Electric Vehicles 2010-2020: IDTechEx

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Electric Vehicles 2010-2020

Cars, Buses, Two Wheelers, Industrial, Commercial, Mobility for Disabled, Military, Marine, Other

Updated October 2010

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Electric Vehicles - Seeing the Big Picture
The burgeoning electric vehicle EV industry cannot be understood by simply looking at cars. The complete market value is, and will remain, about double the market for cars. The leaders such as Toyota, Honda and Nissan make electric vehicles for many applicational sectors. Indeed, many of them also control the manufacture of the component that most affects price and performance - the battery. For example, Nissan has a major program to put next generation lithium batteries from its battery joint venture into its forklifts as well as its cars. Toyota makes heavy and light industrial EVs from forklifts to buses and mobility for the disabled, not just electric cars, and the knowledge in these different divisions is shared between them all. Much is written about hybrid cars but there are substantial sales of hybrid military trucks, buses and even motorcycles now.
New report
IDTechEx has therefore launched a new report on the whole subject called "Electric Vehicles 2010-2020". It is based on ten years of researching the subject, intensive desk research, visits and interviews. There are chapters on Heavy Industrial, Light Industrial and Commercial, Mobility for the Disabled, Two Wheelers, Golf Cars, Cars, Military, Marine and Other vehicles. That even extends to electric mobile robots, surveillance jellyfish and other Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), bats and electric aircraft. Detailed forecasts for these vehicle categories by numbers and value and the key components are provided for 2010-2020. The trends, technology and planned vehicles are clarified in 185 figures and 58 tables including the historical context. Winning and losing strategies are evaluated. Timelines are given of events to come.
At last the full picture of China
IDTechEx does not make the common mistake of reporting primarily on vehicles from the well known Western and Japanese manufacturers. 66% of the manufacturers of electric vehicles in the world are in China. Over 90% of the world's electric vehicles are made in China, mainly for use in China. It has the largest potential market for electric vehicles. It mines and controls 95% of the World's rare earth reserves used in the hybrid car batteries, motors and other key components of today's electric vehicles. Of the 420 EV manufacturers covered in this new report, an appropriately high proportion are Chinese. This is particularly true of the chapters on Heavy Industrial, Light Industrial and Commercial, Mobility for the Disabled, Two Wheelers, Golf Cars and Cars, where the Chinese heavily participate, as yet little publicity, because so much of it is for the domestic market.
Unique forecasts
New ten year forecasts for the whole EV market are only available from IDTechEx. The company finds that the electric vehicle industry will continue to exhibit strong growth for the next decade, though some sectors were impacted by the global financial meltdown and have yet to fully recover. Those participating in only one sector need to keep a wary eye on those with a broader vision: they must frequently review their strategy and avoid dangerous tunnel vision.
Good volume growth but greater value growth
The 29 million EVs sold in 2010 will rise 69% to 49 million in 2020 but the value of the market will grow by far more because larger and more expensive vehicles are now rapidly adopting the technology. Motorcycles, military vehicles, buses and earthmovers are among them. Hybrids will rise from about 50% to about 60% of the value market through the decade. In ten years from now, a far higher percentage of the global output of light industrial vehicles, commercial vehicles and cars will be EVs.
The new report gives the detail, forecasting numbers, unit value and total market value for each applicational sector with many original tables giving subsets of the data and a large number of profiles of current and planned activities of the participants. Some EV sectors were hit by the global financial meltdown but are recovering. Many sectors now benefit from the tsunami wave of government benefits, technical innovations and new models becoming available. We evaluate these aspects and the market drivers, including what users really need. Battery, motor and other technology is explained and forecasted as well.
This report "Electric Vehicles 2010-2020" is a sister report to IDTechEx reports about the two most important subsectors of the EV business - "Hybrid and Pure Electric Cars 2010-2020" and "Car Traction Batteries - The New Gold Rush 2010-2020". The report comes with one hour of free telephone or email consultancy to fill in any information you still require after having read it.
