Gas Separation Membranes 2023-2033: IDTechEx

Decarbonization applications present a large market opportunity for gas separation membranes

Gas Separation Membranes 2023-2033

Renewable energy and decarbonization market outlook, including biogas upgrading (biomethane / Renewable Natural Gas), CCUS and hydrogen. Company profiles, material development, market forecasts

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The commercial use of gas separation membranes is not new; the industry grew considerably from the 1980s to the early 2000s. Existing membranes are not suitable for every gas separation application, but in the right use-case (including appropriate feedstock, scale, and purity requirements) they can very effectively outcompete other separation techniques; this has resulted in the industry growing into a stable market of modest size.
The market is now entering a new growth phase. This is driven by key market factors, primarily renewable energy and decarbonization applications, and technology advancements responding to those needs. This market report provides a critical technology roadmap, company landscape and market outlook for this evolving industry.
Market developments: Gas separation challenges are central to major renewable energy and decarbonization applications.
As stated, there are many existing stable markets for gas separation membranes, for example nitrogen separation, but the focus of this market report is on the opportunity within emerging gas separation markets. This includes 10-year market forecasts for gas separation membranes in biogas upgrading, natural gas processing, CCUS and hydrogen production.
Detailed analysis of the commercial outlook, market drivers, pain points and company landscape are provided for:
  • Biogas upgrading to biomethane (renewable natural gas - RNG)
  • Carbon capture (post-combustion, pre-combustion, and oxy-fuel combustion) andutilization in enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
  • Hydrogen infrastructure: blue hydrogen production, pipeline transportation and hydrogen carriers
Overview of the opportunities (gray) for use of separation membranes in renewable energy and decarbonization applications. Source: Gas Separation Membranes 2023-2033
A comprehensive overview of major membrane manufacturers, including key products, partnerships, and market developments, as well as interview-based profiles on key emerging companies is included.
This report concludes with an analysis of the helium market landscape and the role that membranes could play in both the production and recovery applications of this essential industry.
Technology developments: Advanced membrane materials and hybrid system solutions gain commercial traction.
There are a wide range of membrane materials including polymeric, ceramic, metallic and composite variants. There are also essential considerations to both their form factor (such as hollow fiber or spiral wound) and ultimately how they are incorporated into the industrial process (including flow rate, operating temperature, and pressure difference) to meet the necessary separation requirements.
There is, of course, competition between membrane players, but the greater challenge in the field is in demonstrating the techno-economic viability for their solutionvs incumbent separation techniques. For each market, outlined above, a comparison against alternative separation techniques (e.g., PSA or cryogenic) and discussion on pain points and technical requirements is provided.
Polymer membranes, including cellulose acetate, polyimide and polysulfone, dominate the current market. Many of these will be at the forefront of some of the key growth areas, such a biogas upgrading, but for other emerging applications the industry will need to explore different system designs and/or utilize materials pushing the Robeson upper bounds to gain any market share.
IDTechEx break these advancements in to two areas: next-generation materials and hybrid processes. The latter can make use of commercial membranes but does not use them in isolation; instead, there is a large amount of activity looking to incorporate membranes alongside other separation techniques (such as cryogenic and membrane separation units used in tandem) or within a novel integrated design (such as a membrane contactor).
There remains an extensive amount of R&D, from both academia and industry, in exploring advanced materials for gas separation membranes. Many of these developments are progressing in their technology and manufacturing readiness and beginning to gain some commercial traction. In the polymeric space there are numerous advancements for both direct material use or inclusion as part of a composite, the latter seeing some key developments in both thin-film composite (TFC) membranes and mixed matrix membranes (MMM); fixed site carriers (FSC), polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs), polybenzimidazole (PBI) based membranes and more have all seen promising early signs for commercial adoption.
Beyond polymer membranes, there is a wide range of alternatives that typically offer either higher selectivity (through their transport mechanisms) or advantageous physical properties, such as operating temperature or resistance to contaminants. This includes metallic membranes, carbon-based membranes, ceramic membranes, and earlier-stage examples such as dual-phase membranes.
Understanding the technology landscape is essential to understanding the market outlook for this industry. This market report provides a detailed independent technology appraisal for these membrane materials including benchmarking studies, unresolved challenges, adoption roadmaps and manufacturer profiles.
IDTechEx Market Research
IDTechEx has a longstanding history in providing unbiased technical market analysis on advanced materials and decarbonization applications. Gas Separation Membranes 2023-2033 provides clarity on this evolving market with key market forecasts, technology roadmaps and player profiles.
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Table of Contents
1.1.Introduction to gas separation membranes
