American Institute of Physics (AIP)

American Institute of Physics (AIP)

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2020
14 Jul 2020

Automotive Radar: Golden Era of Innovation and Growth

Radar uptake in vehicles will continue its increase, driven both by an increase in the number of adopting cars and by the radar content per vehicle. Both trends are driven by the increasing adoption of ADAS and will be sustained and strengthened in the longer term by the emergence of highly automated or autonomous driving.
12 Jun 2020

mmWave electronics: towards AiP (antenna-in-package) technologies

Electronic packaging will play an important role in enabling higher frequency - e.g., mmWave - electronics. In particular, as the frequency goes up, the antenna spacing shrinks, the need to have large antenna arrays for gain as well as beam forming purposes increases; and the imperative to cut down transmission loss including by placing components closer together inside a package dramatically grows
13 Apr 2020

Personalised Microrobots Deliver Drugs to Cells

Tiny biohybrid robots on the micrometer scale can swim through the body and deliver drugs to tumors or provide other cargo-carrying functions. The natural environmental sensing tendencies of bacteria mean they can navigate toward certain chemicals or be remotely controlled using magnetic or sound signals.
24 Feb 2020

Highly Sensitive Sensors Enhance Human Touch

People rely on a highly tuned sense of touch to manipulate objects, but injuries to the skin and the simple act of wearing gloves can impair this ability. Surgeons, for example, find that gloves decrease their ability to manipulate soft tissues. Astronauts are also hampered by heavy spacesuits and find it difficult to work with equipment while wearing heavy gloves.
24 Jan 2020

Spider-Man-Style Robotic Graspers Defy Gravity

Specially designed vacuum suction units allow humans to climb walls. Scientists have developed a suction unit that can be used on rough surfaces, no matter how textured, and that has applications in the development of climbing robots and robotic arms with grasping capabilities.
21 Jan 2020

Robotic Gripping Mechanism Mimics How Sea Anemones Catch Prey

Most robotic gripping mechanisms to date have relied on humanlike fingers or appendages, which sometimes struggle to provide the fine touch, flexibility or cost-effectiveness needed in some circumstances to hold onto objects. Recent work looks to provide a path forward for gripping robots from an unlikely source -- the doughnut-shaped sea anemone.
7 Jan 2020

Tests Measure Solar Panel Performance Beyond Established Standards

Photovoltaics used in solar panels are sensitive to environmental factors and often suffer degradation over time. International Electrotechnical Commission standards for accelerated degradation do not include field tests. While some testing facilities have made data available, much of the data needed to make business decisions for PV is not available publicly.
2019
15 Nov 2019

Radars: Key Technology Trends Towards 4D Imaging Radars

These are exciting times for radar technology. Many changes are taking place. In this article, we outline some key trends from the recent IDTechEx report "Radars 2020-2030: Technologies, Future Trends, Forecasts".
15 Nov 2019

Spray Painting Fiber Bandages Onto Wounds

With newly developed technology, medical personnel can manufacture a bandage with drug-delivery capabilities directly onto a wound.
25 Oct 2019

New IDTechEx Research Report: Radars 2020-2030

Radars evolve towards 4D imaging with improved resolution and object detection AIs, surpassing $15Bn as forecast by IDTechEx Research in their latest report on the topic, covering ADAS and autonomous driving, 4D imaging radars, semiconductor technology, low insertion loss materials, advanced packaging, deep learning, object detection/ classification/ tracking.
24 Oct 2019

3D Printing, Bioinks Create Implantable Blood Vessels

A modified triple-coaxial 3D cell printing technique allows fabrication of multilayer blood vessels that have the unique biomolecules needed to transform into functional blood vessels when they are implanted.
16 Sep 2019

Automotive mmwave radars: trends in packaging and board technologies

In this article series we examine trends in mm-wave radar technology mainly in the automotive sector. These articles will provide a comprehensive overview of trends in this technology from high-level market drivers to radar systems to board-design considerations, and to packaging and semiconductor technologies.
13 Sep 2019

Reconfigurable electronics show promise for wearables, implantables

Medical implants of the future may feature reconfigurable electronic platforms that can morph in shape and size dynamically as bodies change or transform to relocate from one area to monitor another within our bodies.
31 Jul 2019

Harvesting energy from the human knee

Imagine powering your devices by walking. With technology recently developed, that possibility might not be far out of reach.
28 Jun 2019

Hybrid device may help doctors treat strokes more quickly

Researchers have developed a device that uses near-infrared light to monitor blood flow. The hybrid instrument, which relies on the combination of two light measurement techniques, could be used to quickly and noninvasively diagnose cerebral ischemia.
8 May 2019

Electricity from the coldness of the universe

The obvious drawback of solar panels is that they require sunlight to generate electricity. Some have observed that for a device on Earth facing space, which has a frigid temperature, the chilling outflow of energy from the device can be harvested using the same kind of optoelectronic physics we have used to harness solar energy.
1 Apr 2019

Autonomous weed control via smart robots

To apply pesticide to weeds, rollers can be mounted onto small robots or tractors.
2018
18 Oct 2018

Developing computers that mimic the human brain

As artificial intelligence has become increasingly sophisticated, it has inspired renewed efforts to develop computers whose physical architecture mimics the human brain. One approach, called reservoir computing, allows hardware devices to achieve the higher-dimension calculations required by emerging artificial intelligence. One new device highlights the potential of extremely small mechanical systems to achieve these calculations.
18 Sep 2018

Laser sintering optimized for printed electronics

Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. Interest in this area is growing because of the potential to create cheaper circuits more efficiently than conventional methods.
9 May 2018

Sweating the small stuff

When people sweat, they unknowingly release a wide range of chemicals that can noninvasively inform clinicians on anything from stress hormone levels to glucose. But it's hard for researchers to glean this information -- unless you sweat a lot. Emerging wearable devices using stimulant gels have provided a way to induce sweat locally on the body. However, sweat can dilute these gels, which degrades their long-term viability.