Scratching the Surface of Perovskites
Versatile compounds called perovskites are valued for their application in next generation solar energy technologies. Despite their efficiency and relative cheapness, perovskite devices have yet to be perfected; they often contain atomic-level structural defects.
Printed Metal Conductors May be Next Generation Electronic Displays
Each year, consumers ask more of electronic displays, wanting them bigger, brighter, and even flexible. Displays from smartwatches to 4K TVs currently consist of organic light-emitting diodes which use indium tin oxide as a transparent electrode. However, ITO has its limitations: it is expensive; doesn't perform well enough for larger areas; and can crack with repeated touching or swiping.
Breathalyzer that can detect marijuana
AS recreational marijuana legalization becomes more widespread throughout the US, so has concern about what that means for enforcing DUI laws. Unlike a breathalyzer used to detect alcohol, police do not have a device that can be used in the field to determine if a driver is under the influence of marijuana. New research is poised to change that.
Pixium Vision has developed a bioelectronic epi-retinal implant designed to restore sight in people affected with macular degeneration.
Manganese may finally solve hydrogen fuel cells' catalyst problem
Manganese is known for making stainless steel and aluminum soda cans. Now, researchers say the metal could advance one of the most promising sources of renewable energy: hydrogen fuel cells.
Improving additive manufacturing for space missions
Additive manufacturing presents a game-changing opportunity for the space industry to produce complex components with greater efficiency at a lower cost. However, the trial-and-error method currently used to create such parts with limited materials is not suited for components that would need to survive the harsh environment of space.
Making a transparent flexible material of silk and nanotubes
The silk fibers produced by Bombyx mori, the domestic silkworm, has been prized for millennia as a strong yet lightweight and luxurious material. Although synthetic polymers like nylon and polyester are less costly, they do not compare to silk's natural qualities and mechanical properties. And according to research, silk combined with carbon nanotubes may lead to a new generation of biomedical devices and so-called transient, biodegradable electronics.
Bioelectronic device to treat rheumatoid arthritis
SetPoint Medical, a clinical-stage bioelectronic medicine company developing therapy for chronic autoimmune diseases, has announced the completion of enrollment in the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) pilot Investigational Device Exemption study evaluating its proprietary bioelectronic device to treat patients with drug refractory rheumatoid arthritis.
Deep learning distinguishes recalled-benign mammograms
An artificial intelligence approach based on deep learning convolutional neural network could identify nuanced mammographic imaging features specific for recalled but benign (false-positive) mammograms and distinguish such mammograms from those identified as malignant or negative.
If only AI had a brain
Digital computation has rendered nearly all forms of analog computation obsolete since as far back as the 1950s. However, there is one major exception that rivals the computational power of the most advanced digital devices: the human brain.
Why a trucking company built its own grid
At the Pitt Ohio trucking facility in Harmar, Pennsylvania, tractor trailers roll up to a depot where lights, computers, and electric forklifts are all powered by clean energy produced on-site.
Getting to the heart of carbon nanotube clusters
Integrating nanoscale fibers such as carbon nanotubes into commercial applications, from coatings for aircraft wings to heat sinks for mobile computing, requires them to be produced in large scale and at low cost.
Glass with switchable opacity could improve solar cells and LEDs
Nanoscale 'grass' structures also enable smart glass that switches from hazy to clear in presence of water.
Super strong stretchy silver
Try bending your iPhone in half. Or roll up your tablet like a scroll. Or wrap a touchscreen TV around a pole. Didn't work out so well, did it? That's because the ceramic material used to make many of today's touchscreens has only two of three needed qualities: it's conductive, it's transparent—but it's not flexible.
Novel gene editing approach to cancer shows promise
A novel gene therapy using CRISPR genome editing technology effectively targets cancer-causing "fusion genes" and improves survival in mouse models of aggressive liver and prostate cancers.
New depths in neuroscience: advances may help meld man with machine
Neural probes have long been a staple of neuroscience research, but in 1978 Dr. William Dobelle demonstrated they could do much more.