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Printed, Organic & Flexible Electronics Forecasts, Players & Opportunities 2011-2021

Printed and potentially printed - the complete picture

Updated August 2011

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This report provides the most comprehensive view of the topic, giving detailed ten year forecasts by device type. The market is analyzed by territory, printed vs non printed, rigid vs flexible, inorganic vs organic, cost of materials vs process cost and much more, with over 200 tables and figures. Activities of over 1000 leading companies are given.
The report specifically addresses the big picture - including all thin film photovoltaics, relevant display technologies and much more. Importantly, it includes not only electronics which are printed, organic and/or flexible now, but it also covers those that will be. Realistic timescales, case studies, existing products and the emergence of new products are given, as are impediments and opportunities for the years to come.
Over 3,000 organizations are pursuing printed, organic, flexible electronics, including printing, electronics, materials and packaging companies. While some of these technologies are in use now, with substantial growth in thin film photovoltaics for example, others such as thin film transistors, developed by over 500 organizations, are only becoming commercially available now. The benefits of these new electronics are numerous - ranging from lower cost, improved performance, flexibility, transparency, reliability, better environmental credentials and much more. Many of the applications will be newly created, and where existing electronic and electrical products are impacted, the extent will be varied. This widely referenced IDTechEx report brings it all together, with particular focus on applications and quantative assessment of opportunities.
2011 to 2021 Market Size
IDTechEx find that the market for printed and thin film electronics will be $2.2 Billion in 2011. 43% of that will be predominately organic electronics - such as OLED display modules. Of the total market in 2011, 38% will be printed. Initially photovoltaics, OLED and e-paper displays grow rapidly, followed by thin film transistor circuits, sensors and batteries. By 2021 the market will be worth $44.25 Billion, with 56% printed and 43% on flexible substrates.
Market forecast by component type for 2011-2021 in US $ billions
Source: IDTechEx
However, the topic is even bigger than this with some conventional electronics such as conventional aSi Photovoltaics now migrating to being printed, to reduce cost, be available on flexible substrates and in larger areas. In addition to the above, forecasts for such markets are given, as is progress to print them.
Lessons, Successes and Opportunities
The report covers case studies of where printed electronics has been used, why and the results. It looks at new products that are imminently emerging and their prospects for success. The technical barriers and commercial barriers are listed and prioritized, as well as progress to overcome these.
In particular, the following components are addressed, and for each one ten year forecasts are given, along with companies and their activities, case studies, impediments to commercialization and timescales:
  • Logic and memory
  • OLED displays
  • OLED lighting
  • Electrophoretic displays
  • Electrochromic displays
  • Electroluminescent displays
  • Other displays
  • Batteries
  • Photovoltaics
  • Sensors
  • Conductors
  • Other
Market forecast by component type for 2011-2021 in US $ billions
Source: IDTechEx
If you are looking to understand the big picture, the opportunity, the problems you can address, or how you can start to use these technologies and the implications involved, this report is a must. Researched by multilingual IDTechEx consultants based in four countries and three continents, this report builds on ten years of knowledge of the industry.
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Table of Contents
1.1.The 3000 organisations tackling printed and potentially printed devices and their materials
1.1.Description and analysis of the main technology components of printed and potentially printed electronics
1.2.Market forecast by component type for 2011 to 2021 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
1.2.Market forecast by component type for 2011-2021 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
1.2.Overall Market Size in 2021
1.3.3000 Organizations active in the field
1.3.Market forecasts for 2030 in US$ billion
1.3.Market forecasts for 2030 in US$ billion
1.4.Leading market drivers 2021
1.4.Leading market drivers 2021
1.4.Organic versus Inorganic Electronics
1.5.Markets in 2011
1.5.Spend on organic versus inorganic materials 2011-2021 US$ Billion
1.5.Some potential benefits of printed and partly printed organic and inorganic electronics and electrics over conventional devices and non-electronic printing in various applications.