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Table of Contents
1.1.Definitions and scope of this report
1.1.EV sectors with the largest gross sales value and profits over the years
1.1.Some reasons why ICE vehicles are replaced with EVs
1.1.1.Learning from the past
1.2.Pure electric vehicles
1.2.Electric vehicle value chain
1.3.Competing electric drive train technologies and their targets by market sector
1.3.Hybrid electric vehicles
2.1.What is included
2.1.Caterpillar CAT series hybrid diesel electric bulldozer
2.1.Twenty examples of manufacturers of heavy industrial EVs by country
2.2.Percentage split of global manufacture of heavy industrial trucks
2.2.Nissan lithium forklift
2.2.Future opportunities Caterpillar USA, JC Bamford UK
2.3.Nissan and Mitsubishi electric forklifts Japan
2.3.Mitsubishi diesel electric hybrid lifter
2.3.Distribution of trade volume for heavy industrial EVs
2.4.Global league table of powered industrial truck manufacturers 2010 by value of sales
2.4.Toyota Material Handling has launched the new Traigo 48 in 2010, a powerful electric forklift fitted into a compact and agile package.
2.4.New Toyota forklifts Japan
2.5.Zheijang Goodsense Forklift China
2.5.Forklift from one of the many Chinese manufacturers
2.5.Global sales of heavy industrial EVs by numbers, ex factory unit price and total value 2010 to 2020, rounded.
2.6.Sales of heavy electric vehicles by region by percentage of units
2.6.Linde Germany, Komatsu Japan
2.7.Balgon USA
2.8.Listing of manufacturers
2.9.Market size
2.10.Market forecasts 2010 to 2020
3.1.What is included
3.1.150 manufacturers of light industrial and commercial EVs and drive trains by country and examples of their products
3.1.Orion VII hybrid electric bus USA
3.1.1.Sub categories
3.2.Market drivers
3.2.Nova RTS hybrid electric bus USA
3.2.Global sales of light industrial and commercial EVs by numbers thousands, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded
3.2.1.Governments get involved
3.3.Important initiatives
3.3.Breakdown of global market in 2010 for light industrial and commercial vehicles - global park, new vehicles, % electric, number electric, ex factory unit price and value for the subsections Full Size Buses, Other On Road, Airport
3.3.Designline gas turbine hybrid electric bus in the UK
3.3.1.Peugeot Citroën and Mitsubishi Motors
3.3.2.Navistar and Modec USA, UK
3.3.3.Freightliner and Enova USA
3.3.4.EVI and Valence USA
3.3.5.China Vehicles Company
3.3.6.Nano-Optonics Energy Inc Japan - Commercial vehicles and cars
3.4.EVs for local services
3.4.Castrosua Tempus hybrid city bus at the 2008 FIAA (International Bus and Coach Fair) in Spain
3.4.Sales of light electric/ commercial vehicles by region 2005,2010,2015,2020 by percentage of units
3.5.Volvo hybrid bus Sweden
3.5.Airport EVs
3.6.Small people-movers
3.6.Gillig low floor hybrid bus in USA
3.7.Two buses in Brazil using the locally made Eletra hybrid power trains
3.7.Light industrial aids
3.8.Heavy duty on-road trucks will now become hybrids
3.8.Kent electric city bus from China
3.9.Hino Blue Ribbon hybrid diesel electric bus in China
3.9.Listing of manufacturers
3.10.Market forecasts 2010-2020
3.10.Citroën Berlingo electric light commercial vehicle
3.11.Modec electric pick up vehicle in London UK
3.12.Freightliner MT-45 step van uses 120kW Enova electric drive system
3.13.EVI truck powered by Valence lithium-ion batteries
3.14.Electric pick up truck from China Vehicles Company
3.15.SIM Drive car concept
3.16.SIM Drive in wheel traction
3.17.Electric bus in Nepal
3.18.Mobile electric scissor lift by Wuhan Chancay Machinery and Electronics
3.19.Garbage collecting electric car
3.20.Market for light industrial and commercial electric vehicles in 2010 in $ billion
3.21.Market for industrial and commercial electric vehicles in 2020
4.1.The sector with the most compelling and enduring need
4.1.Percentage of dependent elderly 1970 to 2040
4.1.Statistics relevant to the challenge to society caused by ageing population
4.2.Evolution of three families of powered vehicles for the disabled
4.2.The Electric Car (INEC-KARO) for the disabled from Interchina Industry Group
4.2.The demographic time-bomb
4.2.1.Ageing population and the dependent elderly
4.2.2.Laws make mobility easier
4.3.Types of mobility vehicle
4.3.Zhejiang R&P Industry ES 413
4.3.Evolution of power chairs 1980 to 2010
4.3.1.Growth by new market segments
4.3.2.Interchina Industry Group China
4.4.Market drivers
4.4.Evolution of scooters for the disabled 1980 to 2010
4.4.Pride Jazzy - making new things possible
4.4.1.Geographical distribution
4.4.2.Needs creating new segments
4.4.3.What is driving regional differences?
