Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles and Fleets 2021-2031: IDTechEx

The market for charging infrastructure will rocket to $65 billion by 2031 to support EVs and fleets

Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles and Fleets 2021-2031

The EV Charging Infrastructure Market: Public charging, private charging, DC Fast-charging, fleet charging


Show All Description Contents, Table & Figures List Pricing Related Content
The Importance of Charging Infrastructure
 
Consumers have range anxiety; range sells electric vehicles. According IDTechEx's electric car model database, most BEV models today offer NEDC ranges between 200- 300 miles (the average is 285 miles). A survey from Oak Ridge National Laboratory shows 95% of car journeys in the US, the country which relies the most on the car for transportation, are under 30 miles. So, in theory, current BEV ranges should be sufficient most of the time, but in practice this is not always the case.
 
The availability of charging infrastructure is one of the key factors to address range anxiety, and therefore is essential to facilitate the short and long-term uptake of plug-in electric vehicles and the sustainable development of the auto industry. By the end of 2019, we estimate that 870,000 public and 4 million private chargers were installed globally supporting 8.1 million plug-in electric vehicles in-use.
 
The report takes into account that all car sales are impacted by the covid-19 pandemic: amid economic uncertainty and unemployment, car purchases, which are typically the second largest consumer purchase (the first is a house), are now more difficult to justify for millions of consumers worldwide. Governments in Europe and China are stepping in with stimulus packages and adjusting policy to ensure sales do not collapse. There is also momentum on the demand side as consumers have experienced and become more aware of the benefits of clean air in cities while internal combustion engines have been sitting in driveways during lockdowns. At IDTechEx, we believe the electric vehicle industry will not be derailed and will continue with momentum, but there is still a great deal of uncertainty. Over the coming decade, demand for charging infrastructure will be driven by over 111 million BEV + PHEV vehicles in-use globally including passenger cars, buses, trucks, and vans.
 
Global total charging outlets installed (thousands)
Data sources: EVCIPA, EAFO, AFDC, IDTechEx
 
Regional Analysis
 
The report provides analysis and forecasts for charging infrastructure deployments in key regions including China, Europe (UK, Netherlands, France, Germany, Norway, Denmark, Rest of Europe) and the US. The penetration rate of both private and public charging infrastructure in each region and the market share of key players is presented.
 
Players and Technologies
 
We provide a technological overview of the major charging infrastructure types including conductive charging and alternative solutions such as battery swapping. Emerging charging technologies are also covered such as fast charging, inductive and capacitive charging, robotic and autonomous charging, wireless charging, off-grid charging, mobile charging, and vehicle-to-home/grid (V2H/V2G).
 
By 2031, the global electric vehicle charging infrastructure market will be worth more than $65 billion per year, creating huge opportunities for companies along the electric vehicle charging value chain. The key market players, with their technologies and developments, are presented and discussed.
 
As the industry evolves, the trend is for players to move along the value chain, from energy sourcing and supply to chargers and energy delivery. For example, currently the business case for home or workplace level 2 chargers are straightforward, given low up-front capital and operating expenses, but the business case for public fast charging stations is more difficult due to the higher up-front capital, higher operating costs, and currently low utilization. Big oil companies such as Shell and BP have been proactive in securing their shares of the market and big utility companies are integrating electric vehicle charging as part of their business.
 
Fleet Charging
 
Electric vehicle fleets such as buses and trucks require very different charging infrastructure solutions to passenger cars, from multiple mega-watt depo charging to overhead catenaries and battery swapping, covered in this report. Although electric fleet charging represents roughly 3% of the total charging infrastructure in volume, it constitutes over 20% of the total market value due to the added cost associated with the high-power requirements.
 
Looking into the future, shared autonomous mobility is expected to eventually dominate the passenger-miles in the urban environment. As nobody is available to plug-in those robo-taxis to charge, mobility service companies are going to need broadly deployed automatic charging so the autonomous vehicles can extend their range without extra labour costs. When there's downtime between rides, the cars will pull over to automatic charging spots, top up, and then continue to provide rides. In this report, we will also cover future charging trends and solutions such as robotic charging, wireless charging as well as electric road systems.
 
