfish
12.1.Hybrid tugboat
12.2.Engine room of the hybrid tugboat
12.3.Bratt electric tugboat
12.4.Electric deck boat by Leisure Life
12.5.Electric launch
12.6.Solar powered boats for tourism cruising at 12 kph on Lake Geneva
12.7.The rigid-wing superyacht concept called 'Soliloquy'
13.1."Zep'lin"s
13.2."Zep'lin" photovoltaic sail adjustment
13.3.Solar Impulse
13.4.The Electrolux Automower
13.5.Robots for Mars
13.6.LawnBott

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Report Statistics

-Pages224
-Tables70
-Figures117
-Forecasts to2024
 

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Dr Peter Harrop
Primary Author
+44 (0)7850 258317
Raoul Escobar-Franco
Research Sales Manager - Americas, Asia Pacific, Oceania & Spain
+1 617 577 7890
Clare Newell
Research Sales Manager - Europe, Middle East & Africa
+44 (0)1223 812300
Mr Robert Purser
Research Sales - UK, Germany, Denmark & Japan
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