1.6.The different states of readiness of organic and inorganic electronic technologies (semiconductors and conductors)
1.6.Market value $ billions of only printed electronics 2011-2021
1.6.Market by territory
1.7.Total market value of printed versus non printed electronics 2011-2021 US$ Billion
1.7.Spend on organic versus inorganic materials 2011-2021 US$ Billion
1.8.Split of material types by component
1.8.Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2011-2021
1.9.Total market value of flexible versus non flexible electronics 2011-2021
1.9.Market value $ billions of only printed electronics 2011-2021
1.10.Total market value of printed versus non printed electronics 2011-2021 US$ Billion
1.10.Giant industries collaborate for the first time
1.11.Some of the potential markets
1.11.Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2011-2021
1.12.Total market value of flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics 2011-2021
1.12.How printed electronics is being applied to products
1.13.Examples of organic and inorganic electronics and electrics potentially tackling different technologies and applications.
1.13.End user markets relevant to printed and potentially printed electronics
1.14.Possible breakdown of the market for printed and potentially printed electronics in 2030 by numbers and value
1.14.The potential annual global sales of each type by 2021 in US$ billions
1.15.The potential annual global sales of each type by 2030 in US$ billions
1.15.The market for printed and potentially printed electronics by territory in $ billion
1.16.Market by Territory 2011-2021
1.17.BlueSpark printed manganese dioxide zinc battery supporting integral antenna and interconnects.
1.18.The emerging value chain is unbalanced
1.19.Those going to market first move right
2.1.Market volume in Euro billions
2.2.Smart iontophoretic skin patches
2.2.Twenty year forecasts of unusual breadth
2.3.Terminology and definitions
2.3.Esquire magazine with animated display September 2008
2.3.Types of printed/thin film photovoltaics beyond silicon compared, with examples of suppliers
2.4.Some of today's disposable electronics and why inorganic technology is needed to make it more saleable and useful
2.4.Plastic Logic E-reader
2.4.Scope for printed electronics and electrics
2.5.There is a bigger picture
2.5.T-equaliser animated t-shirt
2.5.Primary assumptions of organic electronics in full production 2011 to 2021
2.6.XEL-1 by SONY
2.6.Printed electronics products today
2.6.1.New technologies, more opportunity
2.6.2.With or without a silicon chip
2.6.3.Highest volume products with no silicon chip
2.6.4.Printed electronics with silicon chips
2.6.5.Electronic apparel
2.6.6.Display and lighting
2.6.7.Photovoltaic power by the mile
2.6.8.Stretchable electronic products for sale
2.6.9.A view from Toppan Forms
2.7.Displays are the main sector for now
2.7.How printed electronics is being applied to products
2.8.Printed Electronics Applications
2.8.Photovoltaics beyond conventional silicon are the second largest market
2.9.How printed electronics is being applied
2.9.Typical price breaks for high volume electronics and examples of potential advances
2.10.Surprisingly poor progress with low cost electronics so far
2.11.Threat - silicon chips keep getting cheaper
2.12.Printed electronics for smart packaging
2.13.Driving forces for disposable electronics
2.14.Balance of reporting on printed and organic electronics
2.15.Inorganic patterning shows the way
2.16.Great uncertainty
2.17.Challenging conventional electronics
2.18.Flexible is a Big Market
2.19.Assumptions for our forecasts
2.20.Despite recession, finance for printed electronics is not drying up
3.1.Logic and Memory Market Forecasts 2011-2021
3.1.Traditional geometry for a field effect transistor
3.1.Global market for printed electronics logic and memory 2011-2021 in billions of dollars, with % printed and % flexible
3.1.1.Logic and memory forecasts 2011-2021
3.2.Impact on silicon
3.2.Semiconductor options
3.2.Scope for printed TFTCs to create new markets or replace silicon chips
3.3.Advantages of printed and thin film transistors and memory vs traditional silicon
3.3.Performance of Kovio's ink versus others by mobility
3.3.Transistor design
3.3.2.New TFT geometry
3.3.3.Advantages of printed and thin film transistors and memory vs traditional silicon
3.3.4.The main options for the printed semiconductor
3.3.5.Benefits and applications envisaged for TFTCs in general
3.3.6.Development path
3.3.7.Obtaining higher frequency performance
3.3.8.Shakeout of organic transistor developers
3.3.9.Breakthrough in printed inorganic performance in from Kovio
3.3.11.Progress towards p-type metal oxide semiconductors
3.3.12.Do organic transistors have a future? printed silicon transistors - Japan
3.3.14.Choice of printing technologies
3.3.15.Company strategy and value chain
3.4.Road map
3.4.Comparison of some of the main options for the semiconductors in printed and potentially printed transistors
3.5.Envisaged benefits of TFTCs in RFID and other low-cost applications when compared with envisaged silicon chips
3.5.NanoGram's Laser Reactive Deposition (LRD) technology
3.5.Flexible Memristor
3.6.Transparent Zinc Oxide transistors
3.6.Typical carrier mobility in different potential TFTC semiconductors (actual and envisaged) vs higher mobility silicon, not printable.