Summary of Report Contents and Forecasts:
 
  • Comprehensive overview of various charging technologies and standards globally, including fast charging, inductive and capacitive charging, mobile charging, robotic and autonomous charging, battery swapping as well as dedicated charging for fleet EVs; evaluations on the key charging technologies are provided.
  • Analysis of the electric vehicle charging value chain and business models of key market players.
  • Detailed ten-year market forecast on electric vehicle charging infrastructure in both unit numbers and market value (revenues); granular market forecasts are provided by major regions, sectors (passenger cars and fleet EVs), applications (private and public) and power levels (AC and DC).
Analyst access from IDTechEx
All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.
Further information
If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at research@IDTechEx.com or call one of our sales managers:

AMERICAS (USA): +1 617 577 7890
ASIA (Japan): +81 3 3216 7209
EUROPE (UK) +44 1223 812300
Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.Batteries currently dominate stationary energy storage
1.1.Batteries currently dominate stationary energy storage
1.2.Primary conclusions for stationary storage without batteries 2021-2041: big picture
1.2.Primary conclusions for stationary storage without batteries 2021-2041: big picture
1.3.New options tackle extremes where batteries fail and also start to tackle mainstream battery applications
1.3.New options tackle extremes where batteries fail and also start to tackle mainstream battery applications
1.4.Primary conclusions for stationary storage without batteries 2021-2041: Technology choices
1.4.Primary conclusions for stationary storage without batteries 2021-2041: Technology choices
1.5.A Growing Energy Storage Market
1.5.A Growing Energy Storage Market
1.6.High Potential ES Technologies: Overview
1.6.High Potential ES Technologies: Overview
1.7.High Potential ES Technologies: Parameters
1.7.High Potential ES Technologies: Parameters
1.8.Addressing the issues
1.8.Addressing the issues
1.9.High Potential ES Technologies: Technology Segmentation
1.9.High Potential ES Technologies: Technology Segmentation
1.10.Emerging W/kg & Wh/kg
1.10.Emerging W/kg & Wh/kg
1.11.Which technology will dominate the market?
1.11.Which technology will dominate the market?
1.12.High Potential ES Technologies: Parameter comparison
1.12.High Potential ES Technologies: Parameter comparison
1.13.High Potential ES Technologies analysis
1.13.High Potential ES Technologies analysis
1.14.Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level: definitions
1.14.Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level: definitions
1.15.Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level
1.15.Technology/Manufacturing Readiness Level
1.16.Why not Li-ion or Redox Flow batteries?
1.16.Why not Li-ion or Redox Flow batteries?
1.17.Comparison of energy storage devices
1.17.Comparison of energy storage devices
1.18.Forecast Methodology
1.18.Forecast Methodology
1.19.Forecast Assumptions
1.19.Forecast Assumptions
1.20.Market Forecasts - Gravity, liquid air and compressed air stationary energy storage
1.20.Market Forecasts - Gravity, liquid air and compressed air stationary energy storage
1.21.Stationary energy storage without batteries: technology shares 2041
1.21.Stationary energy storage without batteries: technology shares 2041
1.22.Forecast technology breakdown for leading technologies
1.22.Forecast technology breakdown for leading technologies
1.23.Supercapacitor technology roadmap 2021-2041
1.23.Supercapacitor technology roadmap 2021-2041
1.24.Global supercapacitor value market by territory 2021-2041
1.24.Global supercapacitor value market by territory 2021-2041
2.INTRODUCTION
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.Overview
