Electric vehicles Report

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电动汽车充电基础设施 2019-2029:预测、技术和参与者


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IDTechEx 的《电动汽车充电基础设施 2019-2029》报告概述了电动汽车充电技术的开发现状,包括导电充电、感应充电和电容充电等。我们介绍了一些关键的实现技术,如快速充电、电池交换和机器人充电,它们将在新的移动模式中发挥作用。我们提出了按地区划分的电动汽车充电器十年市场预测。
The state of the electric vehicle market and its charging infrastructure.
 
The global electric vehicle population reached 3 million units at the end of 2017, which represents approximately 0.23% of the global vehicle population. Electric vehicle producers have responded to consumer's range anxiety by increasing the available range per charge in their vehicles to more than 200 miles. However ultimately the deployment of electric vehicles will depend on the deployment of ubiquitous chargers.
 
Depending of the direction of mobility evolution, EV charging will have to adapt.
 
This report provides an analysis of the state of deployment of public and private chargers by region including the USA, Europe, China and Japan. Technology, economic and social trends are dramatically changing the paradigm upon which the automotive industry has been built, this is man piloted, user owned and mass produced. Indeed the emergence of the autonomous and shared vehicle, both for personal and commercial mobility, is changing the needs of charging infrastructure. So what charging technologies can come forward to satisfy these special needs, these are presented in this report.
 
The multibillion-dollar market opportunity in a complex landscape.
 
Overall IDTechEx electric vehicle market research estimates that the global market of electric vehicle charging infrastructure will reach a market value of more than $140 billion by 2029 with a global population of ten million public chargers and 50 million private chargers.
 
 
IDTechEx's Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure 2019-2029 report presents an overview of the state of development of technologies for electric vehicle charging including conductive, inductive, and capacitive charging among others. The report presents the different charger topologies by different levels (Level 1 to Level 3). A comprehensive overview of the main charging standards (Chademo, CCS, Tesla, China GB dtd, India Bharat std) , communication protocols and standards including an analysis of Vehicle to Grid communication interphase. We present some of the key enabling technologies such as semiconductor technology, fast charging, battery swapping and robotic charging which will have a role in new mobility paradigms.
 
The coverage of this report is global. This report presents a ten year market forecast (2019-2029) of electric vehicle chargers by region (Europe, China, USA and Japan) and by type of charger (public or private). We provide profiles of leading companies developing and commercialising electric vehicle charging infrastructure. As public policies have always key for electric vehicle deployment we include some of the recent highlights of policies favourable for electric vehicle charging infrastructure globally.
 
The EV charging infrastructure value chain will evolve as the integrating of both electric vehicles and renewable energy goes forward. Challenges and opportunities arise when this happens, as there will be increasing requirements for operating the electricity network in a smarter way. For this purpose, concepts like demand side management and key enabling technologies like energy storage will have a key role.
 