4.4.4.Zhejiang R&P Industry China
4.4.5.Pride Mobility, USA
4.5.Listing of manufacturers
4.5.The continental percentage split of markets for vehicles for the disabled by value in 2010
4.6.The percentage split of market for vehicles for the disabled by country within Europe
4.6.Market forecasts 2010 to 2020
4.6.1.Growth by creating new markets
4.7.The numbers in thousands of scooters plus power chairs that were and will be sold in Europe 2005 to 2015
4.8.Features of mobility vehicles that may hold up the price by offering more in future
4.9.The percentage distribution of manufacture between Taiwan and Mainland China by value of vehicles for the disabled 2005, 2010 and 2015
4.10.Market for EVs for the disabled by geographical region, ex works pricing and percentage split in 2005, 2010 and 2020
4.11.82 examples of manufacturers of EVs for the disabled by country
4.12.Global sales of EVs used as mobility aids for the disabled by number, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars, 2010 to 2020, rounded
5.1.What is included
5.1.Prices and performance of electric two wheelers
5.1.The Copenhagen bicycle
5.1.1.Copenhagen bicycle USA, Italy
5.1.2.Improved motors
5.2.Prices and performances compared
5.2.The Copenhagen Wheel
5.2.70 examples of manufacturers of two wheel EVs and electric quad bikes
5.3.Largest suppliers of electric bicycles by number (not in order)
5.3.Yamaha EC-f and EC-fs concept electric scooters
5.3.Electric two wheeler companies
5.3.1.Yamaha Japan
5.3.2.Eko Vehicles hybrid scooters India
5.3.3.Interchina Industry Group foldable electric bike China
5.3.4.Honda Japan
5.3.5.Suzuki fuel cell bike Japan
5.3.6.Peugeot E-Vivacity scooter France
5.3.7.Cytronex lightweight bicycle USA
5.3.8.Daymak Canada
5.4.Market drivers
5.4.Yamaha EC03
5.4.34 sources of two wheelers in China by brand, region and battery chemistry
5.4.1.Bicycles and electric bicycles
5.4.2.Hybrid motorcycles
5.4.3.YikeBike and other exotica - New Zealand, USA
5.4.4.A123 Systems and Navistar, GE etc
5.5.Listing of manufacturers
5.5.Listing of light electric scooter makers in China. Most use lead-acid battery chemistry but there is a move to lithium-ion batteries
5.5.Eko Vehicles ET-120 hybrid scooter
5.6.Market forecasts 2010 to 2020
5.6.Foldable Electric Bike (LNEB-9601
5.6.Global sales of two wheel and allied EVs number, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded
5.7.Sales of Light Electric Vehicles LEVs (two wheelers and allied eg electric quad bikes and on road three wheel micro cars) by region by percentage of units.
5.7.Honda EV Cub sports twin, front and rear electric drive motors.
5.8.Suzuki Burgman Fuel Cell Scooter powered by Intelligent Energy
5.9.Peugeot E-Vivacity electric scooter planned for 2010
5.10.Cytronex light-weight electric bike
5.11.Shadow eBike is powered by Daymak Drive
5.12.e-bikes parked in Yangzhou China
5.13.Electric mopeds parked in Cheghdu China
5.14.The YikeBike from New Zealand
5.15.YikeBike in action
5.16.Chevrolet Volt lithium-ion battery
5.17.Chrysler electric minivan
5.18.KillaCycle racing team
5.20.Eva Håkansson and her ElectroCat pure electric motorcycle
5.21.The first rough version of the KillaJoule body in CAD
6.1.What is included
6.1.Tonaro golf and general purpose vehicle from China
6.1.18 examples of golf EV manufacturers
6.2.Global sales of electric golf cars in number thousands, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded.
