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Metamaterials Markets 2023-2043: Optical and Radio-Frequency

Covering players, markets, manufacturing methods and materials for reconfigurable intelligent surfaces, radar beamforming, medical sensing, anti-reflection coatings, laser glare protection, metalenses, and lidar beam-steering

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IDTechEx's report, 'Metamaterials Markets 2023-2043: Optical and Radio-Frequency', comprehensively explores this emerging materials technology. Based on interviews with various companies across the value chain, this report assesses the market for each application of both optical and radio-frequency (RF) metamaterials. The report analyses the market in detail, assessing the requirements of each application and carrying out case studies of existing players. The greatest opportunities are reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) in telecommunications, metalenses for smartphones, and automotive radar beamforming. Our detailed segmentation provides 33 distinct forecast lines, providing a clear picture of the status and market potential for each application. The overall market is forecast to reach US$ 20 billion by 2043, driven by the expansion of both metalens adoption for cameras and reconfigurable intelligent surfaces for telecommunications.
Technical developments
mmWave 5G and ultimately 6G communications networks promise faster internet speeds, but are limited by high signal attenuation. Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) based on metamaterials offer a solution, promising wide area coverage at low energy consumption. RIS reflect and potentially even direct signals directly to end users, increasing signal range and strength. Metamaterial-based coatings may also be integrated with windows to reflect beams around obstacles for better signal coverage in urban areas - as these can be easily installed on existing surfaces, there are vast materials opportunities.
Another emerging application is metamaterial beamformers in radar devices. These can achieve higher resolution than many conventional radar devices. This is a key demand for the automotive industry, with increasing automation providing a considerable tailwind for market adoption.
Major developments are also occurring at the other end of the frequency spectrum, with metamaterial lenses (metalenses) beginning commercialization. These offer the potential for significantly smaller form factors than conventional lenses, while retaining and even improving optical performance - space-constrained smartphones are a substantial target market. Compatibility with conventional semiconductor manufacturing techniques further ensures scalability, with simplified supply chains potentially reducing costs.
A core concern for metamaterials is the method of manufacturing - suitable methods depend on multiple factors such as the operational frequency and area requirements. The report considers 8 separate manufacturing methods, ranging from extreme UV lithography to roll-to-roll printing, and benchmarks these methods against each other. This facilitates assessment of the most suitable manufacturing methods for each application.
Application opportunities
Metamaterials can be utilized in a remarkably wide range of applications, spanning market verticals ranging from telecommunications to healthcare. This report divides the electromagnetic metamaterial application space into 8 segments, each outlining:
  • Introduction to the application.
  • Assessment of technological and commercial status.
  • Value propositions and challenges for metamaterials in each specific application.
  • Assessment of the outlook for metamaterials in the application, including SWOT and Porter's five forces analysis for each.
Where relevant, 20-year market forecasts have been provided to assess the expected market for electromagnetic metamaterials. Due to the differences in deployment and potential business models, three overarching segments have been carried out to provide a full picture - namely, the market revenue, installed surface area, and number of units sold. Detailed methodologies and assessments are included for each forecast.
Key questions answered in this report
  • What are the key emergent and potential applications for electromagnetic metamaterials?
  • What are suitable materials and manufacturing techniques for each application?
  • How do metamaterials compare with incumbent technologies in certain established markets, and which incumbents are metamaterials expected to supplement?
  • What are the potential opportunities for metamaterials developers?
  • What are the technological and market readiness of metamaterials for each application?
  • Who are the key players involved in the metamaterials market?
  • What are the barriers to entry to the metamaterials market?
IDTechEx has been studying emerging materials technologies and their market opportunities for a decade, utilizing extensive primary research. This report provides a comprehensive picture of the underlying technologies, manufacturing methods and application opportunities of both optical and radio-frequency meta-materials.
This report provides the following information
Technology and market analysis:
  • Assessment of 8 emerging and potential applications for electromagnetic metamaterials, including reconfigurable intelligent surfaces for telecommunications, metamaterial lenses for smartphones, and lidar beam-steering.
  • Discussions of drivers and challenges for metamaterial adoption in each application.