3.6.1.Market for RFID
3.6.2.Ultimate potential for highest volume RFID
3.6.3.Penetration of chipless/printed RFID
3.7.3D printing of silicon from Seiko Epson
3.7.Objectives and challenges of organisations developing printed and potentially printed transistor and/ or memory circuits and/or their materials
3.8.Some of the small group of contestants for large capacity printed memory.
3.8.Options for high speed, low-cost printing of TFTCs
3.9.Value chain for TFTCs and examples of migration of activity for players
3.9.Total value of tags by application - passive RFID tags only 2011-2021
3.10.Chipless versus Chip RFID, in numbers of units (billions) (Chip includes Active RFID tags) 2011-2021
3.10.An all-organic permanent memory transistor
3.11.TFE memory compared with the much more complex DRAM in silicon
3.11.Market size of various chipless solutions, 2011-2021
3.12.Structure of TFE memory
3.13.TFE priorities for commercialisation of mega memory
3.14.Total value of tags by application 2011-2021 (US Dollar Millions)
3.15.Prototype 13.56 MHz RFID smart labels from reel to reel production of organic TFTCs by PolyIC
3.16.Potential, in billions yearly, for global sales of RFID labels and circuits printed directly onto products or packaging. Item level is shown in red. These are examples.
3.17.Chipless versus Chip RFID, in numbers of units (billions) 2011-2021
3.18.Market size of a variety of chipless solutions, US$ millions
4.1.Market drivers
4.1.Basic structure of an OLED
4.1.Some new and established display technologies compared
4.2.Comparison of the features of various technologies for advertising and signage
4.2.Samsung OLED television, Philips OLED shaver and Eastman Kodak OLED camera.
4.2.OLEDs as displays for electronic products
4.2.2.Developers of OLEDs
4.2.3.Mobile phones and OLEDs
4.2.4.Digital Cameras and OLEDs
4.2.5.Audio/Visual players and OLEDs
4.2.6.TV sets and OLEDs
4.2.7.OLED market forecasts 2011-2021
4.2.8.Impediments to OLED adoption
4.2.9.Unmet technical needs for OLEDs
4.3.Concept of apparel that illuminates with flexible OLED displays
4.3.Examples of OLED materials and displays investment until the beginning of 2010
4.3.2.Applications of E-paper displays
4.3.3.E ink
4.3.4.The Killer Application
4.3.5.Sipix, Taiwan
4.3.6.Polymer Vision/Wistron
4.3.7.Kent Displays
4.3.8.Electrowetting displays
4.3.9.Liquavista, The Netherlands (Samsung, Korea)
4.3.10.ITRI, Taiwan and PVI, Taiwan
4.3.11.Electrophoretic and Bi-Stable displays market forecasts 2011-2021
4.4.LEP process flow
4.4.Examples of companies developing OLEDs
4.4.2.Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2011-2021
4.5.AC Electroluminescent
4.5.An OLED display from Samsung which folds in the middle. More than half of Samsung's stand was previewing OLED displays
4.5.Market forecasts for OLED panel displays 2011-2021
4.5.2.Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2011-2021
4.6.Other display technologies
4.6.A 4" flexible AM OLED from LG on stainless steel
4.6.Advantages and disadvantages of electrophoretic displays
4.6.2.Electrochemical displays on paper
4.6.3.Flexible LCDs
4.7.A Sony OLED display illustrating its thinness
4.7.Comparison between OLEDs and E-Ink of various parameters
4.8.Electrophoretic and Bi-stable displays market forecasts 2011-2021
4.8.WOLED displays from Samsung
4.9.Principle of operation of electrophoretic displays
4.9.Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2011-2021
4.10.Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2011-2021
4.10.E-paper displays on a magazine sold in the US in October 2008
4.11.Retail Shelf Edge Labels from UPM
4.12.Secondary display on a cell phone
4.13.Amazon Kindle 2, launched in the US in February 2009
4.14.Electrophoretic display on a commercially sold financial card