2.1.Overview
2.2.Battery limitations
2.2.Battery limitations
2.3.Renewable Energies: Energy generated and cost trend
2.3.Renewable Energies: Energy generated and cost trend
2.4.The increasingly important role of stationary storage
2.4.The increasingly important role of stationary storage
2.5.Stationary energy storage is not new
2.5.Stationary energy storage is not new
2.6.Why We Need Energy Storage
2.6.Why We Need Energy Storage
2.7.Energy Storage Devices
2.7.Energy Storage Devices
2.8.Energy Storage Classification
2.8.Energy Storage Classification
2.9.Technology choices: no single winner for everything
2.9.Technology choices: no single winner for everything
2.10.Example: Trackside SESS
2.10.Example: Trackside SESS
2.11.Example: Stationary energy storage for tramlines
2.11.Example: Stationary energy storage for tramlines
2.12.ESS, BESS, BTM, FTM
2.12.ESS, BESS, BTM, FTM
2.13.Stationary Energy Storage Markets
2.13.Stationary Energy Storage Markets
2.14.New avenues for stationary storage
2.14.New avenues for stationary storage
2.15.Example: Gravitational energy storage for grid
2.15.Example: Gravitational energy storage for grid
2.16.Incentives for energy storage
2.16.Incentives for energy storage
2.17.Overview of ES drivers
2.17.Overview of ES drivers
2.18.Renewable energy self-consumption
2.18.Renewable energy self-consumption
2.19.ToU Arbitrage
2.19.ToU Arbitrage
2.20.Feed-in-Tariff phase-outs
2.20.Feed-in-Tariff phase-outs
2.21.Net metering phase-outs
2.21.Net metering phase-outs
2.22.Demand Charge Reduction
2.22.Demand Charge Reduction
2.23.Other Drivers
2.23.Other Drivers
2.24.Values provided at the customer side
2.24.Values provided at the customer side
2.25.Values provided at the utility side
2.25.Values provided at the utility side
2.26.Values provided in ancillary services
2.26.Values provided in ancillary services
2.27.Example: World's largest liquid air energy storage April 2021
2.27.Example: World's largest liquid air energy storage April 2021
2.28.Modernising pumped hydro
2.28.Modernising pumped hydro
3.SUPERCAPACITORS AND DERIVATIVES
3.SUPERCAPACITORS AND DERIVATIVES
3.1.Basics
3.1.Basics
3.2.Typical stationary power applications of supercapacitors so far
3.2.Typical stationary power applications of supercapacitors so far
3.3.Primary conclusions: regional differences and typical values by application
3.3.Primary conclusions: regional differences and typical values by application
3.4.US railgun
3.4.US railgun
3.5.Some supercapacitor applications targeted by manufacturers by sector
3.5.Some supercapacitor applications targeted by manufacturers by sector
3.6.Examples of the large emerging market for 0.1 kWh to 1MWh supercapacitors
3.6.Examples of the large emerging market for 0.1 kWh to 1MWh supercapacitors
3.7.Trackside train and tram regeneration - Bombardier, Siemens, Cegelec, Greentech light rail and tram
3.7.Trackside train and tram regeneration - Bombardier, Siemens, Cegelec, Greentech light rail and tram
3.8.Light rail: regen supercapacitors on train or trackside
3.8.Light rail: regen supercapacitors on train or trackside
3.9.Wayside Rail HESS: Frequency regulation, energy efficiency
3.9.Wayside Rail HESS: Frequency regulation, energy efficiency
3.10.Supercapacitors in the energy sector - Overview
3.10.Supercapacitors in the energy sector - Overview
3.11.New generation wave power and wave heave compensation
3.11.New generation wave power and wave heave compensation
3.12.New generation tidal power
3.12.New generation tidal power
3.13.Wind power - Wind turbine protection and output smoothing
3.13.Wind power - Wind turbine protection and output smoothing
3.14.Airborne Wind Energy AWE
3.14.Airborne Wind Energy AWE
3.15.Utility energy storage and large UPS
3.15.Utility energy storage and large UPS
3.16.The role of supercapacitors in the grid - Maxwell insight