  • Outlook for electromagnetic metamaterials for each of the 8 applications based on detailed SWOT and Porter's Five Forces analysis.
  • Comparison of metamaterials with incumbent technologies where relevant.
  • Analysis of eight subtractive and additive manufacturing methods including wet etching, roll-to-roll printing, and extreme UV lithography.
  • Analysis of key trends for manufacture of electromagnetic metamaterials.
  • Discussions on suitability of each manufacturing method across various applications of electromagnetic metamaterials, based on benchmarking of methods and require.
  • Relevant materials and analysis of key material selection parameters.
Market Forecasts & Analysis:
  • 20-year granular market forecasts by separate applications of electromagnetic metamaterials.
  • Assessment of technological and commercial readiness level for different applications of electromagnetic metamaterials.
Analyst access from IDTechEx
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Further information
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Table of Contents
1.1.What is a metamaterial?
1.2.Segmenting the metamaterial landscape
1.3.Commercial metamaterial ecosystem is becoming established
1.4.Readiness levels of metamaterial technologies
1.5.Radio-frequency metamaterials: Overview
1.6.RF metamaterials: Applications and players
1.7.Value propositions of RF metamaterials applications (I)
1.8.Value propositions of RF metamaterials applications (II)
1.9.SWOT analysis of RF metamaterials applications (I)
1.10.SWOT analysis of RF metamaterials applications (II)
1.11.Current and potential market impact for RF metamaterials
1.12.Suitable materials for RF metamaterials by application
1.13.Key takeaways for RF metamaterials by application (I)
1.14.Key takeaways for RF metamaterials by application (II)
1.15.Optical metamaterials: Overview
1.16.Optical metamaterials: Applications and players
1.17.Value propositions of optical metamaterials across applications
1.18.SWOT assessment of optical metamaterial applications
1.19.Current and potential market impact for optical metamaterials
1.20.Identifying suitable materials for optical metamaterials by application
1.21.Key takeaways for optical metamaterials by application
1.22.Competing metamaterial manufacturing methodologies
1.23.Comparing metamaterial patterning methods
1.24.Application suitability for manufacturing methods: RF metamaterials
1.25.Application suitability for manufacturing methods: Optical metamaterials
1.26.Electromagnetic metamaterials: Annual revenue forecasts by metamaterial type, 2022-2043
1.27.RF metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2022-2043
1.28.Optical metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2022-2043
2.1.Metamaterials: An introduction
2.2.Common examples of metamaterials
2.3.Segmentation the metamaterial landscape by wavelength
2.4.Technology parallels between optical and electrical metamaterials
2.5.Metamaterials in the terahertz spectral region?
2.6.Research interest focuses on optical metamaterials
2.7.Readiness levels of metamaterial technologies
2.8.Commercial metamaterial ecosystem is becoming established
2.9.Passive vs active metamaterials
2.10.Supply chain security is risk for metamaterial adoption
2.11.Metamaterial design and intellectual property
3.1.1.Overview of forecast segments
3.1.2.Forecasts included in this report
3.1.3.Electromagnetic metamaterials: Annual revenue forecasts by metamaterial type, 2022-2043
3.2.RF metamaterials: Forecasts
3.2.1.RF metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2022-2043
3.2.2.RF metamaterials: Surface area forecast by application, 2022-2043
3.2.3.RF metamaterials: Unit forecast by application, 2022-2043
3.3.Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS): Forecasts
3.3.1.Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces in telecommunications: Forecasts segments
3.3.2.Passive RIS: Forecast methodologies
3.3.3.Passive RIS: Forecasts and key trends
3.3.4.Semi-passive RIS: Forecast methodologies
3.3.5.Semi-passive RIS: Forecasts and key trends
3.3.6.Semi-passive RIS: Assessment of forecasts
3.3.7.Active RIS: Forecast methodologies