Our report finishes with an outlook to the future, including a promising avenue of technology development that can potentially disrupt the electric vehicle charging infrastructure industry: this is energy autonomous vehicles. What we mean by this? Not fully autonomous of course but given the increasing performance of energy harvesting technologies we foresee a future in which electric vehicles will be capable of recharging themselves by harvesting energy from the environment and therefore become less reliant on grid-based charging infrastructures.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.Introduction
1.2.Technology trends
1.3.Technology trends (continued)
1.4.EV charger demand as a function of PEV market share
1.5.Charging infrastructure today
1.6.Is it enough? Europe
1.7.Is it enough? The USA
1.8.Is it enough? China
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.The year 2017 was the year of global one million Plug in EV sales
2.2.Plug in EV market forecast by IDTechEx
2.3.Plug in EV market forecast by IDTechEx
2.4.EV Charging infrastructure forecast by region (public chargers) - number
2.5.EV Charging infrastructure forecast by region (private chargers) - number
2.6.Market forecast in value (usd billion)
2.7.Summary chapter 4
2.8.Summary chapter 5
2.9.Summary chapter 6
2.10.Summary chapter 7
2.11.Introduction: summary chapter 8
2.12.Introduction: summary chapter 9 (1)
3.DEFINITIONS
3.1.Definitions: glossary
4.TYPES OF CHARGING AND CHARGING LEVEL STANDARDS
4.1.Types of charging: basics
4.2.Types of charging: standardization
4.3.Charging level standards
4.4.Charging levels: charging time
4.5.Charging modes
4.5.1.Charging mode 1
4.5.2.Charging mode 2
4.5.3.Charging mode 3
4.5.4.Charging mode 4
4.6.Plug Types
4.6.1.Type 1 plug
4.6.2.Type 2 plug
4.6.3.Types 4 plugs
4.6.4.Plug types comparison
4.6.5.Plugs types summary
4.7.Charging infrastructure standards
4.7.1.Charging infrastructure standards: ISO/IEC
4.7.2.Charging infrastructure standards: SAE
4.7.3.Charging infrastructure standards: CHAdeMO
4.7.4.Charging infrastructure standards: GB/GBT
4.7.5.Charging infrastructure standards: India
5.CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE
5.1.Technology overview
5.1.1.Semiconductors technology
5.1.2.Wide bandgap semiconductors
5.1.3.BEVs charging technology
5.2.Conductive charging
5.2.1.Conductive charging: Level 1
5.2.2.Conductive charging: Level 2
5.2.3.Conductive charging: Level 3
5.2.4.Conductive charging: special infrastructure
5.2.5.Conductive charging: opportunity charging
5.2.6.Conductive charging: cable cooling
5.2.7.Conductive charging: double charging
5.3.Inductive charging
5.3.1.Inductive charging: parking
5.3.2.Inductive charging: on road
5.3.3.Inductive charging: market products
5.4.Capacitive charging
5.5.Battery swapping
5.6.Communication systems
5.6.1.Communication protocols and standards
5.6.2.Standardization of V2G Interface
5.6.3.Vehicle-to-Grid Communication Interface
5.6.4.Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP)
5.6.5.Communication interface outlook
6.MARKET PLAYERS
6.1.Charge Point (USA)
6.2.AeroVironment Inc (USA)
6.3.Chargemaster PLC (UK)
6.4.Heliox (Netherlands)
6.5.X Charge (China)
6.6.Tesla (USA)
6.7.Siemens (Germany)
6.8.ABB (Sweden)
6.9.ClipperCreek (USA)
7.PUBLIC POLICIES IN EV CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE
7.1.Public policies: global scope
7.2.Public policies: China
7.2.1.Public policies: China what is next?
7.2.2.Public policies: China's industrial polices
7.2.3.Public policies: China's business models
7.3.Public policies: Europe
7.4.Public policies: Europe
7.5.Public policies: United States
7.6.Public policies: Japan and Korea
8.EV CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURES VALUE CHAIN AND TRENDS
8.1.Integration into power grids
8.2.Penetration of renewable energies
8.3.Vehicle-to-grid impacts
8.4.Vehicle-to-grid impacts
8.5.Off grid charging stations
9.OUTLOOK AND FUTURE CHALLENGES
9.1.Outlook and future challenges: intro
9.2.Wide bandgap semiconductors
9.3.Autonomous charging
9.4.Capacitive charging
9.5.Batteries: high power density
9.6.3D printing for EVs
9.7.Integrated power electronics
9.8.E-Car sharing platforms
9.9.Fully operative vehicle-to-grid
9.10.Energy Independent Vehicles
10.WIRELESS CHARGING OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES
10.1.Overview
10.2.Truck and bus in Sweden: Electreon
10.3.Taxis in Norway: Fortum and Momentum Dynamics
10.4.Progress with developers
10.5.WiTricity continues
10.6.Hyundai in 2025
10.7.Non-stop charging
10.8.Appraisal
10.9.IDTechEx conclusions
 

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