3.16.The role of supercapacitors in the grid - Maxwell insight
3.17.Hybrid electric energy storage HEES: benefits
3.17.Hybrid electric energy storage HEES: benefits
3.18.Purdue and Wisconsin Universities insight
3.18.Purdue and Wisconsin Universities insight
3.19.Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell SOEC fuel cell HEES with supercapacitor storage in grid
3.19.Solid Oxide Electrolyser Cell SOEC fuel cell HEES with supercapacitor storage in grid
3.20.Example: Duke Energy Rankin PV intermittency smoothing + load shifting
3.20.Example: Duke Energy Rankin PV intermittency smoothing + load shifting
3.21.Example: smoothing wind farm power output
3.21.Example: smoothing wind farm power output
3.22.Freqcon - utility-scale supercapacitors
3.22.Freqcon - utility-scale supercapacitors
3.23.Microgrids
3.23.Microgrids
3.24.Example: Ireland microgrid test bed
3.24.Example: Ireland microgrid test bed
3.25.Borkum Municipality with a flagship project for stationary energy storage
3.25.Borkum Municipality with a flagship project for stationary energy storage
4.GRAVITATIONAL ENERGY STORAGE (GES)
4.GRAVITATIONAL ENERGY STORAGE (GES)
4.1.1.Gravitational Energy Storage (GES)
4.1.1.Gravitational Energy Storage (GES)
4.1.2.Calculation from Gravitricity technology
4.1.2.Calculation from Gravitricity technology
4.1.3.Piston Based GES - Energy Stored example
4.1.3.Piston Based GES - Energy Stored example
4.1.4.GES Technology Classification
4.1.4.GES Technology Classification
4.1.5.Can the GES reach the market?
4.1.5.Can the GES reach the market?
4.1.6.Structure of the remainder of this chapter
4.1.6.Structure of the remainder of this chapter
4.2.ARES
4.2.ARES
4.2.1.ARES LLC Technology Overview
4.2.1.ARES LLC Technology Overview
4.2.2.ARES Technologies: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
4.2.2.ARES Technologies: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
4.2.3.Technical Comparison: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
4.2.3.Technical Comparison: Traction Drive, Ridgeline
4.2.4.A considerable Landscape footprint
4.2.4.A considerable Landscape footprint
4.2.5.ARES Market, and Technology analysis
4.2.5.ARES Market, and Technology analysis
4.3.Piston Based Gravitational Energy Storage (PB-GES)
4.3.Piston Based Gravitational Energy Storage (PB-GES)
4.3.1.Energy Vault - Technology working principle
4.3.1.Energy Vault - Technology working principle
4.3.2.Energy Vault - Brick Material
4.3.2.Energy Vault - Brick Material
4.3.3.Energy Vault Technology and market analysis
4.3.3.Energy Vault Technology and market analysis
4.3.4.Gravitricity - Piston-based Energy storage
4.3.4.Gravitricity - Piston-based Energy storage
4.3.5.Gravitricity technology analysis
4.3.5.Gravitricity technology analysis
4.3.6.Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Overview
4.3.6.Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Overview
4.3.7.Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Analysis
4.3.7.Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES): Analysis
4.4.Underground - Pumped Hydro Energy Storage (U-PHES)
4.4.Underground - Pumped Hydro Energy Storage (U-PHES)
4.4.1.Underground - PHES:
4.4.1.Underground - PHES:
4.4.2.U-PHES - Gravity Power
4.4.2.U-PHES - Gravity Power
4.4.3.U-PHES - Heindl Energy
4.4.3.U-PHES - Heindl Energy
4.4.4.Detailed description of Heindl Energy technology
4.4.4.Detailed description of Heindl Energy technology
4.4.5.U-PHES - Heindl Energy
4.4.5.U-PHES - Heindl Energy
4.4.6.Underground - PHES: Analysis
4.4.6.Underground - PHES: Analysis
4.5.Under Water Energy Storage (UWES)
4.5.Under Water Energy Storage (UWES)
4.5.1.Under Water Energy Storage (UWES) - Analysis
4.5.1.Under Water Energy Storage (UWES) - Analysis
5.COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES)
5.COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES)