1.2.Key developments in the gas separation market
1.3.Opportunity for gas separation membranes in energy and decarbonization applications
1.4.Material overview for gas separation membranes
1.5.Main gas separation polymer membrane manufacturers
1.6.Commercial status of emerging materials
1.7.Application overview for gas separation membranes
1.8.Biogas upgrading presents a large opportunity
1.9.CCS membrane summary
1.10.Potential roles of gas separation membranes in the hydrogen economy
1.11.Gas Separation Membrane Market Forecast: Energy and Carbon Capture
1.12.Company Profiles
2.1.Understanding the key developments in the gas separation market
2.3.Membranes: Operating principles
2.4.Why use membranes for gas separation
2.5.Understanding a Robeson plot
2.6.Polymeric membrane module design
2.7.Material developments for next-generation membranes
2.8.Polymeric-based membranes for gas separation: Overview
2.9.Ceramic-based membranes for gas separation: Overview
2.10.Metallic-based membranes for gas separation: Overview
2.11.Composite membranes for gas separation: Overview
3.1.History of gas separation membranes
3.2.Air Liquide
3.3.Air Products
3.4.Honeywell UOP
3.11.Main gas separation polymer membrane manufacturers
4.1.Key biomethane/RNG market developments
4.2.Renewable Natural Gas: Membrane Outlook
4.3.Biomethane: Overview
4.4.The biomethane market
4.5.Biomethane: Main plant players
4.6.Main membrane players in biogas upgrading
4.7.Upgrading biogas: Overview
4.8.Upgrading strategy: Size and feedstock matters
4.9.Major biogas upgrading projects using membranes
4.10.Membrane separation and cryogenic distillation
4.11.Membrane properties for biogas upgrading
4.12.Mixed Matrix Membranes (MMM): CO2/CH4
4.13.Thermally rearranged polymer membranes
4.14.CMS membranes: CO2/CH4
4.15.Porous carbon fiber for CO2/CH4
4.16.3-stage membrane for biogas upgrading
4.17.Polymer membrane start-ups for biogas upgrading
4.18.Key competitive commercial developments for biogas upgrading
4.19.Key competitive commercial developments for biogas upgrading: MOFs
4.20.Key competitive commercial developments for biogas upgrading: ZIFs
5.1.Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage Overview
5.1.1.What is Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS)?
5.1.2.Why CCUS and why now?
5.1.3.The CCUS value chain
5.1.4.Main CO₂ capture systems
5.1.5.Carbon capture: Technology summary
5.1.6.The momentum behind CCUS is building up
5.1.7.Trends in CO₂ capture sources
5.1.8.Outlook for CCUS by CO₂ source sector
5.1.9.Mixed performance from deployed CCUS projects
5.1.10.Main CO₂ capture technologies
5.1.11.Comparison of CO₂ capture technologies
5.1.12.CO₂ capture: Technological gaps
5.1.13.Metrics for CO₂ capture agents capture rate: Suitability of different PSCC technologies
5.1.15.CCS membrane summary
5.1.16.Membrane-based CO₂ separation
5.2.Post-Combustion Carbon Capture: CO2/N2
5.2.1.Post-combustion CO₂ capture
5.2.2.Post-combustion CCS membrane targets
5.2.3.The challenges facing membranes for post-combustion carbon capture
5.2.4.Air Liquide hybrid technology for CCUS: Overview
5.2.5.Air Liquide hybrid technology for CCUS: Post-combustion
5.2.6.Post-combustion carbon capture: Lotte Chemical
5.2.7.Thin-film composite membranes
5.2.8.Thin-film composite membranes: Challenges
5.2.9.MTR: Post-combustion carbon capture
5.2.10.MTR: CCUS Progression
5.2.11.Hereon: TFCM for carbon capture
5.2.12.FSC membranes: Post-combustion carbon capture overview
5.2.13.FSC membranes - commercial developments
5.2.14.FSC membranes - research advancements
5.2.15.EU MEMBER project for CCUS
5.2.16.Post-combustion capture: Dual-phase membranes
5.2.17.Gas-liquid membrane contactor development for CCUS
5.2.18.Membrane contactor development for CCUS
5.2.19.Membrane-sorption hybrid system for CCUS
5.3.Pre-combustion carbon capture
5.3.1.Pre-combustion CO₂ capture- introduction
5.3.2.Challenges for membranes with syngas separation
5.3.3.Opportunity in IGCC plants for gas separation membranes: TFC
5.3.4.Opportunity in IGCC plants for gas separation membranes: PBI
5.3.5.Opportunity in IGCC plants for gas separation membranes: Metals and Ceramics
5.4.1.Hydrogen separation membranes: application overview
5.4.2.Polymer membrane developments for hydrogen separation
5.4.3.Polymer membrane developments for hydrogen separation (2)
5.4.4.CMS membranes for hydrogen separation
5.4.5.MMM developments for hydrogen separation
5.4.6.Blue hydrogen production
5.4.7.Hydrogen carriers
5.4.8.Deblending hydrogen
5.5.1.Oxy-fuel combustion CO₂ capture
5.5.2.Oxygen separation: membranes for oxy-fuel combustion
5.5.3.Oxygen separation: membranes for oxy-fuel combustion
5.5.4.Oxygen separation: membranes for CO2 utilisation
5.6.Natural Gas Processing and EOR
5.6.1.Membranes for NG processing and EOR
5.6.2.Challenges for membranes in natural gas processing
5.6.3.Overview of major gas processing with CCS projects
5.6.4.Overview of major gas processing with CCS projects (2)
5.6.5.What is CO₂ Enhanced oil recovery (EOR)?
5.6.6.Global status of CO₂-EOR: US dominates but other regions arise
5.6.7.Operational anthropogenic CO₂-EOR facilities worldwide
5.6.8.CO₂-EOR potential
5.6.9.CO₂-EOR main players in the US
5.6.10.CO₂-EOR main players in North America
5.6.11.CO₂-EOR in China
5.6.12.Honeywell: Membranes for NG processing and EOR
5.6.13.SLB: Membranes for NG processing and EOR
5.6.14.Key membrane players for NG processing
5.6.15.Membranes for Enhanced Oil Recover (EOR)
6.1.Helium market: Overview
6.2.Helium separation and purification membranes: Overview
6.3.Helium separation: Main Players
6.4.Helium purification: North American Helium
6.5.Helium purification: Gazprom
6.6.Helium purification: Commercial activity
6.7.Helium recovery: Fiber Optic and Leak Detection
6.8.Helium recovery: Diving
7.1.Application Overview
7.2.Gas Separation Membrane Market Forecast: Energy and Carbon Capture
7.3.Gas Separation Membrane Market Discussion: Energy and Carbon Capture
7.4.Gas Separation Membrane Market Forecast: Energy and Carbon Capture

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Slides 190
Published May 2023
ISBN 9781915514677

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