4.15.A Polymer Vision/Wistron display
4.16.Droplet contracting and relaxing from Liquavista
4.17.Droplet driven electrowetting displays from adt, Germany
4.18.Display on an EnOcean wireless switch
4.19.Transmissive electrowetting displays frm Liquavista
4.20.Demonstrator from Liquavista
4.21.Flow chart of the manufacture process
4.22.Electrochromic display on a Valentine's card sold by Marks and Spencer in the UK in 2004 and electrochromic display with drive circuits in a laminate for smart cards
4.23.Boardroom lighting in Alcatel France that switches to various modes
4.24.EL décor, signage and instrumentation in the new Jaguar concept model
4.25.Animated EL artwork in a two meter suspended ball for event lighting
4.26.Educational AC electroluminescent floor covering
4.27.Coyopa rum with four segment sequentially switched pictures
4.28.TV controller
4.29.Switched image on face of Fossil watch
4.30.Car instrument illumination by electroluminescent display
4.31.Duracell battery tester
4.32.Interactive game on a beer package by VTT Technologies in Finland
4.33.The dollhouse. When energy is added to the system the colour of the wallpaper changes and a picture appears on the wall
4.34.Two state electrolytic display on paper
4.35.Seven segment display printed with bi-stable inks
4.36.Color LCD by photo alignment
4.37.Photo alignment of LCD
4.38.The HKUST optical rewriting
4.39.Color printable flexible LCD
5.1.Significance of lighting and challenges
5.1.Impact of the various forms of lighting, with the overlap showing degree of competition
5.1.Incandescent, fluorescent, inorganic LED and the potential performance of OLED lighting compared
5.2.Some relevant statistics in millions of units sold worldwide in 2008
5.2.Value chain for manufacture of OLEDs for lighting and signage
5.2.Comparisons of lighting technologies
5.3.General illumination market
5.3.The space saving of OLED lights and their exceptional colour tunability
5.3.Lighting forecasts 2011-2021
5.4.Sales of inorganic LED lighting 2002-2008 in billions of units
5.4.Example of OLED Lighting
5.4.Lighting forecasts 2011-2021
5.5.Value Chain and examples of OLED lighting
5.5.Motion lighting concept
5.6.AC electroluminescent lighting
6.1.Some of the overlapping requirements for photovoltaics
6.1.The leading photovoltaic technologies compared
6.1.1.Thin film Photovoltaics
6.1.2.Comparison of technologies
6.1.3.Solar cell production by company
6.1.4.Trends by territory
6.1.5.Parameters for comparing Photovoltaic technologies
6.2.Photovoltaics Forecasts
6.2.Progress of confirmed research-scale photovoltaic device efficiencies, under AM 1.5 simulated solar illumination, for a variety of technologies
6.2.Comparison of the typical power conversion technologies of different types of solar cell technologies
6.2.1.Forecast analysis
6.2.2.Photovoltaic subsidies - should more be given?
6.2.3.The need for storage
6.2.4.Installation of photovoltaics
6.2.5.Hope for silicon photovoltaics to reach grid price parity
6.2.6.Strategies of market entry for new, potentially cheaper technologies
6.2.7.Photovoltaics in 2009/2010 after the mid 2008 peak
6.3.Construction of a traditional bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell
6.3.Efficiency, lifetime and cost of laminar organic photovoltaics
6.3.1.Importance of laminar batteries
6.3.2.Button batteries vs laminar batteries
6.3.3.Choices of laminar battery
6.3.4.Applications of laminar batteries
6.3.5.Infinite Power Solutions
6.3.6.Solicore, USA
6.3.7.Power Paper
6.3.8.Blue Spark
6.4.Printed batteries forecasts 2011-2021
6.4.Module stack for photovoltaics
6.4.Performance of various types of photovoltaic cell compared
6.4.2.Laminar batteries - missing the big opportunity?
