Light Electric Vehicles 2011-2021: IDTechEx

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Light Electric Vehicles 2011-2021

Electric bicycles, scooters and allied vehicles

Updated December 2011

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Report by Edward Benjamin, Managing Director, eCycleElectric Consultants / Edited and published by IDTechEx
Written by the world's leading expert on LEVs, with the longest track record, this LEV report looks closely at global trends in their technology, manufacture and market drivers such as legislation. IDTechEx has added forecasts and other material. The analysis is balanced, with negative factors exposed such as several Chinese cities banning or severely restricting LEVs. The LEV industry is growing fast, with greatest strength in China today, but also clearly emerging fast in the rest of the world. Up until the last couple of years, ebike sales were concentrated in China, Japan, and the EU. In the last few years, nearly every nation has bought ebikes from China, and in some cases, the volumes are now significant. Sales will reach 130 million yearly before 2025, make it one of the world's largest industries. The 206 page report encompassing over 70 brands gives forecasts of sales numbers, unit prices and total market value for 2011-2021. 13 market drivers are balanced against many negative factors that are discussed in the report, which has 69 figures and tables and detail on standards and legislation.
LEVs are one of the largest and fastest growing electric vehicle markets. A Light Electric Vehicle LEV is a land vehicle propelled by an electric motor that uses an energy storage device such as a battery or fuel cell, has two or three wheels, and typically weighs less than 100kg. Most LEVs are and will remain ebikes. These are Power on Demand bikes controlled with a throttle. A significant percentage of ebikes sold are scooters in that they have the driver's feet rest on a platform - they are not straddled by the driver.
Today, the LEV industry is dominated by large bicycle companies, due to their access to distribution. We explain why, in the future, these companies will face major competition from, and may be pushed aside by car, motorcycle, and car parts companies. Supply chains for motors, batteries, chassis parts, and nearly every LEV component exist in Asia, primarily in China, Taiwan, Japan, and newly emerging South Korea. We reveal where the highest profits will be obtained in future and the opportunities in components as these change with lithium-ion batteries of several generations and supercapacitors being increasingly employed, for example. The more demanding future technical requirements of users and standards are investigated.
Adjoining sectors are also discussed such as heavy electric motorcycles and the bigger sector of mobility vehicles for the disabled, where ten year forecasts are presented. New crossover vehicles between LEVs and these sectors are presented.
Market Forecasts from IDTechEx
This report includes forecasts for LEV numbers and market value from 2011 to 2021.
Rise in market value (US$bn)
Source IDTechEx
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Table of Contents
1.1.Forecast for numbers of LEVs sold globally to 2025
1.1.LEV number in millions 2011-2021
1.1.LEV number, unit value in dollars ex factory and total global market value 2011-2021
1.2.LEV unit value in dollars ex factory 2011-2021
1.3.Market value forecast
1.3.LEV total global market value in dollar billions 2011-2021
1.4.Reasons for growth
1.4.1.Competition and profitability
1.4.3.Typical requirement
2.1.Definition of a light electric vehicle
2.1.Voltitude folding pedelec
2.1.Prices and performance of electric two wheelers
2.2.Chinese domestic ebike left and Currie IZ ViaRapido ebike right
2.2.The Industry of LEVs
2.2.1.Taiwan and China
2.2.2.Outside Taiwan and China
2.2.3.Too much cost cutting
2.3.Electric motor scooters in China
2.4.Electric tricycle
2.5.Electric moped by Ultra Motor
2.6.Electric motorcycle by Vectrix
2.7.Electric mini scooters by Currie Technologies
2.8.Segway personal transporter
2.9.3 wheel LEV with windshield and cover
2.10.The folding Yike Bike from New Zealand
2.11.TriBred electric Trikke patrol vehicle and general purpose version
2.12.Ebike by Ultra Motor A2B
2.13.LEV Shop Window with ebike.
2.14.EU small folding ebike
2.15.Chinese ebike loaded down
2.16.Chinese ebike rider
2.17.Chinese ebike with two riders
2.18.Ebikes used at Chinese factories
2.19.China LEVs at stop light
2.20.Ebike Food Delivery for Papa John's in China
2.21.Ebike food delivery by A2B Ultra Motor
2.22.LEV four wheeler for seniors - a crossover from LEVs to mobility for the disabled
