A prediction by analysts IDTechEx
is turning out to be true.The window of opportunity is closing for fuel cell on-road vehicles to become mainstream.
Hydrogen infrastructure is headed for adequate levels in a few hydrogen friendly territories like Japan, Germany and California but FC vehicle output is badly behind plan.
Canadian fuel cell company Ballard Power Systems
has just taken an order from the Zhuhai Yinlong Energy Group to equip ten buses with its fuel cell modules FCveloCity-MD 30. In contrast, Zhuhai Yinlong intends to build no less than 35,000 battery
-electric buses this year though Yutong
leads in these. IDTechEx believes FC buses and cars are turning out to be minority products offered into favorable territories. IDTechEx CEO Raghu Das says, "As those planning expensive battery-swapping road stations learned to their cost, in the next stage you fix the vehicle not the infrastructure. Stations supplying what is still fossil fuel hydrogen are extremely expensive compared to battery chargers and even these battery chargers will be needed less as we progress to better batteries and sometimes energy independent vehicles as with the Nanowinn microbus today. There are plenty of battery cars and buses with over 150 miles range already being delivered. Indeed, as private cars are increasingly discouraged and even banned in cities, the autonomous electric taxis and buses that take over will not wrestle with a hydrogen nozzle: they will be contactlessly charged."
The largest joint hydrogen vehicle project kicked off in Germany in January. The project JIVE will see the purchase of about 140 fuel cell buses from 2018, while project MEHRLIN will focus on setting up seven H2 fuelling stations for fuel cell buses. The buses will go in to service in Germany (near Cologne, Wuppertal, and Frankfurt area), the UK (London, Birmingham, Dundee, and Aberdeen), Italy (South Tirol), Latvia (Riga), as well as Denmark (Slagelse). Contrast these territories taken together purchasing thousands of pure electric battery buses at that time. The globally leading bus companies and some car companies are offering FC versions to complete their ranges, serving territories and operators favoring them.
Top image: JIVE