6.5.Fuel cells
6.5.The 3000 organisations tackling printed and potentially printed devices and their materials
6.5.Photovoltaics forecasts 2011-2021
6.6.Shapes of battery for small RFID tags advantages and disadvantages
6.6.Only East Asia has many giant companies involved in non-silicon photovoltaic devices
6.7.Power PlasticTM Advantage - High Energy Yield
6.7.The spectrum of choice of technologies for laminar batteries
6.8.Examples of potential sources of flexible thin film batteries
6.8.Supply of PV in 2008
6.9.Demand of PV
6.9.Some examples of marketing thrust for laminar batteries
6.10.Batteries forecasts 2011-2021
6.10.Infinite Power Solutions batteries.
6.11.Power Paper printed battery
6.12.Reel to reel screen printing of Blue Spark batteries
6.13.VoltaFlex organic polymer lithium battery
6.14.Estee Lauder smart skin patch which delivers cosmetics using the iontophoretic effect
7.1.General situation and examples
7.1.The main options for organic sensors
7.1.Examples of companies developing organic sensors and other components and their main emphasis
7.2.Sensor forecasts 2011-2021
7.2.Plastic film scanner with no moving parts
7.2.Photodetector arrays
7.2.1.Printed flexible scanners
7.3.Touch screens
7.4.Successes and failures
7.5.Sensor Forecasts 2011-2021
8.1.Organisations involved in printed and potentially printed electronics across the world, by type of interest
8.1.Market by territory
8.1.The market for printed and potentially printed electronics by territory in $ billion
8.1.1.Number of active organisations globally in this field
8.1.2.Geographical split 2011-2021
8.1.3.Giant corporations of the world and their progress with printed electronics
8.2.The total market opportunity by component
8.2.Examples of giant corporations intending to make the printed and potentially printed devices with the largest market potential, showing East Asia dominant.
8.2.Primary devices being developed
8.3.Market by Territory 2011-2021
8.3.Examples of giant corporations, making or intending to make materials for printed and potentially printed electronics
8.3.Organic versus Inorganic
8.4.Printed versus non printed electronics
8.4.Most supported technology by number of organisations identified in North America, East Asia and Europe
8.4.Number of printed electronics products by country
8.5.Number of organisations active in printed electronics by country in Europe
8.5.Summary of the trends by territory
8.5.Flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics
8.6.Market forecasts for materials 2011-2021
8.6.Market forecast by component type for 2011 to 2021 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
8.6.Display project distribution in East Asia: OLED left, electroluminescent center, electrophoretic right.
8.7.Number of projects by device type in North America
8.7.Market forecasts for 2030 $ Billions
8.7.Impact of printed electronics on conventional markets
8.7.2.Impact on end-use markets
8.7.3.Potential markets
8.8.Printed electronics: fundraising, investors, list of companies
8.8.Spend on organic versus inorganic materials 2011-2021 US$ Billion
8.8.Market forecast by component type for 2011-2021 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
8.8.1.Printed Electronics Commercial Fund Raising Activities
8.8.2.Printed Electronics Government Funded Activities
8.9.Split of material types by component
8.9.Market forecasts for 2030
8.10.Spend on organic versus inorganic materials 2011-2021 US$ Billion
8.10.Market value $ billions of only printed electronics 2011-2021
8.11.Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2011-2021
8.11.Market value $ billions of only printed electronics 2011-2021
8.12.Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2011-2021
8.12.Materials market forecasts 2011-2021 US$ billion
8.13.End user markets relevant to printed and potentially printed electronics
8.13.Relative investments from the key areas of printed electronics development
8.14.Materials market forecast 2011-2021
8.15.Examples of organic and inorganic electronics and electrics potentially tackling different technologies and applications
8.15.Examples of fundraising activities in printed electronics since the beginning of 2008
8.16.Examples of government funded programs for printed electronics
8.16.The potential annual global sales of each type by 2021 in US$ billions
8.17.The potential annual global sales of each type by 2030 in US$ billions
8.18.Some of the potential markets
9.1.Indium price 2001-2006
9.1.Water vapour and oxygen transmission rates of various materials.