2.23.IBD Bloomfield Bikes Ebike Display in CT USA
3.1.How good does it have to be?
3.1.Chinese Repair in the Street
3.2.Chinese Ebike Tire Repair
3.2.What retail price?
3.3.Escooter or Ebike?
3.4.Traditional Chinese Ebike
3.5.Optibike USA "The Ferrari of Electric Bikes"
3.6.Small French Folding Ebike
3.7.DK City db0 Ebike
4.1.What is an electric bicycle?
4.1.2.Power on Demand bikes and other categories
4.1.3.Electric vehicles for disabled and others
4.1.4.Power restriction
4.1.5.Notable regulations
4.2.Universal Technical Terms for Ebikes
5.1.The demographic time-bomb
5.1.Percentage of dependent elderly 1970 to 2040
5.1.Statistics relevant to the challenge to society caused by ageing population
5.1.1.Ageing population and the dependent elderly
5.1.2.Laws make mobility easier
5.2.Evolution of three families of powered vehicles for the disabled
5.2.New Pihsiang Shoprider pure electric mobility vehicle for the disabled
5.2.Types of mobility vehicle
5.2.1.Growth by new market segments
5.2.2.Interchina Industry Group China
5.3.Evolution of power chairs 1980 to 2010
5.3.The Electric Car (INEC-KARO) for the disabled from Interchina Industry Group
5.3.Market drivers
5.3.1.Geographical distribution
5.3.2.Needs creating new segments
5.3.3.What is driving regional differences?
5.3.4.Zhejiang R&P Industry China
5.3.5.Pride Mobility, USA
5.4.Evolution of scooters for the disabled 1980 to 2010
5.4.Zhejiang R&P Industry ES 413
5.4.Listing of manufacturers
5.5.Market forecasts 2011-2021
5.5.Pride Jazzy - making new things possible
5.5.The continental percentage split of markets for vehicles for the disabled by value in 2010
5.5.1.Growth by creating new markets
5.6.The percentage split of market for vehicles for the disabled by country within Europe
5.7.The numbers in thousands of scooters plus power chairs that were and will be sold in Europe 2005 to 2015
5.8.Features of mobility vehicles that may hold up the price by offering more in future
5.9.The percentage distribution of manufacture between Taiwan and Mainland China by value of vehicles for the disabled 2005, 2010 and 2015
5.10.Market for EVs for the disabled by geographical region, ex works pricing and percentage split in 2005, 2010 and 2020
5.11.82 examples of manufacturers of EVs for the disabled by country
5.12.Global sales of EVs used as mobility aids for the disabled by number, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars, 2011-2021, rounded
6.1.Battery Technology - as currently used in LEVs, on a pack level
6.1.Battery pack interiors
6.1.1.SVRLA strengths and weaknesses
6.1.2.Battery packagers
6.1.3.Battery Packs from China
6.1.4.Power management and user interface
6.1.5.Electric motor controller
6.1.6.Motor Controls:
6.1.7.Accessory features:
6.1.8.Chinese Coin Charger
6.1.9.Energy harvesting
6.1.10.User Interface
6.1.11.Real Time Data Logging and Reporting
6.1.12.Infrastructure challenges and Government incentives
6.2.Controller by Suzhou Bafang
6.2.Examples of battery suppliers to this sector
6.2.1.Advanced Battery Technologies (ABAT) China
6.2.2.Leyden Energy USA
6.2.3.PowerGenix USA
6.2.4.ReVolt Technologies Ltd Switzerland
6.2.5.Toshiba Japan
6.3.Lead Acid Battery Charger by High Power
6.4.Solar parking lot for charging by Sanyo
6.5.User Interface by Gepida
6.6.User Interface by BionX
6.7.UI 1 Photo with phone Interface
6.8.Toshiba e-bike battery
7.1.Standards Efforts
7.1.SVRLA battery sizes by Long
7.2.Transparent battery box
7.2.Component industry trends
7.3.LEV electric motor industry
7.3.Innovative Chinese motor
7.4.High speed brushless motor by Bafang
7.4.Controller industry
7.5.Wiring harness and connectors
7.5.Typical connector
8.1.Markets by territory
8.1.Example of China exports to the EU
8.1.World e-bike sales (Units) estimated for 2007-2010
8.2.Markets by providers
8.2.Chinese cities banning or restricting electric bikes.
8.2.Hero Electric of India Flash Ebike 1
8.3.Electric vehicle energy consumption per passenger kilometer with full occupation.
8.3.Bicycle Brands with ebikes or expected to have ebikes soon:
8.3.2.European Bike Brands
8.3.3.Netherlands brands:
8.4.Channels of distribution
8.5.Market forecasts and drivers
8.6.Drivers of market
8.6.1.Fuel price
8.6.2.Fuel availability
8.6.4.Cost of government subsidy
8.6.5.Traffic congestion
8.6.6.Parking congestion
8.6.8.Air pollution
8.6.9.Government regulation
8.6.10.Personal responsibility
8.6.11.Total cost of ownership
8.6.12.Aging populations
8.6.13.Living in apartments
8.6.14.Negative factors
8.6.15.Bans in Malaysia and elsewhere?

Report Statistics

Pages 216
Tables 16
Figures 54
Case Studies 70
Forecasts to 2021

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