5.1.CAES Historical Development
5.1.CAES Historical Development
5.2.CAES Technologies overview
5.2.CAES Technologies overview
5.3.Drawbacks of CAES
5.3.Drawbacks of CAES
5.4.Diabatic Compressed Energy Storage (D-CAES)
5.4.Diabatic Compressed Energy Storage (D-CAES)
5.5.Huntorf D-CAES - North of Germany
5.5.Huntorf D-CAES - North of Germany
5.6.McIntosh D-CAES - US Alabama
5.6.McIntosh D-CAES - US Alabama
5.7.Adiabatic - Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES)
5.7.Adiabatic - Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES)
5.8.A - CAES analysis
5.8.A - CAES analysis
5.9.Isothermal - Compressed Air Energy Storage (I - CAES)
5.9.Isothermal - Compressed Air Energy Storage (I - CAES)
5.10.Main players in CAES technologies
5.10.Main players in CAES technologies
5.11.CAES Players and Project
5.11.CAES Players and Project
6.LIQUID AIR ENERGY STORAGE (LAES)
6.LIQUID AIR ENERGY STORAGE (LAES)
6.1.Liquid Air Energy Storage
6.1.Liquid Air Energy Storage
6.2.The Dawn of Liquid Air in the Energy Storage Market
6.2.The Dawn of Liquid Air in the Energy Storage Market
6.3.Sumitomo Industries invests in Highview Energy
6.3.Sumitomo Industries invests in Highview Energy
6.4.Hot and Cold Storage Materials:
6.4.Hot and Cold Storage Materials:
6.5.Industrial Processes to Liquify Air
6.5.Industrial Processes to Liquify Air
6.6.LAES Historical Evolution
6.6.LAES Historical Evolution
6.7.LAES Companies and Projects
6.7.LAES Companies and Projects
6.8.LAES Players
6.8.LAES Players
6.9.LAES Analyst analysis
6.9.LAES Analyst analysis
7.THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES)
7.THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES)
7.1.TES Technology Overview and Classification
7.1.TES Technology Overview and Classification
7.2.Diurnal TES Systems - Domestic application
7.2.Diurnal TES Systems - Domestic application
7.3.Diurnal TES Systems - Solar Thermal Power Plants (CSP)
7.3.Diurnal TES Systems - Solar Thermal Power Plants (CSP)
7.4.Seasonal and long-duration TES Systems
7.4.Seasonal and long-duration TES Systems
7.5.Seasonal TES Systems - Underground TES
7.5.Seasonal TES Systems - Underground TES
7.6.Seasonal TES Systems - Solar Ponds
7.6.Seasonal TES Systems - Solar Ponds
8.COMPANY PROFILES
8.COMPANY PROFILES
8.1.Company Profiles
8.1.Company Profiles
8.2.Manufacturers of supercapacitors and derivatives for stationary energy storage - Explanation of our 10 assessment columns
8.2.Manufacturers of supercapacitors and derivatives for stationary energy storage - Explanation of our 10 assessment columns
8.3.Number of supercapacitor manufacturers by territory 2020 and trend to 2041
8.3.Number of supercapacitor manufacturers by territory 2020 and trend to 2041
 

Ordering Information

Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles and Fleets 2021-2031

£$¥
Electronic (1-5 users)
£4,650.00
Electronic (6-10 users)
£6,750.00
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (1-5 users)
£5,050.00
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (6-10 users)
£7,150.00
Electronic (1-5 users)
€5,250.00
Electronic (6-10 users)
€7,450.00
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (1-5 users)
€5,700.00
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (6-10 users)
€7,900.00
Electronic (1-5 users)
$5,995.00
Electronic (6-10 users)
$8,495.00
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (1-5 users)
$6,495.00
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (6-10 users)
$8,995.00
Electronic (1-5 users)
¥628,000
Electronic (6-10 users)
¥884,000
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (1-5 users)
¥678,000
Electronic and 1 Hardcopy (6-10 users)
¥934,000
Click here to enquire about additional licenses.
If you are a reseller/distributor please contact us before ordering.
お問合せ、見積および請求書が必要な方はm.murakoshi@idtechex.com までご連絡ください。

Subscription Enquiry