The Global In-Cabin Sensing Market Will Exceed US$8.5 Billion by 2034

การตรวจจับภายในห้องโดยสาร 2024-2034: เทคโนโลยี โอกาส และตลาด

ระบบตรวจสอบคนขับ (DMS), ระบบตรวจสอบผู้โดยสาร (OMS), การตรวจสอบภายใน, กล้องอินฟราเรด, กล้องเวลาบินได้, เรดาร์, เซ็นเซอร์คาปาซิทีฟ, เซ็นเซอร์แรงบิด, คลื่นไฟฟ้าหัวใจ, EEG, การติดตามการเคลื่อนไหวของดวงตา


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As the autonomous driving capabilities, specifically the SAE autonomous driving level, continue to advance, and with the imminent implementation of regional regulations such as Euro NCAP and the EU General Safety Regulation mandating driver monitoring systems (DMS), the global market for in-cabin sensing, encompassing driver monitoring, occupant monitoring, and advanced features like gesture control and vital sign monitoring, is projected to undergo an 11-fold increase from 2020 to 2034. This represents significant market opportunities.
 
IDTechEx's report on In-Cabin Sensing 2024-2034: Technologies, Players and Markets provides a detailed market forecast for in-cabin sensing technologies, segmented by regions including Europe, China, the USA, Japan, and the rest of the world. The report presents a granular forecast of volume sales and market size for various sensors, including IR cameras, ToF cameras, radar, capacitive steering sensors, and torque steering sensors across different regions.
 
Regulations
In accordance with the EU General Safety Regulation, all newly manufactured vehicles falling under categories M and N are mandated to incorporate an advanced driver distraction warning system (ADDW) from mid-2024. The ADDW system primarily monitors the movements of the driver's eyes and issues warnings if signs of distraction are detected. With the enforcement of this regulation looming within a year, IDTechEx has observed a prompt response from several automotive OEMs. For instance, as early as 2019, the BMW X5 was already equipped with driver attention cameras designed to observe the opening of the driver's eyes and the position of the driver's head, thus assessing the driver's level of engagement.
 
While DMS is not a novel concept, traditional DMS typically rely on passive technologies that gather information from the vehicle, such as lane-keeping and driving duration, as well as steering sensors. However, these passive technologies have been shown to be prone to inaccuracies, leading to a high incidence of false positives. In addition, the ADDW regulation stipulates a shift towards actively monitoring driver eye movement, signalling a transition from passive to vision-based active technology.
 
Despite this transition, IDTechEx acknowledges that the current adoption rate of cameras in DMS, coupled with feedback from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) proposing the commencement of the ADDW system in July 2028, suggests that the widespread implementation of DMS in all new vehicles within categories M and N may extend beyond the initially stipulated mid-2024 deadline.
 
Apart from Europe, IDTechEx has identified comparable regulations in other key regions. For example, both the Association of Global Automakers and the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers in the USA have voluntarily pledged to establish standardized rear seat reminders by 2025. In China, the Ministry of Transport has issued a directive titled "Notice of the General Office of the Ministry of Transport on Promoting the Application of Intelligent Video Surveillance and Alarm Technology," outlining explicit requirements aimed at enhancing driver safety.
 
Driver Monitoring System
DMS can be classified into two categories: direct/active monitoring and passive/indirect monitoring. Passive monitoring relies on vehicle information such as driving duration and lane-keeping to evaluate driver fatigue, but it has the drawback of potentially generating false positives. On the other hand, active monitoring, prompted by the requirements of the ADDW, utilizes near-infrared (NIR) cameras, which are particularly effective for detecting eye movements without adversely affecting drivers. NIR cameras typically incorporate one or two LEDs and an image sensor, and they are strategically installed in locations such as A pillars and steering columns. Software plays a crucial role in extracting features such as eyelid closure and yawning to identify signs of driver drowsiness or fatigue.
 
