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Thin Film Photovoltaics 2012-2022: Forecasts, Technologies, Analysis

CdTe, CIGS, a-Si, organic PV and DSSCs: opportunities and challenges

"Thin film photovoltaic technologies will become a $20 Billion market by 2022"
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Description

This report focuses on the developments in thin film solar cells and batteries and how these technologies are evolving. By relating to the reader information on market conditions, competing technologies and how different economic factors affect addressable markets, the report explains growth trends and forecasts thin film technology penetration in the next decade.
 
CdTe, CIGS, a-Si, organic PV and DSSCs are all covered in the report along with varying chemistries for thin film batteries and appendices on the topics of manufacturing techniques and organic solar cell material and chemistry considerations.
 
Percentage flexible, percentage printed for CIGS*
 
*For the full forecast data please purchase this report
 
Source: IDTechEx
The PV market has been rising rapidly in the past few years. A combination of government subsidies leading to high demand and falling prices due to competitive pressures from Asian markets has resulted in an unprecedented increase in the installed PV capacity worldwide, reaching 22 GW in 2011.
 
Today there is a range of different thin film PV and battery technologies each with a different set of characteristics. This development opens up new markets to PV and batteries which have not been addressable using traditional technologies. At the same time it suggests that manufacturers can count on competitive advantage and innovation in order to achieve further penetration of new technologies.
 
Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible*
 
*For the full forecast data please purchase this report
 
Source: IDTechEx
 
The sharp drop in the price of silicon solar cells has led to uncertainty in the growth of thin film solar cells that feel heavy economic pressures. At the same time thin batteries compete with the large volumes and low costs of coin cell batteries. Optimized performance, efforts to bring down costs and unique selling points are necessary in order to survive in the increasingly competitive climate in these sectors.
 
