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Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: Land, Water, Air 2018-2038

Market forecasts, technology timelines, new energy harvesting & regen., extreme powertrain efficiency

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This report "Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2018-2038" reveals how Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIEV such as solar racers were a curiosity five years ago, too weak to lead to anything generally useful. Then a solar boat and plane went round the world and a solar plane is now being prepared that will rise from earth to 80,000 feet on sunshine alone. Entirely solar driven golf cars, small buses and passenger boats are on sale. Solar dirigibles for heavy lifting and long distance transport are being prepared for sale and this report reveals details of many solar cars demonstrated for mainstream use from 2020. They generate up to eight times as much electricity as predecessors: learn how and why.
Boats are being prepared that are entirely powered by electricity from on-board wind turbines and/or solar and/or tide and waves. These and other developments are about to be recognised as the kernel of a business of over $100 billion in EIEVs employing multi-mode energy harvesting, extreme powertrain efficiency and other new advances. Investment in these new technologies is de-risked by the fact that they will be useful way beyond EIEVs. The leading solar racer company has already spun off five businesses exploiting its discoveries in aerodynamics and the like.
The report shows how EIEVs have bigger potential than those navigationally autonomous vehicles that are all the rage right now. Indeed they leverage todays "autonomy" while also transforming the future of land vehicles, boats and aircraft with human drivers. Be first to learn the dramatic winners, losers and benefits to society of all this.
The report uses easily understood infograms, graphs and tables to present the discoveries and interpretation by globetrotting multi-lingual, PhD level analysts at IDTechEx. 46 categories of electric vehicle are forecasted by number and value 2018-2038.
With a profusion of examples and new market research, the report explains why billions of dollars are already being spent on unmanned military and non-military aircraft that will stay aloft for 5-10 years - energy independent. Learn how some solar cars even donate electricity to the grid and others are intended to be mainstream in Germany, Australia, China and elsewhere. An Italian pizza van does all its travel and cooking using unfolding solar plus a telescopic, unfurling wind turbine used when it is stationary. Companies are already negotiating to license the design for series manufacture. Unmanned solar inflatable wings will carry heavy loads across Canada and there is much more going on with wind, wave, tide and other ambient power grabbed by boats, planes and so on. Readers see the future. For example, discover how remote communities and underdeveloped counties will prosper as a consequence.
Utilities and charging station networks are bypassed. Batteries become less important in EVs. Less battery may be needed - sometimes no battery at all - but the report forecasts multi-billion dollar businesses being created that make the unprecedentedly efficient powertrains, multi-mode energy harvesting, lightweighting and streamlining required. "Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2018-2038" reveals how that includes new technology of regeneration including elimination of hot shock absorbers and disk brakes, electricity being produced instead. Learn how smart materials are planned - structural electronics replacing the components-in-a-box approach. The reinvented car, boat and plane awaits, easier to use., safer, greener, with lower cost of ownership and longer life. Previously impossible missions are identified and the boost to mobile robotics is revealed. Participate and invest before the herd. Here is the knowledge that gives you the power.
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Table of Contents
1.1.Definition, attitudes, overall trend
1.2.Types of EIEV and related vehicles
1.2.1.EIEV operational choices
1.3.Key EIEV technologies
1.4.Examples of EIEV technologies past, present and concept including vehicles likely to be further developed into being EIEVs ie "precursors". On land
1.5.Technologies of EIEVs past, present and concept including vehicles likely to be further developed into being EIEVs ie "precursors". On and under water
1.6.Technologies of EIEVs past, present and concept including vehicles likely to be further developed into being EIEVs ie "precursors". In the air
1.7.Executive summary and conclusions: EIEV Technology roadmap
1.8.Market forecast 2018 and 2028
2.1.Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: energy, definition and function
2.2.Definition and primary features
2.3.What is energy harvesting?
2.4.Characteristics of the High Power Energy Harvesting essential to EIEVs
2.4.1.Power density provided by different forms of HPEH
2.5.Good features and challenges of the four most important EH technologies in order of importance
2.6.High power energy harvesting: examples with intermittency and suppliers
2.7.Efficiency achieved and theoretical potential for improving efficiency of energy harvesting in and on EIEVs
2.8.Energy harvesting technologies with examples of good features in blue
2.8.1.More EH in a vehicle
2.9.Intermittent power generated
2.10.Comparison of pn junction and photoelectrochemical photovoltaics
2.11.Priorities for high power EH in EIEVs, for primary traction power, with examples
2.12.Main PV options beyond silicon
2.13.Chasing affordable, ultra-lightweight conformal PV for EIEVs