Occupant Monitoring System
OMS are experiencing increased traction, propelled by regulations such as the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) mandating child presence detection (CPD) systems in new cars. OMS, equipped with advanced features like vital signal monitoring and gesture control, predominantly employ time-of-flight (ToF) cameras and/or radar. IDTechEx has seen both radars and ToF cameras being adopted in vehicles already, such as the Li Auto L9 utilizing ToF cameras and the Volvo EX90 incorporating radar modules.
 
A few examples of automotive OEMs and their sensing methods. Source: IDTechEx
 
Market Opportunities
Regarding market opportunities, there is a clear trend toward increased adoption of DMS and OMS, driven by upcoming regulations and the emergence of innovative smart cockpit features. DMS is expected to experience rapid and widespread adoption, driven by regulatory mandates. In contrast, while OMS is also growing rapidly, it is foreseen to remain a premium feature predominantly found in mid- and high-end vehicles in the medium-term future. The swift rise of both DMS and OMS presents substantial opportunities for hardware suppliers, including sensor suppliers, chip makers, tier-one suppliers, and others, as well as for software solution providers. IDTechEx's latest research report titled "In-Cabin Sensing 2024-2034: Technologies, Players, and Markets" provides a thorough analysis of the technological requirements and potential market opportunities in this domain. The research delves into the intricacies of the rapidly evolving landscape, offering insights for both hardware and software solution providers.
 
Key aspects
 
This report provides the following information
  • In-Cabin Sensors Trends and Analysis
  • Overview of driver monitoring system (DMS) and occupant monitoring system (OMS) regulations by regions
  • In-depth technical analysis of infrared camera
  • In-depth technical analysis of ToF camera
  • In-depth technical analysis of radar
  • In-depth technical analysis of capacitive steering sensor
  • In-depth technical analysis of torque steering sensor
 
Summary of commercial use cases by sensor category
  • Key industry collaborations and acquisitions
  • Drivers for different sensors for DMS, OMS and other advanced features in general
  • Advancements in DMS and OMS sensors: RGB-IR cameras, ToF cameras, radars, capacitive steering sensors, torque steering sensors
  • Primary information from key companies
  • Company profiles
  • Teardowns and use-cases of in-cabin sensors
 
