Cancer cells distinguished neural network
In cancer patients, there can be tremendous variation in the types of cancer cells from one patient to another, even within the same disease. Identification of the particular cell types present can be very useful when choosing the treatment that would be most effective, but the methods of doing this are time-consuming and often hampered by human error and the limits of human sight.
Efficiently turning light into electricity
Perovskites form a group of crystals that have many promising properties for applications in nano-technology. However, one useful property that so far was unobserved in perovskites is so-called carrier multiplication - an effect that makes materials much more efficient in converting light into electricity.
Improvement of humanlike conversations in humanoid robots
The conversational robot has received considerable attention in the recent research. However, research to date has not sufficiently explored the robot's "sense of conversing", the robot's "existence" and its "sociability".
Technique to easily fabricate ceramic films used as OPV inter-layers
Organic photovoltaic cells using organic compounds have several advantages: they are lightweight, flexible, and sophisticated, and their production cost is low. For these reasons, they are anticipated as next-generation PV cells.
AI assists design of new material for solar cells
Researchers have used computer power to automate the search for well-matched solar materials. In the future, this could lead to vastly more efficient devices.
A simple new approach to plastic solar cells
Plastic solar cells, based on blends of conducting organic polymers, are of interest for making lightweight and cheap solar cells. The problem with these kinds of solar cells is that their solar power efficiencies are very closely related to the way the different types of materials mix and crystalize in thin films. This means complex and careful processing is usually needed to make efficient polymer solar cells.
EEG headset for emotion detection
Traditionally, EEG brain scans are used to diagnose medical conditions
such as epilepsy or sleep disorders. More recently, EEG brain scans have
been introduced as a way to detect emotions which opens doors beyond the
medical field. Researchers are looking into e-learning applications, and
developers of virtual games are exploring the possibilities of
emotion-based e-gaming. Such application domains require real-time
emotion detection, which can be achieved through wireless EEG headsets.
Technique to allow AI to learn words in the flow of dialogue developed
A group of researchers at Osaka University has developed a new method for dialogue systems. This new method, lexical acquisition through implicit confirmation, is a method for a computer to acquire the category of an unknown word over multiple dialogues by confirming whether or not its predictions are correct in the flow of conversation.
Thermoelectric power generation at room temperature: Coming soon?
Thermoelectric materials could play a key role in future technologies. Although the applications of these remarkable compounds have long been explored, they are mostly limited to high-temperature devices.
Growing organs a few ink drops at a time
Researchers refine method of making bio-ink droplets stick to each other, enabling 3D printing of highly complex biological structures with a wide variety of cell types using inkjet printers.
Waste silicon sawdust recycled into anode for lithium-ion battery
Researchers have created a high performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries using waste silicon sawdust.
A skillful rescue robot with remote-control function
A group of researchers developed a prototype construction robot for disaster relief situations. This prototype has drastically improved operability and mobility compared to conventional construction machines.
Robot specifically designed to support research
At 104 cm tall, the iCub has the size of a five-year-old child. It can crawl on all fours, walk and sit up to manipulate objects.
Scalable production of highly crystalline graphene films
The successful creation of thin graphene films achieved through this reduction method has opened up the possibility of their application in a diverse set of electronic devices and sensors.
Good solar cells from bad effects
Researchers used numerical simulations to demonstrate that energy dissipation and decoherence, which were thought to reduce solar cell efficiency, are counterintuitively helpful for the development of more efficient photovoltaics
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