6.2.Suzhou Eagle two and four seat golf cars from China
6.2.Market drivers
6.2.1.Golf course creation
6.2.2.Secondary market - golf cars not used for golf
6.2.3.No more growth
6.2.4.Change of leader? Ingersoll Rand and Textron USA
6.2.5.Suzhou Eagle and many others in China
6.3.Listing of manufacturers
6.3.Yongkang Fourstar golf vehicles from China
6.3.Geographical split of golf EV sales by value 2000, 2005 and 2015
6.4.Shadong Wuzheng golf cars from China
6.4.Market forecasts 2010 to 2020
6.4.2.Statistics for all bicycles
6.5.Jinhua Ryder golf car from China
6.6.World bicycle and automoblie production, 1950-2007
7.1.Adoption of electric cars
7.1.Geographical distribution of 120 companies making or intending to make electric cars.
7.1.Global stimulus for fuel efficient cars in 2009
7.2.121 examples of manufacturers of EV cars
7.2.US and Europe try to catch up
7.3.Rapid increase in number of manufacturers
7.3.Global sales of electric cars number thousands, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded.
7.4.Value of the hybrid, pure electric and total electric car market in billions of dollars 2010-2020
7.4.Providing charging infrastructure
7.4.1.Recharging points
7.4.2.Battery changing points
7.4.3.Can the grid cope?
7.5.Market 2010-2020
7.5.Number of hybrid and pure electric cars plugged in and the total number in thousands 2010-2020.
8.1.Déjà Vu
8.1.Trouvé pure EV car in 1881
8.1.2.Pure electric cars are a necessary part of the range?
8.2.Examples of pure EV cars
8.2.Red Bug pure EV in 1930
8.2.1.Nissan Japan - most ambitious of all?
8.2.2.Here come the Chinese - BYD, Brilliance, Geely, Chengfang
8.2.3.Jianghsu China
8.2.4.Interchina Industry Group China
8.2.5.High performance pure EVs - Tesla USA
8.2.6.Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar France, Italy
8.2.7.Rinspeed UC Switzerland
8.2.8.REVA India
8.2.9.Club Car USA
8.2.10.Toyota Japan
8.2.11.Detroit Electric USA
8.2.12.Tara Tiny India
8.2.13.Kleenspeed Technologies goes mainstream
8.2.14.Mitsubishi Japan
8.3.Sinclair C5
8.6.The BYD E6 pure EV car
8.7.Jianghsu DHCLBC EF-1 car
8.8.Electric Car (INEC-BOBI)
8.9.Tesla Motors Roadster pure EV performance car
8.10.Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar showing solar panels on roof and hood
8.11.Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar cross section
8.12.Rinspeed urban commuter electric microcar
8.13.REVA pure EV car
8.14.The Club Car street legal car launched in 2009
8.15.Planned Toyota pure EV city car.
8.16.Detroit Electric
8.17.Tara Tiny
8.18.Mitsubishi pure EV car
9.1.Construction and advantages of hybrids
9.1.Evolution of EV design for on-road and many non-road vehicles
9.1.Major market drivers for growth in hybrid sales
9.2.Hybrid electric vehicles and associated events 1876-2013
9.2.Chevrolet Volt battery, generator and drive unit positioning
9.3.Chevrolet Volt USA
9.4.Ford plug-in hybrid USA
9.5.Bright Automotive SUV
9.6.Market drivers
9.6.1.Leading indicators
9.7.History of hybrids and planned models to 2013
10.1.Examples of military EVs
10.1.Data for RQ-11A version of AeroVironment Raven
10.1.Oshkosh truck
10.1.1.Hummer USA / China
10.1.2.Quantum Technologies USA Aggressor AMV
10.1.3.US Army trucks etc - ZAP, Columbia ParCar USA
10.1.4.Oshkosh Truck Corp USA
10.1.5.Plug-in trucks - BAE Systems UK
10.1.6.Electric robot vehicles USA
10.1.7.UQM unmanned combat vehicle USA
10.1.8.Balqon Corporation
10.2.Balqon Mule M150
10.2.26 suppliers of military EVs
10.2.Electric Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
10.2.1.Small electrical UAVs
10.2.2.SUAV batteries
10.2.3.The most successful electric UAV
10.2.4.Micro nano air vehicles
10.2.5.Large electrical UAVs
10.2.6.DARPA insects USA
10.2.7.COM-BAT robot bat USA
10.3.Examples of military EVs - in the water
10.3.Global sales of electric military vehicles in number thousands, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded.