 
Summary of Forecast
  • 10-Year Infrared Cameras Volume (Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Infrared Cameras Market Size (US$ Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras Volume (Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras Market Size (US$ Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Radar Volume (Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Radar Market Size (US$ Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Capacitive Steering Sensors Volume (Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Capacitive Steering Sensors Market Size (US$ Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Torque Steering Sensors Volume (Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year Torque Steering Sensors Market Size (US$ Millions) Forecast by Region (China, Europe, USA, Japan, Rest of the World)
  • 10-Year In-Cabin Sensor Volume (Millions) Forecast by Type (IR Camera, Radar, ToF, Capacitive Steering Sensor, Torque Steering Sensor)
  • 10-Year In-Cabin Sensor Market Size (US$ Billions) Forecast by Type (IR Camera, Radar, ToF, Capacitive Steering Sensor, Torque Steering Sensor)
  • 10-Year In-Cabin Sensor European Market Size (US$ Billions) Forecast by Type (IR Camera, Radar, ToF, Capacitive Steering Sensor, Torque Steering Sensor)
  • 10-Year In-Cabin Sensor USA Market Size (US$ Billions) Forecast by Type (IR Camera, Radar, ToF, Capacitive Steering Sensor, Torque Steering Sensor)
  • 10-Year In-Cabin Sensor Chinese Market Size (US$ Billions) Forecast by Type (IR Camera, Radar, ToF, Capacitive Steering Sensor, Torque Steering Sensor)
  • 10-Year In-Cabin Sensor Japanese Market Size (US$ Billions) Forecast by Type (IR Camera, Radar, ToF, Capacitive Steering Sensor, Torque Steering Sensor)
Report MetricsDetails
Historic Data2020 - 2022
CAGRThe global market for in-cabin sensors will increase at a CAGR of 18.9% between 2020 and 2034.
Forecast Period2023 - 2034
Forecast UnitsUS$, Unit
Regions CoveredWorldwide, Europe, United States, China, Japan
Segments CoveredNear-infrared (NIR) and Infrared (IR) Cameras, Time-of-Flight (ToF) Cameras, Radar, Capacitive Steering Sensors, Torque Steering Sensors, Cardiovascular Monitoring, Brain Function Monitoring, Eye Movement Tracking, Printed Sensors for Smart Cockpit, Regional Regulations (Euro NCAP, , General Safety Regulation, Advanced Driver Distraction Warning (ADDW), etc.), Commercial Use Cases, Industry Partnerships and Acquisitions, Software Suppliers.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.IMS, DMS and OMS
1.2.Why Driver Monitoring?
1.3.What is Driver Monitoring?
1.4.Current Technologies for Interior Monitoring System (IMS)
1.5.Technologies Categorization: Driver Monitoring System (DMS)
1.6.Overview of In-Cabin Sensors by OEM (1)
1.7.Overview of In-Cabin Sensors by OEM (2)
1.8.Summary of Sensors for In-Cabin Monitoring
1.9.Yearly Volume Sales Forecast: In-Cabin Sensors (Millions): 2020-2034
1.10.Yearly Market Size Forecast: In-Cabin Sensors (US$ Billions): 2020-2034
1.11.Yearly Volume Forecast by In-Cabin Direct/Active Sensors: 2020-2034
1.12.Yearly Market Size Forecast by In-Cabin Direct/Active Sensors: 2020-2034
1.13.Market Share by In-Cabin Direct/Active Sensors: 2020-2034
1.14.Yearly Volume Sales Forecast of Hands-On Detection Sensors: 2020-2034
1.15.Yearly Volume Sales Forecast of Hands-On Detection Sensors: 2020-2034