9.1.Statistics for materials running out
9.1.2.Rare Earths
9.1.3.Escape Routes
9.1.5.Quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, common compounds
9.1.6.Material supply and sustainability of thin film CIGS and CdTe Photovoltaics
9.2.Typical SEM images of CU flake C1 6000F. Copper flake
9.2.Low temperature processes/curing
9.2.Requirements of barrier materials
9.2.1.New ink formulations
9.2.2.Breakthrough in metal ink cure from Novacentrix: room temperature on cheap substrates
9.2.3.New Copper ink
9.3.Thermal requirements and capabilities of different materials
9.3.Backplane transistor arrays hold up AMOLED market penetration
9.4.Need for better flexible, transparent, low cost barriers
9.4.The NovaCentrix process
9.5.Pre and post sintering
9.5.Lack of standardised benchmarking
9.6.Urgent need for creative product design
9.6.SEM Image of the copper oxide ink as printed (left) followed by the same film (right) post-processing showing densification and conversion to copper with the PulseForge 3100
9.7.Current options and challenges for backplane TFTs
9.8.Schematic diagrams for encapsulated structures a) conventional b) laminated c) deposited in situ
9.9.Scanning electron micrograph image of a barrier film cross section6
9.10.Progress of confirmed research-scale photovoltaic device efficiencies, under AM 1.5 simulated solar illumination, for a variety of technologies
9.11.Innovative product designers/ sellers are in short supply
10.1.Semiconductor development at Evonik
10.1.Other players in the value chain
10.1.2.Asahi Kasei
10.1.3.Asahi Glass
10.1.6.DaiNippon Printing
10.1.8.Fujifilm Dimatix
10.1.10.HC Starck
10.1.11.Hewlett Packard
10.1.12.Holst Centre
10.1.14.ITRI Taiwan
10.1.16.Kovio Inc
10.1.17.Merck Chemicals
10.1.18.National Information Society Agency
10.1.21.Plastic E Print
10.1.22.Plastic Logic
10.1.27.Semiconductor Energy Laboratory
10.1.28.Seiko Epson
10.1.30.Thin Film Electronics
10.1.31.Toppan Forms
10.1.32.Toppan Printing
10.1.33.University of Tokyo
10.1.34.Waseda University
10.1.35.Other players in this value chain
10.2.Target range for mobility and processing temperature of semiconductors.
10.3.Transfer characteristics of gen3 semiconductor system
10.4.Current efficiency of a Novaled PIN OLEDTM stack on an inkjet printed, transparent conductive ITO anode.
10.5.G24i Solar bag
10.6.Solar camera bag powered by G24i - due to launch Q1 2010 with dedicated camera battery charger
10.7.Inks developed by InkTec
10.8.InkTec Printing methods
10.9.Ubiquitous Sensor Networks (USN)
10.10.Simple sensors used in initial trials
10.11.USN services and applications
10.12.Left is diode logic OR gate and the right is a bridge rectifier
10.13.Micrograph of an SSD array and the 110 GHz microwave measurement setup
10.14.A prototype of the Plastic Logic E-reader
10.15.A prototype of the Plastic Logic E-reader
10.16.A prototype of the Plastic Logic E-reader
10.17.Samsung OLED display
10.18.Size of ink droplet volume versus it's radius
10.19.Printed Flexible Circuits from Soligie
10.20.Capabilities of Soligie
10.21.Printed electronics from Soligie
10.22.Printing presses used for printing electronics at Soligie
10.23.An e-label from Soligie
10.24.A flexible display sample
10.25.Printed electronics samples
10.26.New electronics targets physical space
10.27.Large-area electronics
10.28.32" pressure sensor matrix
10.29.Wireless power transmission sheet
10.30.Device structure
10.31.Organic transistors
10.32.Organic transistor 3D ICs
10.33.Scanner with no moving parts
10.34.Scanning a wine bottle label
10.35.Stretchable electronics
10.36.Flexible battery that charges in one minute

Report Statistics

Pages 355
Tables 73
Figures 170
Companies 1000
Forecasts to 2021

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