컨포멀(등각성) 태양광 차체는 태양광 차량이 일광을 이용해 최소한 주행의 10%를 차지할 수 있도록 한다. 이러한 차량에 대한 대량 주문이 실제 이루어지고 있다. 이 보고서는 어떻게 몇 가지 기술이 이를 가능하게 만들었는지, 그 다음 단계는 어디서 어떻게 이루어 질지, 그리고 태양광 보트 및 항공기의 벤치마킹 모범사례까지 심층적으로 조사한다. 태양광 자동차에 대한 150억 달러 규모의 시장 전망으로 이제 다수의 전공분야가 참여할 가능성이 있다.
The new report, "Solar Cars, Buses, Trucks, Trains 2020-2030" shows why a rapidly increasing number of car companies are incorporating solar bodywork that significantly increases range or reduces battery size. The situation with buses, large trucks and trains is also presented, with around 100 organisations investigated. Understand how only special cases of get at least 10% of power from on-board solar but it is being introduced for other reasons. Learn how other tipping points will come for many vehicles as new technologies become viable. Examples are affordable compound and multijunction cells (Toyota, Sharp) even as wrap (Hanergy), expanding solar, solar windows and adding on-board wind-power (several on-land and boats). New user propositions include transport-with-microgrid.
See why the expensive new Lightyear solar car has a substantial orderbook. It achieves a record 730 km range with half the battery needed if it was at the previously best drag factor and powertrain efficiency (Tesla cars without solar). Compare the parameters of the most successful solar family car, the affordable Sono Motors Sion. Over 10,000 ordered puts to shame many traditional car companies making similar pure-electric, five-seater cars without solar. For now, failure to meet the 320 km/200 mile tipping point for regular pure-electric vehicles to be appealing and have good resale value is no impediment. That is because it is inspiring, offering complete energy independence for the many commuters using their cars sparingly, as does Lightyear.
The report "Solar Cars, Buses, Trucks, Trains 2020-2030" shows how energy-positive vehicles will become commercially available. With hybrids, learn how the giant Hyundai is setting the pace with one model newly offering a solar roof adding 10% to range for many light users buying it. Hyundai has two other solar body types planned. There are now many types of car, car-like vehicle, boat and plane that can be called solar vehicles (increasing range by at least 10%). Invisible solar? Spray on solar? It is all here.
The executive summary, including 36 primary conclusions, assesses sales and technology, benefits and challenges and forecasts numbers, value and value market for solar cars 2020-2030, separating premium from mainstream. In Chapter 2: Introduction, see the widening choices of electric vehicle powertrain and comparison of photovoltaic parameters, benefits, challenges, performance and manufacturers. For instance, copper-indium-gallium-diselenide thin film photovoltaics is pictured in action in four countries. Why? Best practice in solar boats and aircraft gives lessons and ten key technologies for energy-independent electric vehicles are presented. High-power energy harvesting discussion puts it in context.
Chapter 3 explores solar cars in 18 countries with emphasis on commercial success and benefits to society. Chapter 4 looks at truly solar buses and trucks and precursors with weaker photovoltaic contribution. 12 countries are covered, remarkably with equatorial to Antarctic activity and multipurposing. Chapter 4 "Solar for trains" explains the modest benefit of solar on trains but the huge potential of off-grid solar power for trains mainly based on trackside panels. Chapter 6 looks at "Lessons from agribots, aircraft and boats" then the report ends with Chapter 7 on future enabling technologies such as bodywork that together makes and stores energy. Learn energy-positive and multi-mode vehicles coming; their technologies and uses. The revolutionary mobile zero-emission "zero genset" concept of IDTechEx is explained with its $100 billion yearly potential.
"Solar Cars, Buses, Trucks, Trains 2020-2030" is part of ongoing research by globetrotting PhD level analysts in IDTechEx. They carry out technical interviews in local languages and access privileged databases and are respected presenters and consultants in the subject.
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