10.3.SPI electrical SUAV
10.3.1.Robot jellyfish USA and Germany
10.4.Examples of SUAV rechargeable lithium batteries. Top: Flight Power "EVO 20" Lithium Polymer battery. Bottom: Sion Power lithium sulfur
10.4.Military electric vehicle sales by region 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020 in percentage units
10.4.Manufacturers of military EVs
10.5.Market forecasts 2010-2020
10.5.Rotomotion VTOL electrical UAV incorporating video camera, telemetry, auto takeoff and landing
10.6.Electric UAV, part of the British Antarctic Survey, over Antarctica
10.7.FlyingFish electrical UAV
10.8.AeroVironment Raven
10.9.AeroVironment Aqua Puma UAV completes Royal Australian Navy Sea trials in 2007
10.10.AeroVironment Helios
10.11.Aurora Flight Sciences solar plane
10.13.Robotic Bat
11.1.Hybrid tugboat
11.1.44 examples of manufacturers of EV electric water craft
11.1.1.Hybrid and pure electric tugboats
11.2.Market segments
11.2.Indicative prices for marine EVs in 2010
11.2.Engine room of the hybrid tugboat
11.2.1.Total market
11.2.3.On the water
11.3.Global sales of electric marine craft in number thousands, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded.
11.3.Bratt electric tugboat
11.3.Commonality with land EVs
11.3.1.Grants for land and water
11.3.2.Effect of land EV manufacturers entering marine
11.4.Electric deck boat by Leisure Life
11.4.Market drivers
11.4.2.Pollution laws back electric boats - India, Europe, USA
11.4.3.Energy harvesting superyacht UK
11.4.4.Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) - Europe, USA
11.5.Electric launch
11.5.Wave and sun powered sea gliders - Liquid Robotics USA
11.5.2.Other AUV gliders USA
11.6.Solar powered boats for tourism cruising at 12 kph on Lake Geneva
11.6.Remote control rescue - Scorpio UK
11.7.AUVs serving underwater research stations and ocean monitoring USA
11.7.The rigid-wing superyacht concept called 'Soliloquy'
11.8.Head on view of the rigid-wing superyacht 'Soliloquy'
11.8.AUV swimmers USA
11.9.Swimmer AUVs, Florida Atlantic University USA
11.9.Wave and sun powered sea glider
11.10.Autonomous wave glider
11.10.Mine Destruction AUV UK
11.11.Leisure and tourist submarines USA
11.11.The British Scorpio remote controlled rescue vehicle that released the trapped Russian submarine in August 2005.
11.12.The Ocean Explorer AUV
11.12.Manufacturers by country and product
11.13.Selling prices
11.13.Ocean Voyager II AUV
11.13.1.US Submarines Inc USA
11.13.2.Private submarines UK, Canada
11.14.A British Remote Controlled Mine Destruction Vehicle being lowered into the water
11.14.Market forecasts 2010 to 2020
11.14.1.Surface and subsurface boat markets
11.15.Personal submarine
11.16.Wet submarine
11.17.Two-person SportSub submarine
11.18.Triton personal submarine
11.19.Deep Flight Aviator two-person leisure submarine
11.20.Seattle personal luxury submarine by US Submarines
11.21.US Submarine's main tourist submarine
11.22.Sea Scooter by Pro Audio Elite of Italy
11.23.Small electric boats for hire
12.1.30 examples of manufacturers of mobile robots, toy, leisure, research or hobbyist EVs by country and product
12.2.Global sales of other electric vehicles in number thousands, ex factory unit price in thousands of dollars and total value in billions of dollars 2010 to 2020, rounded.
12.2.Market drivers
12.2."Zep'lin" photovoltaic sail adjustment
12.3.Solar Impulse
12.3.Listing of manufacturers by country and product
12.4.Market size and trends
12.4.The new Electrolux Automower
12.4.1.Aircraft - Renault, Piccard
12.4.2.Solar Impulse
12.4.3.Non-military mobile robots - USA, UK, Japan
12.4.4.The Electrolux Automower Sweden
12.4.5.Rescue robots in Germany
12.4.6.Robots on Mars
12.4.8.Research and hobbyist
12.5.Market forecasts 2010 to 2020
12.5.Robots for Mars
12.6.Mission Scenario To Aid Technology Development
12.7.Robot Work Crew
13.1.What level of recharging infrastructure is needed?
13.1.Number of gas stations ("service stations") by region in 2010

보고서 통계

Pages 299
Tables 57
Figures 130
전망 2020

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