3.3.8.Active RIS: Forecast, trends, and assessment
3.4.Automotive radar beamforming: Forecasts
3.4.1.Metamaterials in automotive radar beamforming: Forecast methodology and assumptions
3.4.2.Metamaterials in automotive radar: Forecasts and key trends
3.5.Medical sensing: Forecasts
3.5.1.Metamaterials for MRI enhancement: Forecast methodology
3.5.2.Metamaterials for MRI enhancement: Forecasts, key trends, and assessment
3.5.3.Metamaterials for non-invasive glucose monitoring: Forecast methodology
3.5.4.Metamaterials for non-invasive glucose monitoring: Forecasts and key trends
3.6.Optical metamaterials: Forecasts
3.6.1.Optical metamaterials: Annual revenue forecast by application, 2022-2043
3.6.2.Optical metamaterials: Surface area by application, 2022-2043
3.6.3.Optical metamaterials: Units by application, 2022-2043
3.7.Metalenses: Forecasts
3.7.1.Metalenses in smartphones: Forecast methodology
3.7.2.Metalenses in smartphones: Forecasts and key trends
3.8.Metamaterials in lidar beamformers: Forecasts
3.8.1.Metamaterials in lidar beam-steering: Forecast methodology
3.8.2.Metamaterials in lidar beam-steering: Forecasts and key trends
3.9.Metamaterials in AR coatings: Forecasts
3.9.1.Metamaterial AR coatings for consumer electronics: Forecast methodology
3.9.2.Metamaterial AR coatings for consumer electronics: Forecasts and key trends
3.9.3.Metamaterial AR coatings in consumer electronics: Assessment of forecasts and assumptions
3.9.4.Metamaterial AR coatings on photovoltaics: Forecast methodology
3.9.5.Metamaterials in AR cells on solar cells: Forecasts, key trends, and assessment
4.1.1.Radio-frequency metamaterials: Introduction
4.1.2.RF metamaterials: Applications and players
4.1.3.Current and potential applications of RF metamaterials
4.1.4.Current and potential market impact for RF metamaterials
4.1.5.RF metamaterial demand in potential applications
4.2.Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS)
4.2.1.Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS): An introduction
4.2.2.High frequency telecommunications face significant challenges
4.2.3.Key drivers for reconfigurable intelligent surfaces in telecommunications
4.3.RIS: Hardware
4.3.1.Typical RIS architecture
4.3.2.Passive, semi-passive, and active RIS
4.3.3.Materials and manufacturing for reconfigurable intelligent surfaces
4.3.4.Liquid crystal polymers (LCP) are a promising method for creating active metasurfaces
4.3.5.Comparing LCP and semiconductor RIS
4.3.6.Research history of metamaterials in RIS
4.3.7.Challenges for fully functionalized RIS environments
4.4.Applications and deployment
4.4.1.The current status of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS)
4.4.2.NANOWEB is an example of passive RIS
4.4.3.Pivotal Commware develops holographic beamforming in semi-active RIS
4.4.4.Typical RIS applications in a wireless network
4.4.5.Major companies have shown interest in RIS
4.4.6.RISE-6G investigates use of metamaterials in wireless communications
4.4.7.mmWave-based RIS technology for coverage challenge from ZTE
4.4.8.Alcan Systems develops transparent liquid crystal phased array antennas
4.5.RIS: Summary
4.5.1.Commercial opportunities against readiness levels of RIS
4.5.2.Commercial opportunities against readiness levels of RIS
4.5.3.Metamaterials in RIS: SWOT
4.5.4.Porter's five forces analysis of RIS
4.5.5.RIS: Conclusions
4.6.1.Metamaterials in radar: Introduction
4.6.2.Radar requirements depend on the application
4.6.3.Commercial opportunities against value proposition of metamaterials in radar
4.6.4.Related IDTechEx report: Automotive radar
4.7.Metamaterials for beam-steering/beam-forming
4.7.1.Beamforming today is achieved through phased array antennas
4.7.2.Metamaterial beamforming: Propositions and limitations
4.7.3.Improving angular resolution is a major driver for metamaterial beamforming
4.7.4.Metawave performs analogue beamforming through metamaterials
4.7.5.Metawave: Value proposition and partnerships
4.7.6.Echodyne looks to supplement phased array antennas
4.7.7.Echodyne provides radars for security and aerospace
4.7.8.Greenerwave uses relatively large features to reduce manufacturing requirements
