Direct diode lasers: how technology evolution is opening new markets
The evolution of diode laser price and performance is rapidly opening new markets. In this article, the technology consulting firm IDTechEx demonstrate how advances in semiconductor laser technology enable novel applications in laser material processing and industrial manufacturing.
Robot-ants that can jump, communicate and work together
A team of researchers has developed tiny 10-gram robots that are inspired by ants: they can communicate with each other, assign roles among themselves and complete complex tasks together. These reconfigurable robots are simple in structure, yet they can jump and crawl to explore uneven surfaces.
Applying pressure generates more electricity from waste heat
Researchers have been able to enhance the power factor of a promising thermoelectric material by more than 100% by varying the pressure, paving the way for new materials with improved thermoelectric properties.
Automatic neurological disease diagnosis using deep learning
A team of researchers developed MNet, an automatic diagnosis system for neurological diseases using magnetoencephalography, demonstrating the possibility of making automatic neurological disease diagnoses.
Cancer cells distinguished neural network
In cancer patients, there can be tremendous variation in the types of cancer cells from one patient to another, even within the same disease. Identification of the particular cell types present can be very useful when choosing the treatment that would be most effective, but the methods of doing this are time-consuming and often hampered by human error and the limits of human sight.
Efficiently turning light into electricity
Perovskites form a group of crystals that have many promising properties for applications in nano-technology. However, one useful property that so far was unobserved in perovskites is so-called carrier multiplication - an effect that makes materials much more efficient in converting light into electricity.
Improvement of humanlike conversations in humanoid robots
The conversational robot has received considerable attention in the recent research. However, research to date has not sufficiently explored the robot's "sense of conversing", the robot's "existence" and its "sociability".
Technique to easily fabricate ceramic films used as OPV inter-layers
Organic photovoltaic cells using organic compounds have several advantages: they are lightweight, flexible, and sophisticated, and their production cost is low. For these reasons, they are anticipated as next-generation PV cells.
AI assists design of new material for solar cells
Researchers have used computer power to automate the search for well-matched solar materials. In the future, this could lead to vastly more efficient devices.
A simple new approach to plastic solar cells
Plastic solar cells, based on blends of conducting organic polymers, are of interest for making lightweight and cheap solar cells. The problem with these kinds of solar cells is that their solar power efficiencies are very closely related to the way the different types of materials mix and crystalize in thin films. This means complex and careful processing is usually needed to make efficient polymer solar cells.
EEG headset for emotion detection
Traditionally, EEG brain scans are used to diagnose medical conditions
such as epilepsy or sleep disorders. More recently, EEG brain scans have
been introduced as a way to detect emotions which opens doors beyond the
medical field. Researchers are looking into e-learning applications, and
developers of virtual games are exploring the possibilities of
emotion-based e-gaming. Such application domains require real-time
emotion detection, which can be achieved through wireless EEG headsets.
Technique to allow AI to learn words in the flow of dialogue developed
A group of researchers at Osaka University has developed a new method for dialogue systems. This new method, lexical acquisition through implicit confirmation, is a method for a computer to acquire the category of an unknown word over multiple dialogues by confirming whether or not its predictions are correct in the flow of conversation.
Thermoelectric power generation at room temperature: Coming soon?
Thermoelectric materials could play a key role in future technologies. Although the applications of these remarkable compounds have long been explored, they are mostly limited to high-temperature devices.
Growing organs a few ink drops at a time
Researchers refine method of making bio-ink droplets stick to each other, enabling 3D printing of highly complex biological structures with a wide variety of cell types using inkjet printers.
Waste silicon sawdust recycled into anode for lithium-ion battery
Researchers have created a high performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries using waste silicon sawdust.
A skillful rescue robot with remote-control function
A group of researchers developed a prototype construction robot for disaster relief situations. This prototype has drastically improved operability and mobility compared to conventional construction machines.