This work discusses and explores key challenges of in-situ sensing and shows a practical approach for constructing intelligent cells. Thus enabling in-situ and operando thermo-electrochemical data collection during cells' real-life operations. These instrumented cells are then used to conduct in operando investigations of lithium battery safety by giving real-time information on the internal state of the battery. The sensing methodologies and modification techniques developed in this work can be applied to all range of cells from small bespoke systems that are used within mobiles phones up to large scale battery modules and packs for electric vehicles and off-grid storage.
Coventry University is a highest ranking modern university in the UK. Institute for Future Transport and Cities is one of the UK's leading research institutions, focused on creating safe and sustainable transport solutions fit for the cities of the future. We focus on applied research and technology transfer, to assist companies in taking novel ideas to commercial success. Our work covers automotive, aerospace, maritime and rail transport modes and allows us to take the lead in cross cutting research developing new forms of transport, new forms of manufacturing and new forms of information provision and security.