Machine learning identifies links between world's oceans
Oceanographers studying the physics of the global ocean have long found themselves facing a conundrum: Fluid dynamical balances can vary greatly from point to point, rendering it difficult to make global generalizations.
Robots track moving objects with unprecedented precision
A novel system developed at MIT uses RFID tags to help robots home in on moving objects with unprecedented speed and accuracy. The system could enable greater collaboration and precision by robots working on packaging and assembly, and by swarms of drones carrying out search-and-rescue missions.
Robot masters human balancing act
When walking in a crowded place, humans typically aren't thinking about how we avoid bumping into one another. We are built to use a gamut of complex skill sets required to execute these types of seemingly simple motions. Now, robots may soon be able to experience similar functionality.
A new generation of artificial retinas
Scientists report they have successfully developed and tested the world's first ultrathin artificial retina that could vastly improve on existing implantable visualization technology for the blind.
How to make the gene-editing tool CRISPR work even better
Among the most significant scientific advances in recent years are the discovery and development of new ways to genetically modify living things using a fast and affordable technology called CRISPR. Now scientists say they've identified an easy upgrade for the technology that would lead to more accurate gene editing with increased safety that could open the door for gene editing safe enough for use in humans.
AI oncologist to help cancer patients
Recently researchers developed a new method for automating the contouring of high-risk clinical target volumes using artificial intelligence and deep neural networks.
Hydrogen-fueled vehicle produces magic number for emissions: zero
The design and construction of a clean, hydrogen-powered UPS delivery van is near completion. Promising greater commercial viability, performance that is equal to traditional gasoline-fueled engines and, most importantly, producing no harmful emissions.
Machine-learning system processes sounds like humans do
Using a machine-learning system known as a deep neural network, researchers have created the first model that can replicate human performance on auditory tasks such as identifying a musical genre.
Desalination membrane produces both drinking water and lithium
With further development, these membranes have significant potential to perform the dual functions of removing salts from seawater and separating metal ions in a highly efficient and cost effective manner, offering a revolutionary new technological approach for the water and mining industries.
New algorithms to train robots
Researchers have developed new techniques for robots or computer programs to learn how to perform tasks by interacting with a human instructor.
New thin transparent and lightweight touchscreen pressure sensor array
Researchers have demonstrated a new technology for 'force sensing' that can be added to any type of display, including flexible devices, and potential other uses go far beyond touch screen displays on mobile devices.
Artificial intelligence used to discover planet
Our solar system now is tied for most number of planets around a single star, with the recent discovery of an eighth planet circling Kepler-90, a Sun-like star 2,545 light-years from Earth. The planet was discovered in data from NASA's Kepler Space Telescope.
Material for better lithium-ion batteries
The batteries we use every day may soon become cheaper, smaller and lighter. Researchers have discovered a family of anode materials that can double the charge capacity of lithium-ion battery anodes.
Nanoelectric coating for cost-effective, multifunctional neural probes
Multifunctional probes are extremely useful for research purposes, as they allow the recording of neural activity simultaneously alongside stimulation via drug administration or light (as is the case with optogenetics).
Graphene electronic tattoo sensors
Researchers have demonstrated tattoo-like epidermal sensors as an emerging class of truly wearable electronics, owing to their thinness and softness.
New depths in neuroscience: advances may help meld man with machine
Neural probes have long been a staple of neuroscience research, but in 1978 Dr. William Dobelle demonstrated they could do much more.
New technology for fast-charging, noncombustible batteries
A team of engineers led by 94-year-old John Goodenough, co-inventor of the lithium-ion battery, has developed the first all-solid-state battery cells that could lead to safer, faster-charging, longer-lasting rechargeable batteries for handheld mobile devices, electric cars and stationary energy storage.
New metamaterials could improve energy absorption and harvesting
The team is looking forward to leveraging these topological mechanical metamaterials for various applications, optimizing them, and carving devices out of them for applications in soft robotics, prosthetics and energy harvesting.