1.16.Infrared (IR) Cameras in DMS
1.17.Trend - Integration into Mirrors or Displays with ADAS
1.18.Potential Integration Areas
1.19.IR Cameras for Passenger Cars - Volume Forecast 2020-2034
1.20.Average IR Camera Per Passenger Car: 2020-2034
1.21.ToF Camera for DMS - Principles
1.22.ToF Imaging Sensors: Resolution and Price Benchmarking
1.23.Yearly Volume Forecast ToF Cameras: 2020-2034
1.24.Average Number of ToF per Vehicle: 2020-2034
1.25.Radar - Introduction
1.26.Comparison of In-Cabin Radars
1.27.Forecast - Yearly Volume Sales of Radar: 2020-2034
1.28.Forecast - Radar Per Vehicle: 2020-2034
1.29.Current Status of Capacitive Sensors in DMS
1.30.Evolution of DMS Sensor Suite from SAE Level 1 to Level 4
1.31.Data Privacy
2.INTRODUCTION TO AUTONOMOUS DRIVING
2.1.SAE Level of Driving Automation
3.OVERVIEW OF REGULATIONS
3.1.Introduction
3.1.1.Overview of Regulations by Region
3.2.Trend of Mandating DMS
3.2.1.DDAW - EU General Safety Regulation (GSR)
3.2.2.EU Mandating DDAW July 2022
3.2.3.EU Mandating ADDW From Mid-2024 - Specifications (1)
3.2.4.EU Mandating ADDW From Mid-2024 - Specifications (2)
3.2.5.EU Mandating ADDW From Mid-2024 - Specifications (3)
3.2.6.Considerations of ADDW System
3.2.7.Evolution of DMS Sensor Suite from SAE Level 1 to Level 4
3.2.8.Regional Regulation
3.2.9.Regulations - USA
3.2.10.2023 Euro NCAP In-Depth Assessment (1)
3.3.Data Privacy
3.3.1.Privacy by Design
3.3.2.Privacy - Accuracy and Consequences
3.3.3.Privacy - Anticipating the Uses and More Evidence is Needed
4.ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR DMS AND OMS
4.1.Introduction
4.1.1.Driver Monitoring System (DMS)
4.1.2.Applications of DMS
4.1.3.Overview of Sensing Technologies by Features
4.1.4.Sensing Technologies: Passive and Active
4.1.5.Technology Comparison of Radar, ToF and IR Cameras
4.1.6.Comparison of In-Cabin Sensing Technologies
4.2.ToF Cameras
4.2.1.ToF Camera for DMS - Principles
4.2.2.Infineon DMS - REAL3™ ToF Imager IRS2877A(S)
4.2.3.ToF Camera Teardowns
4.2.4.Magna - DMS Integrated in Rear-View Mirror
4.2.5.Melexis - 3D ToF Camera
4.2.6.Valeo
4.2.7.AMS Osram
4.2.8.ToF Imaging Sensors Summary
4.2.9.Occupant Monitoring System (OMS): Cameras
4.2.10.PreAct - Flash LiDAR for OMS
4.2.11.LG Innotek - ToF Camera for DMS
4.2.12.Terabee
4.2.13.Summary of 3D Imaging Systems
4.2.14.Bill of Materials - ToF Camera
4.2.15.Yearly Volume Forecast ToF Cameras: 2020-2034
4.2.16.Yearly Market Size Forecast for In-Cabin ToF Cameras: 2020-2034
4.2.17.Average Number of ToF Camera per Vehicle - Forecast 2020-2034
4.3.NIR/IR Imaging
4.3.1.Segmenting the electromagnetic spectrum
4.3.2.SWOT - IR cameras/sensors
4.3.3.Infrared (IR) in DMS - Overview
4.3.4.IR VS. VCSEL Light Sources (1)
4.3.5.IR VS. VCSEL Light Sources (2)
4.3.6.Potential Integration Areas
4.3.7.VCSEL Summary
4.3.8.LEDs Versus VCSEL
4.3.9.Applications of IR Imaging - 2D and 3D
4.3.10.Structured light
4.3.11.Performance Indicators
4.3.12.2D RGB Cameras to IR LED Imaging
4.3.13.Requirements of IR LEDs and VCSELs for DMS and OMS
4.3.14.NIR + Thermal Camera - Next2U
4.3.15.Overview of Leading Players in VCSEL
4.3.16.Acquisition
4.3.17.Case Study: Seeing Machines (1)
4.3.18.Case Study: Seeing Machines (2)
4.3.19.Case Study: Seeing Machines (3)
4.3.20.IR Sensors
4.3.21.IR LED Drivers
4.3.22.IR Cameras for Passenger Cars - Volume Forecast 2020-2034