4.7.9.Metamaterials are not the only method to improve angular resolution
4.7.10.Benchmarking metamaterial beamforming radars against industry representatives
4.7.11.Automotive radar and RIS share similar core technological requirements
4.7.12.Metamaterials in radar beamforming: SWOT
4.7.13.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterial radar beamformers
4.7.14.Radar beamforming: Conclusions
4.8.Metamaterials in radomes
4.8.1.Possible functionalities of metamaterials in radome design
4.8.2.Metamaterials in radomes: Introduction
4.8.3.Metamaterial radomes: Commercial status
4.8.4.Metamaterial radomes: Potential opportunities
4.8.5.Comparison of metamaterial radomes across multiple dimensions
4.8.6.Metamaterials in radomes: SWOT
4.8.7.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in radomes
4.8.8.Metamaterials in radomes: Conclusions
4.9.1.Metamaterials in EMI shielding: Introduction
4.9.2.Potential functionalities of metamaterials in EMI shielding
4.9.3.Commercial opportunities against value proposition of metamaterials in EMI shielding
4.9.4.Transparent EMI shielding with metamaterials
4.9.5.Metamaterials in EMI shielding: SWOT
4.9.6.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in EMI shielding
4.9.7.Metamaterials in EMI shielding: Conclusions
4.9.8.Metamaterials for MRI enhancement
4.9.9.Metamaterials for MRI: Introduction
4.9.10.MRI enhancement through flexible metamaterials
4.9.11.Metamaterial antennas for MRI: An EU research project
4.9.12.Commercial status of metamaterials in MRI
4.9.13.Metamaterials in MRI imaging: SWOT
4.9.14.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in MRI imaging
4.9.15.Metamaterials in MRI enhancement: Conclusions
4.9.16.Metamaterials for non-invasive glucose monitoring
4.9.17.Non-invasive glucose monitoring: Introduction
4.9.18.Meta Materials Inc acquires Mediwise to enter the glucose monitoring market
4.9.19.Mediwise patents use of anti-reflective metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing
4.9.20.When will non-invasive glucose monitoring be commercialised?
4.9.21.Challenges associated with optical and RF-based methods of non-invasive glucose sensing
4.9.22.The potential of metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing
4.9.23.Metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing: SWOT
4.9.24.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing
4.9.25.Metamaterials in non-invasive glucose sensing: Conclusions
4.9.26.Related IDTechEx reports covering non-invasive glucose sensing
4.9.27.Materials for RF metamaterials
4.9.28.Materials selection for RF metamaterials: Introduction
4.9.29.Operational frequency ranges by application
4.9.30.Comparing relevant substrate materials at low frequencies
4.9.31.Suitable materials for RF metamaterials by application
5.1.1.Optical metamaterials: An introduction
5.1.2.Optical metamaterials: Applications and players
5.1.3.Current and potential applications of optical metamaterials
5.1.4.Current and potential market impact for optical metamaterials
5.1.5.Many applications of optical metamaterials are a manufacturer "push"
5.1.6.Optical metamaterial demand in potential applications
5.2.Optical filters
5.2.1.Metamaterials as EM filters: Introduction
5.2.2.Bragg reflectors are an established example of 1D metamaterials
5.2.3.Anti-reflection coatings (ARCs): Introduction metamaterials in anti-reflection coatings
5.2.5.Metamaterial ARCs are established in specific applications
5.2.6.Comparing metamaterial anti-reflection coatings with conventional anti-reflection coatings
5.2.7.Assessing the suitability of metamaterial ARCs in various commercial applications
5.2.8.Laser glare protection via holographic notch filters
5.2.9.Comparing metamaterial filters with conventional filter lenses
5.2.10.SWOT analysis of metamaterial filters
5.2.11.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in optical filters
5.2.12.Metamaterial optical filters: Conclusions
5.3.Metamaterial lenses (metalenses)
5.3.1.Metamaterial lenses: Introduction
5.3.2.Metamaterial lenses: Drivers and challenges
5.3.3.BAE Systems provided an early example of flat metalenses
5.3.4.Negative refractive index forms the basis of sub-wavelength imaging