This report provides a comprehensive overview of thin film photovoltaics and batteries technologies. Compiled and analysed by Dr Harry Zervos, technology analyst with IDTechEx, market analysis, company profiles and 10 year forecasts are given for each of the technologies covered. An analysis of the basic scientific principles, materials and manufacturing is also included, with a focus on the potential for printing technologies to become a disruptive technology in these vibrant sectors.
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Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at or call Clare on +44 (0) 1223 813 703 if you are based in EMEA or Raoul on +1 617 577 7890 if you are based in the Americas, ROW or Spain.
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.Photovoltaics beyond crystalline silicon
1.2.2008-2011 recap- Forecasts to 2022
1.3.Photovoltaics - the Macroeconomic View
2.INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE
2.1.Thin Film Photovoltaic Forecasts
2.2.Battery Forecasts
3.BATTERIES
3.1.Introduction
3.2.History
3.3.Structure
3.4.Key Products in Printed Batteries Industry
3.5.Principles and Operation
3.6.Supercapacitors supplement or rival batteries?
3.7.Thin Film Batteries - key companies
3.7.1.Blue Spark Technologies Inc.
3.7.2.Cymbet Corporation
3.7.3.Enfucell
3.7.4.Excellatron
3.7.5.Infinite Power Solutions (IPS)
3.7.6.Kunshan Printed Electronics Ltd
3.7.7.Nanotecture
3.7.8.Power Paper
3.7.9.Solicore
4.PHOTOVOLTAICS
4.1.Introduction
4.2.History
5.COMPANY PROFILES BY TECHNOLOGY
5.1.Principles and operations
5.2.Amorphous/nanoparticle Si
5.2.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.3.Amorphous /nanoparticle Si - Key Companies
5.3.1.Flexcell
5.3.2.Fuji Electric Systems Co., Ltd.
5.3.3.Innovalight
5.3.4.Kaneka
5.3.5.Mitsubishi Heavy industries
5.3.6.Sharp
5.3.7.SONTOR GmbH
5.3.8.United Solar Ovonic
5.4.CdTe
5.4.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.5.CdTe Key Companies
5.5.1.Abound Solar
5.5.2.Calyxo
5.5.3.First Solar
5.5.4.PrimeStar Solar (now part of GE)
5.6.CIGS - CIS
5.6.1.Introduction - Brief Description of technology
5.7.CIGS - Key Companies
5.7.1.Ascent Solar Technologies, Inc.
5.7.2.Avancis
5.7.3.Bosch Solar CISTech (previously Johanna Solar)
5.7.4.DayStar Technologies
5.7.5.Global Solar Energy
5.7.6.HelioVolt
5.7.7.Honda Soltec Co., Ltd.
5.7.8.IBM
5.7.9.Miasolé
5.7.10.Nanosolar
5.7.11.Odersun
5.7.12.Solar Frontier (previously Showa Shell Sekiyu)
5.7.13.Solibro
5.7.14.Solyndra
5.7.15.Soltecture (previously Sulfurcell)
5.7.16.Würth Solar
5.8.DSSC
5.8.1.Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.9.DSSC - Key Companies
5.9.1.Dyesol
5.9.2.G24 Innovations
5.10.Organic Photovoltaics
5.10.1.Introduction - Brief Description of technology
5.11.Organic Photovoltaics - Key Companies
5.11.1.Heliatek
5.11.2.Konarka
5.11.3.New Energy technologies
5.11.4.Solarmer
5.12.Research Institutes/Universities involved with thin film photovoltaic technologies
5.12.1.AIST - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
5.12.2.Arizona State University
5.12.3.Colorado State University
5.12.4.École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
5.12.5.Florida Solar Energy Centre
5.12.6.Fraunhofer ISE
5.12.7.Helsinki University of technology (TKK)
5.12.8.IMEC
5.12.9.Imperial College London
5.12.10.Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
5.12.11.KAIST - Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
5.12.12.Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
5.12.13.Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
5.12.14.National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
5.12.15.University of Delaware - Institute of Energy Conversion (IEC)
6.APPLICATIONS
6.1.Applications of printed batteries
6.2.Batteries
6.2.1.Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
6.2.2.Smart Cards
6.2.3.Iontophoretic Devices
6.2.4.Other Devices
6.3.Photovoltaics
6.3.1.Building integrated solar electric power
6.3.2.Solar Chargers
6.3.3.Military applications
6.3.4.Other applications
7.FUTURE TRENDS AND FORECASTS FOR PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES
APPENDIX 1: PRINCIPLES AND OPERATION OF DSSCS AND ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS
APPENDIX 2: MATERIALS
APPENDIX 3: PRINTING/PATTERNING TECHNIQUES
APPENDIX 4: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY
TABLES
1.1.Thin film technologies Market Share and Module Costs
1.2.Types of printed/thin film photovoltaics beyond crystalline silicon compared, with examples of suppliers
1.3.Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible 2012-2022
1.4.Potential division of technologies in the thin film sector - flexible 2012-2022
1.5.Potential division of technologies in the thin film sector - printed 2012-2022