4.3.23.Average IR Camera Per Passenger Car: 2020-2034
4.3.24.Forecast: Cost per IR Camera for DMS
4.3.25.Market Size Forecast: IR Cameras (US$ Millions): 2020-2034
4.4.Radar
4.4.1.Introduction to Radar Technology
4.4.2.Ultra Wide Band Radars for In-Cabin Sensing
4.4.3.Case Study: Imec
4.4.4.Infineon - 60GHz Radar Sensor for OMS
4.4.5.Vayyar
4.4.6.Pontosense
4.4.7.LG Innotek
4.4.8.Valeo
4.4.9.Joyson Safety Systems
4.4.10.Texas Instruments
4.4.11.NXP - TEF810X
4.4.12.Acconeer
4.4.13.WHST STA60-4 Pro/STA79-4 Pro
4.4.14.Volvo
4.4.15.Comparison of In-Cabin Radars
4.4.16.Forecast - Yearly Volume Sales of Radar: 2020-2034
4.4.17.Forecast - Radar Per Vehicle: 2020-2034
4.4.18.Bill of Materials - Cost per In-Cabin Radar
4.4.19.Yearly Market Size Forecast for In-Cabin Radar: 2020-2034
4.5.Torque Steering Sensors
4.5.1.Torque Sensor for HOD - Working Principles
4.5.2.Force/Grip Pressure Sensor for HOD - Potentially Reflect Psychological Status?
4.5.3.Torque Sensors Can be Easily Deceived - Tesla
4.5.4.Torque Steering Sensor Volume Forecast: 2020-2034
4.5.5.Cost Forecast of Steering Torque Sensor
4.5.6.Torque Steering Sensor Market Size Forecast: 2020-2034
4.6.Capacitive Steering Sensors
4.6.1.Current Status of Capacitive Sensors in DMS
4.6.2.Block Diagram of HOD Functions
4.6.3.Drawbacks and Improvements on Capacitive Sensors (1)
4.6.4.Drawbacks and Improvements on Capacitive Sensors (2)
4.6.5.AMS Osram Capacitive Sensor - Overview
4.6.6.AMS Osram Capacitive Sensor - Integrated Circuits
4.6.7.Capacitive Sensors - IEE Smart Sensing Solution
4.6.8.AMS Osram Capacitive Sensor Application
4.6.9.Cipia's Driver Sense Driver Monitoring System
4.6.10.Smart Seat - Seat with Sensors From Innovation Lab
4.6.11.InnovationLab: Lab-2-Fab for printed sensors for automotive applications
4.6.12.Tacterion: Tactile Flexible Sensors For Cockpit Controls
4.6.13.Joanneum Research: Electroactive polymers for smart automotive applications
4.6.14.Mercedes-Benz Capacitive Sensors for Hands-On Detection
4.6.15.Myant- Health Monitoring at the Wheel
4.6.16.VW Capacitive Steering Wheels
4.6.17.ZF - Multiple Zones (>3) Provided?
4.6.18.ZF - Touch the Steering Wheel Rather Than Screen To Control?
4.6.19.Alps Alpine's 4 Zone Electrode Sensor - Technology Analysis
4.6.20.Huawei - Patents on Capacitive Sensors Overcoming Traditional Issues
4.6.21.Aidin Robotics' Capacitive Technology: Potential Fit for Capacitive Steering Wheels?
4.6.22.S32K144 - Steering Wheel HOD from NXP
4.6.23.ForcIOT - Stretchable Electronics for Grip Pressure Sensing
4.6.24.Unikie - Cameras for Detection of Driver Alertness
4.6.25.Microchip's Steering Wheel - Capacitive HOD
4.6.26.Volume Forecast - Capacitive Steering Sensors: 2020-2034
4.6.27.Price Forecast - Cost per Capacitive Steering Sensor 2020-2034
4.6.28.Market Size Forecast of Capacitive Steering Sensors: 2020-2034
5.PRINTED SENSORS FOR SMART COCKPIT
5.1.Human Design Group: Future of automotive interiors
5.2.CEA Liten: Printed electronics for automotive industry
5.3.Epicnpoc: Software to integrate smart cockpit components
5.4.Actronika: Localized haptics on cockpit screens
5.5.Ultraleap: Mid-air haptics for automotive
5.6.ST Microelectronics: Global shutter NIR image sensors for in-cabin monitoring
5.7.Aryballe: Digital olfaction for automotive use cases
6.APPLICATIONS OF DMS AND OMS TECHNOLOGIES
6.1.Eye Movement Tracking