5.3.5.Applications for metalenses/metasurfaces
5.3.6.Metalenz launches commercial metalenses using existing semiconductor manufacturing methods
5.3.7.Metalenz: Technology and applications
5.3.8.Metalenz's first commercial metalens
5.3.9.Metalenz patents a method for speckle reduction
5.3.10.Chromatic aberration is a problem for metalenses
5.3.11.Tunoptix aims to resolve chromatic aberration in metalenses
5.3.12.Tunoptix patents methods to create achromatic metasurface lenses
5.3.13.Metamaterial lenses: SWOT analysis
5.3.14.Porter's five forces analysis of the metalens market
5.3.15.Metamaterial lenses: Conclusions
5.3.16.Related IDTechEx reports on AR/VR
5.4.LiDAR beam steering
5.4.1.LiDAR beam steering: Introduction
5.4.2.Metamaterial lidars: Drivers
5.4.3.Overview of LiDAR beam steering technologies
5.4.4.Metamaterials in LiDAR beam steering
5.4.5.Lidar steering system: OPA
5.4.6.Liquid crystal lidar
5.4.7.Lumotive is developing metamaterial-based LiDAR beam steering technology
5.4.8.Lumotive's patents cover a method of suppressing side lobes
5.4.9.Comparison of lidar product parameters
5.4.10.Automotive lidar: Requirements
5.4.11.Benchmarking metasurface beam-steering LiDAR against industry representatives
5.4.12.Analysis of OPA-based lidars
5.4.13.Metamaterials in LiDAR beam steering: SWOT analysis
5.4.14.Porter's five forces analysis of metamaterials in LiDAR
5.4.15.Metamaterial LiDARs: Conclusions
5.4.16.Related IDTechEx report on LiDAR
5.5.Materials selection for optical metamaterials
5.5.1.Materials selection for optical metamaterials: Introduction
5.5.2.Optical metamaterials require large band gaps
5.5.3.Transparency ranges of relevant materials
5.5.4.Comparing refractive indices and band gaps of relevant materials
5.5.5.Identifying suitable materials for optical metamaterials by application
6.1.1.Competing patterning methodologies
6.1.2.Wet etching: The conventional method of manufacturing RF metamaterials
6.1.3.Wet etching: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.4.Dry phase patterning removes sustainable hurdles associated with wet etching
6.1.5.Dry phase patterning: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.6.Roll-to-roll (R2R) printing offers scalable, large area manufacturing
6.1.7.Roll-to-roll printing: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.8.Meta Materials Inc develop rolling mask lithography
6.1.9.Rolling mask lithography: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.10.Roll-to-plate exists complementary to roll-to-roll and wafer-scale methods
6.1.11.Roll-to-plate nanoimprint lithography: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.12.Atomic layer deposition is highly precise, but difficult to scale
6.1.13.Atomic layer deposition: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.14.Laser ablation offers good resolution and is scalable
6.1.15.Laser ablation: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.16.Extreme UV lithography (EUVL) is well-established and suitable for certain optical metamaterials
6.1.17.EUVL: Advantages and disadvantages
6.1.18.Comparing various manufacturing methods
6.2.Manufacturing methods for RF metamaterials
6.2.1.Manufacturing RF metamaterials: Introduction
6.2.2.RF metamaterials: Suitable manufacturing methods for each application
6.2.3.Manufacturing requirements for RF metamaterials in the short-to-medium term
6.2.4.Manufacturing requirements for RF metamaterials in the medium-to-long term
6.2.5.RF metamaterials manufacturing: Key takeaways
6.3.Manufacturing methods for optical metamaterials
6.3.1.Manufacturing optical metamaterials: Introduction
6.3.2.Manufacturing requirements for optical metamaterials
6.3.3.Optical metamaterials: Suitable manufacturing methods for each application
6.3.4.Roll-to-roll printing for optical metamaterials is proven, but not established
6.3.5.Optical metamaterial manufacturing: Key takeaways
7.1.Alcan Systems
7.4.Evolv Technology
7.5.Fractal Antenna Systems
7.7.Inkspace Imaging
7.10.Meta Materials Inc
7.14.Pivotal Commware
7.15.Plasmonics Inc

Report Statistics

Slides 276
Forecasts to 2033
ISBN 9781915514301

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