1.6.Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible 2012-2022
2.1.Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible 2012-2022
2.2.Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible 2012-2022
3.1.Important milestones in battery history
3.2.Printed battery product and specification comparison
3.3.Printed battery materials comparison.
3.4.The half cell and overall chemical reactions that occur in a Zn/MnO2 battery
3.5.Discharge rate, current, and load.
3.6.Parameter ranking for different battery chemistries
3.7.Battery characteristics
4.1.Comparison of the power conversion technologies of different types of solar cell technologies
4.2.Important milestones in the development of photovoltaic cells
6.1.Applications of printed batteries by vendor
6.2.Technical differences between Active and Passive RFID technologies
6.3.Summary of functional capabilities of Active and Passive RFID technologies
6.4.Some of the manufacturers that provide printed batteries for smart card applications
7.1.Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible 2012-2022
7.2.Market size for thin film batteries % of the market that is printed and flexible 2012-2022
FIGURES
1.1.World market for Photovoltaics in 2008
1.2.Number of organisations developing printed and potentially printed electronics worldwide
2.1.Market size for CIGS and percentage flexible, percentage printed
2.2.Market size for a-Si and percentage flexible, percentage printed
3.1.Internal structure of Power Paper Battery
3.2.Diagram of the operation of a battery
3.3.Discharge characteristics of a Power Paper STD-3 printed battery
3.4.Canvas magazine, February 2011 electronic cover
3.5.The Cymbet EnerChip™
3.6.Enfucell SoftBattery™
3.7.Thin-film solid-state batteries by Excellatron
3.8.THINERGY MEC200 series micro-energy cells
3.9.Flexion ™
4.1.Average potential electricity production with photovoltaics
4.2.Worldwide PV Shipments 1988-2004
4.3.Installations for the years between 2004-2008
4.4.Progress of confirmed research-scale photovoltaic device efficiencies, under AM 1.5 simulated solar illumination, for a variety of technologies
4.5.Progress in power conversion efficiency for a-Si, polymer, and small molecule photovoltaic cells
4.6.Comparison of the efficiency (in arbitrary units, since no spectral mismatch correction was performed) of "printed like" (doctor bladed) vs. spin-coated organic solar cells
5.1.Typical a-Si p-i-n design
5.2.a-Si hydrogenation
5.3.Flexcell a-Si portable solar charger
5.4.FES F-WAVE
5.5.Innovalight Cell
5.6.Kaneka semi-translucent PV module
5.7.United Solar Ovonics thin film amorphous silicon cell configuration
5.8.CdTe thin film solar cell
5.9.Schematic representation of a CIGS thin film solar cell
5.10.Ascent Solar's Flexible Products
5.11.Honda Soltec's manufacturing facility
5.12.Parts of Nanosolar's module manufacturing process
5.13.The POGO designer bag produced by Berlin manufacturer Bagjack
5.14.CIS in nature and in a solar module: Chalcopyrite mineral and electron-microscopic image of a thin film
5.15.Building integrated modules from Soltecture, integrated in the company's HQ building in Berlin Adlershof
5.16.Würth Solar's production plant, CISfab in Schwäbisch Hall
5.17.Dyesol's Dye Solar Cells interconnected and integrated into modules (tiles).
5.18.Konarka's Power Plastic®
5.19.The Tsukuba Center Solar Power Plant
5.20.Transparent dye solar module manufactured at Fraunhofer ISE with a screen printing procedure using glass frit technology.
5.21.Schematic layer structure of a pentacene-C60 tandem organic solar cell
6.1.Patents containing the terms RFID and Battery
6.2.Active RFID patents
6.3.Schematic diagram of PowerCosmetics Micro-electronic patch
6.4.Estee Lauder Perfectionist Power Correcting Patch
6.5.Anti-wrinkle demonstration
6.6.Audio paper capable of recording and playing back audio
6.7.Hasbro Thin-Tronix™ Poster Phone and Poster Radio
6.8.PowerFilm AA Charger
6.9.Two wire photovoltaic fiber concept
7.1.Market size for CIGS and percentage flexible, percentage printed
7.2.Market size for a-Si and percentage flexible, percentage printed

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Fernando Ely, Researcher, CenPRA - Renato Archer Research Center
 
 

Report Statistics

-Pages234
-Tables23
-Figures51
-Forecasts to2022
-Last updateAug 2013
 

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Contact

Dr Harry Zervos
Primary Author
+1 617 577 7890 xt 204
Raoul Escobar-Franco
Research Sales Manager - Americas, Asia Pacific, Oceania & Spain
+1 617 577 7890
Clare Newell
Research Sales Manager - Europe, Middle East & Africa
+44 (0)1223 812300
Mr Robert Purser
Research Sales - UK, Germany, Denmark & Japan
+44 (0)1223 812300
 

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