2.13.1.Best Research Cell Efficiencies
2.14.Thin, lightweight Fresnel lens concentrator
2.15.PV cost and efficiency trends
2.16.Lizard EIEVs
2.17.Toyota view in 2017 with image of the new Prius Prime solar roof
2.18.Transition to EIEV: India
3.1.New formats are very important for EIEVs
3.2.Colloidal Quantum Dot spray on solar?
3.3.But mostly still silicon today
3.4.Harvesting technologies now and in future for air vehicles
3.5.Overlap between mechanically and electrically energy independent vehicles
3.5.1.Examples of e-fiber projects aimed at use in vehicles
3.5.2.European Powerweave project: airships & sails
3.6.Hybrid piezo photovoltaic material
3.7.Triboelectricity is being developed for car tires
3.8.EIEVs - more than adding something to a vehicle
3.9.EH system
3.10.Qualcomm vision - next enabling and transitional technologies
3.11.Autonomous operation + EIEV: a synergistic ecosystem
3.12.Dynamic wireless charging - stepping stone to EIEV
3.12.1.Korea - dynamic charging from road
3.13.Dynamic charging will use very low cost electricity
3.14.Reinventing wind turbines for use on boats, ships, aircraft, land vehicles wind turbines for use on boats, ships, aircraft, land vehicles
3.14.1.Energy positive large buses will come
4.2.Internal vehicle efficiency improvement by EH - progress towards EIEVs
5.2.Lightweighting materials
5.2.1.De-icing heater as part of an aircraft wing
5.2.2.Use of aluminium and plastics to have microcar weight
5.3.Load-bearing and smart skin electrics/ electronics are part of the EIEV end-game
5.4.Structural electronics (referring to electrics and electronics) is the end game for most EIEV components
5.5.Lightweighting of electronic components
5.6.Lamborghini collaborate with MIT on self healing car
5.7.Tesla S chassis largely made of aluminium
6.2.Energy storage technologies in comparison
6.3.Next generation batteries: summary
6.4.Why post lithium-ion batteries now?
6.5.Li-ion performance will plateau even with new materials
6.5.1.US DOE projections of traction battery cost
6.6.What are post Li-ion battery technology candidates?
6.7.Challenges for post Li-ion batteries
6.8.Mainstream market requirements: Performance and price
6.9.Automotive lithium battery price evolution at pack level
6.10.Battery price trends per sector
6.11.Technology maturity roadmap per market segment
6.12.Technologies of post lithium-ion batteries
6.13.Benchmarking of theoretical battery performance
6.14.Benchmarking of practical battery performance
6.15.Why silicon anode batteries?
6.15.1.Silicon anode
6.16.Motivation - why lithium sulfur batteries?
6.17.Challenges of lithium sulfur battery
6.18.Why solid state li-ion or other batteries?
6.18.1.Solid state batteries?
6.19.Lithium capacitor
6.21.Supercapacitors and hybrid supercapacitor
6.22.Lithium capacitors technology performance of products available today
6.23.Sodium ion batteries
6.24.Summary of technology challenges for future traction batteries
6.25.Bundesverband Solare Mobilität - Federal Association of Solar Mobility
8.1.Stella Lux passenger car Netherlands
8.2.Sunswift eVe passenger car Australia
8.3.Immortus passenger car, Australia
8.4.POLYMODEL micro EV Italy
8.5.Venturi Eclectic passenger car Italy
8.6.Dalian tourist bus China
8.7.NFH-H microbus China
8.8.Kayoola large bus Uganda
8.9.Cargo Trike micro EV UK
8.10.Sunnyclist Greece
8.11.InfinitE Scooter
8.12.Hanergy China
8.13.Bolloré Group France
8.14.Sion Germany
8.15.Clean Motion Midsummer Sweden
8.16.Mobile EIEV grocery store China
8.17.Solar motor home
9.1.World Solar Challenge
9.1.1.Other solar races
9.2.Solar racer technologies - non solar parts
9.3.Improvement of solar racer performance parameters
9.4.Solar racer technologies - photovoltaics
9.5.Power of One solar racer car Canada
9.6.Bethany solar racer UK
9.7.CUER Resolution solar racer UK
9.8.EVA solar racer UK
9.9.Nuna 7 solar racer Netherlands
9.10.Nuna 8 solar racer Netherlands
9.11.Drifter 2.0 solar racer USA
9.12.University of Michigan solar racer
10.1.Vinerobot micro EV Europe
10.2.Dutch couple to drive a solar-powered, 3D-printed vehicle to the South Pole
11.1.REPSAIL boat Poland, Turkey etc
11.2.Mayflower Autonomous Research Ship (MARS) UK,USA
11.3.RENSEA boat Iceland, Norway, Sweden
11.4.Turanor boat Germany
11.5.Vaka Moana boat Netherlands
11.6.Sun21 boat Switzerland
11.7.Seaswarm boat USA
11.8.Inerjy EcoVert
11.9.SOELCAT boat Netherlands
11.10.SeaCharger autonomous solar boat
11.11.Solarwave autonomous solar boat
11.12.Solar Yacht Zhenfa Holdings
11.13.Energy Observer France
12.1.Seaglider AUV boat USA
12.2.Cyro AUV jellyfish USA
13.1.Solar racing boats Netherlands
13.2.Loon boat Canada
13.3.Alster Sun Netherlands, Germany
13.4.Energy independent ship opportunity
13.5.ECO Marine Japan
13.6.Go With The Flow Technologies
14.1.Nephelios airship France
14.2.Northrop Grumman airship USA
14.3.Mitre DARPA airship USA
14.4.Lockheed Martin HALE-D airship USA
14.5.Dirisolar airship France
14.6.Turtle airship USA
14.7.Brunel solar powered autonomous aircraft
15.1.Solarship inflatable fixed wing aircraft Canada
15.2.Atlantik Solar 2 UAV Switzerland
15.3.Zephyr 7 UAV UK, Germany
15.4.Titan Aerospace UAV USA
15.5.Solar Eagle UAV USA
15.6.Facebook AQUILA UAV US, UK
15.7.Aquila UAV USA, UK
15.8.Silent Falcon UAV USA
15.9.Helios UAV USA
15.10.Sunstar USA
15.11.Sunseeker Duo USA
15.12.Solar Impulse Switzerland
15.13.SolarStratos Switzerland
15.14.China Aerospace
15.15.Upper Atmosphere Dual Aircraft Platform vs Solar Plane
15.16.Arctic Solar Drone
16.1.EIEV technology spawns advances for all vehicles
16.2.Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: here come the benefits

Report Statistics

Slides 250
Forecasts to 2038

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