6.1.1.Eye-Tracking for DMS
6.1.2.Eye-Tracking Sensor Categories
6.1.3.Eye-tracking using cameras with machine vision
6.1.4.Eye-tracking companies based on conventional/NIR cameras and machine vision software
6.1.5.Event-Based Vision for Eye-Tracking
6.1.6.Event-Based Vision: Pros and Cons
6.1.7.Importance of software for event-based vision
6.1.8.Prophesee: Company overview
6.1.9.Eye tracking with laser scanning MEMS
6.1.10.Capacitive Sensing of Eye Movement
6.2.Brain Function Monitoring
6.2.1.Brain function monitoring
6.2.2.Trends in brain measurement technology for cognitive workload monitoring
6.2.3.Magnetoencephalography
6.2.4.State of the art: Optically pumped magnetometers
6.2.5.Operating principles of conventional magnetoencephalography (MEG)
6.2.6.Operating principal of optical magnetometry
6.3.Cardiovascular Metrics
6.3.1.CardioID - ECG Monitoring for Drivers
7.USE CASES AND PLAYERS
7.1.Introduction
7.1.1.Overview of Sensors (1)
7.1.2.Overview of Sensors (2)
7.1.3.Summary of Sensors for In-Cabin Monitoring
7.2.Use Cases - Passenger Vehicles
7.2.1.BMW IX and X5
7.2.2.BMW - Gesture Control
7.2.3.Cadillac's Super Cruise
7.2.4.Polestar 3 Driver Monitoring System
7.2.5.Jaguar Land Rover
7.2.6.Audi FitDriver
7.2.7.Use Case - MAXUS MIFA 9: DMS + Dual OMS
7.2.8.Trumpchi GS8
7.2.9.Jetour Dashing X90
7.2.10.Subaru's DMS
7.2.11.Ford - BlueCruise Technology
7.2.12.Tesla - IR-based DMS
7.2.13.Nissan - ProPilot 2.0
7.2.14.Lexus LS
7.2.15.Toyota Mirai
7.2.16.Mitsubishi
7.2.17.XPeng Motors
7.2.18.Nio ET7 - DMS and OMS Cameras
7.2.19.Li Auto L9 - 3D ToF Camera
7.2.20.Li Auto - 2D IR Camera for DMS
7.2.21.AION
7.2.22.Hongqi Auto - Capacitive Steering Wheels + Fatigue Detection Cameras
7.2.23.HAVAL - F7 and H6
7.2.24.WEY - VV6
7.2.25.Rising Auto F7 DMS and OMS
7.3.Suppliers
7.3.1.Overview of Supply Chain - DMS
7.3.2.Acquisition and Partnerships
7.4.Tier One Suppliers
7.4.1.Continental AG
7.4.2.Denso Corporation
7.4.3.Harman - Ready Care
7.4.4.NXP and Momenta
7.4.5.ZF Friedrichshafen Ag - Towards Integrated Safety
7.4.6.Intel and Cipia
7.4.7.Valeo
7.4.8.Renesas Electronics Corporation
7.4.9.Hyundai Mobis - M.Brain: The World's First Brainwave-based DMS
7.4.10.Mitsubishi Electric - Wide-Angle Cameras
7.4.11.Visteon - Interior Sensing for OMS
7.4.12.Veoneer
7.4.13.Hikvision
7.4.14.SenseTime
7.5.Tier 2 Suppliers
7.5.1.Seeing Machines
7.5.2.7invensu
7.5.3.Smart Eye Activity Detection Systems
7.5.4.Tobii
7.5.5.Emotion3D
7.5.6.Onsemi
7.5.7.Eyeris
7.5.8.OmniVision
8.FORECAST SUMMARY
8.1.Yearly Volume Sales of In-Cabin Sensors (Millions): 2020-2034
8.2.Yearly Market Size of In-Cabin Sensors (US$ Billions: 2020-2034
8.3.Volume Forecast by In-Cabin Vision Sensors: 2020-2034
8.4.Market Size Forecast by In-Cabin Vision Sensors: 2020-2034
8.5.Market Share by In-Cabin Vision Sensors: 2020-2034
8.6.Yearly Volume Sales of HOD Sensors: 2020-2034
8.7.Yearly Market Size of Passive/Inactive Sensors: 2020-2034
8.8.Yearly Market Size of In-Cabin Sensors - China: 2020-2034
8.9.Yearly Market Size of In-Cabin Sensors - Europe: 2020-2034
8.10.Yearly Market Size of In-Cabin Sensors - USA: 2020-2034
8.11.Yearly Market Size of In-Cabin Sensors - Japan: 2020-2034
 

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Report Statistics

Slides 263
Forecasts to 2034
Published Nov 2023
ISBN 9781835700020
 

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